(UNDER CONSTRUCTION  --  I'm watching and writing about these movies as fast as I can, but it is going to take awhile.)

Used a lot of Wikipedia, IMDb and




Patrick Louis Cooney, Ph. D., sociologist, historian, botanist

Copyright © 2006 by Patrick Louis Cooney.  All rights reserved.  




What do the X's mean?  The X's just indicate the ones I either have not watched or I have watched but have no review or a puny review.  It's just a way to keep me from buying two copies of the same movie.  I buy a bunch at a time and then watch them all.  Then I buy another batch, etc.  It's hard to remember what I have done and what I have not done, hence the X's. Patrick Louis Cooney

P.S.  I try to avoid documentaries, but have used some docu-dramas.  I concentrate on movies with actors. 


Table of Contents

I. ANCIENT MAN (hominids and man some 4 million years old; dinosaurs died out 66 million years ago).



II.1  Egypt (Nile River Valley)

II.2. China (Yellow River Valley)

II.3.  India (Indus River Valley)

II.4.  Iraq (Tigris-Euphrates River Valley)



III.1.   Greek Civilization. 

III.2.   Roman Civilization. 

III.2.1. Foundation of the Roman Republic.

III.2.2.  Foundation of the Roman Empire. 

III.2.3.  Rise of Christianity. 

III.2.4.  Fall of the Roman Empire.   

III.3.   Byzantine Empire (476-1453).

III.4.   Islam.  (and Spain)



IV.  MEDIEVAL AGES (5th c. to early 16th c.). 

IV.1.    Europe.   

IV.1.1.  England, Scotland, Ireland.

IV.1.2.  France. 

IV.1.3.  Italy

IV.1.4.  Russia, Poland, Turkey, Bulgaria. 

IV.2.   China and Mongolia. 

IV.3.   India.

IV.4.   Japan



V.1.  Renaissance - Italy.

V.2.  Reformation and Religious Conflict.

V.3.  Catholic Counter-Revolution. 

V.4.  England to the American Revolution.

V.5.  France & Holland to the French Revolution.

V.6.  Spain & Portugal. 

V.7.  Germany.

V.8.  Poland.

V.9.  Russia & Turkey to the French Revolution & Beyond.

V.10. India.

V.11. Japan. 



VI.1.  Early Exploration. 

VI.2.  Settlement of Mexico. 

VI.3.  United States of America & Canada to American Revolution. 

VI.4.  Latin and South America.

VI.5.  Australia. 



VII.1. American Revolutionary War, 1775-1782. 

VII.2.  French Revolution, 1789. 

VII.3.  Age of Napoleon. 

VII.4.  Early Years of the United States of America. 

VII.5.  Victorian England to WWI. 

VII.6.  France.

VII.7.  Crimean War. 

VII.8.  Italy (1789-1867)

VII.9.  American Civil War.

VII.10. Siam (Thailand) & Burma (Myanmar)

VII.11. USA:  Post-Civil War Period.

VII.12. Mexico under Juarez (president 1858-1872)

VII.13. France. 

VII.14. Russia and Turkey. 

VII.15. Workers' Struggle. 

VII.16. Race to the Poles (North and South). 



VIII.1.   Spanish-American War. 

VIII.2.   Africa.

VIII.3.   India.

VIII.4.   China & French Indo-China. 

VIII.5.   Japan



IX.1.   Italy.

IX.2.   USA.

IX.3.   Mexican Revolution/Civil War. 

IX.4.   Germany and Austria. 



X.1.  World War I.

X.2.  Russian Revolution, Civil War & the Soviet Union. 

X.3.  Independence for Ireland.



XI.1.   USA: 1920s.

XI.2.   Great Depression: USA.

XI.3.   Great Britain & Australia. 

XI.4.   Black Experience in USA. 

XI.5.   Hitler's Rise. 

XI.6.   Rise of Mussolini.

XI.7.   Fascism in Another Corner  --  Argentina. 

XI.8.   Pre-War Japan. 

XI.9.   Pre-War Greece & Macedonia. 

XI.10. Spanish Civil War. 



XII.1.    The Fight against Germany and Italy.   

XII.1.1.     Germany. 

XII.1.2.     Naval Warfare.

XII.1.3.     Germans Kicked out of Africa.

XII.1.4.     Allied Invasion of Italy. 

XII.1.5.     Russian Front.

XII.1.6.     Allied Invasion of France. 

XII.1.7.     German Counter-Attack (Battle of the Bulge) and Beyond

XII.1.8.     Air War.

XII.1.9.     Others.

XII.1.10.   Hitler's Last Days. 

XII.1.11    Italy's Last Days of Fascism. 

XII.1.12.   Holocaust. 

XII.2.1.     The War in China and Burma.

XII.2.2.     The USA Finally Gets into the War. 




































XVII.1.  BACKLASH: NIXON & THE 70's (Nixon, the last Keynesian conservative for a long while)


XVII.3.  RONALD REAGAN PRESIDENCY, 1979-1987: MORE BACKLASH (and Thatcher in Great Britain)


XVII.5.  BILL CLINTON PRESIDENCY, 1993-2000: a brief respite from reactionary conservatism















One Million Years B.C. (1966) -- with Raquel Welch

When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth (1970)   --  with Victoria Vetri

Clan of the Cave Bear (1986) --  with Daryl Hannah

Quest for Fire (1981)  -- the best of the ancient man series because it's closest to the truth as we know it scientifically



II.1.  EGYPT   



La donna dei faraoni  (The Pharaoh's Woman) (1960)  --  Giorgio Rivalti, Italy;  31st century BC love story just after  the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt

Dynasty 0:  Predynastic Rulers (c. 3150 BC):

First Dynasty (c. 3150 - c. 2900 BC):

Scorpion King 2: Rise of a Warrior (2008)  --  real Scorpion King was of the Early Dynastic: Upper Egypt era from around 3150 BC shortly before the founding of the First Dynasty (3150 to 2890 BC); he may be Narmer who unified Upper and Lower Egypt and was first ruler of Egypt's First Dynasty

Fourth Dynasty (2613-2498):

Land of the Pharaohs (1955)  --  building of the Pharaoh Khufu's Great Pyramid of Giza, 2560 B.C. in the 4th Dynasty

? X  Sudan (1945)  --  following the murder of her father, Queen Naila of Khemis is enslaved

Eighteenth Dynasty (c. 1550 - 1292):

The Egyptian (1954)  --  story of physician Sinuhe in Akhenaten's reign, 1352-1334 B.C. of the 18th Dynasty

Nefertiti, regina del Nilo (Queen of the Nile) (1961)  --   Queen Nefertiti, wife of Akhenaaten1 (reigned 1352- 1334 BC) of the 18th Dynasty

Tut (2015)  --  Tutankhamun, aka The Boy King, (ruled 1333-1324), and was only 17 years old when he died

Twenty-first Dynasty (1077 -0943):

Faraon (Pharaoh) (1966) – Polish film set in Egypt in 1069 BC of the 21st Dynasty; Smendes I (reigned 1077-1051 BC)

Mamluk Sultanate (1250 AD–1517):

Princess of the Nile (1954)  --  c. 1249 AD, an Egyptian princess tries to drive out the Bedouin conquerors;  Bedouins were a predominantly desert-dwelling Arabian ethnic group 

El Mamalik (Revolt of the Mamalukes)  (1965)  -- royal bodyguard in the 13th century; in 1250 a Mameluke, Qutuz, came to the Egyptian throne; Mameluke sultans ruled  Egypt; conquered by the Ottomans in 1517



western Zhou Dynasty (1046-771 BC)

eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 BC)  --   characterized by a breakup of Zhou territory into states that were largely independent; capital moved eastward in 770 BC from Haojing to Chengzhou

Kong Fuzi (Confucius) (1940)  --  

Confucius (2010)  --   Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BC) developed an ethical and philosophical system that in the Han Dynasty developed metaphysical and cosmological elements

Zhao shi gu er (Sacrifice) (2010)  --  to save the only child of the Zhao Family, whose entire clan was massacred, a doctor sacrifices his own son and later seeks vengeance; set in the Jin State

Warring States period (475-221 BC)  --  most of this period coincides with the second half of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, although the Chinese sovereign (king of Zhou) was merely a figurehead.

Muk gong (A Battle of Wits/ A Battle of Warriors)  (2006)  -- film set amid the Warring States period 

Jiang shan mei ren (An Empress and the Warriors) (2008)  --  the leader of the very war-liking Yan, one of the Ten Kingdoms, dies and is replaced by his daughter, while facing lots of resistance against her

Qin Dynasty (221- 207 BC)

Jing ke ci qin wang (The Emperor and the Assassin) (1998) -  221 B.C. unification of China

The Emperor's Shadow (Qin Song) (1996) -   unification of China

Hero (2004) -- four assassins plot to assassinate the King of Qin (who has the potential to unify the warring states into a nation)

Qin yong (A Terracotta Warrior) (1990) – in the Qin Dynasty the emperor builds an army of terra-cotta warriors 

White Vengeance (2011) --  in an interregnum period between the Qin and Han Dynasties, two generals, sworn brothers,  contend for supremacy in the Chu–Han Contention (206-202 BC)

Last Supper (2012)  --  story of two warring generals (Liu Bang and Xiang Yu) fighting for control of China at the end of the Qin Dynasty

Han Dynasty (206 BC - 8 AD)

Xi chu bawang (The Great Conqueror's Concubine) (1994)  --  Xian Yu and Liu Pang depose Qin Dynasty

Xin Dynasty (9-25 AD)

Han Dynasty continuation/Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220)

Chi bi (aka Red Cliff; Battle of Red Cliff) (2009)  --  Prime Minister Cao Cao plans to usurp the Han dynasty throne after he defeats any possible allies of the Han Emperor, but that will prove a difficult task (winter of 208/209)

Guan yun chang (The Lost Bladesman) (2011)  --  legendary Guan Yu slays six generals in the civil war that led to the collapse of Han Dynasty & the establishment of Shu Han of the 3 Kingdoms period, making Liu Bei its first emperor, 219


The Rise of King Modu (2013)  --


II.3.  INDIA.  

Magadhan Kings (c. 1700 BC - 550 AD)

Haryanka dynasty/Shishunaga dynasty (684–424 BC)

Amrapali (1966)  --  Bimbisara (544–491 BC), founder of the first Magadhan empire, fights for the beautiful Amrapali, royal courtesan of the republic of Vaishali

Shakya Dynasty (c. 650-500 BC)

Nanda Dynasty (424-321 BC)

Sikander (Alexander the Great) (1941)  --  Alexander the Great's conquests in North-Western India. (in Urdu language with English subtitles)

Mauryan Empire: 321-185 B.C.

Samrat Chandragupta (1958)  --  Indian emperor befriends, but then defeats Alexander the Great, establishing the Maurya Empire (321 - 185 BC)

Samrat Chandragupta (1945)  --  ancient, pre-Islamic India; ruler from 320-298 BC

Chandragupta (1934)  --  founder of Mauryan Empire, originating from Magadha kingdom in modern Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bengal in e. India

Asoka (2001) -- India after the age of Alexander the Great, Emperor Asoka (273-232 B.C.)

Shunga Dynasty (185-73 BC)

Kanva Dynasty (73-26)

Western Kshatrapas

Gupta Dynasty (c. 240-550 AD)

Mayura (1975)   --  King Mayurasharma (345–365 C.E.), a Brahmin scholar & founder of the Kadamba Kingdom of Banavasi, the earliest native kingdom to rule over what is today the modern state of Karnataka


II.4.  IRAQ.     



Io Semiramide (I am Semiramis; or Slave Queen of Babylon)  (1963) --  woman fights for power in Assyrian empire and begins re-building the city of Babylon; Ninth Dynasty of Babylon, around 811 BC

Cortigiana di Babilonia (Queen of Babylon) (1956)  --  Babylon rebels against the Assyrian empire, 626 B.C.

Giuditta e Oloferne (aka Head of a Tyrant) (1959)  --  girl gives herself to cruel Assyrian tyrant who has conquered her city in order to overthrow him

Le sette folgori di Assur (War Gods of Babylon) (1962) --   in the later years of the Assyrian Empire, there is conflict between King Ashurbanipal (reign 668 – c. 627 BC) and his brother Shamash-shum-ukin (English & Italian languages)

Cortigiana di Babilonia (Queen of Babylon) (1956)  --  Babylonia rebels against the Assyrian empire, 626 B.C.

L'eroe di Babilonia (1963)  --last Mesopotamian king of Babylon, Nabonidus (reign 556-539), left rule to his son Belshazzar, and Babylon is overthrown by Cyrus the Great of Persia (Italian and Spanish languages; no subtitles)

Intolerance (1916)  --  first of four stories deals with intolerance in Babylon that leads to its fall to the Persians, 539 B.C.



Genesis: The Creation and The Flood  (1994, Ermanno Olmi) TV

In the Beginning  (2000)  --   from creation to Moses

The Bible:  In the Beginning (1966)  --  first 22 Books of Genesis (Adam & Eve, Noah, Tower of Babel, Abraham, Sarah and Isaac)

The Bible (1966) Italian

Abraham (1994)  --  Abraham, the founding patriarch of the Israelites, through his son Isaac (some time between 2000 and 1700 B.C.)

Abraham Our Patriarch  (The Wandering Jew) (1933)  -- 

Noah's Ark  (1928)  --   The story starts as a World War I drama.  Someone draws a comparison between the terrible situation in WWI with the troubles of Noah.  So two stories are told. 

Noah's Ark  (1999)  --  Biblical story of the Great Flood and Noah

X Sodom und Gomorrah (Sodom and Gomorrah) (1965)  --  made for TV movie

Sodom and Gomorrah (1962) -- 

Sodom und Gomorrah (Sodom and Gomorrah) (1922)  -- 

Jacob (1994) TV  --  the third patriarch of the Hebrew people with whom God made a covenant and ancestor of the tribes of Israel, which were named after his descendants

Giacobbe, l'uomo che lottň con Dio (Jacob, the Man Who Fought With God)  (1963)

Giacobbe ed Esau (Jacob and Esau) (1963) –

The Story of Jacob and Joseph (1974) TV  --  Abraham to Isaac to Jacob to Joseph

Joseph (1995)    -- 

Joseph and His Brethren  (1960)  -- 

X Joseph in the Land of Egypt  (1932)  -- 

Ten Commandments (1956) --  Charlton Heston as Moses leading the Jews out of Egypt, around 1275 B.C.

The Ten Commandments  (1923)  --   directed by Cecil B. DeMille

Moses the Law Giver (1975)  --

Moses (1995)  -- 

Prince of Egypt (1998)  --  animated version of the story of Moses

Samson and Delilah (1949) -- Cecile B. DeMille with Victor Mature, Hedy Lamarr, somewhere between 1200 and 1000 B.C.

Samson and Delilah (1984) TV  --   Delilah betrayed by evil Sidka, governor of Gaza

Samson and Delilah (1996)  TV  -- 

The Story of Ruth (1960)  --  grandmother of King David

David and Goliath (1960)  --  David kills the giant Philistine

King David (1985)  --  King of Israel (ruler from 1000 -960 B.C.)

David (1997)  --  David survives King Saul, adultery and internal divisions in his family to bring his son Solomon to be king after him

Koning David (1965) – Dutch film about King David

Saul e David (Saul and David) (1964)  --   David's life with King Saul,  the first king of the united Kingdom of Israel

David and Bathsheba (1951)  --  King David steals himself a wife

The Story of David  (1976)  --   King David

Solomon and Sheba (1959)  --  supposed relationship between King Solomon (960-928) & the Queen of Sheba

Solomon and Sheba (1995)  --  Halle Berry as the Queen of Sheba

La Regina di Saba (Queen of Sheba) (1952)   --  Italian black & white that should have been called Rehoboam and Sheba 

Solomon (1997)  --   a king of Israel (970 to 931 BC) and the son of David; the third king of the United Monarchy and the final king before the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah split 

Sins of Jezebel (1953)  --  Jezebel was a princess, the daughter of Ethbaal, King of Tyre, and the wife of Ahab, king of north Israel; her paganism angers Prophet Elijah

Jeremiah (1998) TV  --  the prophet beginning 628 B.C.

Esther and the King (1960) -- Esther saves the Jews of 4th c. B.C. Persia (Joan Collins as Esther)

Esther (1999)  --  remake of Esther and the King (Louise Lombard as Esther)

Esther  (1986)  --  (Simone Benyamini as Esther)

One Night With the King  (2006)  --  Esther saves the Jewish nation (Tiffany Dupont as Esther)

The Thirteenth Day:  The Story of Esther (1979)  --  ABC one-hour special (Olivia Hussey as Esther)

Liken: Esther and the King (2006) –  mother tells her daughter about the great Esther (Summer Naomi Smart as Esther)





Mycenaean Period (1600 BC to about 1100 BC)  Mycenae when Mycenae dominated much of southern Greece


Teseo contro il minotauro (Minotaur, the Wild Beast of Crete) (1960) – Italian film legendary exploits of supposed Athens founder Theseus in Minoan Crete. c. 1,500 BC.

Fight against Troy:

Troy  (2004)  --  Troy VII (1275-1240 B.C.) with Diane Kruger and Brad Pitt

Helen of Troy (2003)  -- Troy falls to the Greeks (with Sienna Guillory)

Helen of Troy (1956) --  with Rossana Podesta

Iphigenia (1977)  --  the Greek army is about to set sail but King Agamemnon slays a sacred deer and the gods punish him with the sacrifice of his daughter Iphigenia (Greek language)

La guerra di Troia (The Trojan Horse (1961)   --  stars Steve Reeves and Edy Vessel

The Trojan Women (2004)  --  with Shelley Delayne

The Trojan Women (1971)  --  grieving women after fall of Troy (with Irene Papas)

The Odyssey (1997)  TV miniseries   --  based on the return voyage of the Greeks from Troy

Ulysses (1954)  --  his long voyage home from Troy

X  La leggenda di Enea (The Avenger) (1962)  --Aeneas leads escapees from the Trojan war to new land in Italy; starring Steve Reeves

Persian-Greek Wars:

First Persian Invasion of Greece (492-490):

Giant of Marathon (1959) – actor Steve Reeves as Phillipides in the Battle of Marathon (490 BC)

Second Persian Invasion of Greece (480-479):

300 (2006)  --  Spartan King Leonidas and a force of 300 Spartans fight the Persians (under King Xerxes) at Thermopylae in 480 B.C.

The 300 Spartans (1962) -- Greeks stand against the Persians at Thermopylae

300: Rise of an Empire (2014)  --  Greek battles of Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis

Golden Age of Greece (Age of Pericles)  (448 to 429 BC):

Socrates (1970)  TV  --  last days of Socrates, a philosopher who was a social gadfly in Athens

Barefoot in Athens (1966)  TV  --  Socrates

Battles between Athens, Sparta and Thebes:

Seven from Thebes (1964)  --  a group of Thebans fight to rid Thebes from the control of Sparta,, 382-379 BC

Alexander the Great (336 to 323 BC):

Alexander the Great (1968) --   the great Macedonian empire builder (with William Shatner); made for TV

Alexander the Great (1956) --  with Richard Burton

Alexander the Great (2004)  --  with Colin Farrell

Sikander (Alexander the Great) (1941)  --  Alexander the Great's conquests in North-Western India. (in Urdu language with English subtitles)

Il colosso di Rodi (The Colossus of Rhodes) (1961) – 280 BC a Greek military hero joins a group of rebels to overthrow the tyrannical King Serse on Rhodes




Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an Empire (2006) --  a docu-drama starts with the foundation of the Roman Empire and goes to its collapse

Orazi e Curiazi (Duel of the Champions) (1961) -- Roman leader (673-642 BC) challenges forces of Alba Longa

Hero of Rome (1964) –  the exile Tarquin, the last tyrant of Rome, 509 BC, tries to get back in power 

Coriolano: eroe senza patria (Coriolanus: Hero without a Country) (1964) – Coriolanus, Roman general at siege of the Volscian city of Corioli, 493 BC

Coriolanus (2011)  --  the revered and feared General Coriolanus' revenge on the city of Rome following his banishment

Brenno il nemico di Roma (Brennus, Enemy of Rome) (1963)  --  the Gallic sack of Rome, 387 BC

Hannibal (1959)  --  the great Carthaginian general in the Second Punic War (Carthage vs. Rome), 218-201 BC

Hannibal:  Rome's Worst Nightmare (2006)   --   Hannibal marched 40,000 soldiers and 37 elephants 1,500 miles to fight the Romans in today's Italy

Cabiria (1914)  --   a young girl's odyssey at the time of Hannibal in the Second Punic War (218-201 BC) -- focus on n. African front

L'assedio di Siracusa (Siege of Syracuse) (1960) – Roman siege (214-212 BC) in Second Punic War

Roma Sub Rosa: The Secret Under the Rose (The Secret Under the Rose) (2006)  --  26 minutes film; Lt. General Cornelius Scipio leads a group to assassinate the politicians who glorify the war against Hannibal and slowly seize control of the Meridian Army for themselves

The Barbarians (Revak the Rebel) (1960) --  Iberian Prince Revak from the small island of Penda that the Carthaginian fleet enslaved the surviving men; he becomes an elephant driver in Carthage; all he wants now is revenge and he joins the Romans in the attack on Carthage (amazon instant video)

Scipione l'africano (Scipio Africanus: The Defeat of Hannibal) (1937)  --  fascist Italy's epic  film about the Roman general defeating Hannibal 

Scipione detto anche l'africano (Scipio the African) (1971) --  ancient Roman warrior Scipio Africanus (currently unavailable)

Cartagine in fiamme (Carthage in Flames) (1960)  --   Rome vs. Carthage during Third Punic War, 149-146 B.C.

The Centurion (Conqueror of Corinth) (1961) – Battle of Corinth (146 BC)

Spartacus and the Slave Revolt:

Spartacus (1960)  -- slave revolt in 71 B.C.; with Kirk Douglas

Spartacus (2004)  --  TV mini-series

Spartaco (or Sins of Rome) (1953) -- Italian version of Spartacus

Gli invincibili dieci gladiatori (Spartacus and the Ten Gladiators) (1964) – story of Spartacus



Julius Caesar:

Julius Caesar (2002)  --  solid telling in this mini-series of the Caesar tale; Jeremy Sisto as Julius Caesar & Samuela Sardo as Cleopatra

Julius Caesar (1984)  --   Janet Baker as Caesar; Valerie Masterson as Cleopatra; made for TV

Julius Caesar (1970) --  Charlton Heston as Caesar; no Cleopatra

Julius Caesar (1953)  --  Shakespeare's play with Marlon Brando as Julius Caesar (48-44 B.C.); no Cleopatra

Giulio Cesare, il conquistatore delle Gallie (Caesar the Conqueror)  (1962) --   Caesar conquers Gaul; with Cameron Mitchell as Caesar

Vercingétorix (Druids) (2001)  --   story of the battle of the Gauls against the tyranny of Rome; Klaus Maria Brandauer as Caesar

Die Verschwörung (1969) – Caesar and assassination; made for German TV

Rome (2005)  --  Julius Caesar & Company; Ciarán Hinds as Caesar & Lyndsey Marshal as Cleopatra


Cleopatra (1999)  -- with Leonor Varela

Cleopatra (1963) -- the blockbuster with Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton

Cleopatra  (1934)  --  love affairs with Caesar  (to 44 BC) and Mark Antony (second triumvirate, 43-27 BC) (with Claudette Colbert)

Caesar and Cleopatra (1945) --  British film with Vivian Leigh as Cleopatra

X Antony and Cleopatra (1974)  --  Janet Suzman as Cleopatra

Antony and Cleopatra (1972)  --  with Hildegard Neil

Antony and Cleopatra (1983)  -- Shakespeare version ; Lynn Redgrave as Cleopatra

The Cleopatras (1983) – miniseries of the Ptolemaic dynasty (305-30 BC) in Egypt

Il sepolcro dei re (Cleopatra's Daughter) (1960) – total fiction

Rome after Caesar:

Imperium: Augustus (2003)  --  the great emperor of Rome, 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.

 Empire (2005)  --  rise of Octavius (the future Emperor Augustus of the Roman Empire)

Hermann der Cherusker - Die Schlacht im Teutoburger Wald (Massacre in the Black Forest)  (1967) – Germanic Cheruski ambushes and annihilates three Roman legions in 9 AD

Orbis Romanus (2008)  --  the backstory of the Teutenburg Ambush, a massacre of the Romans by Germanic tribesmen; only 22 minutes long

Caligula (1979) --  37 to 42 A.D., very wicked emperor of Rome after Tiberius, 14-37 AD

I, Claudius (1976) --   handicapped emperor of Rome after Caligula, 42 to 54 AD

Messalina Venere imperatrice (Messalina Imperial Beauty) (1960)  --  incredibly ambitious wife of Claudius who will do anything to get power for herself

Centurion (2010)  --  devastation of the 9th  Legion of Rome by the Picts in modern Scotland

Imperium: Nerone (Nero) (2004)  --  54-68 A.D., emperor of Rome after Caligula

Titus (1999) – Shakespeare story of "extraordinary human violence" after Roman general Titus Andronicus returns from his war on the northern Goths (note this is not the Roman Emperor Titus who ruled 79 to 81 A..D. )

Dacii (1967) – King Decebalus of Dacia fought three wars without being eliminated against Rome under two emperors, but Rome in 105 seeks revenge



Erode il grande (Herod the Great) (1959)   --  governor of ancient Judea , 37-04 BC

Salome (1953)  --  the dancer and John the Baptist, executed 33 AD

The Passion of the Christ  (2004)

Jesus of Nazareth (1977)  -- crucified 30 AD

El redentor (The Redeemer) (1959) – life of Jesus

Jesus (1999)  -- 

Jesus (1979)  -- 

Jesús, el nino Dios (1971)  -- 

Jesús, María y José (Jesus, Mary and Joseph) (1972)  -- 

Karunamayudu (Ocean of Mercy) (1978) – Indian cast in Indian movie about the life of Jesus

King of Kings (1961)  --  Jesus

Mary Mother of Christ (2014)  --    Mary's youth to her struggles as a young mother caring for her child, Jesus, up to the age of 12

Mary and Joseph (1979)

Per amore, solo per amore (For Love, Only for Love) (1993) – Mary and the nativity from Joseph’s point of view

The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965)

Le schiave di Cartagine (The Sword and the Cross) (1956)  --  story of persecution of the Christians

Mary Magdalene (1993)  --  story of the woman disciple known as Mary Magdalene

One Who Was There  --  Mary Magdalene traveling from Jerusalem to Galilee in AD 64

X Judas (2004)  --  the story of the man who betrayed Jesus of Nazareth

The Revolutionary II (1996)  --  Jesus of Nazareth

Il vangelo secondo Matteo (The Gospel According to St. Matthew) (1964) – Jesus as a Marxist

Barabbas (1961)

The Robe (1953)

Peter and Paul (1981)  --  Peter may have been the rock, but it was Paul that spread Christianity to the non-Jewish world

Life of St. Paul (1938)  --  popularizer of Christianity

Life of St. Paul Series (1949) –  ditto

The Da Vinci Code (2006)  --  the Catholic church fights and murders to prevent the world from knowing that Jesus was mortal and had actually married Mary Magdalene 

Gli amici di Ges - Maria Maddalena (Mary Magdalene) (2000) –John the Baptist and Mary Magdalene

Quo Vadis (1951)  --  Christian persecution under Emperor Nero

Sign of the Cross (1932) --  Christians in Rome under Emperor Nero (Charles Laughton) are blamed and persecuted for the Great Fire of 64 A.D.    

Ben-Hur (1959) --   a proud Jew named Ben-Hur and his boyhood Roman friend Messala become in adulthood bitter enemies

Gladiator (2000)

Fabiola (1949)  --  love story between a Roman woman and a gladiator and persecution of the Christians

Masada (1981) -- 70 A.D. Jewish Revolt against Roman rule

San Giovanni - L'apocalisse (The Apocalypse) (2002)  --  the apostle St. John tries to save Christianity from Roman Emperor Domitian, 90 AD


Last Days of Pompeii  (1984)  --  Mt. Vesuvius erupted in 79 A.D. and covered (thereby preserving) the Roman village of Pompeii

Ultimi giorni di Pompei, Gli (Last Days of Pompeii) (1960)  --  volcanic eruption (under emperors Vespasian 69-79 & Titus, 79-81 AD)

The Last Days of Pompeii (1935)   --  Mt. Vesuvius erupted 79A.D.

Anno 79: La distruzione di Ercolano (79 A.D.; The Destruction of Herculaneum) (1962) – intrigues in the court of Roman Emperor Titus Flavius


III.2.4.  FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE (180-476)  

La rivolta dei pretoriani (Revolt of the Praetorians) (1964)  --  Centurion Valerius Rufus goes up against the unpopular Emperor Domitian (reigned 81 to 96); both Rufus and his fiancée, Lucilla are sentenced to be immersed in a cauldron of molten lead; Valerius's friends come to his aid

Dacii (1967)  --  Dacia (today's Romania) and Domitian's Dacian War; border defense against raids of Moesia from Dacia in 86–87

Columna (The Column) (1968)  --  Roman Emperor Trajan (reigned 98-117) has just murdered all the local men of Dacia and holds a military stronghold in what will later become Romania  (Romanian language)

Fall of the Roman Empire (1964)-- Sophia Loren; troubles under Emperor Commodus (who ruled from 180 to 192)

Sheba and the Gladiator (1959)  -- c. 260-273, Septimia 47 obia, wife of the assassinated Septimius Odaenathus, a Prince of Palmyra and governor of province of Syria, takes over, rebels against Rome and establishes short-lived Palmyrene Empire

Il magnifico gladiatore (The Magnificent Gladiator) (1964)  --  Roman soldiers capture Attalus (a.k.a. Hercules) and he become a great gladiator; he falls in love with Velida, the daughter of Emperor Gallienus (reigned 260-268), but a nobleman wants her for himself

Nel Segno di Roma (Sheba and the Gladiator; Sign of the Gladiator) (1959)  --  Queen of Palmyra, Zenobia, revolts against Rome & is captured (under Emperor Aurelian, 270-275)  (only option:  Italian audio)

Constantine and the Cross (1962) -- early 4th c. A.D. emperor battling Romans

Fabiola (1949)  -- Rome early in the reign of Constantine I, c. 312

La vendetta dei barbari (Revenge of the Barbarians) (1960)  --  the Visigoth's sack of Rome, 410

Ágora (2009)--  Davus, a slave of the philosopher  Hypatia of Alexandria, falls in love with her; she was killed in 415 by a Christian mob involved in anti-Jewish antics

Agostino d'Ippona  (Augustine of Hippo) (1972) Italian   --  story of St. Augustine (354-430)

Sant' Agostino (Augustine: The Decline of the Roman Empire) (2010)  -- made for TV movie; 430, Augustine tells his own story and that of Rome's too  (English language)

Attila (2001) --  the famous barbarian (died 453)

Attila (1954)  --   with Sophia Loren

Sign of the Pagan (1954) --  Attila the Hun threatens Constantinople and Rome

In the Realm of the Knights Templar --  Attila must go into battle; will he go into the dark times of the Middle Ages?  (in English)



III.3. BYZANTINE EMPIRE (476-1453).  

Sign of the Pagan (1954) --  Attila the Hun threatens Constantinople and Rome

Teodora Imparatrice Di Bisanzio (Theodora Queen of Byzantium; Theodora, Slave Empress) (1954) Italian  --  Teodora (500-548), wife of Emperor Justinian I  (483-565)

X   Kampf um Rom I (Last Roman) (1968)  --  Gothic kingdom falls to famous Byzantine General Belisarius (under Emperor Justinian, 527-565) (English language)  (currently unavailable)

Kampf um Rom II - Der Verrat (Last Roman) (1969)  -- 

Rytsarskiy roman (2000)  -- crusaders need the help of the treacherous Emperor Alexius I Comnenus (reigned 1081-1118) to get to Jerusalem 1096-1099 in the First Crusade

Fetih 1453 (Conquest 1453)  (2012)  --  1453, siege of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks ending the Byzantine Empire  



The Message (Mohammad, Messenger of God) (1977)   --  Mohammed (570-633), founder of the Islamic faith

Fajr al islam (Dawn of Islam) (1971) – Hassam, son of a powerful sheik, meets the prophet Mohammed and converts to the new religion, but runs afoul of his father

Rashidun (rightly guided) Caliphs  -- first four Caliphs (632-661):

Ummayad Empire -- a series of Caliphates (662-750): Arabs move into southern Spain ( 711); Umayyad Caliphate in Spain collapsed (1031) followed by age of petty kingdoms

Abbasid (750-1260)  --  al-Mansur (754-775);  Abd ar-Rahman I establishes an independent caliphate in Spain (756); Harun al-Rashid (786-809); al-Ma'mun (809-813); Aghlabid Caliph deposed by Shiite Fatimid dynasty (909) 

Abu Zayd al-Hilali  (1947) --- 10th century Islamic Egyptian hero leader Abu Zayd al-Hilali; he and his wife break away from his father's tribe;  later the two tribes engage in battle and son and father have to fight it out (in Arabic)

El valle de las espadas (The Castilian) (1963) --  Spanish film of the first independent Count of Castile,  931-970, who opposed the Moors

Seljuq Turks (a Muslim Turkish clan moved into Persia) take power, 1055):

El Cid (1961)  -- 1094, takes Valencia from the Moors

La Spada del Cid (Sword of El Cid)  (1962)  --  based on the homonymous poem and other documents from the époque

I cento cavalieri (Son of El Cid; Hundred Horsemen) (1964)  --  El Cid's son Diego Rodríguez killed fighting invading Muslim Almoravids from North Africa at Battle of Consuegra, 1097

al Massir (aka Le Destin; Destiny) (1997)  --  the story of Islamic philosopher Averroes (1126-1198) in Spanish province of Andalusia

Ottoman Empire (1250-1517) --  Mongol Empire brought down the Abbasid period in 1250:

King Conqueror (2009) --   James I of Aragon (reign 1213-1287) part of the Reconquista (c. 718 and lasting around 800 years)

La conquista de Albania (1984) – second marriage of Louis of Navarre (1341-1376) gives him the rights to Durazzo and the Kingdom of Albania and Louis strives for their recovery



IV.  MEDIEVAL AGES (5th Century to Early 16th Century)  

IV.1.  EUROPE.    

IV.1.1. Medieval England, Scotland, Ireland.  

King Arthur

Boudica (2003)  --  Boudica (died 60 or 61 AD) unites the tribes of Briton against the Roman invaders

The Viking Queen (1967) -- Druids battle occupying Romans in ancient Britain/(Boudica-like character)

The Eagle (2011)   --  accompanied by his slave, a Roman journeys to Scotland to retrieve his father's long-lost emblem, the golden Eagle of the Ninth Legion

Camelot (2011)  --  multi-DVD set;  a French television series with a more "realistic" approach to the Arthurian legend

Camelot (1967) --  King Arthur and Court (legend)

King Arthur (2004)  --  the legend; Battle of Mount Badon (Britons versus an Anglo-Saxon war band in the late 5th or early 6th century)

Arthur of the Britons (1972-73)  --  TV series shows Arthur as the chief of a small Celt tribe in Dark-Ages Britain uniting Celts, Jutes, etc and others into a force to counteract the Saxons

Arthur the King (1985)

Merlin (1998)  --  Merlin fights Queen Mab who tries to destroy Arthur to save the old ways before the coming of Christianity

First Knight (1995) -- life at Camelot

Excalibur (1981) -- King Arthur and Court (legend)

Lancelot du Lac (Lancelot of the Lake) (1974)  --  French film about Lancelot

Siege of the Saxons (1963)  – Arthur repelling an invasion of the Saxons

Sword of Lancelot (1963)

Knights of the Round Table (1953)

House of Wessex, 802-1013:

The Last Kingdom (2015)  --  TV series set in the time of Alfred fighting the Vikings of what became Denmark

Alfred the Great (aka A King is Born) (1969) 9th century uniter of most of what became England  (880s-899)

The Saxon Chronicles (2006)  --  Alfred has to flee from the Vikings

I normanni (Conquest of the Normans; Attack of the Normans) (1962)  --  Viking settlers in England fight against an English Duke trying to take the place of the English King at beginning of the 9th century

Gli invasori (Erik the Conqueror) (1961)  --  Viking, raised in England, fights his brother, raised in the land of the Norsemen, in 9th century England

House of Denmark, 1013-1014:  Sweyn Forkbeard

House of Wessex (first restoration), 1014-1016:  Ćthelred the Unready and Edmund Ironside

House of Denmark (restored), 1016-1042:  Cnut, Harold Harefoot, Hartha Cnut

House of Wessex (restored), 1042-1066:  Edward the Confessor, Harold Godwinson, Edgar the Ćtheling

Lady Godiva of Coventry (1955)  --  during reign of Edward the Confessor (1042-1066); Norman conquest of England 1066; mother of Hereward the Wake

1066 The Battle for Middle Earth (2009)  --  Norman conquest of England in 1066 along with some Viking trouble

Hereward the Wake (1965)  --  the son of Lady Godiva (?) fought a long time in local resistance against the Normans, but to no avail

House of Normandy, 1066-1135:  William I, William II, Henry I                 First Crusade (1096-1099) & Second Crusade (1145-1149)

The Battle for Middle Earth (2009)

The War Lord (1965)  --  a Norman knight in the 11th century sent to build a defensive castle  falls in love with a local maiden which leads to big problems

Wilhelm Cuceritorul (William the Conqueror) (1982)  --  Norman Conqueror of England, 1066

House of Blois,1135-1154:   Stephen of Blois

The Pillars of the Earth (2010)  -- TV  mini-series set in the reigns of Stephen of Blois, Matilde and Henry II;  prequel to World Without End (2012)

House of Plantagenet, 1154-1399:  divided into three houses: the Angevins, the House of Lancaster and the House of York

Angevins: 1154-1399                  Crusades:  Third (1189-1192)   Fourth (1202-1204)    Fifth (1213-1221)    Sixth (1228-1229)    Seventh (1248 to 1254)  Eighth (1270)   Ninth (1271-1272)

Henry II, 1154-1189:

The Lion in Winter (1968) --  1154-1189 Henry II and his estranged wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine

The Lion in Winter (2003) TV  --  ditto

Becket (1964) -- under Henry II, 1154-1189;  Becket eliminated because he was in the way of the King

Soldier of God (2005)  – a Knight Templar must re-examine his life after a disastrous defeat by the Saracens in 1187

Richard I, the Lionheart, 1189–1199

Lionheart: The Crusade (2003) –   Richard the Lion Hearted, son of Henry II, who ruled 1189-1199 

Lionheart (1987) --   A young knight (Eric Stoltz) forms a Children's Crusade against the "Infidels" from all the homeless children following in the wake of Richard the Lionheart on his way to fight in the Crusades  

Richard Ivinoye serdtse (Richard the Lion-Hearted) (1992)  --  Russian film

Rytsar Kennet (Knight Kenneth) (1993) --  Richard the Lion-hearted

Kingdom of Heaven (2005)  --  the Third Crusade, involving Richard the Lion Hearted, among others

El Naser Salah el Dine (Saladin) (1963)  --  movie about the great Kurdish leader of the Arabs, Saladin

Arn – Tempelriddaren (Arn – The Knight Templar) (2007) – part of a trilogy

Arn – Riket vid vägens slut (Arn – The Kingdom at Road's End) (2008)– part of a trilogy

Arn  (2010)  --   TV mini-series about the crusader Arn

King Richard and the Crusaders (1954)  --  Christian Richard I of England faces off with Moslem Saladin

The Crusades (1935) --  historical drama from Cecil B. DeMille

Crusaders (2005)  --  two young men swept up in the Crusades

King John, 1199–1216:

Ironclad (2011)  --  King John tries to recapture total power after the Magna carta; a brave knight of the Knights Templar does what he can to stop him

Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) -- with Errol Flynn

Prince of Thieves (1948) -- Robin Hood against King John (1199-1216)

Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952)

Robin and Marian (1976) -- Robin Hood

Robin Hood (1991)  --  starring Patrick Bergin and Uma Thurman

Henry III (Henry of Winchester), 1216–1272: disastrous invasions of France in 1230 & 1242; considered pious, but unpopular

Edward I (Longshanks), 1272–1307:

Brave Heart (1995)  -- story of William Wallace, 1297, Scottish independence leader; during the Second Interregnum (1296–1306)

Edward II, 1307–1327

Edward II (1991) -- 1307-1327  --   anti-gay bias ruins his rule; directed by Derek Jarman

Edward II (1970)  --  English King Edward II deposed and murdered because of his going overboard for his homosexual lover Piers Gaveston; brutalized Scotland

World Without End (2012)  --  miniseries set in England's 100 year war with France (1337-1453); sequel to The Pillars of the Earth (2010)

Edward III, 1327–1377

X Black Death (2010) – bubonic plague enters England, 1348

World Without End (2012)  --  TV mini-series set at the start of the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) and the Black Death; sequel to The Pillars of the Earth (2010)

Richard II, 1377–1399

Richard of Bordeaux (1955)  --  Richard II (ruled 1377-1399)  who took the throne at age 10 and overthrown by future King Henry IV

John Wycliffe: The Morning Star (1984)  --  Wycliffe (mid-1320s to 1384)  -- early English dissident from Roman Catholic Church; founder of Lollard Movement, predecessor to Luther


House of Alpin:  848-1034

House of Dunkeld:  1034-1286,  Duncan I (1034-1040) succeeded to throne as maternal grandson of Malcolm, so House of Dunkeld a continuation of House of Alpine

Macbeth (1948) --  with Orson Welles; Duncan killed in battle by Macbeth; Duncan's son Malcolm III defeated and killed Macbeth and claimed the throne

Macbeth (1979)  --  with Ian McKellan

Macbeth (1971) -- 1040, Shakespeare, with Jon Finch

Brave Heart (1995)  -- story of William Wallace, 1297, Scottish independence leader; during the Second Interregnum (1296–1306)

House of Bruce: (1306-1371)

The Bruce (1996)  --  story of Robert the Bruce of Scotland (1274-1329) who was King of the Scots from 1306 to 1329 

Edward II (1991) -- 1307-1327  --   anti-gay bias ruins his rule; directed by Derek Jarman

Edward II (1970)  --  English King Edward II deposed and murdered because of his going overboard for his homosexual lover Piers Gaveston; brutalized Scotland

Auld Lang Syne (1937)  --  story of Scottish poet Robert Burns



St. Patrick: The Irish Legend (2000) (TV)  --  English slave who became the founder of Christianity in Ireland, 5th century


House of Lancaster (1399-1471)  Henry IV, V and VI

Henry IV, 1399–1413:

König Heinrich IV (King Henry IV) (1975) – William Shakespeare adaptation

The Black Shield of Falworth (1954)  --  during the reign of King Henry IV of England (1399-1413), a talented and ambitious peasant tries to work his way up the ladder to knighthood and get the hand of the fair lady of  MacWorth castle

Henry V, 1413-1422:

The Chronicle History of King Henrys the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France (1944)   --  Henry V (1413-1422), with Laurence Olivier

X  Henry V (1953)  --  made for TV movie, with John Clements 

X  Henry V (1966)  --  made for TV movie, with Douglas Rain

X  Henry V (1979)  --  made for TV movie with David Gwillim

Henry V (1989) -- Henry V (1413-1422) with Kenneth Branagh

X  Henry V (2003)  -- 

X  Henry V (2007)  --  with

Henry VI  (1422-1461) and (1470-1471) - includes War of the Roses, 1455 and 1485, between house of Lancaster and York

Henry VI, part one  --  by Shakespeare

Henry VI, part two  --  by Shakespeare

Henry VI, part three  --  by Shakespeare

War of the Roses (1965) --  TV mini-series

War of the Roses (1989)  --  TV mini-series


House of York (1471-1485)  Edward IV & V and Richard III

Edward IV: 1461-1470 and 1471-1483  -- includes War of the Roses, 1455 and 1485, between house of Lancaster and York

The White Queen (2013)  --  romance between Lancastrian commoner Elizabeth Yorkville and Yorkist King Edward IV (1461-1470 and 1471-1483); they married 1464

Henry VI (Lancastrian), second reign, 1470-1471-- includes War of the Roses, 1455 and 1485, between house of Lancaster and York

Edward IV, 1471-1483  --  includes War of the Roses, 1455 and 1485, between house of Lancaster and York

Edward V: 1483  --  includes War of the Roses, 1455 and 1485, between house of Lancaster and York

Richard III, 1483-1485 --  includes War of the Roses, 1455 and 1485, between house of Lancaster and York

Richard III  (1955)  -- Shakespeare version of King Richard III, 1483-1485; "My horse! My horse!  My kingdom for a horse!"

Richard III  (1995)  --  Shakespeare version set in 1930s England

Looking for Richard (1996) --  Richard III, that is

Tower of London (1939) --  questionable story of Richard III with Boris Karloff and Vincent Price

Tower of London (1962)  -  remake of the 1939 film



Hamlet (1964)  --  based on 6th century, legend of Amleth, Prince of Denmark  from the Danish Gesta Danorum

X  Hamlet (1964)  --  Shakespeare with Richard Burton

X Hamlet at Elsinore (1964)  --  Shakespeare with Christopher Plummer

X Hamlet (1964)  --  Shakespeare with Alfred Ryder

X  Hamlet (1969)  --  Shakespeare with Nicol Williamson

X  Hamlet (1990)  --  Shakespeare with Mel Gibson

X  Hamlet (1996)  -- Shakespeare with Kenneth Branagh

X Hamlet (2009)  --  Shakespeare with

X Hamlet (2013)  --  Shakespeare

Prince of Jutland (Royal Deceit) (1994)  --  based on original sources, a young prince, after discovering that his father has been murdered, vows to avenge his death and regain the crown 

The Vikings (1958) -- the scourge of Ireland and England/Scotland as well as elsewhere

Gil Invasori (d'annunzio or The Invaders)  (1961)  --  8th-9th century Vikings attack Britain

A Viking Saga: The Darkest Day (2013)  --- fictional story of Hereward the Wake of England trying to stop the Saxons from getting a copy of the Christian Bible; the real Hereward the Wake fought the Norman invasion of England

 Í skugga hrafnsins (Revenge of the Barbarians; Shadow of the Raven) (1984)  --  Irishman sees vengeance against Norway Vikings in Iceland in the Viking Age, c. 900 


Sweden's House of Munsö (970-1060)

Thirteenth Warrior (1999)  --  10th century Arab shocked by Viking behavior in Russia

Valhalla Rising  (2009)   --  year 1000 A.D., discovery of the new world

Severed Ways: The Norse Discovery of America (2007)  --   in 1007 Vikings mistakenly leave two men behind and the men have to struggle with nature, Irish monks, Abenaki natives and their own natures to try to get back to the Viking settlement

The Norseman (1978) --  11th century Viking prince sailed all the way to North America in search of his lost father

The Viking Sagas (1995)  --   battles for the chieftainship in Viking Iceland

A Viking Saga (2008)  --  Viking story

White Viking (1991)  --  continuation of the Icelandic Sagas around 1,000 AD and the reign of King Olaf, who holds the wife of Askur hostage (currently unavailable)

The Long Ships (1964)  --  Vikings against the Moors in search of a huge, all-gold bell

L’ Ultimo dei Vikinghi  (The Last Viking )  (1961)  --  Norwegian Vikings try to overthrow the tyrant Sveno

Den sidste Viking (The Last Viking) (1997)  --  Danish movie from boy Harald's perspective about a mad king out to confiscate all the ships of his village

Utlaginn (The Outlaw: the Saga of Gisli) (1981)  – an Icelandic film about and accurately depicting the peoples involved in a Viking blood feud (based on the Icelanders' Sagas called the Gísla saga)

Den rde kappe (Hagbard and Signe) (1967) – Icelandic Viking saga

Sweden's House of Stenkil (1060-1126)  --  end of Viking Age 1066

Houses of Sverker and Eric (1130-1250)

House of Bjälbo (1250-1364)

House of Mecklenburg (1364-1389)

Monarchs during the Kalmar Union period and Regents (1389-1521)

In 1388, at the request of the Swedes themselves, Albert was driven out by Margaret I of Denmark and at a convention of the representatives of the three Scandinavian kingdoms (held at Kalmar in 1397), Margaret's great-nephew, Eric of Pomerania, was elected the common king.  In 1434 the Swedes broke away and Eric XIII deposed.  The period replaced by House of Vasa. 



IV.1.2.  Medieval France to Age of Discovery  

Charlemagne, Charles the Prince (1995) --  early unifier of Frankish kingdoms,. ruled 768 to 814

Charlemagne le prince a cheval (Charlemagne) (1993)  --  (TV mini-series)  Frankish King Charlemagne  (French language)

Orlando e i Paladini di Francia (Roland the Mighty) (1956) --  778, Roland, a knight of Charlemagne's court is killed at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass against a Muslim army in the Pyrennes

Carolingian Dynasty (843 to 987)

Capetian Dynasty, Direct Capetians (987 to 1328)

Yaroslavna, koroleva Frantsii (Yaroslavna, Queen of France) (1978) – Anna Yaroslavna, a Princess of Kiev, was the queen consort of France as the wife of Henry I (1027-1060) & regent for her son Philip I

X  La Gerusalemme liberata (The Mighty Crusaders) (1958)  --  Godfrey of Bouillon was one of the leaders of the Crusades (1096-1100) with a successful siege of Jerusalem in 1099  (currently unavailable)

Gates to Paradise (1968)  --    1212, launching of the Children's Crusade; set in France

Les rois maudits (The Cursed Kings) (2005) --  King Philippe IV (ruled 1285-1314)  tries to plunder the Knights Templar and other organizations (French language only)

Les rois maudits (1972 Mini-Series)  --  French only

Capetian Dynasty, House of Valois (1328-1589)

House of Lancaster (1422-1453)

The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc (1999) -- 1428; under Charles VII (ruled 1422-1461);  Hundred Year's War with England (1337-1453); with Milla Jovovich

Joan of Arc (1999)  --  with Leelee Sobieski

Joan of Arc (1948) --  with Ingrid Bergman

Saint Joan (1957)  --  by George Bernard Shaw;  with Jean Seberg

Le passion de Jeanne d'arc (Passion of Joan of Arc) (1928) --  French film

Das Mädchen Johanna (Joan of Arc) (1935) – German movie about Joan of Arc

Ciocârlia (The Lark) (2002) – Romanian film about Joan of Arc

Wired Angel (1999)  --  very "different" approach to telling the Joan of Arc story

Jeanne la Pucelle I - Les batailles (1994)  --  Joan of Arc

Jeanne la Pucelle II - Les prisons (Joan the Maid 2: The Prisons) (1994) – Joan of Arc (in French only, no subtitles)

Proces de Jeanne d'Arc (The Trial of Joan of Arc) (1962)   --  life and death of a more sophisticated Joan of Arc focusing on the psychological and physical torture used to break her

Beatrice (1988)  --  set during the Hundred Year's War (1337-1453), a revisionist view of the noble Knights

Le Retour de Martin Guerre  (The Return of Martin Guerre) (1982)  --   fascinating film about Medieval France

Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939)    --  1483 Louis XI ­ Notre Dame de Paris; a gypsy girl is framed for murder by the infatuated Chief Justice

Quentin Durward (The Adventures of Quentin Durward) (1955) – in 1465 Quentin Durward travels to France for an arranged marriage to suit King Louis XI (reigned from 1461 to 1483)


IV.1.3.  Medieval Italy and Germany   

Il terrore dei barbari (Goliath and the Barbarians) (1959) --  Lombard invasion of Italy; the Lombards were a Germanic tribe who ruled a Kingdom in Italy from 568 to 774

Kings of the East Franks, 843–911

Kings of Germany, 911–1806

Hohenstaufen dynasty,1138-1254

Frederick I Barbarossa. 1152-1155

The Flame and the Arrow (1950)  --  12 c. Lombardy under German overlord

Sword of War (Barbarossa) (2009)  --  1176, Frederick I Barbossa (Holy Roman Emperor) is heavily defeated at the Battle of Legnano near Milan on his fifth offensive against Italy

Der Name der Rose (The Name of the Rose) (1986)  --  1327, not a true story, but a good depiction of monastery life of the time; set in Italy

12 Paces Without a Head (2009)   -- 1401, pirate captain in the Baltic Sea who walked 12 paces after being decapitated by officials of the Hanseatic League

Habsburg dynasty, 1438–1806

Maximilian, 1486-1519

Götz von Berlichingen mit der eisernen (Iron Hand) (1979) – Germany in the Middle Ages;  1498, he fought in the armies of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I


IV.1.4.  Medieval Russia, Poland, Turkey, Romania and Bulgaria  


Legenda o knyagine Olge (The Legend of Princess Olga) (1983) – one of the founders of Christianity in Russia 

Rus iznachalnaya (Primary Russia) (1986)  --   VI century Russian tribes unite to repel the Khazar invaders & the Byzantine empire collaborators ( doesn't have it)

Grand Princes of Kiev (842 or 862 to 1169):

Thirteenth Warrior (1999)  --  10th century Arab shocked by Viking behavior in Russia

Knyaz Vladimir. Film pervyy (Prince Vladimir) (2006)  --  Vladimir I, a a prince of Novgorod who became the grand prince of Kiev, ruler of Kievan Rus' in (980–1015)  (Russian language only)

Yaroslav. Tysyachu let nazad (The Warlord; Iron Lord) (2010)--  warlord Yaroslav rules the kingdoms to the North of Kiev with an iron fist, conquering new lands to gather taxes for his father, Grand Prince Vladimir

Yaroslav Mudry (Yaroslav the Wise) (1982)  --  reigned 1016-1018 and1019-1054 and was thrice Grand Prince of Novgorod and Kiev

Didgori: Land of Sacrificed Knights (2009) – short film (35 minutes);  1121 AD, 56,000 Georgian warriors under King Davit IV battle 500,000 Seljuk Turks on the Didgori battlefield

Grand Princes of Vladimir (1157-1340):

I Tartari (The Tartars) (1961)  --  after the death of his brother Togrul in a battle with the Slavs, Burundai becomes the Tartar leader of Volga River are, c 1260; Vikings capture Togrul's daughter

Michel Strogoff (1956)  --  French film of a hero who fought the Tartars

Aleksandr Nevskiy (Alexander Nevskey) (1938) -- 13th century attack of the Teutonic Knights on Russia (Sergei M. Eisenstein director)

Aleksandr. Nevskaya bitva (aka Alexander: The Neva Battle) (2008)  --  Battle of Neva, 1240; Swedes invade Novgorod controlled territory

Grand Princes of Moscow, Rurik Dynasty  (1283-1584):

Orda (The Horde) (2012)  -- Metropolitan Archbishop Aleksii cures the blindness of Taidula, the mother of Jani Beg (Khan of the Golden Horde from 1342 to 1357), thereby preventing a Tatar raid on Moscow (the crown prince of Moscow was Ivan II the Handsome, 1353-1359)

Andrei Rublev (1969)  --  15th century Russian icon painter (1360?-1430?)

Ivan the Terrible, Part I (1943) -- 1533-1584; Ottoman Empire troubles, among others; by Sergei Eisenstein

Ivan the Terrible, Part II (1946) -- Sergei Eisenstein

Tsar Ivan Grozny (Tsar Ivan the Terrible) (1993)  --  Ivan the Terrible

Tsar (2009)  --  Ivan the Terrible

House of Rurikovich:  Ivan the Terrible (1547-1584); his son Feodor I (1584-1598)


Piast Dynasty (9th century - 1305):

Stara basn. Kiedy slonce bylo bogiem (An Ancient Tale: When the Sun Was a God) (2003)  --  9th century in what became Poland; inhabited by numerous Slavic tribes

Gniazdo (The Cradle) (1974)  --  Mieszko I and the Battle of Cedynia, 972 A.D.

Boleslaw Smialy (aka King Boleslaus the Bold) (1972)  --  1079, struggle between the king of Poland, Boleslaus the Bold (reign 1076-1079), and the Bishop of Cracow; the Polish Becket

I lancieri neri (Charge of the Black Lancers) (1962)  --  set after the Mongol-Tartar invasion of Poland and the Battle of Legnica (1241), lost by High Duke of Poland, Henry II (1238-1241)  ( doesn't have it)

Kazimierz Wielki (Casimir the Great) (1976) --  a Piast king of Poland (1333-1370) who doubled his country in size (mostly through addition of lands in the Ukraine)

Jagiellon Dynasty (1386-1572)

Krzyzacy (Black Cross; Knights of the Teutonic Order) (1960)  --  under Ladislas II (1386-1434), defeat of the Order of Teutonic Knights of Prussia by the Polish and Lithuanians at Battle of Grunwald (1410)

Barbara Radziwillówna (Love or a Kingdom) (1936) – Sigismund II, Augustus I, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (reign 1530-1572)   ( doesn't have it)

Epitafium dla Barbary Radziwillówny (An Epitaph for Barbara Radziwill) (1983) – Barbara in 1547 married Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland Sigismund II August   ( doesn't have it)

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1574-1795):

Zelazna reka (The Iron Hand) (1989)   -- story of right-hand warrior to Stefan Batory, ruler 1576-1586, of the noble Hungarian Báthory family; one of the greatest elected Kings of Poland


Mircea (Proud Heritage; Kreuzritter 7) (1989)  --  1393, Ottoman Empire had to go through Romania; King Mircea of the Old Romanian Principate of Valahia decides to fight

Dark Prince: The True Story of Dracula (2000)-- 1456-1476 Vlad Dracula of Transylvania fights Ottoman Turks; Ottoman Empire (1299-1922)

Vlad Tepes (1979)  -- Vlad the Impaler of Wallachia

Intoarcerea lui voda lapusneanu (The Return of Prince Lapusneanu) (1980)  --  1564, Moldavia, the Prince seeks revenge for his Turkish exile

Mihai Viteazul (aka Michael the Brave) (1970)  -- the king who united three provinces into Romania in the 17th century despite opposition from the Ottoman and Austrian Empires

Nemuritorii (The Immortals) (1974)  --  warriors of Romanian lord Mihai (1611) attacked by Turks while bringing the lord's battle flag back from Austria

Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992)

Stefan cel Mare (Stephen the Great) (1974) – Stephen the Great or the 'Saint' ruled Moldavia, 1457-1504; fought the Ottoman Empire and Hungary

Alexandru Lapusneanu (????) – Alexandru Lăapuşsneanu was Prince of Moldavia 1552-1561 and 1564-1568

Neamul Soimarestilor (The Hawk; The Soimaresti Family) (1965) – war in 1600s Romania (Moldova)

X Horea (Castles Aflame in Transylvania) (1984)  --  Revolt of Horea, Cloşsca and Crişsan (November 1784 - February 1785) against feudal serfdom in Transylvania, Romania


681 Величието на хана (681 AD: The Glory of Khan) (1984)  --  681 foundation of Bulgarian medieval state by Khan Asparuh 

 X  Aszparuh (aka Khan Asparoukh) (1981)  --  first Bulgarian ruler Khan Asparuh

Boris I (1985)  --  852-889,  St Boris I Michael of Bulgaria imposes Christianity  in 864  (Bulgarian language)

Serbia (& others):

Boj na Kosovu (translation Battle of Kosovo) (1989)  – a Serbian film that depicts the historical Battle of Kosovo between Medieval Serbia and the Ottoman Empire, 1389

Banovic Strahinja (1981) – late 14th century. medieval Serbia. attacked by Ottoman invaders; nobleman Banovic Strahinja searches for his kidnapped wife

Seljacka buna 1573 (1975)  --  peasant revolt of 1573 in Croatia and Slovenia (being heavily taxed to fight off the Turks)

Konjanik (The Horseman)  (2003) – Croatian film about a Muslim girl and a Christian guy fall in love despite it being forbidden; set in 18th c. on the border of Bosnia and Dalmatia, Ottoman Empire and Venetian Republic

Timocka buna (1983)  --  set at the time of the Timok Rebellion, 1883, in Serbia;  nationalist peasant anarchism


Didgori:  Land of Sacrificed Knights (2009)  --   1121, Battle of Didgori where Georgian king David IV defeats Great Seljuq Empire, a medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim empire

Gültekin amazon kizlara karsi (1969) – 1400s Turkey Medieval period

Istanbul'un fethi (The Conquest of Constantinople) (1954) – Turks attack and take Constantinople of the Byzantine Empire, 1453

Fetih 1453 (Conquest 1453)  (2012)  --  1453, siege of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks ending the Byzantine Empire  

Suleiman the Conqueror (1961)  --  Suleiman the Magnificent, leader of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century


c. 858-895  --  High Prince Álmos (first Hungarian leader)

c. 895-907  --  Árpád (led the Magyars into Central Europe)

Honfoglalás (The Conquest) (1996) – 896 AD, Magyar chief Arpad (Nero) and his seven tribes comes out of the steppes and into the Carpathian basin

997-1038 -- Stefan 1 (last Grand Prince and first King of Hungary)

Szent Gellért legendája (1994) – 11th century Hungary

Árpád népe (2006) – 11th century Hungary

István király (1992) – first king of Hungary, King Stephen (1001-1038)

István, a király (1984)  --  King Stephen of Hungary

1047-1061 --  Andrew I, Árpád dynasty restored; lasted to 1301

Bánk bán (1987) –  13th century Hungary

1310-1342  -- Charles I, establishes the Angevin dynasty in Hungary; lasts until 1386

1446-1453 -- John Hunyadi serves as regent of Hungary

Ítélet (1970) – 1500s Peasant Revolution in Hungary

1608-1619  --  Matthias II

Bathory (2008) – Countess Elizabeth Báthory (1560-1614) of Hungary, accused serial killer, but rather a modern Renaissance woman

The Countess (2009)  --  Elizabeth Báthory

Csínom Palkó (1973) –1700s Hungarian history

1848-1916  --  Francis Joseph

Szirmok, virágok, koszorúk (Flowers of Reverie) (1984) --  after Russians beat down the 1848-1849 Hungarian revolution, Hungarian soldier wrestles with his accepting a forced enrollment into the Austrian army

Szegénylegények (The Hopeless Ones; The Poor Outlaws; The Round-Up) (1966)  -- after the Kossuth Rebellion, the Hungarian police round up peasants and subjected them to psychological torture

Les sans espoir (1966) -- Hungarian soldiers and rebels are trained to be Austrian soldiers while held in prison

Meg ker a nep (Red Psalm; The People Still Ask) (1972)  --  1890s peasant uprising on estate in Hungary; the wealthy are helped by local authorities and then by the army (English subtitles)


Helden sterben anders (Heroes Die Differently) (2007) --  in the Battle of Sempach, 1386, young Arnold Winkelried turns the battle for the Swiss against Leopold III, Duke of Austria, by throwing himself on the spears of the enemy

Marketa Lazarová (1967) – Czech film account of the shift from Paganism to Christianity

Mestari Patelin (1985)  --  Medieval Finland





Three Kingdoms Period (220-280)  --  a tripartite between the states of Wei, Shu and Wu

Mitsuteru yokoyama's sangokushi (Romance of the Three Kingdoms) (1991) (TV Series)

X Xue cheng (The Last Day of Hsianyang or the Last Days of Hsian Yang) (1968)   --  China's 3 Kingdom's Period, the town falls to invaders and the prince of Hsian Yang escapes from the burning city

The Romance of Three Kingdoms (1995) (TV Series)

The Rise of King Modu (2013)  --  Modu Chanyu, the founder of the unified Mongolian Xiongnu Empire, 220 BC

Saam gwok dzi gin lung se gap (Three Kingdoms: Resurrection of the Dragon) (2008)  --  story of a fantastic warrior of the Shu Kingdom and his less accomplished friend who keep on fighting only to find themselves going around in circles

Jin Dynasty (265-420)

Sixteen Kingdoms Period, 304-439   --  collection of numerous short-lived sovereign states in China and its neighboring areas

Northern Wei Dynasty, 386-534 (not one of the Sixteen Kingdoms)

Mulan Joins the Army (1939) – during the Northern Wei dynasty, a young woman disguises herself as a man in order to take her father's place in the army

Mulan (1998)  --  the Disney version of the Mulan story 

X Hua Mulan (Mulan: Rise of a Warrior) (2009)

Tang Dynasty (618-665)

X  Shao Lin Si (Shaolin Temple) (1982)  --  Tang emperor betrayed by one of his generals, who sets himself up as emperor in the East Capital; son of a slave worker learns kung fu at Shaolin Temple, goes to  and sets out to kill the traitor, 1619-1621

Zhou Dynasty (665-705)

Empress Wu Zetian (1939)  --  Chinese biopic of the empress who interrupted the Tang Dynasty (618-907) with her behind her husband and sons in the First Zhou Dynasty (665-690) and in her own right in the Second Zhou Dynasty (690–705)

Tian di ying xiong (Warriors of Heaven and Earth) (2003)  --  an imperial agent has to escort a caravan carrying an extremely valuable item to the capital, while fighting off the Turks and their allies; action drama;year 700 in the Göktürk Empire which controlled the lucrative Silk Road trade

Tang Dynasty continuation (710-907)

Warriors of Heaven and Earth (2003)  --  an imperial agent has to escort a caravan carrying an extremely valuable item to the capital, while fighting off the Turks and their allies

Yôkihi (Princess Yang Kwei-fei) (1955) – a poor young woman is used by General An Lushan in his rebellion plans against Emperor Xuanzong (ruled 712-756)

Five Dynasties and Six Kingdoms Period  --  an era of political upheaval in China from 907–960/979 AD, between the fall of the Tang Dynasty and the founding of the Song Dynasty

Man cheng jin dai huang jin jia (Curse of the Golden Flower) (2006)  --  the Empress and Crown Prince Wan, her stepson, have an illicit liaison; 928

Song Dynasty (960-1279)  --  succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period and followed by Yuan Dynasty; first known use of gun powder (960-1127 Northern Song; 947-1125 Liao Dynasty; 1127-1279 Southern Song)

Tonkô (The Silk Road) (1988)  --  in western China in 1026, students are shanghaied by crown prince Li Yuanhao of Xi Xia, who wants to control the Silk Road

Shi si nu ying hao (The Fourteen Amazons) (1972) –  the women of the Yang family lead the defense of the Song dynasty against invading Western Xia in 11th century, 960-1127

Legendary Amazons (2011)  --  the Yang Family Generals' women, 960-1127

Saving General Yang (2013)  --  Yang Family Generals, 960-1127

Shi er jin pai (Twelve Gold Medallions) (1970)  --  a man loyal to the emperor, tries to stop a message on 12 gold medallions to be delivered by traitors   (Emperor ruled 1131-1162)

1125-1234 Jin Dynasty

1234-1279  Transitional Period of Growing Mongolian Control

1279-1368 Yuan Dynasty  (Mongolian Control)

Po veleniyu Chingiskhana (By the Will of Genghis Khan) (2009) – 

Aoki Ôkami: chi hate umi tsukiru (aka Genghis Khan: To the Ends of Earth and Sea;  The Blue Wolf: To the Ends of the Earth and Sea) (2007)  – a Japanese-Mongolian depiction of the life of Genghis Khan

The Mongol (2007) – Genghis Khan's slow rise to power

The Fall of Otrar (1991) – Genghis Khan  

Gibel Otrara (The Fall of Otrar) (1991) – the incident in Otrar that unleashed Genghis Khan and his hordes

Genghis Khan  (1965)  -- 1206-1227; with Omar Sharif

I Mongoli (The Mongols) (1961) --  Jack Palance plays the role of the son of Genghis Khan with Anita Ekberg as his mistress  

Conqueror (1956) --  Mongols under Genghis Khan vs. Tartars and others

Marco Polo (2007)  --  the adventures, including love ones, of Marco Polo

Marco Polo (1998) -- 1295 with Kublai Khan, opening up the east to trade with the west. 

Marco Polo: Haperek Ha'aharon (Marco Polo: The Missing Chapter) (1996) – Polo returns to Venice in 1295 to find Venice and Genoa at war; he is soon imprisoned by the Genoans and used as a political pawn

Marco Polo (1982)  --  TV mini-series about Marco Polo

Marco Polo (1962) --    Marco Polo rescues the daughter of the Mongol leader Kublai Khan

The Adventures of Marco Polo (1938) -- 1275, in China

Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)


IV.3.  INDIA (Medieval Period: 711-1526)  

Chola Emperors (848–1279 AD)

Ambikapathy (1937) – 1083, story of the poet Kambar in the time of Kulothunga Chola (1070-1120) of the s. Indian Chola Empire (300s BC-1279)

Tomar's or Tuar's of Sthaneshwar and Indraprastha (736–1192 AD)

Prithviraj-Samyukta (1946)   – Prithviraj Chauhan (1168-1192), second-to-last Hindu to rule Delhi & unifier of Rajputs against Muslim invasions, & his wife Samyukta (heir of Tomar Kingdom in 1170)

Islamic Sultanates (1206-1596)


IV.4.   Japan (Early Medieval Period: 711-1526)  

The Asuka period (538-710)

Shotoku taishi (Prince Shotoku) (2001) – established a centralized government; aka Prince Umayado; his existence is disputed

Heian period, 794-1185:

Shin heike monogatari (The Taira Clan Saga) (1955)  --  an unpaid special forces commander under Emperor Toba who ruled Japan from 1107-1123 

Kamakura period, 1185-1333 and Kemmu restoration, 1333-1336: 

Zen (2009)  --  'Zen' Buddhist teacher Dogen Zenji

Muromachi period, 1336-1573: 

Kikuchi sembon-yari: Shidonî tokubetsu kôgeki-tai (Thousand Spears of Kikuchi: Sydney Special Attack Unit) (1944) --  Nanbokucho wars in Nanboku-cho period, 1336-1392, with Northern Imperial Court founded by Ashikaga Takauji in Kyoto & Southern Imperial Court established by Emperor Go-Daigo in Yoshino

Furin kazan (Under the Banner of Samurai; Samurai Banners) (1969)  --  Yamamoto Kansuke (1501-1561), Japanese samurai and General who planned the victory at the fourth Battle of Kawanakajima against Uesugi Kenshin






House of Habsburg (1437-1657)

Maximilian I (1483-1519)


Lucrezia Borgia (1935)  --  good story of the many political marriages of Lucrezia Borgia used by her family as a political pawn

Prince of Foxes (1949)  --  Cesare Borgia (1475-1507) plays politics with who his sister will marry

Bride of Vengeance (1949) --  Cesare Borgia

Lucrezia Borgia (1953) –  Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519) born near Rome

Il Duca Nero (The Black Duke) (1963) --  Cesare Borgia starring Cameron Mitchell 

The Borgias (1981)  --  BBC miniseries

X  Las noches secretas de Lucrezia Borgia (Secret Nights) (1982)  --  don't bother; it's more about sex than anything else

X  Le notti di Lucrezia Borgia (The Nights of Lucretia Borgia) (1959) --  ditto

Los Borgia (The Borgias) (2006)  --  Spanish film with English subtitles about the Borgia family

The Borgias (2011) --  Showtime miniseries


Flesh and Blood (1985)  --  1501 story of Landsknechts (mostly German mercenaries including pikemen & supporting foot soldiers, late 15th to late 16th century)

Charles V, Holy Roman Empire  (1530-1556)

Il Diavolo nero (The Black Devil) (1957)  --  as Carlos I of Spain (1516-1556) and as Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (1519-1556) the monarch tries to occupy all of Italy with the help of traitors

The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965) -- Michelangelo (1475-1564) fights with Pope Julius II; based on Irving Stone novel

Da Vinci's Demons (2013)  --  fictional TV-series about Leonardo Da Vinci's early life as an artist, inventor, idealist and a genius intellectual

Il mestiere delle armi (The Profession of Arms) (2001) – first victim of modern artillery Captain Giovanni De' Medici, who fought in the war of Charles V against the Pope, first half of 1500s --  (not available)

Rudolph II (1575-1612)

Caravaggio (2007)  --  Italian Renaissance painter 1593-1610; proto-Baroque style

Caravaggio (1986)  --  gay Derek Jarman's fictionalized version of the life of Caravaggio 

Artemisia (1997)  --   Artemisia Gentileschi was one of the most accomplished early Baroque painters in the generation; influenced by Caravaggio 

Dangerous Beauty (1998)  --  a courtesan (Catherine McCormack) becomes the most desired woman in 16th century Venice, but faces criticism, humiliation and the Holy Inquisition  

Galilée ou L'amour de Dieu (2005) – Galilée and the Inquisition

Galileo (1975)  --  Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

Galileo Galilei (1969) --   Italian  film

Love and freedom -  tragic events of Masaniello, which took place in Naples in July 1647 (amazon instant video)

Pietro Micca (1938)  --  soldier becomes national hero in the defense of Turin (1706) against French troops during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714)

Casanova  (2005)  --  yes, even Casanova got dumped; 18th century

Fellini's Casanova (1976)  -- not for historians; erotic adventure




John Hus (1977)  -- Czech burned at the stake in 1415; had influence on Martin Luther;  part of the Hussite Trilogy; only in Czech

Jan Žižka (1955)  --  General Jan Zizka of Hussite Wars; part of Hussite Trilogy; only in Czech; fought in the Battle of Grunwald (July 15, 1410), where he defended Radzyń against the Teutonic Order, and in the civil wars of Bohemia. 

Proti všem (Against All) (1958)  --  Hussite Wars; part of Hussite Trilogy;  only in Czech

Luther (2003)  -- of the Reformation

Luther (1974) -- of the Reformation, 1520

Der Reformator (1968) – German film about Martin Luther

Martin Luther (1953)  --  of the Reformation

The Radicals (1990)  --  the story of the radical Anabaptists


Sweden's House of Vasa (1521-1654)

Fru Inger til strt (Lady Inger of Ostrat) (1975) --  1528, Norwegian noble woman seeking independence for the nation in the time of the Kalmar Union (1396-1537) involving Sweden, Denmark and Norway. Modern Sweden begins 1523

Karin Mansdotter (1954) – 1550–1612, started as mistress and ended as Swedish Queen to Eric XIV (reign 1560-1568)

Queen Christina (1933) -- 1632-1654 reign of Queen Christina of Sweden; Greta Garbo

The Abdication (1974) – Queen Christina of Sweden abdicates; what happened to Queen Christina when she converted to Catholicism

Korkein oikeus (1998) – the "Cudget War" was a peasant rebellion in the late 16th century Finland

Sweden's House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1654-1720)

Snapphanar (Scanian Guerilla) (2006) – Scanian War, 1676-1679, between Sweden and Denmark when Sweden's king was Charles XI

X Karl XII (1925)  --  Charles XII of Sweden (reigned 1697-1718); Great Northern War (1700-1721)

Epitaph für einen König (1969) – Epitaph for a King;  King Karl XII of Sweden (1697-1718)

House of Hess (1720-1751)   --  Frederick was the only King

House of Holstein-Gottorp (1751-1818)  --  Adolph Frederick, Gustav III, Gustav IV, Charles XIII

En kongelig affćre (A Royal Affair) (2012)  --  Danish King Christian VII (ruled 1766-1808) suffers from mental illness and is pushed around by radical thinker Johann Friedrich Struensee, his personal physician, who made progressive reforms which did not last long

Kustaa III (1964) – Finnish film, Strindberg play adaptation; Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-1792) when Finland was part of Sweden

Gustav III (1974) – assassination of Sweden’s King Gustav III (ruled 1771-1792)

Lockfogeln (The Decoy) (1971) – on his death-bed, a father asks his son to kill King Gustav III

Gustav III's äktenskap (The Marriage of Gustav III) (2001) – Gustav III of Sweden, nine years into his marriage

Union of Sweden and Norway:  1814-1905

House of Bernadotte (1905-present)  --  Charles XIV John,  Oscar I, Charles XV,  Oscar II, Gustaf V, Gustaf VI Adolf, Carl XVI Gustaf

Desiree (1954) --  a French seamstress loves Napoleon, but his marriage to aristocrat Josephine spoils her dream; she becomes wife of Bernadotte, future King Charles XIV John (1818-1844)

Utvandrarna (The Emigrants) (1971)  --  Swedish immigrants to Minnesota, USA

Kautokeino-opprřret (The Kautokeino Rebellion) (2008) -- Sami revolt in Guovdageaidnu, Norway 1852

Behöriga äga ej tillträde (1988) – 1890s Sweden when the country became modernized

General von Döbeln (1942)  --  Swedish general who fought in the Russian War, Finnish War and Second War Against Napoleon



Il Mestiere delle Armi (Profession of Arms) (2000)  --  Giovanni de Medici, captain in Charles V's war against the pope & fought the Protestant Reformation

The Cardinal (1936)  --  Cardinal de Medici

Catherine de Médicis (1989)  --  French movie about Catherine (1519-1589) who was queen consort of King Henry II of France from 1547 to 1559

Il Diavolo nero (The Black Devil) (1957)  --  As Carlos I of Spain (1516-1556) and as Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (1519-1556) the monarch tries to occupy all of Italy with the help of traitors

That Lady (1955)  --  story of Ana de Mendoza, Princess of Eboli, and Prince Philip (who became Philip II of Spain, 1556-1598)

La conjura de El Escorial (The El Escorial Conspiracy) (2008) - deceit and betrayal in the court of King Philip II of Spain

Seville, 1640 (2004)  -- 

The Last Valley (1971)  --  set in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648)



Renaissance, Reformation and Religious Conflict

House of Tudors:  1485-1603

Henry VII, 1485-1509

Princes in the Tower (2005)  --  story of Perkin Warbeck who claimed to be the heir to the British throne during the reign of King Henry VII (ruled, 1485-1509), first monarch of the Tudor dynasty

The Shadow of the Tower (1972)  --  founding of the Tudor Dynasty by Henry VII

Henry VIII, 1509-1547

The Tudors (2007)--  mini-series with Jonathan Rhys-Meyers as Henry VIII

Henry VIII (2003)  -- 250 minutes

Henry VIII (1991)  --  200 minutes

Henry VIII and his Six Wives (1973)

Six Wives of Henry VIII (1970) mini-series 

Private Life of Henry VIII  (1933) --  of England, 1509-1547

The Sword and the Rose (1953)  --  Henry VIII uses his sister Mary Tudor's marriage prospects as a pawn in international politics

 The Other Boleyn Girl (2008)  --  struggle between the two Boleyn women to marry King Henry VIII

Anne of the Thousand Days (1969) -- Anne Boleyn, 2nd wife of Henry VIII & mother of Queen Elizabeth

Anna Boleyn (1920) --  silent film of tragic story of King Henry's second wife with Emil Jannings as Henry

A Man for All Seasons (1966)  --  Sir Thomas More won't compromise; with Paul Scofield

A Man for All Seasons (1988) -- Sir Thomas More (1509-1547) gets in deep trouble with Henry VIII; with Charleston Heston

The Pearl of York (2007)  --  first woman to die for her religious beliefs following the start of the Reformation

Edward VI, 1547-1553  --  son of Henry VIII

Jane, 9 days a Queen in 1553

Nine Days a Queen (aka Tudor Rose) (1936)  --  Lady Jane Grey's short life  

Lady Jane (1986) -- tragedy of Lady Jane Grey, immediate predecessor of Mary, Queen of England

Mary I, 1553-1558

The Twisted Tale of Bloody Mary  (2008)  --  Mary Tudor as tragic figure

Elizabeth I1, 1558-1603

Elizabeth (1998) -- Elizabeth I, 1558-1603,daughter of Anne Boleyn and  half-sister of Mary, Queen of England

Elizabeth I  -- HBO drama focusing on the private life of the "Virgin" Queen

Young Bess (1953) --  Jean Simmons, Stewart Granger

The Virgin Queen (1955) -- the Queen and Sir Walter Raleigh; (with Bette Davis)

The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939)

Elizabeth R (1971)  -- miniseries about Queen Elizabeth I starring Glenda Jackson

Elizabeth: the Golden Age (2007)  --  Elizabeth and Sir Walter Raleigh and the Spanish Armada;  starring Cate Blanchett

Elizabeth I - The Virgin Queen (2005) --  TV mini-series

Drake the Pirate (Drake of England or Elizabeth of England)  (1935)  --  privateer Sir Francis Drake brings lots of money into England

Sir Francis Drake  (1961)  --  3 DVD-set (26 episodes of a TV series) about the famous privateer

Seven Seas to Calais (1962)  --  Sir Francis Drake

Drake's Venture (1980)  --  Sir Francis Drake

The Sea Hawk (1940) -- Spanish Armada (with Lawrence Olivier and Vivien Leigh)

Fire Over England (1937) -- British-Spanish conflict of 1500s

Mary of Scotland (1936) --  with Katherine Hepburn

Mary, Queen of Scots  (1971)  -- executed by Elizabeth for plotting against her

 Gunpowder, Treason and Plot (2004) --  Mary, Queen of Scots, her son James and Guy Fawkes

Shakespeare in Love


The Stuarts (1603-1649)  and English Civil War (1642-1651)

James I,  1603-1625

Charles I, 1625-1649 

To Kill a King (2003)  --  Cromwell, General Fairfax, Mrs. Fairfax and Charles I (1625-1649) struggle over the future of England 

By the Sword Divided (1983)  --  in the English Civil War the Lacey family supports King Charles I and the related-by-marriage Fletcher family supports Oliver Cromwell (BBC series)

The Devil's Whore (2008)  --  TV mini-series;  an aristocratic lady goes through trials and tribulations because of problems associated with the English Civil War

Witchfinder General (aka Conqueror Worm) (1968)  --  Matthew Hopkins tours the land searching for and finding witches

The Moonraker (1958)  --  the Moonraker, the Earl of Dawlish, travels to the Windwhistle Inn on the south coast to prepare the escape of the future Charles II

Winstanley (1975)   --  Gerard Winstanley leads the religious sect the Diggers to reclaim land for the poor, around 1649

The First Churchills (1969)  --  John Churchill and his wife Sarah Jennings, ancestors of Winston Churchill

Libertine (2004)  --  17th century British poet who leads a life of debauchery

Black Swan (1942)  --  pirate Captain Morgan in Jamaica


Commonwealth 1653-1659

Oliver Cromwell, 1653–1658

Cromwell (1970) -- English Puritan leader, ruled England 1653-1658

The Scarlet Blade (The Crimson Blade) (1963) -- love affair in the time of Cromwell's struggle

Richard Cromwell, 1658-1659


House of Stuart (restored), 1660-1707

Charles II (restored), 1660-1685

Charles II: The Power and the Passion  (2003)  -- the restoration of the absolute monarchy for a brief time following the reign of Cromwell

The Exile (1947) --  story of the restoration of Charles II to the English throne  --  (discontinued by the manufacturer)

 Restoration  (1995)  --  in the reign of Charles II of England 1660-1685

Forever Amber (1947)  --  one of the many mistresses of Charles II

Nell Gwyn (1934) -- one of Charles II's mistresses who enjoyed her great liveliness

Stage Beauty (2004)  --  first woman to play the role of a woman on the stage in England under Charles II

New Worlds (2015)  --  England and Hadley, Massachusetts fight for liberation from Charles II

James II, 1685-1688

Glorious Revolution, 1688

William III and Mary II, 1689-1702

Captain Blood  (1935)--  set in the transition between James II and the reign of William and Mary

Anne, 1702-1714

early years of House of Hanover (name to be changed to Windsor in World War I): 1714-1901

George I (1714–1727):

Sarabande for Dead Lovers (1948) -- Sophie Dorothea seeks out Swedish Count Philip Konigsmark when her husband, the future King George I of Great Britain, wants nothing to do with her

Blackbeard (2006)  --  Lt. Robert Maynard of the Royal navy is sent to Jamaica to end Blackbeard's reign of terror

Blackbeard the Pirate (1952) --  Edward Teach (Blackbeard) captured in November 1718

George II (1727–1760):

The Massacre of Glencoe (1971)  --  massacre of the Macdonald Clan by the Campbell Clan, 1692

Bonnie Prince Charlie (1948) --  British film about Prince Charles of 18th century Scotland

The Battle of Culloden (1964)  --  Bonnie Prince Charlie defeated at this 1746 battle; terrible massacre

The Master of Ballantrae (1953)  --  battle of Culloden

Kidnapped (1960) -- a young man cheated out of his inheritance joins forces with Alan Breck, just escaping from the defeat at Culloden, to get the inheritance back; Disney movie

Chasing the Deer (1994)  --  last Jacobite uprising; death of the Highland clans at Culloden Moor, 1746

Rob Roy  (1995) -- 18th century Scotland

Rob Roy, the Highland Rogue (1954)

George III (1760–1820):

The Madness of King George III (1994)  --  of American Revolutionary War fame

Young Mr. Pitt (1942)  --   William Pitt the Younger is prime minister from 1783-1801 and 1804-1806 where he came up against Napoleon

The Duchess (2008)  --  terrible situation for women in Britain as illustrated by the marital problems of the Duchess of Devonshire (married 1774)

Amazing Grace (2006)  --   1807, William Wilberforce is the main force behind the passage of the bill eliminating the slave trade in the British Empire

John Wesley (1954)  --  John Wesley (1703-1791), founder of Methodism

Morgan the Pirate (1960) --  an English slave working for the Spaniards leads a revolt onboard ship;  he and his men become pirates and make Spain suffer for their cruelty

Mutiny on the Bounty (1935) -- 1787 mutiny on trip to get the breadfruit plant  (with Charles Loughton and Clark Gable)

Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) -- the fictionalized story

The Bounty (1984) -- the truer story with Mel Gibson

In the Wake of the Bounty (1933)  --  not only what happened on the Bounty, but what also happened afterwards

King George IV (1820-1830):

A Royal Scandal (1996)  --  King George IV (ruling from 1820-1830) and Princess Caroline of Brunswick weave a tale of infidelity, illegitimacy and mistresses

Mrs. Fitzherbert (1947)  --  married the future George IV in 1785 



Reformation & Religious Conflict

Capetian Dynasty, Valois-Orléans Branch (1498-1515)

The Sword and the Rose (1953)  --  English King's sister Mary Tudor married to King Louis XII, who ruled from 1498-1515

Capetian Dynasty, Valois-Angoulme Branch (1515-1589) that started with King Francis I (1515-1547) who initiated the French Renaissance

Diane (1956)  -- mistress of King Henri II, first emperor of the French Renaissance (rule from 1547 to 1559)  

Queen Margot (1994) -- sister of Frances's Charles IX (ruled 1560-1574), brother of Francis II, weds in 16th c; marries the future King Henri IV

Saint-Germain ou La négociation (2003)  --  Charles IX sends Catholic Baron to Protestant representatives (includes St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of 1572) (French language only)

Capetian Dynasty, House of Borbon (1589-1792)

Les samedis de l'histoire: Henri IV (1977) – story of Henri IV of France (reign 1589-1610) who enacted the Edict of Nantes for religious freedom

Henri 4 (2009)  --    King Henry IV of France (reigned 1589-1610) from his rise as the Huguenot Henry of Navarre to a very popular King of France

Ce jour lŕ, tout a changé (2009)  --  last day of king Henri IV of France before his murder by the fanatical catholic Ravaillac

Louis XIII (1610-1643)

Cardinal Richelieu (1935)  --  Cardinal Richelieu oppresses French Protestants, known as Huguenots (under King Louis XIII, 1610-1643)

Richelieu (1977)  --  French language only

Richelieu ou La journée des dupes (1983)  --  French language only

 Under the Red Robe (1937)   --   Cardinal Richelieu worried about opposition from the Huguenots in the south

The Three Musketeers (1935)   --  the Musketeers fight against the forces of Cardinal Richelieu. 

The Three Musketeers (1939)

The Three Musketeers (1948)

The Three Musketeers (1973) -- King Louis XIII of France, 1610-1643

The Three Musketeers (1993)

The Three Musketeers (2011)  --  Musketeers have to foil a beautiful double agent and her villainous employer from seizing the French throne and engulfing Europe in war

La Kermesse Héroique (aka Carnival in Flanders) (1935) – a French comedy set during the 1616 Spanish invasion of Flanders

Alatriste (2006)  -- heroic Spanish soldier fighting in Flanders in 17th century has to look after a dying friend's son in Madrid

Witch Hunting:

Matka Joanna od aniolów (Mother Joan of the Angels) (1961)  --  1630s; womanizing priest Grandier executed for sorcery & the next priest tries to heal the nuns

Cautio Criminalis oder Der Hexenanwalt (1974) – German movie; witchcraft

The Headsman (Shadow of the Sword) (2005)  --  16th century Tyrol, Austria; of two childhood friends one becomes a friar and the other an executioner, but both are involved in witch hunting

Le moine et la sorciere (Sorceress) (1987) – supposed witchcraft in 13th century France

The Devils (1971) -- witchcraft in 17th c. France

Vredens dag (Day of Wrath) (1943)  --  accusations of witchcraft in a 17th c. Danish village

Witches' Hammer (1970) --  witch hunting in Czechoslovakia

Posledná bosorka (The Last Witch) (1957) – a painter of a nude model angers the clergy so they condemn the model as a witch

The Hour of the Pig (aka The Advocate) (1993) --  a lawyer defends animals accused of being involved in witchcraft

Anna Göldin, letzte Hex (Anna Goldin, the Last Witch) (1991)   --  ($69)

Rembrandt and Vermeer:

Rembrandt (1936) -- 1630 Dutch painter

Rembrandt (1940)  -- 

Rembrandt (1999)  -- 

Rembrandt fecit 1669 (Rembrandt - 1669) (1977)  -- 

Night watching (2007)  --  Rembrandt's romantic and professional life

Rembrandt: Fathers and Sons (1999)  --

Girl with a Pearl Earring  --  Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer, 1665

Louis XIV (reigned 1643-1715)

La Prise de pouvoir par Louis XIV (The Taking of Power by Louis XIV) (1966)  --  Louis XIV (1643-1715) 

Versailles, le reve d'un roi (Versailles: The Dream of a King) (2008) – Louis XIV

Jeanne Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (2006) – mistress of King Louis XIV

Vatel (2000)  --  in 1671, Prince de Condé hosts Louis XIV for three days of excess

Saint-Cyr (The King's Daughters) (2000)  --  France under the rule of Louis XIV (including his lady friend and his mistress) ($55)

Louis, enfant roi (Louis, the Child King) (1993)  --  formative years of the young king Louis XIV

Liselotte von der Pfalz (The Private Life of Louis XIV) (1935) – Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatine (or Pfalz) marries brother of Louis XIV of France and becomes known for her correspondence

Liselotte von der Pfalz (1966)  --   ($40)

La reine et le cardinal (The Queen and the Cardinal) (2009) – Mazarin functioned as co-ruler of France with Queen Anne during the regency for young King Louis XIV; later Mazarin directed French policy with the monarch

Le roi, l'écureuil et la couleuvre (The King, the Squirrel and the Grass Snake) (2009)  --  TV series

Versailles, le ręve d'un roi (Versailles: The Dream of a King) ( 2008)  --  French language only

Le château perdu (1973)  --

Le roi danse (The King Is Dancing) (2000) --  King Louis XIV and his growing trust in a musical genius

L'allée du roi (1996)  --  TV mini-series, rags to riches story of Francoise d'Aubigne, the governess of the children by the King and his mistress, the Marquise de Montespan

Saint-Cyr (The King's Daughters) (2000) - King Louis XIV

La marquise des ombres (TV 2010)  --  woman poisoner leads off the deaths in the Affair of the Poisons

Voltaire (1933)

Louis XV, ruled 1715-1774

Louis XV, le soleil noir (2009)  --90 minutes

Cartouche (1962) -- French Robin Hood during the time of the Régence, 1715-1723, the regent part of the reign of King Louis XV (1715-1774)

Que la fęte commence... (Let Joy Reign Supreme) (1975)  --  the Regent over Louis XV, France

Jeanne Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (2006) – mistress of King Louis XV, 1745-1764 

Madame du Barry (aka Passion) (1917)  -- mistress of King Louis XV of France

Madame du Barry (1954)  --  1768 Louis XV and the Countess Du Barry



Muslim Era (8th to 15th century):

King Conqueror (2009)  --  James I the Conqueror (reign 1213-1276), King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier

Ines de Castro (1944) – loved one of Pedro I of Portugal (1357-1367); she had a tragic ending

Ines de Portugal (1997)   --  ditto

O Judea (The Jew) (1996)  --  the Portugal Inquisition (1497 to l821)  tries a converso (i.e., a Jew who had converted to Catholicism)

 'Non', ou A V Glória de Mandar (No, or the Vain Glory of Command) (1990) --  Portuguese in Portuguese Colonial War review early history of Portugal

Imperial Spain (16th to 17th centuries):  under Habsburg Empire: Kings Charles I (1516-1556);  Philip II (1556-1598); Philip III (1598-1621); Philip IV (1620-1665); Charles II (1665-1700)

Torquemada (1989)  --  Spanish Inquisition

Secret Passage (2004)  --  two Jewish Spanish sisters and a daughter try to escape the wrath of the Spanish Inquisition 

La conjura de El Escorial (The El Escorial Controversy) (2008)  --  deceit and betrayal in the court of 16th century King Philip II of Spain who reigned 1556-1598

Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien (2005)  --  bad relations between King Philip II of Spain and his son Don Carlos ($41)

Cervantes (1980)  --  Cervantes (1547–1616), later author of Don Quixote, persuades Philip of Spain to join the Holy League and then becomes a soldier

Expulsados 1609, la tragedia de los moriscos (2009)  -- 1609 Moriscos expelled from Spain

El Greco (2007)   – a Greek film about the Greek painter (1541–1614) of the Spanish Renaissance

El Greco (1966)  --  about the Greek painter of the Spanish Renaissance

Alatriste (2006)  -- heroic Spanish soldier fighting in Flanders in 17th century has to look after a dying friend's son in Madrid; King Philip IV depicted

Esquilache (1989)   --  Spain under troubled reign of Charles II (1665-1700); (specifically, the Esquilache Riots of March 1766) (Spanish only)

Spain under the Borbons (18th century): Philip V (1700-1724); Louis I (1724); Philip V (1724-1746); Ferdinand VI (1746); Charles III (1746-1788)-; Charles IV (1746-1808); Ferdinand VII (1808)



Zwölf Meter ohne Kopf (12 Paces without a Head) (2009)  --  1401, German sea pirates Klaus Störtebeker and Gödeke Michels

Il Principe di Homburg (The Prince of Homburg) (1997)  --  Prince disobeys orders and leads a cavalry charge against the Swedes and is court-martialed during 17th century Prusso-Swedish Wars (Hitler's favorite play?)

Der große König (The Great King) (1942) – Nazi film glorifying Prussian King Friedrich II during the Seven Years' War (Germans versus Austria and Russia) in the years between 1754/56 and 1763

Der Choral von Leuthen (The Anthem  of Leuthen) (1933)  --  German film depicting Frederick the Great, King of Prussia (1740–1786) (no subtitles)

Maria Theresia (1951)  --   (1717-1780) the Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and a Holy Roman Empress by marriage to Francis I; son Joseph II ; daughter Marie Antoinette  

Maria Theresia (1980)  --  ditto

Barry Lyndon (1976) -- Stanley Kubrik; set against the 7 Year's War 1756-1763

Amadeus (1984) -- 1762, Mozart, musical genius

Mozart (a.k.a., Life and Loves of Mozart) (1956)  --  Mozart and his wife, his former mistress and his new mistress

Motsart i Salieri (A Requiem for Mozart) (1967)


V.8.  POLAND   

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1574-1795):

1612: Khroniki smutnogo vremeni (aka 1612) (2007) – Russian film set in the Time of Troubles and the Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618) (under Polish King Sigismund III (1587-1632))

Taras Bulba (1962) -- fictional character; Cossack life in the Ukraine, once part of Poland

The Rebel Son (aka The Barbarian and the Lady or The Rebel Son of Taras Bulba) (1938)  – earlier fictional film of the Taras Bulba story   ( doesn't have it)

Ogniem i mieczem (With Fire and Sword) (1961) Cossacks vs. Poles; first part of a trilogy set in mid-17th century (1648-1649); under Ladislas IV (1632-1648) & John II Casimir (1648-1668)

Potop (The Deluge) (1975) --  second part of the trilogy; Swedish army invades Poland and a warrior fights for the heart of Olenka; lasted 1665-1660 under John II Casimir

Pan Wolodyjowski (Colonel Wolodyjowski)  --  third  part of the trilogy; Turkish invasion of Poland; (1668-1670) under Polish Kings John II Casimir (1648-1668) and Michael I (1669-1673)

August der Starke (King August the Strong) (1936) – King August II The Strong (1697-1733) Polish monarch, abdicated 1706, king again 1709   ( doesn't have it)

Virtuti Militari (1995)  --  the history of Poland's "Virtuti Militari" medal, awarded for bravery since the Polish-Russian war of 1792

Kings of the Kingdom of Poland ("Congress Poland"), 1815-1917

Pan Tadeusz  (2000)  --  Poland's attempt to free itself from Russian rule in Napoleonic times, 1803-1815

Wesele (The Wedding) (1973)  --  national drive toward self-determination after the Polish uprisings of  1830 and 1863

Jaroslaw Dabrowski (1976)  --  Dabrowski (1836 – 1871) a Polish revolutionary, Nationalist and general who became involved in the preparation of the January Uprising; arrested August 1862

On the Banks of the Niemen (1986)  --  1863 uprising against Russian occupation

Wierna rzeka (The Faithful River) (1987) – only survivor of a unit in the 1863 insurgency in Poland is taken care of by a land steward's daughter

X Wierna rzeka (1936)  --  ditto

Szwadron (Squadron) (1992) – Russian soldier finds out the little insurrection in 1863 Poland is a lot bigger than he expected

Noce i dnie (Nights and Days) (1975)  --  life in Poland following the 1863 Poland uprising to World War I; woman marries a man she doesn't love, with some negative repercussions 

Goraczka (Fever) (1981) – in 1905 Polish anarchists try to assassinate the Tsarist Governor-General

Zamach Stanu (Coup D'etat) (1981)  --  Polish film about General Jozef Pilsudski taking over Poland in 1918 and ruling for four years & coming back in 1926 to rule until his death in 1935



Tsars of Russia (1547-1721):

Rurik Dynasty (1547-1598):  second part of Ivan the Terrible's reign & reign of Feodor I

Borus Godunov (1986)  --  de facto regent of Russia , 1584-1598, and then the first non-Rurikid tsar, 1598 to 1605

Mest shuta (A Fool's Revenge) (1993)  -- 1500s Russia

Times of Troubles (1598-1613)

Gudonov Dynasty (1598-1605):  Boris Gudonov & Feodor II

Usurper I:  False Dmitry I (1605-1606)

1612: Khroniki smutnogo vremeni (aka 1612) (2007) – Russian film set in the Time of Troubles and the Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618)

Shuysky Dynasty (1606-1610):  Vasily IV Shuysky

Usurper II:  False Dmitry II (1607-1610)

Council of Seven Boyars (27 July 1610 – 4 November 1612)

House of Vasa  --  Włladysłlaw IV Vasa (1595-1610)

Council of All the Land (17 April 1611 – 26 July 1613)

House of Romanov (1613-1721):

11 settembre 1683 (The Day of the Siege: September Eleven 1683)  (2012)--  siege of Vienna by the Turks   

Peter the Great (1689-1725):

Peter the Great (1986)-- 1689-1725, Russian Czar; 1710-11 war with Ottoman Empire

Yunost Petra (Peter's youth)  -- young Peter the Great

V nachale slavnykh del (At the Beginning of Glorious Days) (1981)  --  Peter the Great and the build up of the Russian Navy

Sluga Gosudarev (The Sovereign's Servant) (2007)  --  1709 Battle of Poltava during war between Russia and Sweden (The Great Northern War, 1700-1721)  -- no English options

X Epitaph für einen König (1969) – epitaph for a king; Karl XII of Sweden (1697-1718)

Isoviha (1939) – story set in 18th century Finland when the country was occupied twice by Russia, during the Great Northern War (1700-1721) and the Lesser Wrath (1741–1742)

Catherine the Great (1762-1796):

Young Catherine (1991) 1762-1796, Catherine the Great of Russia; 1768 war with Turkey (TV miniseries)

The Scarlet Empress (1934) -- Catherine the Great

Catherine the Great (1934) --  with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Flora Robeson

Caterina di Russia (Catherine of Russia) (1963) -- Italian film (currently unavailable)

Catherine the Great (1995)  --  with Catherine Zeta-Jones

The Rise of Catherine the Great (1934)  --  troubled marriage of Catherine II (played by German actress Elisabeth Bergner) to Peter III (Douglas Fairbanks Jr.) and her subsequent ascension to the throne as Empress of Russia

A Royal Scandal (1945)   --  love life of Russian Czarina Catherine the Great (with Tallulah Bankhead)

Tempest (1959)  --  Pugachev peasant uprising during the reign of Catherine the Great

Russkiy bunt (Captain's Daughter) (2000) --  during the Pugachev uprising, the love of Masha Mironova and Pyotr Grinev is threatened

Kapitanskaya dochka (The Captain's Daughter) (1959)  --   Pugachev uprising of Cossacks and peasants in 1774-1745 under Empress Catherine II (aka Catherine the Great)


Turkey and others:

Estergon kalesi (Estergon Castle) (1972) – Estergon Castle in Hungary conquered by Turkish Invaders under Sultan Suleiman II in 1543

Nomad (2005)  --  a young fellow in 18th-century Kazakhstan unites the country's disunited tribes

Zhauzhürek myng bala (Myn Bala: Warriors of the Steppe) (2012)  --   at the battle of Anyrakay in 1729 the Kazackhs defeat the Dzungars & taking control of their own territory for the first time in their history


V.10.  India.    

Vijayanagara Empire (1336-1660)  --  an empire based in South India, in the Deccan Plateau region

Sri Krishna Deva Raya (1969)  --  Krishnadevaraya (1509-1529); most famous king of Vijayanagara Empire, presided over the empire at zenith

Urumi: Warriors Who Wanted to Kill Vasco Da Gama (2011) --  fictional story about a young Indian who tried to kill Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, around 1497-1502

Joymati (1935)  – in 17th century an Ahom princess is killed for refusing to betray her husband; film calls for cooperation between hills and plains people; reign of Ahom Dynasty (1228–1826) in Assam

Khalsa (1999)  --  Khalsa (Punjabi for "Pure") all baptized Sikhs; founding of the religion & Sikh history

Anokhe Amar Shaheed Baba Deep Singh Ji (2006)  --  based on Sikh history

The Mughal Period: 1526-1757

Humayun (1945)  --  Mughal emperor Humayun (1530-1539), son of emperor Babar

Jodhaa Akbar (2008)   --  Akbar the Great (ruled 1556-1619) and his Hindu wife Jodhabai

Mughal-e-Azam (1960)  --  16th century war between crown prince Saleem and his father, the great Moghul emperor Akbar (1556-1605), over a beautiful court dancer named Anarkali

Anarkali (1953)    --  Shahenshah Jalaudin Akbar, grandson of Babbar and son of Humayun, rules Hindustan justly, but has big problems with a rebellious son  in love with the gypsy Anarkali

Akbar Saleem Anarkali (1978) --  story of Arnakali and Saleem

Noor Jahan  (1931)  --   a Mughal empress (1577-1645), 20th and favorite wife of Emperor Jehangir (1605-27)

Taj Mahal (2005)  --   Moghul ruler  Shah Jahan (1628-1658) builds a monument to eternal love in honor of his deceased wife

X Taj Mahal:  A Monument to Love  (2003)  --   ditto

Ranadheera Kanteerava (1960)  --  Mysore kingdom was a golden age in Kannada .literature;  Mysore royalty’s intrigues & Kannada national chauvinism; King Ranadheera Kanteerava Narasaraja Wodeyar (1638-1659), a devotee of music and literature

Maratha Empire 1674–1818

Bajirao Mastani (1925) --  prime minister Baji Rao I (1719-17400) to the Maratha Empire; extended the empire

Ghashiram Kotwal (1976) – story of Nanasaheb Phadnavis, the prime minister and real power of the Peshwa Maharaja, 1773-1797



V.11.  JAPAN  

Azuchi-Momoyama period, 1568 to 1603:

Kagemusha (1980)  --  Takeda clan, one of three warlord clans, 16th century

Ugetsu  (1953)  --  two peasants in search of success in war-torn Japan, 16th century

Ran (1985)  -- (Akira Kurosawa) Japanese lord finds his kingdom disintegrating as his sons go to war with each other (adaptation of King Lear & life of Mōri Motonari), 16th century

Mōri Motonari  (1997)  --  NHK's TV drama

Rikyu (1989)  --  Buddhist priest and improver of the tea ceremony runs afoul of Lord Hideyoshi Toyotomi

Sekigahara (1981)  --  drama set in the time when the Eastern and Western Armies met in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600

Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1868):

James Clavell's Shogun (1980)  -- based on the achievements of the first Englishman in Japan, early 17th century

Seven Samurai  (1954)  (Akira Kurosawa) -- wandering ronin (i.e., unemployed samurai) defend a peasant village from bandits, 17th century

Makai tenshô (Samurai Resurrection) (2003) – the Shimabara Rebellion of mostly Christian peasants,1637–1638, during the Tokugawa era against rising taxes

The Samurai Trilogy (1967) --  based on the novel that has been called Japan's Gone With the Wind, 17th century

Life of Oharu  (1952)

Hara-kiri (1962)  --  Japanese period film 1630, dealing with the plight of the poor end of the samurai spectrum

Ako-Jo danzetsu (aka Swords of Vengeance) (1978)  --  Ronin revolt against 5th Togukawa shogun (Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, reign 1680-1709) in honor of their master Lord Asano

Genroku Chűshingura (The 47 Ronin)  (194l)  --  the famous actions of the Forty-seven Ronin defending their master's honor in 1701-1703; the country's "national legend"

Dai Chűshingura (A Matter of Valor) (1957) --  the 47 Ronin

Chűshingura (The Loyal 47 Ronin) (1958)  --  national legend of the 47 Ronin

Chushingura: Hana no Maki, Yuki no Maki (The 47 Ronin) (1962)  --  ditto

Ô-oku: The Movie (2006) – 1713, scandal of a power struggle between Ietsugu's concubine mother and the late Shogun's official wife

Goyokin (1969)  --  1831,debts owed by a small province to the Tokugawa Shogunate causes province leaders to stealing goyokin (gold and silver) from mining sites on Sado Island & worse (e.g., massacre)

Chinmoku (Silence) (1971)  --two Portuguese missionaries face torture and death in a closed Japan

X Ansatsu (The Assassination; The Assassin) (1964)   --  set in 1853, a masterless samurai's loyalties move dangerously back and forth between the Shogunate and the Emperor

Sekigahara (1981) --  Ieyasu Tokugawa

Sen-hime to Hideyori (1962) – based on Princess Sen, daughter to Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu and wife of Toyotomi Hideyori  Masahiro Makino

Shinsengumi (1969) – band of ronin devoted to the Tokugawa shogun fights to protect the Shogun when he confers with the Emperor on expulsion of foreigners; 1863-1864







Imperial Spain (16th to 17th centuries):  under Habsburg Empire: Kings Charles I (1516-1556);  Philip II (1556-1598); Philip III (1598-1621); Philip IV (1620-1665); Charles II (1665-1700)

Apocalypto (2006)  --  Mayan Rambo just before the arrival of the Spanish

Kings of the Sun (1963)  --  Mayans pursued by Toltec invaders

Retorno a Aztlan (1991)  --  an ancient Indian empire in what became Mexico faces a severe drought and the priest prays for relief

X La espada negra (The Black Sword) (1976) – love story of Ferdinand and Elizabeth of Spain

Christopher Columbus (1949)  -- discoverer of America, not a short cut to India (with Fredric March and Francis Sullivan)

Christopher Columbus (1985)  --  mini-series starring Gabriel Byrne, Faye Dunaway, Oliver Reed

Christopher Columbus: The Discovery  (1992)  -- with Marlon Brando, Tom Selleck

1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992)  -- Christopher Columbus

Alba de América (Dawn of America) (1951)  --  account of discovery of America

Tall Tales & Legends: Ponce de Leon (1986)  – children’s tale of the discoverer of Florida, Ponce de Leon (a little too silly)

Captain from Castile (1947) -- serves with Cortez in conquest of Mexico

El juicio de Martin Cortes (1974) --  mestizo son of Cortez represents fundamental dilemma of Mexican society

La Otra Conquista (The Other Conquest) (1998)  --  Aztec resistance to Christianization by the Spanish under Cortez

Nuevo Mundo ( New World) (1978) --   in the future Mexico, the Spanish laity and clergy use torture and fear to try to force the native people to accept Christianity and abandon their pagan beliefs

Tribu (1935)  --  conquest of North America

 Cabeza de Vaca (1992)  --  1528, explored parts of the future USA and Mexico

Royal Hunt of the Sun (1969)  --  Francisco Pizarro and the conquest of Peru

Los conquistadores del Pacífico (1963) --  inspired by Balboa, discoverer of the Pacific Ocean

Juana la loca (Locura de amor; Mad Love) (2001)  --  Juana's devotion to her husband of an arranged marriage becomes an obsession; remake of Locura de Amor

Locura de Amor  (Love Crazy) (1948)--  Spanish movie about Joanna the Mad or Joanna of Castile (1479-1555) who ruled  jointly with her husband Philip the Handsome  ($28)

Perlas ng silangan (1969)  --  Spanish colonization of the Philippines (languages Filipino/Tagalog)

Damong ligaw (1997)  --  Filipino-Spanish War (languages Filipino/Tagalog)

The Spanish Main (1945)   --   the area containing the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico was subject to a lot of piracy to get at the gold and other treasures of the New World headed to Spain

Anne of the Indies (1951)  --  pirate Anne Bonny out of Bermuda who married pirate John "Calico Jack" Rackham and sentenced to hang in Jamaica  (amazon instant video)

Spain under the Borbons (18th century): Philip V (1700-1724); Louis I (1724); Philip V (1724-1746); Ferdinand VI (1746); Charles III (1746-1788)-; Charles IV (1746-1808); Ferdinand VII (1808)

La princesa de los ursinos (Princess of the Ursinos) (1947) – French lady (d. 1722) prominent for a decade and a half at the court of the first of the Spanish Borbons, Philip V (reign 1700-1724)

Sangre de mayo (Blood of May) (2008)  --  love story set against reign of Fernando VII of Spain  (currently unavailable)



Eréndira la indomable (2006) --  a young woman fights Spanish Conquistadors to protect her people

Mission to Glory:  A True Story (1977)  -- the story of Jesuit missionary Father Kino working in the lower southwest region of the future USA

Kino (1993)  --  Eusebio Francisco Kino (1645–1711) Catholic priest explores and works primarily in northern Sonora, Mexico and the future southern Arizona establishing 24 missions & country chapels

X  Father Kino Story (2009) --  amazon instant video

Seven Cities of Gold (1955)  --  Portola's expedition to California in 1769 for the cities of gold and Father Junipero Serra and the founding of the California missions

Yo, la peor de todas (I the Worst of All) (1990)  --  Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz of Mexico is punished for her writings by the Inquisition

Spain: House of Borbon (First Restoration)  --  1813-1868   Ferdinand VII (1813-1833) and Isabella II (1833-1868 deposed)

Proceso a Mariana Pineda (The Trial of Mariana Pineda) (1984)  --  TV mini-series about a woman who fought for a republic in Spain and against Ferdinand VII and who pays a high price for her activities

Zorro marchese di Navarra (Zorro, the Navarra Marquis) (1969)  --  Zorro makes sure the exiled King Ferdinand VII (ruled 1808 & 1813-1833 after got rid of Joseph Bonaparte) gets back to Spain

Spain: House of Savoy --  Amadeo (1870-1873)



First Landing (2007)  --  Christian Broadcasting Network story of Jamestown settlement in Virginia, 1607 with the main focus on the life of the chaplain of the expedition

Mayflower: The Pilgrims' Adventure (1979)  -- voyage of the Mayflower

Plymouth Adventure (1952)  --  story of the voyage of the Mayflower and the Speedwell, 1620

 Knickerbocker Holiday (1944)  --  1650 dictatorial Governor "Peg-Leg" Stuyvesant in future New York City has outspoken newspaperman arrested

The New World (2005)  --  Pocahontas & Captain John Smith

Pocahontas: The Legend (1955)  --  Pocahontas saves Captain John Smith

Captain John Smith and Pocahontas (1953)  -- 

Penn of Pennsylvania (or The Courageous Mr. Penn) (1942)  --  founds the future state of Pennsylvania

The Crucible (1996) -- 1692 witch hunts in Salem Massachusetts

Salem Witch Trials (2002)  --  witch hunting started by greedy people and backed up by an evil reverend

Les Sorcičres de Salem (The Witches of Salem) (1956)  --  French version of Arthur Miller's play about the scandal in Salem, Massachusetts

The Scarlet Letter (1926) --  bad old American Puritanism

The Scarlet Letter (1934) --

Der scharlachrote Buchstabe (The Scarlet Letter) (1973) –  German film with Senta Berger

The Scarlet Letter (1995) -- evil effects of Puritanism (with Demi Moore)

Follow the River (1995)  --  two women escape from the Shawnee to make it back home in a journey of 500-600 miles; 1755

The Broken Chain (1993) -- story of Sir William Johnson and brother-in-law Joseph Brant from French and Indian Wars through end of  the American Revolution

Last of the Mohicans (1936)

Last of the Mohicans (1971)  --  Masterpiece Theatre version

Last of the Mohicans (1992) -- Daniel Day Lewis -- French and Indian War, 1756-1763; best version

The Pathfinder  (1996)  --  James Fennimore Cooper's Pathfinder during the French and Indian War

Winners of the Wilderness (1927) --   wilderness fighter loves daughter of the commander of the French forces during the French and Indian War; Indians, under Pontiac, capture the daughter

Northwest Passage (1940)  --  French & Indian War

Northwest Passage (1958)  --  adventure series of 26 episodes about Roger's Rangers in the French and Indian War

Mohawk (1956) --  Indians attack a frontier outpost; Scott Brady

Frontiers (1985)  --  swashbuckler set during the French and Indian War

Young Daniel Boone (1950)

Daniel Boone (1936) --  Daniel Boone leads settlers to the future Boonesborough

Daniel Boone, Trail Blazer (1956)

Battles of Chief Pontiac  --  failure to capture Fort Detroit, 1763

 Unconquered (1947)  --  Captain Holden and Abbey try to save Fort Pitt (in future Pittsburg) during Pontiac's War

Captain Kidd (1945) --  at first he was a legitimate privateer of Great Britain, New York and Massachusetts, but turned to piracy

Captain Kidd and the Slave Girl (1954)


Black Robe (1991) --  Canadian-Australian film about Jesuit in 17th century Quebec among the Indians

Hudson's Bay (1941)  --  Canada's early history

Nouvelle France (Battle of the Brave) (2004)  --  love story set in period 1758-1761,  from the collapse of New France to the British take-over in Canada

Secret Nation (1992)  --  search for a possible conspiracy surrounding the referendum by which Newfoundland joined Canada

X Paper Wheat (1979)  – a play by the 25th Street House Theatre about the hard lives of early Saskatchewan settlers


VI.4. LATIN & SOUTH AMERICA  Back to Chapter VI  Back to Contents


Gertrudis (1992) – Mexican War of Independence; woman independence fighter, Gertrudis Bocanega, is executed for her efforts

Gritos de Muerte y Libertad  (trans:  Shouts of Death and Liberty) (2010)  --  Mexico's fight for independence from Spain

X  La antorcha encendida (translation:  The Lit Torch) (1996)  --  Mexican fight for independence from Spain


La Última cena (The Last Supper) (1976) --  slavery in Cuba

Tamango (1957)  --  an African slave on a Dutch slave ship heading to Cuba revolts, capturing the captain's mistress, thereby forcing a showdown

El otro Francisco (The Other Francisco) (1975) -- Cuban abolitionists were not primarily motivated by humanitarianism but had real economic motives & misrepresented the nature of slavery in Cuba

Puerto Rico:

A Show of Force (1990)  --  two young independence supporters are killed by government agents, accused of trying to blow up a communication centers, but the story doesn't make sense


Libertador (The Liberator) (2013)  --  Simon Bolivar, revolutionary hero in South America

Bolívar soy yo (2002)  --    an actor playing the Liberator Simon Bolivar starts working to complete Bolivar's dream of a "Great Colombia" 

Bolívar, el hombre de las dificultades (2013)  --

Simon Bolívar (1942) --  the Great Liberator (may be a documentary)

X Cóndores no entierran todos los días (A Man of Principle) (1984)  -- 


X Francisco de Miranda (2006) – Venezuelan freedom fighter considered forerunner of Simon Bolivar

Simón Bolívar (1969) --  the Great Liberator


O Descobrimento do Brasil (1936)  --  old film about the armada of Pedro Álvares Cabral discovering Brazil

The Mission (1986)  -- Jesuits in Brazil try to protect natives

Aguirre, the Wrath of God  (1972)  -- a lost 1540s expedition from Peru to the Amazon

O Quinto Império - Ontem Como Hoje (The Fifth Empire) (2004) – King Sebastian of Portugal, reigned 1554-1578  (currently unavailable)

El Dorado (1988)  --  1560 expedition down Amazon River by Spanish soldiers searching for the fabled city of gold, El Dorado

 Xica (1978) -- slavery in Brazil

Cafundó (2005) – life of black slave in Brazil Joo de Camargo (1858-1942) who led an exemplary life to attain his freedom

Quilombo (1984)  -- illegal towns composed of renegade slaves and others at the bottom that whites just had to destroy

Vendaval Maravilhoso (1949) – Castro Alves, poet of slave  liberation in 19th century Brazil

Desmundo (2002)  --  set in 1570 Brazil a young and religious Portuguese woman travels from Portugal to marry a sugar-cane plantation owner

Ganga Zumba (1963)  --  a runaway slave founds a Quilombo, Palmares, an escaped slave community

Netto Perde Sua Alma (2001) --  General Antônio de Souza Netto fights the Farroupilha Revolution (1835-1845) (Garibaldi 's 1st military experience) & Paraguayan War (1864-1870) leading an army of gauchos & black lancers


La revolución es un sueno eterno (translation: The Revolution is an Eternal Dream) (2008) – May Revolution in 1810 which brought about the first local government not designated by the Spanish Crown    NO LINK

El santo de la espada (1970) –  Argentine independence hero Jose de San Martin

Güemes - la tierra en armas (1971) – wars of independence in Northern Argentina

Felicitas (2009)  --  Felicia Antonia Guadalupe Guerrero y Cueto (1846-1872) was considered the most beautiful woman in the Republic of Argentina

X Argentina hasta la muerte (1971)  --   War of the Triple Alliance (Paraguay vs. Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay, 1864-1870)

Cerro Cora (1978)  --  by Guillermo Vera, Paraguay; War of the Triple Alliance (Paraguay vs. Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay, 1864-1870); devastation for Paraguay


Lydia Bailey (1952)  --   love story set in Haiti, 1802, Toussaing L'Overture, the black president versus the French trying to retake possession of the country

X The Comedians (1967)  --  under "Papa Doc" Duvalier a hotel owner watches as Haiti sinks into barbarism and poverty



VI.5.  AUSTRALIA  Back to Chapter VI  Back to Contents

Captain James Cook (1987)  --  1770 voyage discovers east coast of Australia

Against the Wind (1978)  -- TV mini-series about the life of a transported convict in the colony of New South Wales, Australia

Botany Bay (1953)   --  in 1787 prisoners are shipped from Newgate Jail to a new penal colony in Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia

Eureka Stockade ( Massacre Hill) (1949) --  Australians battle the government during the 1854 miners' revolt

Heritage (1935/I) – disappointing overview of 150 years of Australian history

Mary Bryant (2005)  --  late 18th century Australia, poverty-ridden Mary is arrested & sent to the new penal colony in Australia where she faces many problems

Adam's Woman (1970) –  settling the west in Australia







Sons of Liberty (2015) -- Sam Adams and the beginning of the American Revolution

John Adams (2008)  --  miniseries of John Adams and the first 50 years of the USA

Adams Chronicles (1976)  --  life of 4 generations of the Adams family of Massachusetts

The Howards of Virginia (1940)  --  the run-up to the Revolution in Virginia

Choosing Revolution (1999)  --  brothers of the well-known Randolph family of Virginia choose different sides during the time of  revolution

Allegheny Uprising (1939) – colonials in Pennsylvania have an uprising even before the American Revolution

The Bastard (1978)  --  first part of John Jakes' novels:   poor French man and his mother come to the 13 colonies and get involved with the events leading up to the American Revolution (based on John Jakes's novels)

The Rebels (1979)  --  second part of John Jakes' novels,  not as good as The Bastard

 Johnny Tremain (1957)  --   a young fellow caught up in the Boston Tea Party and the Battle of Lexington & Concord

April Morning  (1988)  -- Battle of Lexington & Concord,1775, war starts before Dec. of Independence

1776 (1972)  --  musical about the political maneuvering in order to produce an acceptable-to-all Declaration of Independence

Sybil Ludington: The Female Paul Revere (2010) --   Sybil Ludington made a night ride on April 26, 1777 to alert American colonial forces in Connecticut and New York of the approach of the British

John Paul Jones (1959) --  Robert Stack as the naval hero

The Crossing (2003) -- Delaware River crossing by George Washington, December 25, 1776

George Washington II: The Forging of a Nation (1986)  --  miniseries with Barry Bostwick as Washington; interesting too because it is Viggo Mortensen's first film

 La Fayette (1961)  --  the Frenchman who fought for American independence

Kosciuszko pod Raclawicami (1938)  --  Polish soldier who served in the American Revolution and also battled in Poland

Drums Along the Mohawk (1939) -- Mohawk Valley, New York frontier in the Revolution

Benedict Arnold: A Question of Honor (2003)  --  the infamous American traitor (1779)

The Scarlet Coat (1955)   -- for money Benedict Arnold wants to offer up West Point to the British

The Patriot (2000)  --  Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina, January 17, 1781  (with Mel Gibson)

Revolution (1985)  --  set within the American Revolution, such as the Battle of Brooklyn Heights, the winter encampment at Valley Forge and the Battle of Yorktown (starring Al Pacino)

"Disneyland" The Birth of the Swamp Fox  (1959, 1960)  --  South Carolina revolutionary guerrilla leader  (with Leslie Nielsen)

The World Turned Upside Down (1985) –   struggle of a family who supported Britain in the American Revolution; emigration to Canada may be the only answer

Revolution in South America:

Bolivar soy yo (2002)  --    an actor playing the Liberator Simon Bolivar starts working to complete Bolivar's dream of a "Great Colombia" 



Louis XVI

Louis XVI, l'homme qui ne voulait pas ętre roi (Louis XVI, the Man Who Didn't Want to Be King)  (2011)  --  French language only

Ridicule (1966)  --  wit proves the key to social success at the court of Louis XVI (1774-1792)

Marie Antoinette (2006) 

Marie Antoinette (Shadow of the Guillotine) (1956)  -- Marie-Antoinette  

Marie Antoinette (1938)  --  daughter of Francis II of Austria; wife of Louis XVI

The Affair of the Necklace (2001)  --  with Hilary Swank

Le collier de la reine (The Queen’s Necklace) (1929) --  affair of the necklace reflects badly on innocent Marie Antoinette

L'autrichienne (1990) – last days of Queen Marie Antoinette

Les adieux ŕ la reine (Farewell, My Queen) (2012)  --  last days of Queen Marie Antoinette in the Versaille Palace as seen by the Queen's reader

The Beloved Rogue (1927)  --  French poet-patriot Francois Villon battles wits with King Louis XI

Galgenfrist (2008) – French poet, vagabond Francois Villon convicted of murder (short film)

Jefferson in Paris (1995) -- Jefferson's experiences as French ambassador along with his love life

La Marseillaise (1938) -- French Revolution

La Révolution française (1989)  --  the French Revolution

ll cavaliere di Maison Rouge (The Glorious Avenger) (1954) --  French Revolution

A Tale of Two Cities (1980) -- French Revolution

A Tale of Two Cities (1958)

A Tale of Two Cities   (1935)  -- with Ronald Coleman  

Reign of Terror (The Black Book) (1949)  --  1789 French Revolution  (DVD with poor production quality)

Scaramouche (1952)  --  only set in the 1789  French Revolution

Danton (1982) -- radical but pragmatic leader in the French Revolution

Danton (1932)  --  Georges Jacques Danton (1759–1794)

L' Anglaise et le duc (The Lady and the Duke) (2001)  --  Scottish courtesan observes and writes about the French Revolution

Nuit de Varennes (That Night in Varennes) (1982)  --  French film about stagecoach passengers who get caught up in the arrest of King Louis XVI in the town of Varennes

De Sade (1969)  -- 

Sade (2000) --  1794, Marquis de Sade faces execution by Robespierre's regime

Quills  (2000)   --  Marquis de Sade at the Charenton Mental Asylum

Lady Oscar  (1979) --  in her youth a female guard to Marie Antoinette loved Andre, but they meet again at the assault on the Bastille on opposites sides

Dangerous Exile (1957)   --  fate of ten year old Louis XVII, who died in 1795, (many thought he escaped from his French revolutionary captors)

Caroline chérie (Dear Caroline) (1968) --  French Revolution

Madame Guillotine (1931)  --  French Revolution

Madame Recamier; Or, The Price of Virtue (1923) – Jeanne-Françoise Julie Adélade Bernard Récamier (777-1849) was a leader of the literary/political circles of the early 19th century

X Madame Récamier (1928)  --   ditto

Le diable boiteux (The Lame Devil) (1948) – the French diplomat Talleyrand (1754–1838) worked successfully under the following: Louis XVI, Napoleon I, Louis XVIII, Charles X, and Louis-Philippe

Si Versailles m'était conté (Royal Affairs in Versailles) (1954) --   history of the palace of Versailles from it's founding to the present



Napoleon (2003)

Napoleon and Josephine: A Love Story (1987)  --  love affair of Napoleon Bonaparte and Josephine de Beauharnais

Napoleon (1955)  --    film made by the French

Napoleon (1927)

Joséphine (2006) – Napoleon and Josephine

A Royal Divorce (1938)  --  Napoleon and Josephine

Passion in the Desert  (1997)  – young French officer in  Egypt during Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign to capture the country

Adieu Bonaparte (1985)  --  reactions of three Egyptian brothers to French Occupation and crushing of Mameluke rule

Raffl (1985)  --  Franz Raffl betrays the great rebel leader Andreas Hofer fighting the French and Bavarians and becomes the "Judas of Tyrol", 1809

X Bergblut (Holy Land of Tyrol) (2010)  --  Katharina and her husband escape from Bavaria to Tyrol and get into a  revolutionary hotspot with leader Andreas Hofer

Austerlitz (Battle of Auterlitz) (1960) -- Napoleon

Kolberg (Burning Hearts) (1945) – Napoleon’s troops in Germany have isolated Kolberg, but the citizens refuse to surrender; French prepare massive bombardments (April-July 1807); last film of the Third Reich

Napoleon in Russia:

War and Peace  (1956) -- Napoleon's invasion of Russia, 1812  (from Tolstoy's great novel)

Война и мир; Vojna i mir (War and Peace) (1968) --  expensive Russian version of War and Peace

War and Peace (1972)  --  ditto, but with Anthony Hopkins

Pushkin: Poslednyaya duel (2006) – Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), considered greatest Russian poet

Poslednyaya doroga (The Last Road) (1986) – death and the 'last road' of Aleksandr Pushkin

1814 (2007)  --  mystery story in the time of Pushkin

After Russian Defeat:

Venere imperiale (Imperial Venus) (1963)  --  Italian/French production of story of Paolina Bonaparte, sister of Emperor Napoleon I

Madame Sans-Gene (Madame) (1962)  --  wife of Marshal Lefebvre, one of Napoleon's generals and Marshal of France, who constantly gets him into trouble

Waterloo (1970) --  Napoleon in his second romp defeated in this 1815 battle

Eagle in a Cage (1971) –  Napoleon's exile on St. Helena

Monsieur N. (2003) –  conjecture that Napoleon did not die on St. Helena

Betzi (1980) – imprisonment of Napoleon Bonaparte on St Helena

N (Io e Napoleone) (Napoleon & Me) (2006) – the librarian on Elba Island hates Napoleon, but learns to respect him

Conquest (1937)  --  a Polish countess (played by the great Garbo) becomes the mistress of Napoleon in an attempt to gain freedom for her country

Marysia i Napoleon (Maria and Napoleon)  (1966)  --  Polish film about Maria Walewska uses her sensuality to try to convince Napoleon to help liberate Poland

Le destin fabuleux de Désirée Clary (Mlle. Desiree) (1942) – Désirée Clary once the fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte and later Queen of Sweden & Norway as wife of King Charles XIV John

Desiree (1954) --  the future queen and king of Sweden and Napoleon; a seamstress loves Napoleon, but his marriage to aristocrat Josephine spoils her dreams

The Kautokeino Rebellion (2008) –   religious and cultural reawakening inspires rebellion in a 19th century Norwegian Saami village

Madame Bovary (1991)  --  the then scandalous portrait of a bored middle-class married woman engaging in adultery

The Duelists (1977)  --- one man is obsessed with killing another, duel over a period of fifteen years covering the Napoleonic era

Napoleon and Love (1974)  --  love life of Napoleon

Fanny Elssler (1937)  --  Metternich has Fanny Elsser keep the Duke of Reichstadt (future Napoleon II, ruled 1815) out of French politics, but the two fall in love

L'aiglon (translation:  The Eaglet) (1931)  --  Napoleon

English Opponents of Napoleon: 

H. M. S. Defiant (1962)  --  based on the Spithead and Nore mutinies, in the form of strikes for better pay and conditions, by sailors of the Royal Navy in 1797 during war with the French Revolutionary government

Sea Devils (1953)  --  woman working as a double agent for England in France and the English fishermen turned smuggler who loves her 

The Nelson Affair (A Bequest to the Nation) (1973) --  British film on the Lord Nelson-Lady Hamilton affair; Nelson puts an end to Napoleon's naval threat

That Hamilton Woman (1941) -- Lord Horatio Nelson and Lady Emma Hart Hamilton 1801

The Divine Lady (1929)  --  silent about Nelson, Lady Nelson and Emma Hart in a triangular affair

The Making of a Lady (Emma Hamilton) ( 1968)  --  rise of Emma, a young shepherdess to the wife of Horatio Nelson

I Remember Nelson (1982)  --  TV mini-series presenting Nelson as seen from viewpoints of his wife, his mistress's husband, Captain Hardy  and a common seaman

Master and Commander:  The Far Side of the World (2003)  --  English naval ship against a more powerful and faster French ship during the Napoleonic Wars, 1805

Sharpe's Waterloo (2006) --  Battle of Waterloo, 1815

The Iron Duke (1934) – historical drama about the Duke of Wellington starring George Arliss  

Linhas de Wellington (Lines of Wellington) (2012)  --  mostly about the retreat back to the defense lines built by Wellington around Lisbon following the defeat at Serra do Bucaco

Lady Caroline Lamb (1972)  -- novelist famous for a tempestuous affair with Lord Byron in 1812; (was also involved with the Duke of Wellington who defeated Napoleon)

Byron (2003)  --  the famous English poet who led a scandalous existence

Shelly (1972)  --  famous British author

Becoming Jane (2007)  --  early love affair of Jane Austen that affected her later writing

Les Enfants du siecle (Children of the Century) (1999)  --  love affair between female writer George Sand and poet Alfred de Musset

Abschiedswalzer (Farewell Waltz) (1934) – Frédéric Chopin and George Sand

La chanson de l'adieu (Farewell) (1934) – Frederic Chopin and George Sand

Preußische Liebesgeschichte (A Prussian Love Story) (1938) – Frederic Chopin

A Song to Remember (1945)  --  Frederic Chopin

Mlodosc Chopina (Young Chopin) (1952)  --formative years between 1825 and 1831

Impromptu  (1991)  --  novelist George Sand and composer Frederic Chopin

Chopin. Pragnienie milosci (Chopin: Desire for Love) (2002)  --  Frederic Chopin

Spanish Opposition to Napoleon:    House of Bonaparte: Joseph Bonaparte (1808-1813)

El Nińo del Tambor (El Tambor del Bruch) (1982)  --  1808, Napoleonic army enters Catalonia; at the second battle of the Bruch the reverberations of a drummer boy's drum caused the French to think there were many more Spanish soldiers than there actually were (Spanish language)

The Pride and the Passion (1957) -- Spanish Revolution Against Napoleon 1810

Goya in Bordeaux (1999)  -- Spanish painter Francisco Goya (maja is a pretty woman)

Volavérunt  (1999)  --   Goya and the Duchess of Alba, Goya's "Naked Maja" starring Aitana Sánchez-Gijón and Penélope Cruz

The Naked Maja (La maja desnuda) (1958)  --  Goya and the Duchess of Alba starring Ava Gardner

Goya (1985)  --  TV mini-series; lots of history

Goya's Ghosts (2006)  --  Goya and the Spanish Inquisition

Agustina (2010)  --  "Spanish Joan of Arc" Agustina de Aragón (1786-1857) defended Spain during the Spanish War of Independence (1808-1814)

Agustina de Aragón (1950)  --  ditto




I megali stigmi tou '21: Papaflessas (1971) – the Greek revolution against the Turks (1821)

Bouboulina (1959)  --  Laskarina Bouboulina, naval commander and heroine of Greek War of Independence (1821-1832) (Greek language)



Nezrimyy puteshestvennik (1999) – December of 1825, last days of the Russian Emperor Aleksandr I (known for the victory over Napoleon in 1812)

Der Herzog von Reichstadt (1931) – story of King Napoleon II, who ruled less than a month in 1815 (aka Herzog von Reichstadt), son of Napoleon I and second wife, Marie Louise of Austria

L'agonie des aigle (The Death Agony of the Eagles) (1933)  --  Napoleon II of France

Immortal Beloved (1994)  --  speculation on loves of Beethoven (1795-1815)

Beethoven's Great Love (1936)

Frühlingssinfonie (Spring Symphony) (1983) -- composer Robert Schumann

Mazeppa (1993) –  biography of French Romantic painter Theodore Gericault (1791-1824) who painted the controversial "Raft of the Medusa" (1819)   (new for $29)

The House of Rothschild (1934) -- biography of the Rothschild family of financiers whose fortune was laid during the latter stages of the Napoleonic Wars



Alexander Hamilton (1931) George Arliss as first Secretary of the Treasury of the US

The Hamilton-Burr Duel (1976)  --  July 11, 1804, Aaron Burr initiates and carries out duel with Alexander Hamilton in Weehawken, New Jersey

Jefferson in Paris (1995) -- Jefferson's experiences as French ambassador along with his love life

Sally Hemings: An American Scandal (2000) --  black female lover of Thomas Jefferson

The Far Horizons  (1955) --  Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the west of the USA

Barbary Pirate (1949)  --  U.S.A. sends Major Thomas Blake on a secret mission when the Bey of Tripoli starts demanding tribute from American merchant ships

Tripoli (1950) -- US Marines battle Barbary pirates in 1805

Little Old New York (1923) -- silent movie; 1807, Robert Fulton and his steamboat run into some nasty opposition

Magnificent Doll (1946) – Dolly Payne Todd is torn between Aaron Burr and  James Madison

The Mutiny (1952)  --  a mutiny on  a ship is motivated by greed to get the gold France has given the USA to help their fight against the British in the War of 1812

Tecumseh (1972)  --  East German film of famed warrior Tecumseh (1768-1813) battling the Americans in the northwest frontier

The Buccaneer (1938) --  pirate-hero Jean Lafitte, who aids American cause in Battle of New Orleans, War of 1812 

The Buccaneer (1958) --  Andrew Jackson relies for help in the Battle of New Orleans on the pirate Lafitte

Belizaire the Cajun (1986) --  persecution of the Cajuns/Creole culture in the South

The President's Lady (1953)  --  Andrew Jackson criticized for his wife with a past

The Gorgeous Hussy (1936)  --  a relationship between John Eaton and the innkeeper's daughter results in trouble for both of them and President Andrew Jackson

The Fighting Kentuckian (1949) --  trouble for Napoleon exiles in Demopolis, Alabama

 Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier (1955)

Davy Crockett and the River Pirates (1956)

The Awakening Land (1978)  --  early settlement in Ohio

Western Union (1941) -- building of the first transcontinental telegraph system; Robert Young

Wells Fargo (1937)  --  1840s development of alternative to the US Post Office

Jeremiah Johnson (1972)  --  mountain man who had his own personal war with the Crows

Mountain Men (1980)  --   story of mountain men who led many of the settlers into the West

Tomahawk (1951)  ---  in 1864 mountain man Jim Bridger builds the Bridger Trail from Wyoming to the gold fields in Montana


Random Passage (2002)  --  refugees from destitution from Ireland and England head for St. Johns, Canada, but land up in a little place called Random, Canada

Tecumseh (1972)  --  East German film of famed warrior Tecumseh (1768-1813) battling the Americans in the northwest frontier and in Canada


The Times and Teachings of Joseph Smith (2011)  --  the teaching and influencing moments from the life of the Prophet Joseph Smith

Joseph Smith: The Prophet of the Restoration (2013)  --

Emma Smith: My Story (2008) – story of the wife of Mormon founder Joseph Smith

Brigham: Savage Journey (a.k.a. Savage Journey) (1983) --  Brigham Young leads the Mormons (Latter Day Saints) out to today's Salt Lake City, Utah

Brigham Young (1940)   --   ditto

September Dawn (2006)  --  Mountain Meadows Massacre of 1857 in which Mormons massacre a wagon train of settlers

Handcart (2002) –  man marries a Mormon woman and becomes part of the ill-fated journey of Martin Handcart Company in 1856 heading to Salt Lake valley, in which 150 people died of cold and starvation

Abide with Me (2012)  --  prosecution of Mormons for polygamy in the Edmunds Tucker Act of 1887

The Fight for Texas Independence (1835-1836),  Republic of Texas (1836-1845), Statehood (1845) and the Mexican-America War (1846-1848)

Texas (1994)-- history of Texas from its settlement via Stephen Austin to statehood

Texas Rising (2015)  --  very good mini-series of Texas fight for independence after the Alamo and focusing on Sam Huston and formation of the Texas Rangers

Heroes of the Alamo (1937)  -- 

The Last Command (1955) Jim Bowie and the Alamo

The Adventures of Jim Bowie  (1956)  (TV)  --  TV series based on the life of Jim Bowie

The Alamo (1960) -- 1836

Alamo: 13 Days to Glory (1987) --

Alamo: The Price of Freedom (1988)

Travis (1991)  --  a teenager watches the courage of Col. Travis at the Alamo

One Man's Hero (1999)  -- Irish Americans mistreated in the US army go over to the Mexican side

The Alamo (2004)  --  Battle of the Alamo and Battle of San Jacinto

The First Texan (1956)  --  based on life of Sam Houston (starring Joel McCrea)

Houston: the Legend of Texas (Gone to Texas) (1986)  --  story of Sam Houston (including battle at the Alamo and the battle of San Jacinto)

Man of Conquest (1939)  --  Sam Houston of Texas

The Lone Star (1952)  --  a very wrong version  of the history of the Republic of Texas, so not really worth reviewing; with Clark Gable & Ava Gardner

Santa Anna: Su alteza serenisima (2001)  --  the last three days in the life of Santa Anna (1794-1876)

Dead Man's Walk (1996)  --   during age of the Texas Republic, Texans attack the Comanche and the Mexicans; part of the Lonesome Dove mini-series; 1840s

Comanche Moon (2008)  --  Gus & Woodrow as Texas rangers fighting the Comanche during days of the Texas Republic; 1840s; Lone Dove mini-series

Texas Rangers (2001)  --  1870s Texas



The Robin Hood of El Dorado (1936)  --  Joaquin Murrieta in California seeks revenge on the men who killed his wife and brother (possible source for Zorro character)

Tide of Empire (1929)  -- silent movie about conflict between Spanish Rancheros and American immigrants from the USA in California

Pirates of Monterey (1947)  --  a Spanish woman is going to California to marry a Spanish officer, but instead falls in love with an American

Dream West (1986)  --  TV mini-series about John Charles Frémont, pathfinder, explorer, fighter for California's independence, ran twice for President of the USA on the Republican ticket

Kit Carson (1940) -- army scout, guide for explorer Frémont, 1843-1846, fighter for California independence and conqueror of the Navajo

Kit Carson and the Mountain Men (1977)  -- 

Fighting with Kit Carson (1933)  -- a twelve episode serial

Seminole Wars

Drums of Destiny (1937)  --  American army captain in 1815 Florida (then under Spanish control) must save his brother

Distant Drums (1951) -- Seminole Indians on warpath in early 19th c Florida  

Seminole (1953) -- Seminole Indians and help from a cavalry officer

Gold Rush

Roughing It (2002)  --  teenaged Mark Twain out West during the "Gold Rush" days

Mark Twain: Adventures in the Holy Land (2008) – tourist adventures



The First Gentleman (Affairs of a Rogue) (1948)  --  romance between the future King Leopold I of Belgium & the daughter of the Prince of Wales (later George IV), Princess Charlotte

Victoria the Great (1937)  --  Queen Victoria (ruled 1838-1901)

Sixty Glorious Years (Queen of Destiny) (1938) -- Queen Victoria

Victoria and Albert (2001)  --  love story of Victoria and Albert

Network First: Victoria and Albert (1997)  -- TV miniseries

The Young Victoria (2009)  --   very charming love story of  Victoria and Albert

Mädchenjahre einer Königin (Victoria in Dover) (1954)  --  Victoria becomes the Queen of England and falls in love in Dover

Mrs. Brown (1997) -- Queen Victoria after death of  husband Albert

The Mudlark (1950) -- Queen Victoria after death of husband Albert

Disraeli (1978)  --  the political career of Benjamin Disraeli 

The Prime Minister (1941)  --  story of rise of Benjamin Disraeli who came to be the Prime Minister in 1868 and then from 1874-1880

Disraeli (1929) -- Conservative Party prime minister. George Arliss plays Disraeli

Suez (1938)  --  Ferdinand Lesseps struggles to build the Suez Canal, which opened in 1869

Jennie: Lady Randolph Churchill (1974)  --  Jennie Jerome's life with Lord Randolph Churchill; parents of Winston Churchill

Dickens of London (1976)  --   4 DVD box set of a British TV miniseries about the great British writer Charles Dickens

Little Dorrit (1988) – novelist Charles Dickens' political indictment of early 19th century England

River Queen (2005)  --  in the 1860s a young Irish woman and her family find themselves torn between the British and Maori during the British colonization of New Zealand

Utu (1983)  --  in the 1870s, Te Kooti's War, a Maori soldier seeks revenge after the British army destroys his home village and kills his uncle

Green Dolphin Street (1947)  --  English misfits end up in New Zealand; year 1840   (do over)

Rewi's Last Stand (1925)  --  Maori girl helps her people in a last stand against the British

The Four Feathers (2002)  --  man declared a coward has to go to Sudan to fight the Mahdi's forces to prove he is not a coward

In Desert and Wilderness (1973)  --  two kids kidnapped by the rebels during Mahdi's rebellion in Sudan

In Desert and Wilderness (2001)  --  two kids kidnapped by the rebels during Mahdi's rebellion in Sudan

Jack the Ripper  (1959)  -- serial killer in Victorian England 1888

Jack the Ripper (1988)

From Hell (2001) – Jack the Ripper

Wilde (1997)  --  homosexual writer and brilliant social critic; height of career 1895

Oscar Wilde (1960)

The Trials of Oscar Wilde (1960)

Salome's Last Dance (1988)

Feasting with Panthers (Broadway Theatre Archive) (1974)  --  Oscar Wilde in prison

Lillie (1978) (mini)   --  story of beautiful British actress Lillie Langtry admired by Prince of Wales and Oscar Wilde (as well as Judge Roy Bean of Texas)

Topsy-Turvy (1999) --  music makers Gilbert and Sullivan

Elephant Man (1980) -- John Merrick with terribly disfiguring disease finally treated with some dignity (becoming a favorite of Queen Victoria)

Edward VII (1901-1910) 

Edward the Seventh (a.k.a. Edward the King) (1975) --  the life of Queen Victoria's son who became Edward VII

George V (1910-1936):

Carrington (1995)  --  love affair between painter Dora Carrington and gay author Lytton Strachey



Capetian Dyanasty, House of Borbon Restored (1815-1830):

Balzac: A Passionate Life (1999)  --  the mother, the work and the loves of a founding father of realism in European literature

Louis XVIII, brother of Louis XVI, ruled 1815-1824

Count of Monte Cristo (1934)   --  Louis XVIII appears briefly in the novel The Count of Monte Cristo, by Alexandre Dumas

Waterloo (1970) --  Louis XVIII portrayed by Orson Welles

Charles X  -- ruled 1824-1830

Louis-Philippe I of the July Monarchy (1830-1848)  --  the last king to rule France

Le Conscrit (The Conscript) (1974)  --  Belgium film that illustrates the appalling conditions under which soldiers were forced to serve in 1833

Les Misérables (1998)  --  obsessive policeman relentlessly keeps after a common thief turned good man, set against the June Rebellion of 1832

Les Misérables (2012)  --  musical version of  obsessive policeman keeps after a common thief turned good man, set against the June Rebellion of 1832

Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte  of the Second Republic (1848-1852)  --  became Emperor Napoleon III

 Emperor Napoleon III (Louis Bonaparte), the Citizen King, (ruled late 1852 to 1870)  --  Second Empire restored                                                                                                                           

Suez (1938)  --  Leon Ames plays Napoleon III, although Loretta Young as Eugenie is much more highlighted

Juarez (1939)  --  Claude Rains portrays him as a weak man ready to betray Maximilian in Mexico

The Song of Bernadette (1943)  --  Jerome Cowan plays Napoleon III

Maytime (1937)  --  Guy Bates Post plays Louis Napoleon

Spy of Napoleon (1936)   --  Napoleon III that is

La contessa di Castiglione (2006) – Italian courtesan & secret agent Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899); as  mistress of Emperor Napoleon III she used her influence to soften his response to Italian unification

La contessa di Castiglione (The Contessa's Secret) (1954) –

Edward the Seventh (a.k.a. Edward the King) (1975) --  contains many references to Louie Bonaparte


VII.7.  CRIMEAN WAR  --  Russia (under Nicholas I & Alexander II) vs. Turkey (Ottoman Empire), England and France (under Napoleon III)   

Charge of the Light Brigade (1968)  -- Crimea, 1854-1856

Charge of the Light Brigade (1936) -- love triangle in India solved by British involvement in the Crimean War

Charge of  the Lancers (1954)   --  affairs set against the Crimean War

Florence Nightingale (2009)  --  starring Laura Fraser

Florence Nightingale (1986)  -- the great nurse at work during the Crimean War fighting against prejudice to be of service to the soldiers; with Jaclyn Smith

 Lady with a Lamp (1951) -- nurse-crusader Florence Nightingale

The White Angel (1936) --  Florence Nightingale ($45)

Elizabeth of Ladymead (1948)  --  four women in four different wars fight for women's rights:  Crimean War, Boer War, WWI and WWII

Bronte (1983) -- Irish film

Les Soeurs Bronte (Bronte Sisters) (1979) French film

Devotion (1946) -- Bronte sisters from Yorkshire (n.e. England)

The Brontes of Haworth (1973)  --  TV mini-series about the Brontes


VII.8.  ITALY (1789-1878)  

0X  Die Marquise von O (The Marguise of O)  --  in French-controlled Italy, in 1799 Russian General Souvorov invades Italy to kick the French out; he captures and then rapes the widow of the Marquis of O and she becomes pregnant (in German with English subtitles)

Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy (1805–1814)

Napoleon I (1805-1814)

Fuoco su di me (Fire at my Heart) (2006) – story of young soldier of the Napoleonic army in 1815 in Napoli after the era of Gioacchino Murat, King of the Two Sicilies (1808 to 1815) (no English subtitles)

Ferdinando e Carolina (Ferdinando  and Carolina) (1999)  --  King Ferdinando I of Naples (reign 1816-1825) weds Mary Caroline of Austria, daughter of Empress Mary Theresa, in a political marriage

L'ultima carica (1964) – set in 1820s war of independence in southern Italy

Wars of Italian Independence  --three wars between Italian states and Austrian Empire 1848-1866 ending with conquest of entire Italian peninsula

Le hussard sur le toit (The Horseman on the Roof)  (1995)  --  1832, adventures of a young Italian nobleman in France raising money for the Italian revolution for independence against Austria during a time of cholera in southern France (French and Italian languages)

0X  Viva l'Italia! (Garibaldi) (1961) --  about Giuseppe Garibaldi of Italian unification fame (director is Rossellini)  (Italian with Italian subtitles)

Noi credevamo (We Believed) (2010)  --  Italy's battle for unification in the 19th century (no English options)

In nome del popolo sovrano (In the Name of the Sovereign People) (1990) – 1849, Ciceruacchio declares Independent Republic of Rome, but French & Austrians try to block it by bringing back the Pope to Rome

Bronte: cronaca di un massacro che i libri di storia non hanno raccontato (Liberty) (1972) — Italian War of Independence

I vicere (2007) – 19th century Italian wars

Ovod (The Gadfly) (1956)  --  Russian film about 1800s Italy  (currently unavailable)

'O re (The King of Naples) (1989) – 1860 overthrow of Francesco, the King of Naples and the two Sicilies; the deposed king and queen adapt to their new lives

Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946), House of Savoy

Victor Emmanuel II (1861-1878)

Senso (1954) --  Venice, Italy 1866, obsessive love story set against Austrian military occupation and its overthrow 

In nome del papa re (In the Name of the Pope King) (1977) – in 1867 the papal court fights to prevent Garibaldi's forces from taking power and bringing Rome into the Italian kingdom

Correva l'anno di grazia 1870 (aka 1870) (1971) – 1870 Italy





Adanggaman (2000)  --  role of black Africans in supplying the human beings for the European slave trade

Slavers (1978)  --  slave trade in east Africa around 1884

Amistad (1997)  --  slave ship rebellion leads to 1839 court room drama

Ill-Gotten Gains (1997)  --  slave revolt aboard the ship Argon Miss

Ascension Day (2007)  --  Nat Turner rebellion in 1831

Roots (1977)  -- TV mini series on slavery from more of a black perspective

Roots (2016)   --  this second version of Roots shows more of the horrors of slavery

Alex Haley's Queen  (1993) --  in this mini-series the writer of Roots tells the story of his paternal grandmother, whose father was a Civil War-era slave owner

A Woman Called Moses (1978) -- Harriet Tubman helps slaves escape via the underground railroad

The Light of Freedom (2013)  -- Underground railway and stories of runaway slaves longing to be re-united with their families

Uncle Tom's Cabin (1987)  -- based on Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel published in 1852

Race to Freedom: Underground Railroad (1994) TV  --  slaves escape to Canada and freedom via the Underground Railroad

Scarecrow (2009)  --  partly about underground railroad

Stand Up and Fight (1939) --  a northerner and a southerner try to stop the kidnapping of black freemen for reselling

Solomon Northup's Odyssey: "Twelve Years a Slave" (1984)  --  a free black man living in Saratoga Springs, New York is kidnapped and taken to Louisiana to work as a slave

Twelve Years a Slave (2013)  --  ditto

Freedom Bound (2009)  --  stories covering three centuries, including slavery

Enslavement: The Story of Fanny Kemble (2000) -- artist disturbed by southern slavery

Dixie (1943) -- composer of Dixie, pioneer minstrel Dan Emmett

I Dream of Jeanie (1952) --  the story of popular song-writer Stephen Foster

X   Swanee River  (1939)  -- mostly fictional biopic of Stephen Foster

Bloody Kansas:

The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976)  --  for vengeance joins "Bloody Bill" Anderson's gang, a pro-southern gang of "outlaws" or better said "war criminals"

Quantrill's Raiders (1958)  --  psychopath leading outlaws with a pro-southern slant 

Kansas Raiders (1950) -- Jesse James joins Quantrill's Raiders

Dark Command (1940) --  Civil War Kansas; Quantrill's Raiders

Ride with the Devil (1999)  --  the war in bloody Kansas and Missouri

The Jayhawkers! (1959)  --  a government agent infiltrates the vigilante group the Jayhawkers (bushwhackers were pro-South and Jayhawkers were pro-union, non-military guerilla raiders)

 Seven Angry Men (1955) -- John Brown (Raymond Massey)

Santa Fe Trail (1940)  --  on trail of John Brown; 1856 Pottawatomie Creek massacre; 1859 Harper's Ferry

Civil War Begins and Ends:

Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940) --  Raymond Massey as Lincoln

Lincoln (2005)  -- 

Young Mr. Lincoln (1939) -- John Ford director

Abraham Lincoln (1930) -- directed by D. W. Griffith

Copperhead (2013)  --  opponents of Lincoln in the north get in trouble with their neighbors

The Last of Mrs. Lincoln (Broadway Theatre Archive) (1976)  -- 

Just a Man (2008)  --  a bit of recovery for the distraught Mrs. Lincoln

Tad (1995)  --  Abraham Lincoln and his son Tad

Lincoln (2012)  --  Lincoln tries to get the states to ratify the constitutional amendment that bans slavery from the United States

Class of '61 (1993)   --  graduates of West Point enter the Civil War with the Battle of Bull Run; July 21, 1861

Ironclads (1991)   --  the CSS Virginia versus the USS Monitor in the Battle of Hampton Roads, March 8-9, 1862

Hearts in Bondage  (1936)  --    battle between the CSS Virginia (formerly the USS Merrimack) and the USS Monitor

John Ericsson - segraren vid Hampton Roads (Ericsson, The Great John) (1937) – designer of the iron-clad ship the Monitor to fight the ironclad Confederate ship the Merrimack

Journey to Shiloh (1968)  --  seven friends travel for the purpose of joining up with the Confederate army;  Battle of Shiloh, Pittsburgh Landing, s.w. Tennessee on the Tennessee River, April 6-7, 1862

Johnny Shiloh (1963)  --  Walt Disney film; drummer boy for the Union Army; Battles of Shiloh (April 1862) and later Chickamauga (Sept. 20, 1863)

The Great Locomotive Chase (1956)  --  during Atlanta campaign, Yanks steal a Reb locomotive and try to tear up the track; April 12, 1862

Free State of Jones (2016)  -- Southern deserter Newton Knight forms the Knight Company on October 13, 1863 to oppose the Confederates in Mississippi; First Battle of Corinth, April 29 to May 30, 1862

Tap Roots (1948) – very loosely based on farm owner reacting to the attempt by his Jones County to secede from Mississippi 

Gods and Generals (2003)  -- pro-Southern film about early Confederate victories: Fredericksburg (Dec. 11-15, 1862), Chancelorsville that led to excessive hubris in Gen. Lee

"Disneyland" Willie and the Yank: The Mosby Raiders (1967)  --  film about young boy who joins the Confederate Mosby Raiders --  Mosby captured Union General Stoughton March 1863

The Horse Soldiers (1959) -- set in Vicksburg campaign; John Ford and John Wayne; May 18 - July 4, 1863

Gettysburg (1993) -- 1863 battle, high water mark of the Confederacy (July 1-3, 1863)

The Perfect Tribute (1991) (TV)  --  young boy and Lincoln's Gettysburg Address

The Gangs of New York (2002) -- ethnic tensions between Irish immigrants and native Americans leads to infamous New York City draft riots of July 13-16, 1863

Wicked Spring (2002)  --  Battle of the Wilderness, May 5 - May 7 1864

Field of Lost Shoes (2014)  --  VMI cadets fight in the Battle of New Market, Virginia May 18, 1864

Gone With The Wind (1939)  --  Battle of Atlanta; July 22, 1864

Beulah Land (1980)  --  TV mini-series; poor man's Gone with the Wind

Louisiana (1984)  --  woman loses her house in the aftermath of the Civil War and vows to recoup her plantation

True Women (1997)  --  lives of three women through the Texas Rebellion ,Comanche raids, the Civil War, Reconstruction and beyond

Glory (1989) --- 54th Massachusetts, first black army unit in the US

The Hunley (1999) -- 1864 submarine in Charleston, SC for Turner Network

Andersonville (1996)   --  made for cable movie about infamous Confederate prison

Andersonville Trial  (1970)  – a court martialed Confederate officer faces trial for running the notorious prisoner of war camp in Andersonville, Georgia, where over 14,000 Union prisoners died from disease, starvation and neglect

Lincoln (aka Gore Vidal's Lincoln) (1988)  --  reveals more of the inner family problems faced by Lincoln

The Day Lincoln Was Shot (1998)  --  assassinated at Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth

They've Killed President Lincoln (1971) – simulated documentary footage to examine the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln

Killing Lincoln (2013)  --  assassination of Lincoln

Prince of Players (1955)  – great American stage actor Edwin Booth, brother of  John Wilkes Booth

Prisoner of Shark Island (1936)-- Dr. Samuel Mudd unjustly found guilty of helping in the Lincoln assassination

The Ordeal of Dr. Mudd (1980)  --  Dr. Mudd accused of helping John Wilkes Booth get away after killing President Lincoln

Hellgate (1955) --  remake of Prisoner of Shark Island

The Conspirator (2010)  --  rush to condemn to death Mary Surratt, owner of boarding house where conspiracy to kill Lincoln hashed out

The Blue and the Gray (1982 )    --   the families of two brothers divided between the North and the South fight for different sides

Cold Mountain (2003)  --  interesting question of just how unjust were the civil defense bands in the South 

Drums in the Deep South (1951)  --  two old friends find themselves on opposite sides during the Civil War

My Brother's War (2005) --  over 400 women fought disguised as men during the Civil; this is one of those stories

The Great Sacrifice of President Jefferson Davis (2007)  --  highlights of the life of slavery-backing President Davis






Kyan Sit Min (King Kyan Sit) (2005)   -- Burmese film based on Kyanzittha, the 43rd king of the Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1084 to 1112



Ayutthaya Kingdom (1350-1767)

2nd Suphannaphum Dynasty (1409-1569)

The King Maker (2005) --  in 1547 the Portuguese soldier of fortune Fernando De Gama comes to Thailand and finds adventure

The Legend of Suriyothai (2001)  --  reign of King Chakkraphat (1548-1568); Queen Suriyothai dies 1548.

Sukhothai Dynasty (1569-1629)

X   Naresuan (2006)  --  King Naresuan the Great (1590 to 1605); a follow-up to The Legend of Suriyothai

Tamnaan somdet phra Naresuan maharat: Phaak prakaat itsaraphaap (The Legend of Naresuan: Declaration in Independence) (2007)  -- the war for the independence of Siam (Thailand) from Burma

Prasat Thong Dynasty (1630-1688)

Ban Phlu Luang Dynasty (1688-1767)

Bang Rajan (2000)  --  Burmese invaders of 18th century Thailand

Thonburi Period, 1768-1781

Ratanakosin Period, 1782- ?

King Rama IV (1856-1868)

Anna and the King (2000)  -- Thailand during American Civil War; Jody Foster, 1862

The King and I (1999) --  animated version

The King and I (1956)  --  Deborah Kerr (Anna Leonowens), Yul Brynner (The King)

Anna and the King of Siam (1946)-- widow Anna Owens becomes the tutor to the royal children of Siam (Thailand) and runs into conflict with the king; Irene Dunne





Gone With the Wind (1939)

Birth of a Nation (1915) --  the Southern racist version of "truth" by Southerner D. W. Griffith (a great film for racists)

Drango (1957)  --  hostile reception of Union army during occupation of a town in Georgia

Booker  --  youth of Booker T. Washington, later supporter of "separate but equal" racist system (but who also supported the NAACP in secret)

The Toast of New York (1937)  --  story behind the Financial Panic of 1869


How the West was Won (1962)  --  mountain men, Erie Canal, the rivers, the plains, the mountains, the Civil War, the railroad and the outlaws

Into the West (2005)  --  TV mini-series about the West from perspectives of a white settler family and a native American family

Meek's Cutoff (2010)  --  1845 wagon train travel on the Oregon Trail where they  lose their way on a supposed short-cut

The Oregon Trail (1959)  --  experiences of a wagon train on the Oregon Trail

Donner Pass -- The Road to Survival (1984)  --  some of the settlers stranded in the northern Sierra Nevada mountains near Truckee, California in the winter of 1846 turn to cannibalism to survive

Lonesome Dove (1989) --  c. 1866, based on cattle drivers Oliver Loving and Charles Goodnight out of Texas

Red River (1948) -- 1867, Chisholm Trail to Abilene, John Wayne   

Abilene Town  (1946)  --  at the end of the Chisholm Trail

Thousand Pieces of Gold (1991)   --  Chinese immigrant woman in the American Old West sold to be wife/slave to a prospector

Heaven's Gate (1980)  --  a war in Johnson County, Wyoming between the owners of large-scale ranches and the owners of small ranches in 1892

Wild Bill Hickok

Wild Bill (1995) --  Hickok that is; 1866-1871, marshal in Kansas cowtowns, including Abilene

Young Bill Hickok (1940)  --  B western

Calamity Jane (1953) -- supposed  friend of Hickok

Calamity Jane (1984)  --  starring Jane Alexander

The Plainsman (1936)  --  Wild Bill Hickok,  Buffalo Bill Cody, Calamity Jane and George Armstrong Custer

Jesse James

Jesse James: American Outlaw (2007)  -- 

American Outlaws (2001) -- James and Younger gangs

The Long Riders (1980) -- James, Younger, Miller and Ford brothers

The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid (1972) -- ill-fated 1876 bank robbery by James and Younger gangs

Young Jesse James (1960)

The True Story of Jesse James (1957)

The Great Jesse James Raid (1953)

The Great Missouri Raid (1950) -- Jesse James and Youngers

Jesse James Rides Again (1947)  -- 

Jesse James (1939) -- bank and train robber and a very bad man;  1866-1882

The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (2007)  --  shows James as a bit of a psychopath, but still portrays him somewhat sympathetically

The Plot to Kill Jesse James (2006)  -- 

I Shot Jesse James (1949)  -- 

Cole Younger, Gunfighter (1958) --  with Frank Lovejoy; revenge, romance and a trial

Bad Men of Missouri (1941)  --  the Youngers

The Daltons

When the Daltons Rode (1940) -- Dalton gang in Indian Territory; 1891, first train robbery

The Last Ride of the Dalton Gang (1979) -- Dalton gang of bank robbers

Wyatt Earp

Wichita (1955)  --  1874, Wyatt Earp tries to bring law and order to Wichita, Kansas

Wyatt Earp (1994)   --  1876-1879 marshal of Dodge City, Kansas  (my personal favorite western)

Tombstone (1993) --  Wyatt Earp in Tombstone, Arizona; gunfight at O.K. Corral

Dodge City (1939) --  composite fictional hero

Hour of the Gun (1967)  --  Earp & Doc Holliday form a posse to hunt Ike Clanton and his gang 

Gunfight at O.K. Corral (1957) -- gunfight in 1881 Tombstone, AZ

My Darling Clementine (1946) Henry Fonda

Frontier Marshal (1939)  --  Wyatt Earp and the fight at the O.K. Corral

The Gunfight at Dodge City (1959) -- very loosely based on Ford County sheriff Bat Masterson

The Woman of the Town (1943)  --  story of murder in Dodge City of Dora Hand by Jim Kenedy, who was partly captured by a posse composed of Wyatt Earp, Bat Masterson and other famous lawmen

Billy the Kid

Billy the Kid (1930)  --  first kill 1877

Billy the Kid (1941)  --  with Robert Taylor

The Left-Handed Gun (1958) -- Billy the Kid

Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973)

Gore Vidal's Billy the Kid (1989)

Chisum (1970)  --  the Lincoln County War, involving Billy the Kid,  in what became New Mexico

Young Guns (1988)  --  six boys, including Billy the Kid, are hired as "regulators" for a rancher in the Lincoln County War;  the best true version of Billy the Kid

Young Guns 2 (1990)  --  Billy the Kid plans an escape from jail

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) -- bank robbers; 1896 forms the Wild Bunch

Butch and Sundance: The Early Days (1979)

Buffalo Bill and Annie Oakley

Buffalo Bill (1944)  -- Buffalo Bill Wild West Show formed 1883

Buffalo Bill and the Indian, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson (1976)

X Pony Express Days (1940)  --  Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express (which lasted from April 1860 to October 1861)

Annie Get Your Gun (1950) --  musical about female sharpshooter in the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show

Annie Oakley (1935)  --  ditto

Tall Tales and Legends: Annie Oakley (1985) --  children's film from Shelly Duvall's Tall Tales and Legends


Burke & Wills (1987)  --  a shocking story of the 1860-1861 expedition across Australia from south to north, Melbourne to the Gulf of Carpenteria at Flinders River

Ned Kelly (2003)   --  Australian gang of bank robbers active in the 1870s

Ned Kelly (1970)  --  ditto

Mad Dog Morgan (1976)  --  Australian outlaw active around the 1880s Australian gold rush


Iron Road (2008)   --  a poor Chinese woman disguises herself as a boy and works for the railroad crew in the Rocky Mountains to find out what happened to her long-lost father

Canadian Pacific (1949)  --  1881-1885, building of the Canadian Pacific Railway heading through a pass through the Canadian Rockies



Union Pacific (1939) -- first transcontinental railroad, 1869

The Invasion of Johnson County (1976)  --   large ranch cattle men hire a private army to kill or hang the small ranchers, who they consider as "cattle rustlers" in Johnson County, Wyoming

Far and Away (1992)  --  anti-landlord uprising in Ireland sends a young man and woman to the USA and eventually to the Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889

Cimarron (1931)  --  Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889 and Cherokee Strip Land Run of 1893

Cimarron (1960)  --  Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889

You Know My Name  (1999)  --  old lawman Bill Tilghman takes a job in Oklahoma during the time of the gangsters

Cattle Annie and Little Britches (1981)  --  Bill Tilghman and another lawman captures the female members of the Wild Bunch

The Lawless Breed (1953)  --  infamous Texas gunman John Wesley Hardin

Belle Starr (1980)  --  made for TV movie about outlaw Belle Starr; Elizabeth Montgomery plays Belle

Belle Starr (1941) -- outlaw; originally from Missouri; marries Sam Starr in 1880; Gene Tierney as Belle

Montana Belle (1952) -- Jane Russell as Belle Starr, the bandit queen

Il mio corpo per un poker (The Belle Starr Story) (1968)  -- 

The Gunfight at Dodge City (1959) -- very loosely based on Ford County sheriff Bat Masterson

The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972)   --  c. 1882

The Westerner (1940) -- Judge Roy Bean of Texas

"Disneyland" The Nine Lives of Elfego Baca (1958)  --  a Mexican-American becomes a hero law officer in Socorro, New Mexico and later becomes a lawyer

The Story of Jack London (1943)  --  Klondike Gold Rush of 1897 in Alaska and the stories that rose from it

Klondike (2014)  --  two friends follow the gold rush to Klondike territory of Yukon, northwest Canada and have a tough go at it

The Spoilers (1942)  --  love amidst the Nome, Alaska  gold rush (1899-1909) (John Wayne and Marlene Dietrich)



Comanche and Cheyenne:

Rio Grande (1950)  --  Col. Ranald Mackenzie's 1873 raid against the Comanche and Kiowa hiding in Mexico; part of John Ford's cavalry trilogy

Comanche  (1956)  --  frontier scout tries to prevent the application of a plan of genocide for the Comanche 

Comancheros (1961)  --  fight against outlaws selling guns to the Comanche

Cheyenne Autumn (1964) -- Cheyenne return from relocation

Centennial (Vols. 1-12) (1978) -- historic development of state of Colorado as seen in the story of one town

Soldier Blue (1970)  --  fictionalized account of the Chivington November 1864 Sand Creek Massacre

Comanche Territory (1950)  --  Jim Bowie works to stop a white settler attack on the Comanche

Custer and the Sioux:

A Man called Horse (1970)  --  English nobleman must prove himself to the Sioux by surviving torturous rituals

Tomahawk (1951)  ---  in 1864 mountain man Jim Bridger builds the Bridger Trail from Wyoming to the gold fields in Montana

They Died With Their Boots On (1941) -- Custer, 1876

Little Big Horn (1951) --  Battle of, 1876

Seventh Cavalry (1956) -- Capt. Benteen must prove he did not desert Custer at the Battle of Little Big Horn

The Great Sioux Massacre (1965) Custer's last stand

Custer's Last Stand (1936)   --  feature version of the Rex Lease serial

Custer of the West (1968)  --  a General Custer biography with the general pushing the Cheyenne into resistance leading to the Battle at the Little Big Horn

Glory Guys (1965)  --  thinly veiled Custer Story (director, Sam Peckinpah)

Little Big Man (1970) -- hero meets Marshall Bill Hickok & General Custer at Battle of Little Big Horn

Son of the Morning Star (1991) -- Custer

Crazy Horse (1996) --  Sioux warrior who fought Custer at Little Big Horn

Chief Crazy Horse (1955) -- with Paul Guillfoyle and Victor Mature

Crazy Horse and Custer  --  no connection with historical truth at all

Sitting Bull (1954) --  Sioux chief at the Battle of Little Big Horn

She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949)  --  bad history, but cavalry movements instructive , part of John Ford's cavalry trilogy

Bury my Heart at Wounded Knee (2007)  --  from the Battle of Little Big Horn (1876) to the Indian massacre at Wounded Knee,  December 29, 1890

Centennial Summer (1946)  --  the Custer massacre casts a pall in Philadelphia at the time of the Centennial Exposition

Tonka (1958)   --  a young Sioux male tames a wild horse to prove his man-hood; later the horse is named Comanche and is made famous as the only survivor taken from Custer's Last Stand; Disney movie


Conquest of Cochise (1953) -- 1850s southwest, Apache Chief Cochise

Broken Arrow (1950) -- 1870s Apache Chief Cochise (Jeff Chandler) and ex-Army man and peace negotiator (played by James Stewart)

Fort Apache (1948) --  loosely based on the fight against Cochise and Custer's Last Stand; part of John Ford's cavalry trilogy

Fort Bowie (1958)  --  not really worth watching from an historical perspective;  deals with Apache leader Victorio (1825-1880) and Fort Bowie (s.e. AZ near Wilcox), but historically the two are not directly connected

The Battle at Apache Pass (1952)   --  deals with "The Bascom Affair", 1861, and the battle at Apache Pass, 1862, involving Cochise

Taza, Son of Cochise (1954) --  Taza succeeded his father Cochise as chief of the Chiricahuas when the latter died in 1874, two years after the Chiricahua Reservation was established by General Howard

Geronimo (1939)  --  1886 leader of Apache revolt in the southwest

Valley of the Sun (1942)  -- Geronimo; 1868, Army scout Johnny Ware is court-martialed for helping Indians and trying t prevent another Indian war

I Killed Geronimo (1950)  --  very fictionalized story that is already a great story in and of itself

The Last Outpost (1951)  --  not much history here: two cavalry brothers who fought on different sides in the Civil War have to cooperate in order to defend themselves against an attack of Indians

Indian Uprising (1952)   --  Geronimo

Walk the Proud Land (1956)  --  Indian Agent John P. Culm at Arizona's San Carlos Reservation and Geronimo

Geronimo (1962) --  with Chuck Connors

Geronimo (1993)

Geronimo: An American Legend (1993)

Tom Horn (1980)  --  legendary western figure Tom Horn, Apache fighter, runs into trouble with the law in Wyoming Territory

Ulzana's Raid (1972)  --  Apache raider

Arrowhead (1953) -- partly based on Army Scout Al Sieber

Apache (1954)  --  the last Apache warrior, Massai (played by Burt Lancaster)

Major Dundee (1965)  --  Dundee on an expedition to hunt down and kill an Apache warrior group raiding in Texas during the Civil War


Buffalo Soldiers (1997) -- chasing Apaches

Sergeant Rutledge -- buffalo soldier on trial

I Will Fight No More Forever (1975)  --  Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce 

Dances with Wolves (1990) --  Kevin Costner's tribute to the Native Americans living on the mid-West plains

Witness the Healing (2009)  --  a young woman learns how California's early policies toward the Native Americans influenced her family's fortunes

Chinaman's Chance (2008)  --  1870's, a. Chinese immigrant is falsely accused of murdering a white woman and has to deal with prejudice and injustice



Canadians (1961)  --  Americans as the bad guys in more peaceful Canada

Prime Minister Sir John A. MacDonald (1867-1873)

Alexander Mackenzie (1873-1878)

Pony Soldier (1952)  --  1876, a mounted policeman in western Canada is sent to get two white hostages from the Cree Indians

Saskatchewan (1954)  --  spring 1877, Canadian Mounted Police deal with the Sioux and the Cree after the Custer massacre

Sir John A. MacDonald (1878-1891) (second term)

Big Bear  (1998)  --  mini-series about Plains Cree Chief Big Bear in Canada of the 1880s and 1890s; whites want to put the chief's people on a reservation, but he won't sign the treaty which leads to his people starving

Riel (1979) --  19th Century Canadian founder of the province of Manitoba and rebel leader Louis Riel

North West Mounted Police (1940)  --  Texas Ranger gets caught up in the Riel rebellion (or Northwest Rebellion)



Savage Pampas (1966)  --  a "western" set in the grasslands of the Pampas of Argentina


VII.12. Mexico under Juarez (president 1858-1872)  

El  tres de copas (The Card of Luck, Love and Death) (1986)  --  love triangle set against the Reform War in Mexico (1857-1861), one of the episodes of the long struggle between Liberal and Conservative forces in 19th century Mexico

Juarez (1939) -- Mexican leader against Napoleon III's man in Mexico

Cinco de Mayo: La batalla  (2013)  --  May 5, 1862 Mexican victory in a battle with the French forces in Mexico

Aquellos ańos (1973)  --  Benito Juarez

Major Dundee (1965)  --  Dundee hunts down an Apache warrior group raiding in Texas during the Civil War & runs into French troops in Mexico

The Eagle and the Hawk (1950) --  in 1863 Texas Ranger and a Union spy cross into Mexico to investigate power struggle between French puppet Maximilian and Mexican Benito Juarez

Vera Cruz (1954)  --  Americans try to steal the gold while escorting a countess to Vera Cruz and Emperor Maximilian; Juaristas also want the gold 

Mexicanos, al grito de guerra (Mexicans, to the Cry of War) (1943)  --  a soldier defends Mexico against the French while in love with the French ambassador's daughter

The Undefeated (1969)   --   a group of Confederate soldiers from USA decide to establish a new life in Mexico under French Emperor Maximilian

Guadalupe La Chinaca (1938) – a love story set during French Intervention in Michoacán

La paloma (1937)  --  Emperor Maximilian and the war for independence

X Stronghold (1951)  --  1850s Mexico, owner of a silver mine is kidnapped by a bandit leader, who needs money to finance his revolt against the Emperor Maximilian



VII.13.  FRANCE    

Third French Republic (1870-1940)

Untel pčre et fils (Heart of a Nation) (1943)  --  the Froment family  of Montmartre, France from the Franco-Prussian war of 1871 to Nazi occupation in World War II

Mademoiselle Fifi (1944)  – conquering Germans throw their weight around in occupied France during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, while French nobles kiss their posteriors

La commune (Paris , 1871)  (2000)  --  story of the Paris Commune of 1871, which briefly ruled France; semi-documentary (so I have just a little summary of the film's start)

1871 (1990) – the rise and fall of the Paris Commune

Champ d'honneur (Field of Honor) (1987) – Franco-Prussian War; a fellow sells his low draft lottery number and takes the place of the son of a rich man

Total Eclipse (1995)  --  French poets struggle with relationships, 1871

Camille Claudel (1989)  --  in 1883 France, sculptor Auguste Rodin meets sculptress Camille Claudel and they begin a relationship

 Lust for Life (1956)  -- 1885-1891, Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh (friend of painter Paul Gauguin)

Vincent and Theo (1990)  --  the two Van Gogh brothers

The Eyes of Van Gogh (2005) – based on the year van Gogh spent in the insane asylum of St. Remy

Moulin Rouge (1952)  --  painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Félix Faure (1895-1899):

The Life of Emile Zola (1937) -- involved in the anti-Semitic Dreyfus Affair

I Accuse! (1958) -- Zola and the Dreyfus Affair

Prisoner of Honor (1991) -- anti-Semitic Dreyfus affair, 1894

L'affaire Dreyfus (Dreyfus Affair) (1995) – French film of the Dreyfus Affair

Dreyfus (The Dreyfus Case) (1930)  --  German film about the Dreyfus affair

Affäre Dreyfus (Dreyfus Affair) (1959) – German film

Affäre Dreyfus (Dreyfus Affair) (1968) – German film

French Art Scene:  birth of modern art

Impressionists (2006)  --  story of Monet and the creation of Impressionism which began in 1860s among Paris-based artists

Modigliani  -- Amadeo, the painter

Montparnasse 19 (Modigliani of Montparnasse) (1993) – life of the painter Amadeo Modigliani

Surviving Picasso (1996)  --  Spanish painter Pablo Picasso

La Mome (La Vie en Rose) (2007)  --  very rough life of Edith Piaf, one of the world's greatest singers

Waiting for the Moon (1987)  --  a few months in the life of Alice B. Toklas and Gertrude Stein



Alexander II (1855-1881):

Nas venchali ne v tserkvi (We Weren’t Married in Church) (1985) – love story of young woman wanting to get away from her small town and join a revolutionary group (as the one in Petersburg named "chaikovtsy", 1869-1874)

Geroite na Shipka (Heroes of Shipka) (1955)  --   Bulgarian/Soviet Union film about the Battle of Shipka Pass during the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78)

X Yuliya Vrevskaya (1978) –  for reasons of love a nurse Yuliya Vrevskaya follows the troops in the war between Russia and Turkey (1877-1878)

The Turkish Gambit (2005)  --  spy story set in the War between Russia and Turkey (1877-1878); no English subtitles

V nachale slavnykh del (At the Beginning of Glorious Days) (1986) --  Russo-Turkish War

Pervye radosti (1977) – life in Saratov, Russia before the Bolshevik revolution

Pervye radosti (No Ordinary Summer) (1956)  --  intellectual joins a revolt and then becomes a professional revolutionary

I Demoni di San Pietroburgo (The Demons of St. Petersburg) (2008)   --   Russian writer Dostoevsky just finished 10 years in Siberia; he wants to stop a plot to kill the Grand Duke;  the problem is that the young terrorists were inspired mainly by his writings 


Dmitriy Kantemir (1973)  --  Moldavia, 1700s

Trandafirul galben (The Yellow Rose) (1984) – outlaw fights corrupt politics in 1800s Romania

Drumul oaselor (1980)  --  1848 Romania (revolution in Moldavia, Wallachia, and Transylvania)

Manto Mavrogenous (1971) – she (1796 - July 1848) was a heroine of the Greek War of Independence (1821-1829)




La Patagonia rebelde (The Patagonian Rebellion)  (1974)  --  in Patagonia farm workers try to get better conditions of work


Comrades (1986) – British farm laborers imprisoned in Australia in 1834 for forming an unauthorized union

Strikebound (1984)  --  worker struggle in the Gippsland coalfields during 1930’s Australia

Eureka Stockade ( Massacre Hill) (1949) --  Australians battle the government during the 1854 miners' revolt


Daens (1993)  --  Father Adolf Daens works in Belgium of the 1890s & champions the workers' cause

Marcinelle (Inferno Below) (2003)--  made for TV movie about 1956 tragedy in the mine at Marcinelle in Belgium where 300 miners died (136 of the dead miners were Italians)


Sub Terra (2003)  --  coal miners strike for better pay and conditions in 1897 Lota, Chile


Työväenlaulaja (1973) --  labor troubles in Finland


La Révolte des enfants (The Children's Rebellion) (1992)  --  drama set in France around the abuse of child labor

Germinal (1993)  --  French film about a perilous workers' strike in the French mines


Desertir (The Deserter) (1933)  --  labor struggle in Germany and Russia

Great Britain:

The Mill (2003)  --  abuse of cotton workers in England

Made in Dagenham (2010)  --  female workers walk out in protest against sexual discrimination in pay in 1968 at the Ford Dagenham car plant

Brassed Off! (1996)  --  the threat of a mine-closing looms over players in a Yorkshire brass band, whose impassioned leader wants a national title


Guiana 1838 The Arrival (2004)  --   abolition of slavery in the British Caribbean in 1834 prompts a company to recruit Coolies from India to make them slaves


Young Cassidy (1965)  --  early life of Irish playwright and socialist Sean O'Casey; 1910 Dublin slums; poverty and tram-strike


I compagni (The Organizer) (1963)  --  labor strike in Italy at turn of the 20th century against a 14-hour work day  (Italian with Italian subtitles)

La terra trema (1948)  --  a poor Sicilian tries to lessen the exploitation of the fishermen in his village by the fish merchants and finds all the cards are stacked against him


Ah! Nomugi toge (Oh! The Nomugi Pass)  (1979) --  abuse of women workers in silk industry in Japan in early 1900s

X Ah! Nomugi toge - Shinryokuhen (1982)  --  follow up to Ah! Nomugi toge

The Bad Sleep Well (1963)  --  Kurosawa's film about a man seeking revenge against the Japanese company that murdered his father


Frida  (1986)  --  the life and paintings of Frida Kahlo (married to the great muralist Diego Rivera)

Frida (2003) --  two left-wing Mexican artists interact with the Rockefellers

Tina in Mexico (2002)  --  life of  photographer Tina Modotti and her contacts with intellectual circles (including Diego Rivera)

En busca de un muro (translation:  In Search of a Mural) (1974)  --  Mexican muralist Jose Clemente Orozco and help from American journalist Alma Reed  (Spanish language)

Raíces de sangre (Roots of Blood) (1979)  --   the fight for unionization of the fabric factories around the US/Mexican border

Redes (1936)---  documentary-like dramatization of the daily grind of men struggling to make a living by fishing on the Gulf of Mexico; one worker’s terrible loss instigates a political awakening among him and his fellow laborers.

Puerto Rico:

Sudor Amargo (Bitter Sweat)  (Bitter Sweat) (2004)  --  mysterious death of a supervisor during the Star Kist Caribbean Plant closure in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico


Desertir (The Deserter) (1933)  --  labor struggle in Germany and Russia

Stachka (Strike) (1925)  --  1912 strike in Russian locomotive factory; directed by Sergei Eisenstein


El Corazon de la tierra (The Heart of the Earth) (2007)  --  in Andalusia, 1888, a workers' protest against the miserable conditions at the local mines ends in a massacre


Ĺdalen 31 (Adalen 31 or Adalen Riots) (1969)  --  in 1931 Swedish military opens fire on peaceful labor demonstrators in Adalen


X  Endise  --  on the cotton fields workers


Los mineros (The Miners) (1991)  --  Mexican-American copper miners fight for better terms 1903-1946 which shapes the course of Arizona history  (currently unavailable)

Joe Hill (1971) -- labor organizer

Bound for Glory (1976)  --  story of folk singer Woody Guthrie who discovered the misery of the poor and working class in the USA

Cradle will Rock (1999)  --  actor Orson Wells has big trouble trying to put on a theatrical production of a musical about a steel strike

Black Fury (1935)  --  in Pennsylvania an immigrant coal miner finds himself in the middle of a bitter labor dispute between the workers and the mine owners

 Matewan (1987) -- violent confrontations between company thugs and coal miners in 1920's West Virginia, USA;  with Chris Cooper, James Earl Jones

X Little Accidents (2014)  --  disappearance of a teenage boy in a small American mining community living in the shadow of a mine accident

Sacco e Vanzetti (Sacco and Vanzetti) (1971)  -- 1920, the unjust trial of two Italian-American anarchists for a crime they did not commit; documentary

Norma Rae (1979) -- true story of a woman textile worker (Sally Field) being radicalized by New York City labor organizer (Ron Leibman)

 Harlan County War (2000)  --  a Kentucky coal miner's wife spearheads a 1970s union strike to close the mine and force contract negotiations

Salt of the Earth (1953)--   1950 zinc mine workers go on strike in Silver City, New Mexico;  black listed in Hollywood for making the film were the director, actor Will Geer, producer Paul Jarrico & screenwriter Michael Wilson

Molly McGuires (1970)  --  violence used by Irish coal workers to fight the owners

F.I.S.T.  (1978)  --  interesting theory that managers and their hired thugs used so much violence that the American labor movement had to turn to organized crime to survive and thereby was corrupted

Northern Lights (1978)  --  early 20th century popular take-over of government in USA northern plains

On the Waterfront (1954)  --  fighting corruption  on the docks of New York City

Margaret's Museum (1995)  --  Margaret finds love but what are her odds for happiness when she lives in a town where half the men die down the coalpit

Cesar Chavez (2014)  --  biography of the Hispanic civil-rights activist and labor organizer of seasonal workers


Schwabenkinder (2003) --  a child sent away as a laborer, now an adult,  tells his story to his now dying father  (German audio only, no subtitles)


VII.16.  RACE TO THE POLES (North and South)

Ingenjör Andrées luftfärd (The Flight of the Eagle) (1982)  --  Swedish film about S. A. Andrée setting out in hydrogen balloon "The Eagle" to be the first man at the North Pole, 1897

Cook & Peary:  The Race to the Pole (1983)  --  American Frederick Albert Cook claims to have reached the North Pole April 21, 1908; Am. Robert Peary claims he reached the pole first April 6, 1909

Glory and Honor (1998) -- black man Mathew Henson who accompanied Peary to the North Pole (Peary claimed to have been the first person to the North Pole, on April 6, 1909)

Scott of the Antarctic (1948)  --  Robert F. Scott's trip to be the first man to reach the South Pole (1910-1912)

The Last Place on Earth (1985)  --  mini-series about the race to the South Pole between Norwegian Roald Amundsen and British Capt. Robert F. Scott, 1910-1912

Shackleton (2002)  --  Shackleton's journey to the South Pole and the crew's harrowing return trip, 1914-1915

Krasnaya Palatka (The Red Tent) (1969)  --  failed 1928 Arctic airship expedition of the "Italia" airship









Spain: First Spanish Republic (1873-1874):

Spain:  House of Borbon (Second Restoration) --1874-1931:    Alfonso XII (1874-1885);  Alfonso XIII (1886-1931)


Citizen Kane (1941)  -- the life of William Randolph Hearst & yellow journalism start a war w/ Spain

The Hearst and Davies Affair (1985)  -- Hearst and actress Marion Davies  ($39)

The Cat's Meow  (2001)  --  movie producer Thomas Ince dies after yachting with William Randolph Hearst, Charlie Chaplin & Marion Davies

Rough Riders (1997)  -- 1898, with Theodore Roosevelt

A Message to Garcia (1936)  --  Lt. Rowan's carrying a message from President McKinley to General Calixto Garcia in Cuba during the Spanish-American War

Newsies (1992)   --  musical about the 1899 newspaper boy strike against Pulitzer and Hearst in NYC

Mambí (1998) – the Cubans loyal to Spain called the insurgents the Mambies, named after the black Spanish officer, Juan Ethninius Mamby, who was a freedom fighter in the Dominican Republic

The White Legion (1936)  --  the medical search for the cure for yellow fever killing so many workers on the Panama Canal

The Wind and the Lion (1975) -- Morocco 1904, Pres. TR & political kidnapping

Lillian Russell (1940)   --  singing bombshell sensation wooed by Diamond Jim Brady among others

The Florodora Girl (1930) -- early 1900 Broadway girls

Flame of the Barbary Coast (1945)  --  San Francisco's Barbary Coast and the 1906 Earth Quake

San Francisco (1936)  --  love triangle set against the San Francisco earth quake

The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing (1955) -- beautiful girl Evelyn Nesbit, architect Stanford White, killed by murdering husband Harry Thaw

Jim Thorpe (1951)  --  native American star of the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden

Stars & Stripes Forever (1952) --  march composer and Marine Corp band leader John Philip Sousa



José Rizal (1998)  --  Filipino hero who is unjustly tried for treason by the colonial government

Rizal sa Dapitan (1997)  --  the Philippine national hero as a messianic figure

Ang buhay at pag-ibig ni Dr. Jose Rizal (The Life and Love of Dr. Jose Rizal) (1956) --  Filipino hero

Bayaning Third World (Third World Hero) (2000)  --  the untold love story of Jose Rizal and Josephine Bracken is finally revealed after more than 100 years

El vibora (1972) – Artemio Ricarte, a Filipino patriot, fought against the Spanish and then the Americans; he was later supported by the Japanese

Baler (2008)  --1898, Siege of Baler, Philippines between Filipino forces and Spanish soldiers defending Baler (today it's the capital municipality of Aurora)

Los últimos de Filipinas (The Last Ones in the Philippines) (1945) – Spanish-American War; Spanish soldiers are pushed out of the Philippines

Sisa (2008)  --  Narcisa "Sisa" Dalangin is a young Filipina during the Spanish Occupation & is a childhood friend of Jose Rizal

Tandang sora (1947) – a heroine of Philippine history (Filipino/Tagalog)

Tirad Pass: The Story of Gen. Gregorio del Pilar (1997) --  story of the Filipino Revolution to oust the USA from the Philippines

Sakay (1993)  --  Filipino American War  (Tagalog only)

Cavalry Command (1963)  --  after the war's end, in 1902 an American cavalry brigade is sent to quell guerilla resistance in the Philippines

Emilio Aguinaldo (2000)  -- had a key role in Philippine independence during the Philippine Rev. against Spain & the Philippine-American War against American occupation

El presidente (2012)  --  General Emilio Aguinaldo and the First Philippine Republic

Hen. Gregorio del Pilar (1949) –  Philippine hero of the Philippine-American War (Filipino | Tagalog )

The Real Glory (1939) -- doctor in Philippines after Spanish-American War, in second phase of the Philippine-American War, 1906


Princess Ka'iulani (Princess Kaiulani) (2009)  --  a government overthrown by American businessmen and politicians

The Hawaiians (1970)  --  Americans overthrow the government of Hawaii  1893

Hawaii (1966)  --  an extremely anal retentive, moralistic minister makes it hard for everyone:  natives, whites and even his own family


Other events:

Titanic (1997) -- 1912 sinking of the passenger ship Titanic

S.O.S. Titanic (1979)

Titanic (1953)  -- 1912 sinking

A Night to Remember (1958) -- 1912, sinking of the Titanic

Atlantis (1930)  --  fictionalized story of Titanic

Atlantik (1929)  --  fictionalized story of Titanic

The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1964) -- 1912, lively survivor of the sinking of the Titanic



Mountains of the Moon (1990)  --   expedition to find the source of the Nile river in the name of Queen Victoria's British Empire

Forbidden Territory: Stanley's Search for Livingstone (1997)

 Stanley and Livingstone (1939)-- 1871; Am. newspaperman finds "lost" humanitarian  (discontinued by the manufacturer)

Albert Schweitzer:  Called to Africa (2006)  -- Nobel Peace Prize winner who, as a doctor, served the poor in today's Gabon starting in 1905 (Dutch language and Dutch subtitles)

Albert Schweitzer (2009)  --  yes, American anti-communists even tried to destroy Albert Schweitzer and Albert Einstein


Al-Mummia (aka The Night of Counting the Years,  The Mummy) (1969) – an Upper-Egyptian clan in 1881 has been robbing a cache of mummies near Kurna


Khartoum (1966) -- 1884


Outpost in Morocco (1949)  -- French Foreign Legion and colonialism in Morocco

Morocco (1930)  --  Foreign Legion film (with Marlene Dietrich)

Beau Geste (1939)  --  French Foreign Legion

Legionnaire (1998) --  the Foreign Legion's battles against Spanish Moroccan Berbers

March or Die (1977)  --  French Foreign Legion against the Arabs in Morocco

La batalla de los Tres Reyes (The Battle of the Three Kings) (1990) – (?) aka The Battle of Alcácer Quibir was fought in n. Morocco in 1578 pitting Abu Abdallah Mohammed II Saadi & King Sebastian of Portugal against Moroccan army under the new Sultan of Morocco

Another Sky (1954)  --  in the 1950s, an English woman becomes a paid companion of a wealthy expatriate and is changed by the mysteries of Morocco

Legion of Missing Men (1937)  --  Foreign Legion in Morocco fights against Arab tribes


 Fort Saganne (1984)  --  1911,the adventures of  Charles Saganne in the French Foreign Legion when he is posted to the Sahara in Algeria (& a little of WWI)

Rachida (2002)  --   a look at terrorism in the Algerian civil war through the eyes of Rachida, a teacher in one of the school districts.


Chocolat (1989)  --  colonial racism in Cameroon

Sarraounia (1986)  --  troops from the French Sudan in 1899 go up against the black Sultan Rabah in Cameroon


Camp de Thiaroye (1987)  --  in WWII African men fight bravely for France but are screwed by their oppressors once it is time for them to be discharged

Noirs et blancs en couleur (Black and White in Color)  (1976)  --  French and German colonialists learn WWI has been on for seven months

Mandabi (The Money order) (1968)  --  in Senegal a man with 2 wives and 7 children receives a money order from Paris and is inundated by charity cases and thieves to his and his family's detriment

Little Senegal (2001)  --  a man in Senegal wants to visit his relatives in Little Senegal, New York City


Carl Peters (1941)  --  colonialism, Tanzania


Battle of the Three Kings (1953) – 1894, Portuguese conquer Mozambique to counter the Vatuas insurgency

 'Non', ou A V Glória de Mandar (No, or the Vain Glory of Command) (1990) --  1963 to 1975, Portugal fights to maintain its colonies (Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau)

X Comédia Infantil (Nelio's Story) (1998) --  a young boy, Nelio, who loses his entire family during a time of civil war in Mozambique

20.13: Purgatory (2006) --  Mozambique, 24th of December 1969: who and why does someone kill a prisoner brought into headquarters by a Portuguese army patrol?


Coup de Torchon (Clean Slate) (1975)  --  life in a French colony in Africa

South Africa:

Shaka Zulu (1987)  -- 1816-1828, feared leader of the South African Zulus

Shaka Zulu: The Last Great Warrior  (2005) --  follow up to Shaka Zulu (1987)

Untamed (1955) -- Boer trek through hostile S. Africa, 1835-1840 - Boers leave Cape Colony in the 'Great Trek' and found the Orange Free State and the Transvaal

Zulu Dawn (1979) -- prequel to Zulu; massacre of the British, 1878-1879

Zulu (1964) -- 1879  defense of the British Army outpost at Rorke's Drift against the Zulus

Rhodes of Africa (1936)  --  British imperialist and developer of South Africa, Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia

Rhodes (1996) TV  --  Cecil Rhodes

Shangani Patrol (1970)  --  1893, battalion of volunteer soldiers face the might of King Lobengula's army in Rhodesia

Breaker Morant (1980) -- 1901 in the Transvaal, South Africa; during second Boer War (1899-1902)

Torn Allegiance (1984) --  in the Boer War, a British Lieutenant is upset that he has to burn out Boer farms and crops

That Englishwoman (1989)  --  story of Emily Hobhouse, who worked to improve health conditions for Boer women and children in detainment camps; detested in Britain, heroine in South Africa

The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943)   --  an old soldier relives his life from the second Boer War through World Wars I and II

Young Winston (1972) --  Churchill that is

Gandhi (1982) -- first part deals with the early Gandhi, before 1915

Gandhi, My Father (2007) – Gandhi and his eldest son's bad relationship ( in South Africa and  India)

Elizabeth of Ladymead (1948)  --  four women in four different wars:  Crimean War, Boer War, WWI and WWII


The Flame Trees of Thika (1982)  --  life in colonial Kenya

The Ghost and the Darkness (1996)  --  two man-eating lions delay the building of the railroad in 1899 Tsavo, Kenya

Out of Africa  (1985)  --  Kenya, early 20th century with Danish writer Isak Dinesen

Nirgendwo in Afrika (Nowhere in Africa) (2001)  --  Jewish refugees establish a new life in Kenya during the Hitler reign

Something of Value (1957)  --  the Mau Mau rebellion in Kenya

Kitchen Toto (1987)  --  Mau Mau in Kenya

The Oath (2005) – short film of the story of the mau mau; amazon instant video

Simba (1955)  --  Allan comes back to Kenya and finds himself up against the Mau Mau

Hemingway, the Hunter of Death (2001)  --  Hemingway goes on a scientific expedition to Mt. Kenya during Mau-Mau rebellion

The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1952)  --  Hemingway's story based on his own life experiences



British Period: 1757-1947

Clive of India  (1935) --  Robert Clive (1725-1774) who secured British rule in India

Jhansi Si Rani (The Tiger and the Flame) (1952)  --  in the 1800s, first native revolt against the British in India

The Deceivers (1988) --  1825 India, with Brosnan as British officer infiltrating Thuggee cult

Veer (2010)  --  1825 Pindari movement of Rajasthan

Shatranj Ke Khilari (The Chess Players) (1977)  -- a classic in which the British seize the Indian kingdom of Oudh, one of the last independent kingdoms of India, 1856

The Rising: Ballad of Mangal Pandey (2005)  --  hero of an uprising against the British, the Sepoy Mutiny c. 1857 (aka, the First War of Indian Independence)

Junoon (1979)  --  love story between one of the Rebels of 1857 in Rohilkhand and an Anglo-Indian woman that he has held hostage

Gunga Din (1939)  -- 19th Century Punjab India, Thuggee cult (followers of Kali)

Sunghursh (1968))  --  Indian film accurately depicting the Thuggee cult

Sabaka (1954)  -- 

Kranti (1981) – an Indian family fights to drive the British out of India circa 1825 to 1875 AD

The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935) -- battles between British and Afghan guerillas

The Bengal Brigade (1954) -- British work to thwart the Sepoy rebellion in India -- 1857

King of the Khyber Rifles  (1953) --  Muslim fanatic Karram Khan battles his boyhood friend Capt. King in the  Northwest Frontier; later King gets the assignment to get Khan

X   Storm over Bengal (1938)  --  battles between the British and Indians in Bengal (currently unavailable)

Brigand of Kandahar (1965)  -- British army fights off an uprising in the 1850s

North West Frontier (a.k.a., Flame over India) (1959)   --  1905, fighting between Muslims and Hindus & trying to safe an important young Hindu Prince

A Passage to India (1984) - 1920's clash between English racist colonialism and the native Indians

 Cotton Mary (1999)  --  racism and its effects in post-colonial India

The Jewel in the Crown (1984)  --  set against the final years before India gained independence

The Far Pavilions (1984)  --  mini-series about forbidden love between a British cavalry officer and an Indian princess

Indian Summers (2015)  --  drama set in 1932 during the final years of British colonial rule in India

Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India  (2001)  --  Hindi movie about the effect of British injustices on a small Indian village of peasants, 1893

Immadi Pulakeshi (1967)  --  actor Dr. Rajkumar film

The Rains Came (1939)  --   British colonial love stories set against floods in Boroda, India, 1938

The Long Duel  (1967)  --  1920s India where the British Raj still rules India; a British lawman squares off with a freedom-backing sultan (Yul Brynner)

The Drum (Drums) (1938)   --  in the time of the British Raj, Indian Prince Azim tries to warn the prejudiced British about a coming revolt



Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)

Musa (The Warrior) (2001)  --  1375, Korean Koryo warriors band together to help save a Princess of the Ming dynasty from the Mongols of the former Yuan Dynasty

Qing Dynasty (1644-1912)

Dream of the Red Chamber (1962) –  semi-autobiographical story of Cao family in the 18th c. during the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty (1644-1912) founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in Manchuria

Yingxiong Zheng Chengong (Hero Zheng Chengong) (2002)  --  Sino-Dutch War 1661; Zheng Chenggong and his battle with the Dutch Empire for control of Taiwan at the Siege of Fort Zeelandia

Hong lou meng (A Dream of Red Mansions) (1962)  --  musical of the fall of the 18th-century clan

First Opium War:

Tai Pan  (1986)  --  the First Opium War (1839-1842)

Yapian zhanzheng (The Opium War) (1997)  – 1839, British opium merchants to be executed in Guangzhou, China; start of the Opium War  (currently unavailable)

Lin zexu (The Opium Wars) (1959) – young man wants to end the trade in opium partly because his relatives are addicts

Taiping Rebellion:

Tau ming chong (The Warlords) (2007) --  Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864), a large-scale revolt against the Qing Government by the army and civil administration

Noroshi wa Shanghai ni agaru (aka Signal Fires of Shanghai) (1944)  --  Taiping Rebellion

Qing Empress Dowager:

Da taijian Li Lianying (Li Lianying, the Imperial Eunuch) (1991)  --  Li Lianying was a eunuch who ran the household staff  in the waning days of the Empress Dowager of the Qing Dynasty; under reign of Emperor Guāngxů (aka Zai Tian), 875-908

Qing quo ging cheng (The Empress Dowager) (1975)  --  Empress Dowager of the Qing Dynasty who was the de facto ruler of China, 1861-1908

Jia wu feng yun (Naval Battle of 1894) (1962)  --  naval battles of the First Sino-Japanese war (1894-1895)

55 Days at Peking (1963) -- 1898-1901 Boxer Rebellion in China

Baiyin diguo (Empire of Silver) (2009)  --  carefree young man must prepare to take over his family's Chinese banking empire, during Boxer Rebellion

Hong he gu (Red River Valley; aka The Tale of the Sacred Mountain) (1997)   --  British incursion into Tibet in 1904

Xiang xiang gong zhu (aka Princess Fragrance) (1987)  --  kung-fu movie about an uprising in Qing dynasty China (17/18th Century AD)  NO LINK

Wo zhe yi bei zi (This Life of Mine) (1950) – Beijing policeman and his family experience a very rough 50 years of life in China, 1900-1950

Jian hu nu xia Qui Jin (The Woman Knight of Mirror Lake) (2011)  --   feminist and writer Qiu Jin and her involvement in revolutionary uprisings against the Qing Dynasty in Anhui province


Republic of China (1911-1949)

Xinhai geming (1911)  (2011)  --  birth of the Republic of China

The Soong Sisters (1997)  --  the lives of three sisters who all married among the highest rank of officials in the Republic of China (1911-1949). 

Guo fu Sun Zhong Shan yu kai guo ying xiong (The Story of Dr. Sun Yat-sen) (1986) – Sun Yat-sen

The Founding of a Party (Beginning of the Great Revival) (2011)  --  Chinese Revolution, the period from 1911 to 1921, when Sun Yat-sen overthrew the Qing Dynasty to the rise of the Communist Party and its leader Mao Tse-Tung

Ye Ming (Road to Dawn) (2007)  --  segment of the life of revolutionary  Sun Yat-sen

Bodyguards and Assassins (2009)  --    events in Hong Kong near the end of the Qing Dynasty that led to the Wuchang Uprising

The Sand Pebbles (1966) -- 1926 China; an American gun boat, Chiang Kai-shek against the warlords and the move toward civil war  

Yego zovut Sukhe-Bator (His Name Is Sukhe-Bator) (1942) – 1919, commander-in-chief of the Mongolian Peoples' Revolutionary Army defeated  China's attempt to retake Mongolia

Shaolin (2011)  --  during Warlord Era (1911-1928) in 1928, warlord Shi You-san burned down 90% of the buildings at the Buddhist Shaolin Temple in Henan province; Shi was killed by his sworn brother and subordinate Gao Shu-xun

Gada Meilin (2002)  --  1931 in Inner Mongolia, Mongolian national hero Ga da mei lin who led Mongolians to protect  their homeland from the provincial government

Shanghai Triad (1995)  --  Chinese singer gets mixed up with gangsters in 1930s Shanghai

The Lover (1992)   --  a relationship between a young French teen-ager and wealthy Chinese heir in French Indochina causes problems

Indochine (1992) -- political upheaval in French Indochina in the 1930s to the defeat of the French in 1954




Late Tokugawa Shogunate, 1853-1867:

Bushido Blade  (1981)  --  a drama set around 1854, US Naval Commodore Matthew Perry opens up Japan to trade with the West

The Barbarian and the Geisha (1958)  – in 1850s US President Pierce sends to Japan the first U.S. Consul-General

Eijanaika (1981)  --  rocky road for a love relationship set against carnival atmosphere in 1867 and 1868 for the approach of the Meiji Restoration

The Last Samurai (2003)  --  American civil war veteran hired to teach the Emperor's troops how to defeat the last of the samurai, late 19th century

Ansatsu (Assassination) (1964)  --  Kiyokawa Hachiro & initial phase of Shinsengumi, the Shogun's corp of ex-ronin fighting anarchy in the Imperial capital Kyoto

Gohatto (Taboo) (1999)  --  Shinsengumi man falls in love with a girlishly attractive young man which causes great instability in a local militia

Mibu Gishiden (When the Last Sword is Drawn) (2003) --  a poor samurai joins the Shinsengumi under economic duress in last days of the shogunate
Hitokiri (Tenchu) (1969)  --  one of the famous assassins of the Bakumatsu era 

Okami yo Rakujitsu o Kire (The Last Samurai) (1974)   --  the Bakumatsu and the involvement of men on different sides in the fighting

Kedamono no ken (Sword of the Beast) (1965)  --  Japanese period film shows how the clan system used and betrayed the samurai 

Tokugawa ichizoku no houkai (1980)  --  Matsudaira Katamori (1836-1893), a samurai & the Military Commissioner of Kyoto who fought against the Meiji Government armies

Director Yoji Yamada Trilogy:

The Twilight Samurai (2002)  --  lower samurai helped by the merchants, end the Tokugawa government and make way for the Mejii government

Kakushi ken oni no tsume (The Hidden Blade) (2004)  --   set in the late Tokugawa era, dealing with the dissatisfied lower samurai who brought an end to the era, a clan makes a samurai kill his friend

Bushi no ichibun  (Love and Honor) (2006)  --  problems between husband and wife when the samurai poison taster is actually poisoned;  about the lower samurai



X  Jumong Vol. 1 (2007)  --  180 B.C., Korean kingdom of Ancient Josun has fallen to China's Han Empire; Jumong (Song Il Gook, Sea God), founder of the Koguryo kingdom comes to the rescue

Three Kingdoms of Korea [Goguryeo (north Korea) , Baekje (southwest peninsula) ,   Silla (rest of peninsula)]  (57 BC-668 AD)

Hwangsanbul (Once Upon a Time in a Battlefield) (2003) - 600's, endless disputes between the three separate kingdoms on the Korean peninsula:  Baekche, Koguryo and Shilla

Seonduk yeowan (The Great Queen Seondeok ) (2009 -  )  --  Korea's first reigning queen (632-674); Kingdom of Silla

Unified Silla and Balhae (676-936)

Silla (57 BC – 935 AD)  --  Silla was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, and the longest sustained dynasty in Asian history

Muyeong geom (The Legend of the Shadowless Sword) (2005)  --  starts 927; female warrior is sent to find an exiled prince after the Killer Blade Army killed the royal family

The Goryeo Dynasty (936-1388)

Taejo wanggun (Wang-Gun the Great) (1970)  --  General Wang-gun overthrows the usurper Ku-jin who slew the last king of the Silla Dynasty and becomes king, starting the new dynasty

Musa (The Warrior) (2001)  --  1375, Korean Koryo warriors band together to save the Yuan dynasty

Ssang-hwa-jeom (A Frozen Flower) (2008) – homosexual relationship between king and his bodyguard Chief is complicated by the necessity to get the Queen pregnant (a task the King gives to the Chief) 

Joseon Dynasty (1392 – 1896)

Taejo Lee Seong-gye (King Taeho) (1965) –  a general overthrows the old king and founds the Joseon Dynasty

Sejong daewang ( Sejong the Great)  (1978)  --  Sejong the Great  (1418-1450) of the Joseon Dynasty faces increasing hostility from Ming China

Shin-gi -jeon (The Divine Weapon)  (2008)  --   Korea's creation of Singijeon, a variation of the Chinese fire arrow during 1418-1450 reign of Sejong the Great

Wang-ui namja (The King and the Clown) (2005)  --  two clowns arrested for satirizing the king must make the king, the worst Joseon tyrant,  laugh or they will be executed; during the reign of Yeonsangun of Joseon (reigned 1494–1506)

Goo-reu-meul beo-eo-nan dal-cheo-reom (Blades of Blood) (2010) – late 1500s; two swordsmen face off with another swordsman who is trying to make himself the new king of the land of Korea

Cheongpung myeongwol (Sword in the Moon) (2003)  –  story of three friends caught up in a rebellion against the Korean King, following the Japanese invasions, 1592-1598

   Myeong-ryang (The Admiral:  Roaring Currents) (2014)  --  a Korean admiral with 12 ships fights off a Japanese fleet with 330 ships, 1597

Choi-jong-byeong-gi Hwal (War of the Arrows) (2011)  --  1623, brother-sister bond plus love story set during the second Manchurian invasion of Korea

Dong Yi (2010)  -- TV series;  Royal Noble Consort Suk (aka Dong Yi)  (1670-1718) of the Choe clan was a concubine of King Sukjong of Joseon

Disturbance in Her Barroom  --  set in 1724 against back drop of gangster culture of  Joseon Dynasty

X   Mi-in-do (Portrait of a Beauty) (2008)  --  painter Shin Yun-bok (pen name Hyewon), born 1758, known for his realistic depictions of daily life, is thought to be a woman (currently unavailable)

Bool-kkott-cheo-reom na-bi-cheo-reom (The Sword with No Name; Like Fireworks, Like Butterflies) (2009)  --  love affair between commoner and Queen Myeongseong married to King Gojong (reigned from 1864 to 1907)

Chihwaseon (Painted Fire) (2002)  --  famed Korean painter paints while Japan and China fight over Korea 

Goongnyeo (Shadows in the Palace) (2007)  --  fictionalized account of court maids during Joseon era

Cheon-gun (Valentinian) (2005) – South Korean action and humorous film, but with some historical parts  (currently unavailable)

The Korean Empire (1897-1910)

Japanese Colonial Rule (1916-1945)




IX.  Pre-World War I Period.  



Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)

Victor Emmanuel II (1861-1878)

Umberto I (1878–1900)

Leopard (1936)  --  Sicily after Italian unification

Victor Emmanuel III (1900–1946)

1900 (1976)  --  the  rise of the Black Shirts

Time of Indifference (1964) -- moral & social decay in 1920s Italy



Wilson (1944)  -- President Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) 

The Great White Hope (1971) -- black Jack Johnson, heavyweight champion (beats Tommy Burns in 1908)

The Winds of Kitty Hawk  (1978)  --  story of the Wright Brothers who had the first flight in 1903 in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina


Women's Rights and Suffrage:

Iron Jawed Angels (2004)  --  Alice Paul and Lucy Burns fight for the right to vote for women

Suffragette (2015)   --  a laundry worker gradually devotes herself to working with the women's right to vote movement in Great Britain; work of Emily Pankhurst & sacrifice of Emily Wilding Davison

Nancy Astor (1982)--  3 DVD set from Masterpiece Theatre follows the story of Nancy Langhorne born in Virginia, USA who married the wealthy Waldorf Astor and became the first woman to take her seat in the British House of Commons

X A Will of Their Own (1998)  -- 

Sofya Kovalevskaya  (1956)  – first woman in Russia to become a Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the obstacles she had to overcome

Sofya Kovalevskaya (1985)  --  ditto; made for TV



IX.3.  MEXICAN REVOLUTION/CIVIL WAR (1910-1917)  ( 1,000,000 dead)   

Dictator General Porfirio Diaz (1876-1880) and (1884-1911)

El Atentado (The Attempt Dossier) (2010)  --   political corruption in the Porfirio Diaz government

X  El encanto del águila ( translation: The Song of the Eagle) (2011)  -- TV mini-series about the Mexican Revolution

X Senda de gloria (translation:  Path of Glory) (1987-    )  --  TV series on the Mexican Revolution

Madera (president 1911-1913)

El Cometa (The Comet) (1999)  --  a young Mexican girl wants to get the collected money to San Antonio, Texas to support Madero in his fight against dictator General Porfirio Diaz

Cuartelazo (military uprising) (1977)  --  General Vitoriano Huerta overthrows Madera in a plot with US ambassador to Mexico, Henry Lane Wilson; he was president 1913-1914

Mexico de mis recuerdos (My Memories of Mexico) (1944)  --   (no English subtitles) remembrances of Mexico under Diaz

Mexico de mis recuerdos (My Memories of Mexico) (1963)  --   (no English subtitles) remembrances of Mexico under Diaz

Thunder over Mexico (Que viva México) (1933)  --  excesses of the powerful in the days of  dictator Porfirio Diaz

Pancho Villa (leader of the northern forces)

Viva Villa! (1934) -- Pancho Villa, head of the army of the North,  1916, Mexico

Let's Go with Pancho Villa (1936)  --  a group of 6 men from the same village decide to join the Villa forces

And Starring Pancho Villa as Himself (2003) --  Pancho Villa raises money by agreeing to let the Americans film his battles

Villa! (1958)  --  dull; Mexican revolutionary

Villa Rides! (1968)  --  an American pilot becomes involved with Pancho Villa and the Mexican Revolution

The Old Gringo (1989) -- about the writer Ambrose Bierce who at 70 was a volunteer with Villa

Pancho Villa (1972)  --  non-historical comedy

La soldadera (Soldier's Woman) (1966)  --  (no English subtitles)  a wife becomes a soldier's woman when her husband is conscripted into the Mexican Revolution

Reds (1981)  -- journalist John Reed interviewed Villa

Reed, México insurgente (1973)  --  American journalist John Reed and the Mexican Revolution  ($1,000 for VHS tape)

Caballo prieto azabache (Midnight Stallion) (1965)  --  (no English subtitles) shelters Villa in his early days after he killed a landowner and then Villa repays a debt

El principio (2007)  --  (no English subtitles) an artist joins the forces of Villa

Un Dorado De Pancho Villa (1966)  --  (no English subtitles) a Villa supporter finds a rich man, steals his sweetheart and Villa is asked for help

El tesoro de Pancho Villa (The Treasure of Pancho Villa) (1935)  --  Villa's hidden treasure leads to a great struggle over who will get the treasure 

Flor Silvestre (Wild Flower) (1943)  --  set against the Mexican Revolution, class differences between a rich man and poor woman leads to family divisions

Los de abajo (1940)  --  farm worker joins Pancho Villa General; fights in takeover of Zacatecas; promoted to rank of lieutenant colonel 

Los de abajo (1978)  --  Mexican Revolution

La muerte de Pancho Villa (The Death of Pancho Villa) (1974)  --  (no English subtitles)  the murder of Pancho Villa, 1923 

Under Strange Flags (1937) --  Pancho Villa prevents some Americans from getting their mined-in-Mexico silver

They Came to Cordura (1959)  --  story of courage or the lack of it set during raiding activities of Pancho Villa along the Mexico/USA border

Chicogrande (2010)  --  U.S. Army tries to catch Pancho Villa 

Zapata (leader of the southern forces)

Viva Zapata (1952) -- Marlon Brando 1916, Mexico

Emiliano Zapata (Zapata) (1970)  --  played by Antonio Aquilar

Zapata: Amor en Rebeldia (2004)  --  Zapata in a three-way relationship

Zapata: El sueńo de un héroe (2004)  --  Emiliano Zapata, leader of the southern forces fighting the Mexican Revolution 

El Compadre Mendoza (1934)  --  a wealthy land owner survives the revolution by playing friends to both governmental and Zapata forces

Lucio Vasquez (1968)  --  (no English subtitles) a close comrade to Zapata wants revenge for the killings of Zapata and his father

La casta divina (1977)  --  the Yucatan aristocracy on the eve of the Mexican Revolution

Trini (1976)  -- East German movie involving the Mexican Revolution


Cannon for Cordoba (1970) -- soldiers against Mexican bandits on the Texas border ca. 1912

La Sombra del caudillo (1960) --  corrupt politics in post-revolutionary Mexico




Fall of Eagles (1974) (TV miniseries)  --  part of it deals with Bismarck and the unification of Germany and the fall of the Habsburgs of Austria-Hungary

Bismarck (1940)  --  about Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898)  (done by the Third Reich)

Bismarck (1990)  --   West German TV mini-series

The Shaping of the Western World.  Bismarck: Germany from Blood and Iron (2008)  -- a docudrama about Otto von Bismarck who was the most responsible man in uniting Germany into a single nation

Die Entlassung (The Dismissal) (1942) – about Bismarck (sequel by the Third Reich)

 Wagner (1982) -- Hitler's favorite composer

Rosa Luxemburg (1986) -- labor agitator in Germany

Kuhle Wampe oder: Wem gehört die Welt? (Wither Germany?)  (1932)  -left-wing politics in Weimar Germany (written by Bertolt Brecht); banned by the Nazis  --  (currently unavailable)

Abschied - Brechts letzter Sommer (The Farewell) (2002) – Bertolt Brecht's last summer and the women in his life with the Stasi watching it all


Sissi (1955)  --  first of a trilogy about the Austrian princess Elizabeth (a.k.a., Sissi) who married Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria

Sissi - Die junge Kaiserin (Sissi: The Young Empress) (1956)  --  second of a trilogy about Austrian Empress Elizabeth (a.k.a., Sissi)

Sissi - Schicksalsjahre einer Kaiserin (Sissi: The Fateful Years of an Empress) (1957)  --  third of a trilogy about the Empress Elizabeth

Elisabeth Kaiserin von Österreich (1972)  --  Elizabeth married Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria in 1854

Friedrich III. '...gestorben als Kaiser' (1970)  –  German emperor in the Year of the Three Emperors, 1888

Mayerling (1936)  -- 1889, Austrian, Crown Prince Rudolph, son of Emperor Franz Joseph

Mayerling (1969) -- wants to marry Mary Vetsera even though he is already married

Kronprinz Rudolf (The Crown Prince) (2006)--  the woman Crown Prince Rudolph really wants to marry is not suitable according to his father and mother

Kronprinz Rudolfs letzte Liebe (Mayerling) (1956)  --  German movie about Crown Prince Rudolph

Der Engel mit der Posaune (The Angel with the Trumpet) (1948) – Austrian history from the late 19th century to post-World War II as seen in the fortunes of Vienna piano-makers

Chopin: Desire for Love (2000)  -- 

Lisztomania (2000)  -- Hungarian composer Franz Liszt

Szerelmi álmok - Liszt (The Loves of Liszt) (1970) – Liszt in Russia

Lola Montes (1955)  -- love affairs with Liszt and King Ludwig I of Bavaria

Song without End (1960)  – Hungarian pianist Franz Liszt is involved in a romantic scandal with a married Russian princess

 Ludwig (1972) --Ludwig II, Mad King of Bavaria, friend of Wagner  & cousin of Sissi

X   Ludwig II: Glanz und Ende eines Königs (Mad Emperor: Ludwig II) (1955) –   Ludwig II (reign 1864-1886)

The Strauss Dynasty (1991)  --  the family life and careers of musicians Johann Strauss and his son, Johan Strauss (the King of the Waltz, who died in 1899)

Strauss: The Waltz King (2005)  --  TV movie


80 huszár (80 Hussars) (1978) – Hungarian revolution of 1848-1849

A Hídember (The Bridgeman) (2002)  --   story of Istvan Szechenyi, the nineteenth-century Hungarian revolutionary

Szabadságharc Szebenben (2007) – 1860s Hungary

A komáromi fiú (1987) – 19th century Hungry 


Mis Ston (Miss Stone) (1958)  -- elderly American woman travels in Macedonia when held by the Ottoman Empire, which will soon disappear






National Leaders: Germany (Wilhelm II, 1888-1918);  France (Pres. Raymond Poincaré, 1913-1920);  Britain (George V, 1893-1936); Russia (Nicholas II, 1894-1917); United States (Pres. Woodrow Wilson)

X.1.  World War I.    

X  Oh! What a Lovely War  (1969)  --  film follows the Smith family through significant events of World War I; more of a musical of tunes of the times

Assassination of Archduke Franz-Ferdinand:

Fall of Eagles (1974) (TV miniseries)  --  fall of Habsburg, Hohenzollern and Romanov dynasties in WWI

37 Days (2014)  --  TV mini-series about the lead-up to WWI

De Mayerling a Sarajevo (From Mayerling to Sarajevo) (1940)  --  lead-up to the assassination of the Archduke Franz-Ferdinand and his wife

Sarajevski atentat (The Day that Shook the World) (1975)   -- events leading up to the assassination of Archduke Franz-Ferdinand

X   Sarajevski atentat (1972)  --  events leading up to the assassination of Archduke Franz-Ferdinand

Sarajevski atentat (1968)  --  events leading up to the assassination of Archduke Franz-Ferdinand

Gavre Princip - Himmel unter Steinen (Death of a Schoolboy) (1990) –assassin of Archduke Ferdinand

Weltuntergang (1984) – a local doctor is put in charge of the investigation into the assassinated of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie by Gabriel Princip

And the Ship Sails On  (1983)  --  Serbian war refugees

Carlston za Ognjenku (Tears for Sale) (2008) –  after WWI 2/3 of Serbian men were killed;  two sisters plan to kidnap some men 

The Life Story of David Lloyd George (1918)  --  silent movie about  a Welsh politician working toward a welfare state in Britain who becomes the Prime Minister in WWI


Colonel Redl (1985)  --  Austrian-Hungarian Empire

Magyar rapszódia (Hungarian Rhapsody) (1979) – an examination of pre-revolutionary (pre-communist) Hungary around the time of World War I through the eyes of an aristocratic Captain that bonds with the peasants

Gallipoli and Turkey:

Abdul the Damned (1935)  --  in Turkey, 1908, Sultan Abdul Hamid resists the Young Turk party trying to modernize Turkey

Joyeux Noel (Merry Christmas)  (2006)  --  soldiers on both sides call a Christmas truce in 1914 and are punished for it

Gallipoli (1981) --  British, New Zealander and Australian troops against Turkey (Ottoman Empire), 1915

Chunuk Bair (1997)  --  a New Zealand film about the Wellington Regiment of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force at Gallipoli  (currently unavailable)

1915  (1982)  --  two Australian country boys vie for the same girl, but their world changes when they land in Gallipoli 

The Battle of Gallipoli (Tell England) (1931)  --  Battle of Gallipoli 1915

ANZACs: the War Down Under (1985) --  Australian-New Zealand Army Corps head for disaster in Gallipoli and then on to France and the battles of Ypres and Amiens, among others

Çanakkale aslanlari (Lions of Gallipoli) (1964)  --  the battle seen from the Turkish point of view

The Battle of Broken Hill (1981) --  prelude to Gallipoli; a mass killing near Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia on January 1, 1915 carried out by Muslims to support the Ottoman Empire

Son Osmanli Yandim Ali (The Last Ottoman: Yandim Ali) (2007) --  veteran wants to meet Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk), who wants to start a resistance against the occupiers

Theeb (2014)  --  troubles for the Ottoman Empire at the hands of a young boy

Veda (2010)  --  based on the memoirs of Salih Bozok, which traces the life of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Dersimiz: Ataturk (2010)  --  life of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk  (Turkish language wit English and German subtitles)

Cumhuriyet (The Republic) (1998) – foundation of Turkish Republic between the years of early 1920's to 1933 

1922 (1978)  --  Asia Minor Disaster and Asia Minor Greeks, arrested and led to death by Kemal's troops and armed groups of Muslims

X Kubilay (2010)  --  Lieutenant Mustafa Fehmi Kubilay was killed by a group of Islamic fundamentalist rebels in the Menemen Incident where Muslims protested against secularization polices of Republican government, 1930 (only option  --  Turkish language)


Ararat (2002) --  Turkish atrocities committed against Armenians

Huso astgh (Star of Hope) (1978)  --  David Bek and Mkhitar Sparapet lead the Armenian liberation movement , XVIII century

Sayat Nova (Color of Pomegranates)  (1968) – life of Armenian poet Aruthin Sayadin (a.k.a. Sayat-Nova) (1712-1795)

La Masseria Delle Allodole (The Lark Farm) (2007)  --  1815,  Turkish genocide against Armenia

The Journey (2002)  --  an Armenian-American travels to Armenia to check on its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991

Western Front 1916 onwards:

All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) --  horrifying effect of trench warfare and its impact on a small cohort of young German soldiers

All Quiet on the Western Front (1979) --  ditto

The Trench (1999)  --  1st of July 1916, "The day British idealism died "  

Paths of Glory (1957) -- French generals hide their own incompetence by declaring their own soldiers cowards, 1916

Britannic (2000)  --  sinking of the sister ship of the Titanic, November 1916

Lawrence of Arabia (1962) -- Arab revolt against Turkey (Ottoman Empire) 1916

Verdun, visions d'histoire (Verdun) (1928)  --  major WWI battle, Feb. 2 to December 18, 1916, in northeastern France

La Vie Et Rien D'Autre (Life And Nothing But) (1989)  –a year after WW I has ended, cynical Major Dellaplane has the difficult task of identifying and interring thousands of fallen French soldiers anonymously languishing in field hospitals and littering the vast Verdun battlefield

Beneath Hill 60 (2010)  --  Australian miners are used to dig tunnels under the German lines to plant explosives, June 7, 1917

 The Monocled Mutineer (1986)  --  2 DVD set of a tv series about the mutiny of soldiers against the harsh British training Camp Etaples, France in 1917 on the eve of the Passchendaele battle, June 11, 1917

Passchendaele (2008)  --  Battle of Passchendaele (June-November  1917) in which 10th Battalion of 1st Canadian Division set record for highest number of individual bravery awards for a single battle

21 Brothers (2011)  --  a film I did not like about a lot of talk among Canadian troops before the Battle of Courcelette, September 15, 1916

Light horsemen (1987)  --  charge on Beersheba, events after Gallipoli for the Australian troops  (October 31, 1917)

Forty Thousand Horsemen (1941)  --  Australian cavalry at the Battle of Beersheba  (October 31, 1917)

Mata Hari (1932) -- Greta Garbo as the spy Mata Hari executed in 1917

Mata Hari (1972)  --  the spy Mata Hari

Mata Hari, agent H21 (1964) --  with Jeane Moreau (currently unavailable)

Vsadniki (aka Guerilla Brigade; Riders) (1942)  --  Ukrainian resistance against Germans in 1918

1918 (1985)  – in a small Texas town, Horace Robedaux feels the pressure to enlist for WWI but has a wife and child to take care of, but his father-in-law intervenes followed by an influenza epidemic

The Lost Prince (2003)  --  Prince John, the youngest child of King George V and Queen Mary of Great Britain, who died of epilepsy at the age of 13 in 1919

All the King's Men (1999) --  a military company from the estate of the mother of King George V just seems to disappear

Behind the Lines (a.k.a., Regeneration) (1998)  --  Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon, two of England's most important WW1 poets

The Road to Glory (1936)  --  trench life as seen by a French regiment; as time goes on Lt. Denet gets in a triangle love relationship with Monique and his captain

Untel pčre et fils (Heart of a Nation) (1943)  --  the Froment family  of Montmartre, France from the Franco-Prussian war of 1871 to Nazi occupation in World War II

Capitaine Conan (Captain Conan) (1996)  --  during the last days of the WWI, French Capitaine Conan is an excellent warrior, but finds he is unsuited for peacetime duty in Bucharest

Legends of the Fall (1994)  --  very good WWI trench combat scenes

Un long dimanche de fiançailles (A Very Long Engagement) (2004)  -- a French woman has to become a detective in her search for her fiancé who is missing in action, not dead

My Boy Jack (2007)  --  Author Rudyard Kipling pushes to get his son into the army; son is reported missing, probably wounded; Mrs. Kipling moves heaven and earth to learn the truth about what happened

Testament of Youth (1979) --  TV mini-series based on Vera Brittain's autobiography for the years 1913-1925 who becomes a nurse & is almost overwhelmed at seeing the faces of dead and horribly wounded friends and family

Baruto no Gakuen (The Ode to Joy) (2006) – a Japanese film of the Japanese Bando Prisoner of War camp in World War I depicting friendship of German/Austrian-Hungarian POWs with the camp director

X Padurea spânzuratilor (Forest of the Hanged) (1964) --  Romanian in service of Austro-Hungarian military refuses to fight the Romanians

USA Finally Gets into the War

A Farewell to Arms (1932)  --  with Helen Hayes & Gary Cooper

A Farewell to Arms (1957)  --   with Jennifer Jones & Rock Hudson

Force of Arms (A Girl for Joe) (1951)  --  updating of "A Farewell to Arms" (with William Holden)

Sergeant York (1941) -- American World War I hero, 1918

The Man I Killed (1932)  --   young French soldier in WW I is overcome with guilt when he kills a German soldier who is very much like himself

A Farewell to Arms (1932)  --  with Helen Hayes & Gary Cooper

A Farewell to Arms (1957)  --   with Jennifer Jones & Rock Hudson

Force of Arms (A Girl for Joe) (1951)  --  updating of "A Farewell to Arms" (with William Holden)

In Love and War (1996)  --  true story behind "A Farewell to Arms" with Sandra Bullock and Chris O'Donnell

Uomini contro (Many Wars Ago) (1970) --  anti-war movie about Italian mutineers in the battle against the Austrians in the Alps

X  La gran guerra (The Great War) (1959)  --  the Italian Army fought against the Austrians during World War

Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942) -- 1906-1917, American patriotic popular music composer George M. Cohan

The Fighting 69th (1940) --  Irish-American unit sent to fight in WWI

Company K (2004)  --  man struggles with writing a history of his US Marine Corps company in WWI

The Yanks are Coming (1974)  --  college buddies in France

The Lost Battalion (2001)  -- Americans caught behind enemy lines, Argonne Forest, 1918 (October)

Elizabeth of Ladymead (1948)  --  four women in four different wars:  Crimean War, Boer War, WWI and WWII



Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden (1911-1920)

Sam Hughes's War (1984)  --  Canada in World War I

Two Solitudes (1978)  --  1917 Conscription Crisis in Canada

The Kid Who Couldn't Miss (1983) – docudrama that questions fighter pilot Billy Bishop's accomplishments during WWI


The Air War:

The Blue Max (1966)  --  the air war

Der Rote Baron (The Red Baron) (2008)  --  Baron Manfred von Richtofen with 80 kills

Von Richthofen & Brown (a.k.a. The Red Baron)  (1971)  --   Baron Manfred von Richtofen, the German air ace during the World War I

Crimson Romance (1934)   --  fly the World War I sky with the Luftwaffe

Aces High  (1976)  --  RAF squadron and its high turn-over

Eagle & Hawk (1933) --  air war with Royal Air Force squadron

Dawn Patrol (1938) --  Errol Flynn; air war with British flying aces

Captain Eddie (1945) --  Captain Eddie Rickenbacker becomes an American flying ace with 26 kills

Lafayette Escadrille (With You in My Arms; Hell Bent for Glory) (1958)   -- a young American joins the French Air Force early in the war

Flyboys (2006)  --  US pilots in France's legendary Lafayette Escadrille



Austeria (The Inn) (1983)  --  a Polish inn at the border with Russia at the start of WWI

The African Queen (1951) --  the classic with Humphrey Bogart, Katherine Hepburn

Time Regained (1999)   --  life of French writer and critic Marcel Proust, most famous for his In Search of Lost Time begun in 1909

Harem Suare (Last Harem) (1998)  --  effects of the decline of the Ottoman Empire on the harem



Russian Ark (2002)  --  time-traveling journey through 300 years of Russian history

Tsar Nicholas I (1825-1855) 

Zvezda plenitelnogo schastya (Captivating Star of Happiness) (1975)  --  Tsar Nicholas I and rebellion of officers in the Decembrist Revolt, 1825

Tsar Alexander II the Liberator (1855-1881)

The Cossacks (1960) -- 1850s Russia; Cossack and son clash in loyalties to Czar Alexander II

Alexander III the Peacemaker (1881-1894)

Sibirskiy tsiryulnik (Barber of Siberia) (1998)  -- Tsar Alexander III 

Saint Nicholas II (1894-1917)

Dersu Uzala  (1975)  --  19th century Russian expedition to Siberia (1902)

Il figlio di Aquila Nera (1968) – Cossacks plan an uprising against Gen. Volkonsky, governor of the Caucasus

Dauriya (Dauria) (1972)  --  love story set among the Cossacks of Siberia at the time of the Russian Revolution

X  Ermak (1996)  --  Cossack leader Yermak Timofeyevich explored Siberia (starting 1579 or 1581) which opened that land to Russian expansion

Mat (Mother) (1926)  --  a woman struggles against Tsarist rule during the 1905 Russian Revolution 

Vsadnik po imeni Smert (The Rider named Death) (2004)  --  Russian terrorists against the Czarist regime in 1905

Bronenosets Goyokin (Battleship Potemkin) (1925) -- classic Eisenstein silent film about revolt in Russia of sailors on the battleship Potemkin (June 14, 1905)

Sveaborg (1972)  --  1906 bloody revolt by Russian garrison (in Finland)

Strike (1924) --  Sergei Eisenstein; a strike in Czarist Russia, brutally suppressed (1912)

Lenin v Parizhe (Lenin in Paris) (1981)  --  Lenin's four years in Paris (1909-1912)

Lenin v Polshe (Lenin in Poland) (1966) --

Lenin v oktyabre (Lenin in October) (1937) -- 

Lenin: the Train (1988) --  on his return trip to Saint-Petersburg Lenin goes from Zurich, through Germany, through Sweden to Saint-Petersburg

Scarlet Dawn (1932)  --  Russian officer caught up in the troop revolts in WWI (includes a love story)

Moonzund (1987)  --  Soviet film is a love story set against the Russian Navy in the 1915-1917 WWI battles at the Moonzund Islands in the Baltic Sea

Nicholas and Alexandra (1971) --  1894-1917 of Russia; fights Germany and Turkey in WWI

120 (2008) – Turkish film about the Battle of Sarikamish between Russia and Ottoman Empire from December 22, 1914 to January 17, 1915

Romanovy: Ventsenosnaya semya (The Romanovs: An Imperial Family) (2000)  --  last year and a half of the life of the royal Romanovs before their execution in 1918 by the Bolsheviks  (currently unavailable)

Rasputin, the Mad Monk:

Rasputin and the Empress  (1932) --

Nights of Rasputin (1960)   -- 

Rasputin - the Mad Monk (1966) -- the Hammer Studios version of Rasputin

J'ai tué Raspoutine (I Killed Rasputin) (1967)  -- 

Agoniya (aka Agony: The Life and Death of Rasputin) (1981)  --  very good Russian film on the fall of Rasputin and the Russian monarchy

Rasputin - Orgien am Zarenhof (Rasputin) (1984) -- 

Rasputin (1996) -- the mad Gypsy adviser to Alexandra; Greta Scacchi, Alan Rickman

X Rasputin (2013) -- 

Fall of Eagles (1974) (TV miniseries)  --  fall of Habsburg, Hohenzollern and Romanov dynasties in WWI

Reds (1981) 1917, Am. reporter Jack Reed, sympathizes with Bolsheviks

Diadi gantiadi (They Wanted Peace; Great Glow) (1938)  --  Lenin and the 1917 Russian Revolution

 Dr. Zhivago (1965)  -- Russian Revolution 1917

October (1928) -- Sergei Eisenstein; Russian Revolution

Tikhly Don (Quiet Flows the Don) (1957)  --  covers Russian history from 1912 to WWI to Bolshevik Revolution, to the Russian Civil War

Sibiriada ( Siberiade) (1979)  --  two families, one wealthy and the other proletariat, through six decades from WWI to Bolshevik Revolution, to WWII and to the era of modernization

X Khleb - imya sushchestvitelnoe (1988)  --  three generations living around the Volga river beginning in 1902 and going through the Russian Revolution, the Russian Civil War and Stalin’s rule

Pod znakom skorpiona (1995) – writer Gorky’s positive, then negative view of the Russian Revolution

The End of St. Petersburg  (1934) --  worker abuse leads to the Russian Revolution

Dauryia (1997)  --  life of Cossacks in Siberia during time of the Russian Revolution

Esperanza (1988)  --  Russian man flees the Russian Revolution and goes to Mexico

Gosudarstvennaya granitsa: My nash, my novyy... (1980) – a Russian and his mother try to flee Russia following the Russian Revolution of 1917

I leoni di Petersburgo (Lions of St. Petersburg) (1972) – Italian film about two brothers who are rivals in the Russian Revolution

Baltiyskaya slava (The Baltic Glory) (1957)  --  Baltic Fleet sailors join in the action in revolutionary Petrograd,  autumn 1917

Anastasia (1956) --  story of the young lady who pretended to be one of the children of the executed family of the Tsar

Anastasia (1997) -- 

Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna (1986)  --  Anastasia is played by Amy Irving

Animal Farm (1954)  --  animated version of George Orwell's story of the corruption of the communist system in Russia

Animal Farm (1999)  --  uses real animals in the portrayal of the communist dictatorship in the Soviet Union

Dnevnik ego zheny (His Wife's Diary) (2000)   --  life of Russian writer, Nobel Laureate and critic of the Russian Revolution Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin (1870-1953)  (currently unavailable)

Tjurens ar (1988)  --  five-year-old boy sees turmoil of the First World War and the Russian Revolution

Russian Civil War (1917-1922)

Sorok pervyy (The Forty-First) (1956)  –  Soviet film of the romance of a female Red Army sniper and a White Army officer in the Russian Civil War

Yunost (1937) – 1920, fisherman’s son Andrei recruited on the side of the Whites versus the Reds; he and his father are killed for hiding a Red officer; the family plans revenge

Admiral (2008) --  Russian film about a love story involving the general of the White Army Alexander Kolchak who became the supreme governor of Russia

Lenin v 1918 godu (Lenin in 1918) (1939) – Soviet film giving the background of the Russian Civil War

Vikhri vrazhdebnye (Hostile Whirlwinds) (1953)   – Soviet film about the first years of Soviet government, 1918-1921, as seen by Felix Dzerzhinsky, founder of the Bolshevik Secret Police

Sedmoy sputnik (The Seventh Companion) (1968) – Soviet film dealing with the years following the Russian Revolution  (currently unavailable)

Beloe solntse pustyni (White Sun of the Desert) (1970) – in today's Turkmenistan a Red Army soldier who fought in the Russian Civil War is going home but has to fight some bandits first

The Red and the White (1967)  --  civil war in post-revolutionary Soviet Union

Arsenal (1928)  --  Dovzhenko's "Ukraine Trilogy" (along with Zvenigora and Earth)

 Chapaev  (Chapayev) (1934)  --  Russian movie about Vasili Ivanovich Chapaev (1887 - 1919) Commander of the Red Army's 25th Division

Nenavist (Hatred)  (1975)  --  the Russian civil war tears a family apart

Adyutant ego prevoskhoditelstva (The Adjutant of His Excellency) (1969) – Soviet mini-series set in the Russian civil war where a Soviet secret policeman spies on the White Army

Бумбараш (Bumbarash) (1971) – Russian film about Pvt. Bumbarash as he tries to survive the Russian Civil War to return to his village and his love

Pervaya konnaya (First Cavalry) (1986) – Russian Civil War

Knight Without Armor (1937) – English spy gets caught up in the Russian Revolution and the Russian Civil War

Nezabyvaemyy god 1919 (The Unforgettable Year 1919) (1951) – Stalin's cruel suppression of the 1919 anti-communist uprising in St. Petersburg, Russia

Sedmaya Pulya (The Seventh Bullet) (1974)   --  set after the Russian Civil War (in the wake of the Basmachi rebellion)

Neobyknovennoye leto (1979) – life in city of Saratov in 1919 during the Russian Civil War

Neobyknovennoye leto (1957)  --  ditto

Бer (The Flight)   (1970) – Russian film about the defeat of the "White Army" in the Russian Civil War of 1918-21 and emigration to Constantinople

Lyubov Yarovaya (1970) – Soviet film about the Russian Civil War

Svoya chuzhaya zhizn (To Live for Another) (2005) – Bolsheviks set up House of Art in Petrogard of 1921 to control the intellectuals

Russia under Stalinism:

Piry Valtasara, ili noch so Stalinym (Baltazar's Feasts or the Night with Stalin) (1989)  --  Stalin and his brutal purges

Prorva (Moscow Parade) (1992) – first Russian, post-Soviet view of Stalinist excesses

Dreszcze (Creeps) (1981)  --  excesses of Stalin and their effect on a man and his two boys

Est-Quest (East/West)  (1999)  --  Stalin invites Russian émigrés to return home and then double-crosses them

The Assassination of Trotsky (1972)  --  story of the last days of the theorist of the Russian communist revolutionaries, hunted down by his once communist allies 

Frida (2000) --  assassination of Trotsky in Frida's home


Täällä Pohjantähden alla (Here Under the Northern Star) (1968)  --  life of a tenant farmer family in a Finnish village from 1890s to 1918 and the Finnish Civil War

Doverie (Trust) (1976)  --  set around the founding  of the Republic of Finland

Pako punaisten päämajasta (2000) – Finnish Civil War  (January to May, 1918)

Där vi en gĺng gĺtt (Where Once We Walked) (2011)  --  love triangle unfolds over the course of Finland's tumultuous independence from WWI, to the Finnish Civil War, to the fascist Lapua government preceding World War II

Käsky (Tears of April) (2008)   -- a White officer in the Finnish Civil War against the Reds repeatedly tries to save a female Red soldier who he loves  (in Finnish with English subtitles)

Mommilan veriteot 1917 (The Mommila Murders) (1973) – richest man in Finland is killed in December 1917 just a few months before the Finnish Civil War by a revolutionary seamen

Aika hyvä ihmiseksi (aka Pretty Good for a Human) (1977) -- Finnish film about a boy in post-World War I Finland

Raja 1918 or Gransen 1918 (The Border) (2007)  --  commanding the Finnish border with Russia following the end of the Finnish War of Independence turns out to be a very hard task to perform

Suuri peli, korkeat panokset (1999)  --  1920s, Russia, Finland, peace negotiations


Der Fangschuß (aka Coup de grâce) (1976)  --  1919, at end of Russian civil war, Latvia;  a countess' unrequited love for an army officer leads to promiscuity and disaster

Rigas sargi (Defenders of Riga) (2007)  --  1919 fight for Latvian independence

Dolgaya doroga v dyunakh (1980)  --  love story set in Latvia around the time Latvia was overtaken by the Soviets


Kolme katku vahel (1970) – Livonian War, 1558–1583, where Russia tried to take Livonia (today’s Estonia & Latvia) and was opposed by varying Allies

Tants aurukatla ümber (1987)  --  life in 20th century Estonia by monitoring a steam boiler

Tuulepealne maa (Windward Land)  (2008)  --  Estonians want their own country, WWI forward

Detsembrikuumus (December Heat) (2008)  --  December 1924 attempted Communist Coup in Estonia

Äratus (The Awakening) (1989) – 1949 March deportation of Estonian people to Siberia by Soviet Secret Police


Earth (1930)  -- collective workers in Ukraine against rich landowner win the day

Smierc prezydenta (Death of a President) (1977) – first president of the Polish Republic 1922 (for five days) Gabriel Narutowicz, who was opposed by the Polish Nationalists /Fascists



Hanging Gale (1995)  --  four brothers fight for survival during the Potato Famine, 1846

The Fighting Prince of Donegal (1966)  --  in Ireland 1587 Hugh O'Donnell inherits the title of the prince of Donegal and tries to unite Ireland to oppose English occupation

Ryan's Daughter (1970)  --an Irish woman has a passionate adulterous relationship with a British officer and is accused of treason

Parnell (1937)  -- struggle for Home Rule in Ireland under Charles Stuart Parnell

Captain Boycott (1947) -- origin of the word "boycott" in Ireland

Scarlet (1994) --  follow up on Gone with the Wind; misery of the Irish under British control

Far and Away (1992)  --  anti-landlord uprising in Ireland sends a young man and woman to the USA and eventually to the Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889

The Informer  (1935)  -- informing on one's own during the violent Sinn Fein civil rebellion

Juno and the Paycock (1930)  --  Irish family breakdown and son accused of being an informant

Rebel Heart (2001)  – miniseries set in period from the 1916 Easter Rising until the end of the civil war  (currently unavailable)

Easter Rising (2009) – 1916 Easter Uprising (up coming film)

Shake Hands with the Devil (1959)  --  IRA fights the Black and Tans trained to suppress the IRA  (with James Cagney) 

 Fools of Fortune (1990) – a man wants vengeance after the British army destroys his family and  home at the onset of the Irish war of independence

 Irish Destiny (1926)  --  the Black and Tans make life very difficult for one young IRA fellow

Ballyvaughan Story (2006)  --  1921, young girl tries to save her village from British retribution for IRA killing two British marines; short animated film of 6 minutes

Michael Collins (1996) -- leader of the Irish during the 1922 revolt

The Treaty (1992) -- the one negotiated by Michael Collins in 1921 that led to civil war (1922-1923)

Treaty of 1921 (2011)  --  the controversial 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty

Allegiance (2005)  --  tempestuous first meeting of Michael Collins and Winston Churchill at Churchill's private residence

The Wind that Shakes the Barley (2006)  --  criticism of the actions of the British leading to the Irish fight for independence

The Last September (1999)  --  the Anglo-Irish play while the Irish world around them is rebelling

Talk of Angels (1998)  --  Irish woman flees impending marriage to a political activist only to find political troubles in 1930s Spain

My Left Foot (1989) -- Irish painter/writer Christy Brown who had only his left foot with which to paint/write

Nora (2000)  --  famous author James Joyce and his love Nora Barnacle have a rocky relationship

A Portrait Of The Artist As A Young Man (1979)  --   Irish author James Joyce of Dublin




XI.  Interim Period Between World Wars.     


XI.1.  USA: 1920s.   

Chariots of Fire (1981) -- 1924, English athletes at Olympic games

Knute Rockne, All American (1940) 1924; coach of Notre Dame football team

Dempsey (1983)  -- Treat Williams as the heavy weight boxing champion Jack Dempsey

Inherit the Wind (1960) -- 1925 Scopes Trial on evolution, Clarence Darrow vs. Wm Jennings Bryan

The Great Gatsby (1949) -- F. Scott Fitzgerald's tale of class snobbery among the rich

Last Call (2002)  --  biography of the mature F. Scott Fitzgerald

Spirit of St. Louis (1957)  -- Lindbergh, first solo trans-Atlantic flight

Crime of the Century (1996)  --  Lindbergh kidnapping trial

Amelia Earhart: The Final Flight (1994) --  the famous aviatrix

Amelia (2009)  --  life and tragic death of Amelia Earhart

Cobb (1994) -- TV Cobb (Tommy Lee Jones), great baseball player

The Babe (1992) --  with John Goodman

The Babe Ruth Story (1948)

X Pride of the Yankees (1942) -- Lou Gehrig 1927

The Great Zeigfeld (1936) 1907-1931 Ziegfeld Follies

Funny Girl  (1968)  -- 1910-1919; Fanny Brice, comedian in Ziegfeld Follies

Funny Lady (1975)   --  latter life of Fanny Brice

Tom and Viv (1994) -- American poet T. S. Elliott in England

Mrs. Parker And The Vicious Circle (1994)  --  1920s New York intellectual circle meeting at Algonquin Hotel  

Freud (1962)

Clarence Darrow (1974)



Al Capone (1959) --  with Rod Steiger

St. Valentine's Day Massacre (1967)

The Untouchables (1987) -- Kevin Costner as gangster hunter Eliot Ness

New York

Eight Men Out (1988) 1919 Black Sox scandal in baseball

King of the Roaring Twenties (1961) -- Arnold Rothstein, Jewish gangster

Lucky Luciano (1974) --

Lansky (1999) -- gangster Meyer Lansky

Lepke (1975) --  leader of Murder, Inc. 

Billy Bathgate (1991) --  Dustin Hoffman plays ‘30s gangster Dutch Schultz

Portrait of a Mobster (1961) -- Dutch Schultz

The Rise and Fall of Legs Diamond (1960) -- 

Bugsy (1991) -- Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, gangster who helped build Las Vegas

Gangster Wars (1981) –  three poor ghetto kids in turn-of-the-century New York grow up to become feared gangsters:  Lucky Luciano, Bugsy Siegel, Arnold Rothstein 


Bonnie and Clyde (1967)

The Bonnie Parker Story (1958) -- Bonnie of Bonnie & Clyde

Public Enemies (2009) - with Johnny Depp as Dillinger, infamous bank robber

Dillinger (1945) -- infamous bank robber

Dillinger (1973) -- 

Dillinger (1991)  --  Mark Harmon as John Dillinger

Baby Face Nelson (1957) -- 

Pretty Boy Floyd (1960)  -- 

The Story of Pretty Boy Floyd (1974)  --

Machine Gun Kelly (1958)  -- with Charles Bronson

Melvin Purvis (1974) --  G-man who got Dillinger chases Machine Gun Kelly

Bloody Mama (1970) -- Ma Barker

Ma Barker's Killer Brood (1960)  -- 



The Day the Bubble Burst (1982) --  1929 stock market crash and its effects on some individuals

The Grapes of Wrath (1940) -- fleeing from the Dust Bowl in Oklahoma

The Stars fell on Henrietta (1995) – a group suffering  in the Texas Dustbowl of 1935 seeks hope in the dreams of a wildcat oilman     

King of the Hill (1993)  --  the Great Depression seen through the eyes of a 12-year old Jewish boy in the midwest

Bound for Glory (1976)  --  story of folk singer Woody Guthrie who discovered the misery of the poor and working class in the US

They Shoot Horses, Don’t They? (1969)   --  a brutal competition shows the desperate straits in which people find themselves in the Great Depression

Eleanor and Franklin: The Early Years and the White House Years (1976, 1977)

Eleanor, First Lady of the World (1982)  --  Mrs. FDR was quite a political figure in her own right

Sunrise at Campobello (1960)  --  FDR develops polio at Campobello Island in 1921 at the age of 39

Hyde Park on Hudson (2012)  --  relationship between FDR and his fifth cousin Daisy Suckley when as President he would be in Hyde Park, New York

Warm Springs (2005)   -- Franklin Delano Roosevelt overcomes his fear of being pitied as a victim of polio to proceed with his political career

All the King's Men (1949) -- the Kingfisher, populist governor and virtual dictator of Louisiana

All the King's Men (2006)  -- remake of the 1949 movie

Kingfish: A Story of Huey P. Long (1995) -- populist threat to FDR

Blaze (1989) -- Louisiana Governor Earl K. Long in lust with famous stripper

The Miracle Worker (1962) -- story of blind and deaf Helen Keller, friend of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt

The Glen Miller Story  (1953)--   Big Band leader

The Benny Goodman Story (1956) -- Big Band leader

Gypsy (1962) -- stripper Gypsy Rose Lee and her over-bearing mother


Edward & Mrs. Simpson (1978) (mini)  --  in 1936 King Edward VIII abdicates in favor of marrying the former Mrs. Simpson (played by Cynthia Harris)

Wallis & Edward (2005)  --  ditto; with Joely Richardson

W./E. (2011)  --  ditto; with Andrea Riseborough;  directed by Madonna

Bertie and Elizabeth: The Reluctant Royals (2002)  - The Story of King George VI & Queen Elizabeth (2002)

The King's Speech (2010)  --  story of King George VI and his speech therapist

Gathering Storm (2002)  -- Winston Churchill warns against the rising power of fascist Germany

Winston Churchill:  The Wilderness Years (1981) --- mini-series on two discs; in 1929 Churchill was nearly cut completely out of power; 10 years later he makes a come-back

X   Glorious 39 (2009) – mystery surrounding anti-appeasement movement before WWII

 They Flew Alone (Wings and the Woman) (1942)   --  1930's British pioneer aviatrix Amy Johnson

Beryl Markham:  Shadow on the Sun (1998) --  in 1936 Beryl Clutterbuck became the first person to fly west across the Atlantic solo

Between Wars (1974)  --  a doctor faces important socio-political challenges in Australia and elsewhere between WWI & WWII



Baby Doll (1956)  -- excellent portrayal of white trash of the white southern racist culture by playwright Tennessee Williams

Cross of Fire --  story of the rise and fall of 1920s' Ku Klux Klan leader D.C. Stephenson

Black Legion (1936)  --  Bogart as a factory worker who, after failing to get a desired promotion and it goes to a guy named Dombrowski instead, decides to join a KKK type group.

Lady Sings the Blues (1972) -- Sidney J. Furie 1935-1942, Blues singer Billie Holiday

Josephine Baker Story (1991) -- American becomes famous Paris entertainer

Sounder (1976) -- sharecroppers in 1930's Louisiana try to survive poverty  

Once Upon a Time When We Were Colored (1996) 1940s Mississippi to civil rights movement  ($35)

Rosewood (1997)--  1922-1923 burning of a black town in Florida

Leadbelly (1976) -- master of the 12-string guitar

Miss Ever's Boys (1997) -- using Blacks as guinea pigs for syphilis study

The Joe Louis Story (1953) -- the heavy weight champion

X Joe and Max  (2002) -- Joe Louis and Max Schmeling representing America and Germany fight it out for the heavy weight championship of boxing

Glory and Honor (1998) -- black man Mathew Henson who accompanied Peary to the North Pole

10,000 Black Men Named George (2002) -- A. Philip Randolph works for unionization of black porters



Novemberverbrecher - Eine Erinnerung (1968) – German Revolution 1918 to the formal establishment of the Weimar Republic in August 1919

Good (2008)  --  "evil triumphs when good men do nothing"

Der Rat der Götter (Council of the Gods) (1950) – industrialists cooperate with the Nazis for goods and profit

Max (2000)  --  A Jewish art dealer helps a struggling artist named Adolf Hitler

Hitler: the Rise of Evil (2003) 

Cabaret (1972) -- German decadence during Weimar Regime

 I am a Camera (1955)   --  precursor to the Movie "Cabaret"

Christopher and his Kind (2011)  --  real story of "Cabaret"

The Damned (1969)  --  a German family declines as the Nazi party rises; covers "The Night of the Long Knives"

Bent (1997)  --  a homosexual chooses the wrong night to have sex with a storm trooper because he gets caught up in the Night of the Long Knives

Tin Drum (1980)  --   Post-Hitler German recognition of the madness of Fascism. 

Mephisto (1981)  --  a German actor thinks true art can triumph even if it's the Nazis who are in charge

The Hindenburg (1975) -- doomed flight of the Zeppelin; George C. Scott

Triumph of the Will (1935)  --  Hitler's effective use of propaganda at Nuremberg rallies

The Jesse Owens Story (1984)   --  American track star who upsets Hitler at 1936 Olympics in Berlin

The Joe Louis Story (1953) -- the heavy weight champion fights German Max Schmeling

Olympia (1936) -- in Berlin

The Great Dictator (1940) -- Charles Chaplin mocking the actions of the dictator Hitler

The Sound of Music (1965) -- singing group escapes from Austria after Nazi takeover

Sophie Scholl - Die letzten Tage (Sophie Scholl - the Final Days) (2005)  --   a few students at Munich University oppose Hitler's fascist regime

X Die Weiße Rose (The White Rose) (1982)  --  a few students at Munich University oppose Hitler's fascist regime

Fünf letzte Tage (The Five Last Days) (1982) --  the last five days of Sophie Scholl's life

Edelweiß piraten (Edelweiss Pirates) (2004) –  group of young men resisting Hitler's regime

Bauhaus -Broken Wings (2006)  --  March 23rd 1933, students at the Bauhaus School for Arts and Architecture try to save their art from the Nazis

Hitler: Beast of Berlin (1939)  --  use of torture, imprisonment and concentration camps by Hitler's Germany

Hitler's SS: Portrait in Evil (1985) – two brothers come to regret their involvement with the Nazis

Enemy of Women (1944)  --  Joseph Goebbles, propaganda minister

Taking Sides (2001)  --  Berlin orchestra director thinks politics and art won't mix under Hitler

die Manns - Ein Jahrhundertroman (The Manns - Novel of a Century) (2001)   --  biographical trilogy of the Mann family set during rise of fascism in Germany

Jump! (2008)  --  anti-Semitism in Austria leads to quick conviction of a young Jewish man for supposedly killing his father

Berlin Alexanderplatz (1980)   --  ex-convict attempts to go straight but is hindered by the troublesome and corrosive Weimar-era Germany (mini-series)

Um das Menschenrecht (1934)  -- rise of fascism in Germany

Pramen zivota (Spring of Life) (2000) – German SS program to build an Aryan race of supermen  and superwomen

Dny zrady I& II (Days of Betrayal) (1973)  --  Munich Conference agreement of September 1938 gives Germany the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia  (occupied October 1938)

Der Bockerer (The Butcher) (1981)  --  Viennese butcher doesn't like the Nazi occupation of Austria, says so and gets in trouble; acts like an idiot to survive (only German audio and that's all)

Livrez-nous Grynszpan (Bring Us Grynszpan) (2008) – a young Jew kills a German diplomat in Paris in desperation, giving the Nazis an excuse to launch "Kristallnacht" Nov, 1938

Hitler - ein Film aus Deutschland (Hitler:  A Film from Germany) (1977)--  seven hour long film exploring why the Germans deified Hitler

The Nightmare Years (1989)  -- tv mini-series: story of American journalist William Shirer observes up close the increasing extremism of the Nazis; Shirer wrote the book "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich"

Underground (1941) --  like the Nightmare Years shows how Americans did not believe Germany was as evil as described by those who studied Germany at the time 

Dom över död man (The Last Sentence) (2012) -- a Swedish journalist warns the Swedes about Hitler and Nazism and keeps criticizing Sweden's neutrality against such a terrific evil




Victor Emmanuel III (1900–1946)

1900 (1976)  --  the Italian Communist Party and the rise of the Black Shirts

Tea with Mussolini (1999)  --  English women stay in Florence up to and during World War II

Garden of the Finzi-Continis (1971)  --  Italian concurrence with the Final Solution

La Vita P bella (It's a Beautiful Life) (1997)  --  father and son thrown in a concentration camp and dad tries to pretend it's a game to protect his son from the terror there

Christ Stopped at Eboli (1979) Italian  --  writer Carlo Levi's exile from Mussolini in the Basilicata region of southern Italy

Lion of the Desert (1981) -- Omar Mukhtar, guerilla leader stymies Italian forays into Libya, 1911- 1931

Giarabub (1942) – Italian propaganda movie about Italian forces in a critical situation in Libyan desert

Sanquepazzo (Wild Blood) (2008)  --  acting couple Valenti and Ferida still act during fascist regime in Italy

Il Federale (The Fascist) (1961)   --  an Italian fascist has to capture an anti-Mussolini professor; the fascists gets his man, but they have a series of mishaps getting back

Sicilia! (Sicily!) (1999)  --  after 15 years of living in the USA a man returns to Sicily to see his mother; he learns a lot about himself and Sicily from different people  (Italian with Italian subtitles)

Baarěa (2009)  --  --  a young man grows up noticing the injustices of living under the thumb of the local tycoon; he joins the Communist party and we see history through his eyes (only Italian options)

0X  Palombella rossa (Red Wood Pigeon) (1989)  --  star player of the water polo team has a problem with amnesia and goes through over 20 years of Italian communist party history while trying to remember who he is

Una giornata particolare (A Special Day) (1977)  --   love story set around the first meeting of Hitler and Mussolini



Camila (1984)   --  was Argentina a fascist country from the very start? lovers severely punished

Juan Moreira (1973)  --  an outlaw, gaucho (cowboy) and folk-hero, c. 1874

La Guerra Gaucha (The Gaucho War) (1942)  --  creoles led by Martín Miguel de Güemes protect the northwest provinces during the war of independence  (currently unavailable)

X   Asesinato en el senado de la nación (aka Murder in the Senate) (1984) –   set in 1930s Argentina the story is about the assassination attempt on politician Lisandro de la Torre by Senate recruited and trained Ramón Valdez Cora

Miss Mary (1986)  --  British governess sees the onslaught of a fascist government in Argentina

La Patagonia rebelde (The Patagonian Rebellion)  (1974)  --  in Patagonia farm workers try to get better conditions of work

Evita (1996) --  musical with actress/singer Madonna; Evita Peron of Argentina, wife of the fascist Juan Peron

Eva Peron (1996)  -- 

Evita Peron (1981)  --

Funny Dirty Little War  (No habrá más penas ni olvido) (1983)  --  Peronists vs. "Communists" in an Argentine village

El secreto de sus ojos (The Secret in Their Eyes) (2009)  --    legal problems for pursuing justice in fascist Argentina

Hermanas (Sisters) (2005) --  remembrances of the excesses of the military dictatorship in Argentina brings sisters to fighting

La Am

Amiga (The Girl Friend) (1988)  --   Argentine military dictatorship




Meiji Restoration, 1868-1912: 

X 1895 (Blue Brave: The Legend of Formosa in 1895) (2008)  --  Taiwan's resistance against the Japanese invasion

Fall of Eagles (1974) (TV miniseries)  --  part of it deals with the 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War from the perspective of Russia. 

Nihonkai daikaisen (Battle of the Japan Sea) (1969)  --  fought May 27–28, 1905 in the Tsushima Strait;   Admiral Heihachiro Togo destroyed two-thirds of Russian fleet under Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky

203 kochi (The Battle of Port Arthur) (1980) – battle for Hill 203 during the Russo-Japanese war, 1905

Meiji tennô to nichiro daisenso (Emperor Meiji and the Great Russo-Japanese War) (1958) – Japanese attack on Manchuria

X La Vallee des fleurs (Valley of Flowers) (2006)   --  love story (with reincarnation) spanning two centuries starting in the early 19th century

Sisters of the Gion (1936)

Memoirs of a Geisha  (2005)

Zi Hudi (Purple Butterfly) (2003)  --  espionage and counter-espionage between the Japanese and Chinese in Shanghai

Behind the Rising Sun (1943)  --  triumph of fascism over liberalism in Japan and a Japanese father wants his Americanized son to be part of the Sino-Japanese War

 Wu Qingyuan (The Go Master) (2006)  --  a Chinese man becomes a master of the game of Go in Japan despite the rise of fascism in Japan

Ningen no jôken (Human Condition: No Greater Love)  (1959) --  1st part of the trilogy The Human Condition about a pacifist socialist trying to survive in Fascist Japan

Ningen no jôken (Human Condition: Road to Eternity) (1959) --  2nd part of the trilogy The Human Condition about a pacifist socialist trying to survive in Fascist Japan

Ningen no jôken (Human Condition: A Soldier's Prayer) (1961)  --  3rd part of the trilogy The Human Condition about a pacifist socialist trying to survive in Fascist Japan




To homa vaftike kokkino (aka Blood on the Land) (1966) --  hard life of poor Greek land workers in Thessalia at beginning of 20th century; and Marinos Antypas, socialist critic assassinated

Dust (2001)  --  at the turn of the 20th century, one brother fights for the Ottoman sultan and the other is a Macedonian rebel

Before the Rain (1994)  --  in Macedonia interwoven tales against a backdrop of ethnic hatred

Eleftherios Venizelos (1980)  --  famed Greek politician of the 1909-1920 period

Meteor and Shadow (1985)   --  poet Napoleon Lapathiotis and his shocking lifestyle

Trilogia I: To Livadi pou dakryzei (The Weeping Meadow) (2004)  --  roughly spans the period from the end of World War I to post World War II, 1919-1949

Meres tou '36 (Days of 1936) (1972)  – drama with background the 4th of August Regime, a military dictatorship under General Ioannis Metaxas that ruled Greece from 1936 to 1941 (currently unavailable)

 Rembetiko (1983)  --  40 years of the life of Greek popular singer Marika Ninou (1922-1957) covers a great deal of Greek history


XI.10.  SPANISH CIVIL WAR --  one million dead   

Spain: Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939)

Spain:  Francoist Spain (1939-1975)

Belle Epoque (1992)  --  love blooms for a young man during the early period of the Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939)

 Land and Freedom (1995) --  Spanish Civil War; from a Hemingway novel

Disappearance of Garcia Lorca  (1997) -- executed; Spanish Civil War

Little Ashes (2008) --  the friendship of film director Luis Bunuel, artist Salvador Dali and writer Federico Garcia Lorca

Talk of Angels (1998)  --  Irish woman flees impending marriage to a political activist only to find political troubles in 1930s Spain

For Whom the Bell Tolls   (1944) --  Spanish Civil War

Hemingway (1988) (miniseries)  --  the life and loves of the Nobel Prize winner for Literature

Hemingway and Gellhorn (2012)  --  love affair between two war correspondents, Hemingway and Gellhorn

La Nińa de tus ojos (The Girl of Your Dreams) (1998)  --  Franco's Spain makes movies in Hitler's Germany

Ay, Carmela! --  captured republican theatre players search their consciences about performing for the fascists

 Soldados de Salamina (The Soldiers of Salamina) (2003)  -- a woman reporter chases down the story of fascist poet Rafael Sánchez Mazas who escaped a massacre of 50 fascist prisoners

Butterfly (1999)  --   fascism didn't mean much until they started rounding up people

Viridiana (1961)  --  parable of the Spanish Civil War by director Luis Bunuel

El espiritu de la colmena (The Spirit of the Beehive) (1973)  --  a child's attempts to make sense out of the horrific effects of the Franco dictatorship

Silencio roto (Broken Silence) (2001)  --  a young woman loves a Republican rebel which leads to a great many problems for her

Blockade (1938)  --  anti-war drama of peasant farmer forced to take up arms to defend his farm during the Spanish Civil War

Zerkalo (The Mirror)  (1975)  --  life in the Ukraine following WWII with an intermixture of drama and documentary footage (including Spanish Civil War)

La caza (The Hunt) (1966)  --  on a 4-man hunt, bad memories return concerning the Spanish Civil War and lead to big trouble

Libertarias (Juegos de Guerra, Freedom Fighters) (1996)  --  in the Spanish civil war nun Maria flees her convent, joins a woman's anarchist group and fights on the front

Vacas (1991)  --  following two Basque families from 1875-1936, from the Carlist War to the Spanish Civil War

Una Pasion Singular (2002)  --  Blas Infante, "the father of Andalucia," in the Spanish Civil War

 Los santos inocentes (The Holy Innocents) (1984)  --  a critical look at the terrible inequality in the Spanish country life of the 1960s

Head in the Clouds (2005)  --  two women and one man confronted with the growing fascism in Spain & eventual civil war

Sostiene Pereira (Pereira Declares) (1998)  --  journalist Sostiene Pereira, working at the time of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar in 1938 during the Spanish civil war, tries not to take sides in the conflict  (only in Italian, no subtitles)

Los girasoles ciegos (The Blind Sunflowers) (2008)  --  under fascism in Spain, a high school teacher and his family has to live in fear while trying to avoid being caught by the police for the thoughts and writings of the husband

Las 13 rosas (The 13 Roses) (2007)  --  republican women try to keep their republican ideal in the aftermath of Franco's victory

Salvador Puig Antich (2006) – based on the life of the last person executed by the garrote under the dictator Francisco Franco

Die Frau des Anarchisten (The Anarchist's Wife) (2008) --  the anarchist's wife never gives up hope of seeing her husband again after he fought in the Spanish Civil War and then joined the French Resistance and then fought against Franco and his regime

Operación Ogro (Orgo) (1979) – clandestine Basque organization ETA plans to kill Franco successor, Admiral Carrero Blanco

Raza (Race) (1942)  -- film glorifying the fascist forces defeating the democratic ones in the Spanish Civil War

Cruzada en la mar (1968) – Spanish Civil War

Días rojos (2004)  --  Spanish Civil War

20-N:  Los últimos días de Franco (2008)  --  the last days of dictator Francisco Franco

Mirant al cel (2008) – Spanish Civil War

Alféreces provisionales (1964)  --  Spanish Civil War

L'assedio dell' Alcazar (The Siege of Alcazar) (1940) – a piece of fascist propaganda; during the Spanish Civil War the Alcazar of Toledo, 45 minutes from Madrid, is besieged by Republican forces

Las largas vacaciones del 36 (Long Vacations of 36) (1976) – on a long vacation a family tries to remain neutral in the Spanish Civil War  (currently unavailable)

El viaje de Carol (Carol's Journey) (2002)  --  Carol is a Spanish-American from NYC, but her dad fights in the Spanish Civil War; she & her mother go to Spain

La Forja de un rebelde (1990) --  autobiographic trilogy of Arturo Barea who became involved in the Spanish civil War; TV series

La buena nueva (The Good News) (2008)   --  priest Miguel tries to defend the victims of shootings by the National Front but finds the church is siding with the fascists and not the republic

L'espoir Sierra de Teruel (Man's Hope) (1945)  --  a Republican aerial squadron needs to wipe out a secret Franco air field, but don't know its location; so they take an illiterate peasant up in the air with them 

Behold a Pale Horse (1964)  --  Spanish republican, Manuel Artiguez, continues to  fight Franco's fascist forces even after the Republicans lost the war; a policeman plans to trap him

La hora de los valientes (The Hour of the Brave Ones) (1998)  --  a man and a woman try to save a Goya masterpiece amidst the violence of war

Dragón rapide  (1986)  --  two weeks before the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936; the title is the name of the type of plane used by Franco in the carrying out of his overthrow of the Spanish Republic

Viva la muerte (Long Live Death) (1971)  --  Spanish Civil War (warning about some explicit scenes of, for instance, cows being killed  --  I censor scenes like these by blocking my sight with my left hand




Peregrina (El asesinato de Carrillo Puerto Mexico) (1974)  --  (no English subtitles) love affair between journalist Alma Reed and Governor of Yucatan, Felipe Carillo Puerto during time of Obregon (pres 1920-1924)

X   De todos modos Juan te llamas (The General's Daughter) (1976)  --  (no subtitles) centers on the Cristero movement, an uprising of Catholic fundamentalists  (currently unavailable)

La Guerra Santa (1979)  --  (no English subtitles) a poor pottery maker is coerced into fighting with the Christian army in the Cristero Rebellion (1926-1929)

For Greater Glory: The True Story of Cristiada (2012)  --   Cristero War (1926–29) (aka La Cristiada), a mass popular uprising against anti-Catholicism of the ruling Mexican government



XII.  WORLD WAR II.  75 million dead.     

XII.1.  The Fight against Germany and Italy.    

XII.1.1.     Germany.    

Casablanca (1942)  --  love in 1940 French Morocco under French Vichy government

Inside the Third Reich (1982)  --  the rise and fall of Albert Speer, Hitler's favorite architect and later responsible for insuring the continued production of  German munitions

Hitler (1962) 

Rotation (1949)  --  father is critical of Nazism, while son is in Hitler Youth and may inform on him

Hitler's Children (1943)   --  the Nazis declare that a German-American woman is actually a native German and they keep her in Germany

Das Beil von Wandsbek (Axe of Wandsbek) (1951)  --  anti-Hitler  movie by Jewish author about Altona Bloody Sunday riot, an SA march on July 17, 1932 that turned violent

Twin Sisters (2002)  --  twin sisters are separated early, one going to Holland and the other staying in Germany;  WWII and Hitler come between the sisters who become estranged from each other

Invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939

Der Fall Gleiwitz (The Gleiwitz Case) (1961) – Nazis dressed as Poles raid a German border radio station to give Hitler an excuse to invade Poland in 1939

Lotna (1959)  --  Polish cavalry up against German tanks in the German invasion of Poland

Zezowate szczescie (Bad Luck) (1960)  --  odyssey of a naive man through Poland of 1930 to 1950

Matka Królów (Mother of Kings) (1983)  --  a Polish charwoman witnesses the start of World War II into the Stalinist Era in Poland

Hubal (1973)  --  a Polish leader and his band of soldiers continue to fight the Germans during the occupation of Poland

Tajemnica Westerplatte (1939 Battle of Westerplatte) (2013)  --   Polish soldiers put up tough resistance to the German attack on the port of Gdansk, Poland at the start of World War II

Karol, un uomo diventato Papa (Karol: A Man Who Became Pope) (2005)  --  from 1939 German Invasion to almost through end of Soviet Occupation of Poland; English only

Urodziny mlodego warszawiaka (The Birthday) (1980) –  life of a young man from Warsaw is greatly changed by the German invasion of Poland and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

To Be or Not to Be (1949) -- occupied Poland; Jack Benny

Operacja Himmler (1979) –  Polish film

X  Clouds of war (1973) – Polish series

Invasion of Norway, April 9, 1940

The Last Lieutenant (1993)  --  light resistance to the Nazi invasion of Norway

Hamsun (1997)  --  Norwegian Nobel Laureate and German invasion of Norway

Edge of Darkness (1943)  --  underground movement in Norway during the Nazi takeover (starring Errol Flynn)   --  (not yet available)

Heroes of Telemark (1965)  --  Norwegian resistance tries to stop the Nazis from producing an atomic bomb component (with Kirk Douglas, Richard Harris)

Max Manus (2008)  --  true story of key player in the Norwegian Resistance  --

Ni Liv (Nine Lives) (1957)  --  about Jan Baalsrud, a member of the Norwegian resistance during World War II   (currently unavailable)

Commandos Strike at Dawn (1942)  --  Norwegian resistance    

Svik (Betrayal) (2009)  --  a Norwegian woman works for the Resistance to German occupation of her country and has to deal with corrupt Norwegian businessmen and a corrupt German officer, among other matters

The Day Will Dawn (The Avengers) (1942)   --  a foreign correspondent heads to Norway after Hitler's invasion of Poland and his boat is attacked by a German U-boat;  he tells the British navy but no one believes him

Flammen & Citronen (Flame and Citron)  (2008)--  Danish Resistance to German occupation

X Raja or Gränsen (The Border) (2011)  --  a Swedish lieutenant goes on a secret mission to get his brother and another fellow out of Nazi-occupied Norway after they went in to get a close look at the Nazis

Invasion of France, May 10, 1940

Stukas (1941)  --  German pro-war film, dive bomber squadron, the Battle of France, May-June 1940  (German language only)

Dunkirk (1958) --  escape of the trapped British forces in France, June 1940

Weekend at Dunkirk (1965) -- seen from the French perspective

Mrs. Miniver (1942) --  Dunkirk & the effects of the war on an English family

 In Which We Serve (1942) -- based on experiences of Lord Louis Mountbatten

Arch of Triumph (1984) --  a love story set against the coming of WWII in Paris as a German doctor there falls in love

Failed Invasion of Britain, Battle of Britain summer and autumn of 1940

Enemy at the Door  (1978)  --  8 DVD box set of a British television series about German occupation of the British Channel Islands

Battle of Britain (1969) -- never have so many owed so much to so few, July-October, 1940

Dark Blue World (2001)  --  Czech pilots flee to England and help in the Battle of Britain

Angels One Five (1952) --  pilots in the Battle of Britain

A Perfect Hero (1991)  --  mini-series; Cambridge fellows join the RAF and fight in the Battle of Britain

Hope and Glory (1987) -- British family sticks together in spite of German bombings

Charlotte Gray (2001)  --  a woman decides to join the British SOE to become a British spy in Nazi-occupied France

Danger UXB (1979)  --  story of those who had to defuse the Nazi bombs of the London Blitz that were designed not to detonate on impact

X   Forever and a Day (1943)  --  an American who comes to London to sell a house lands up experiencing the London Blitz Bombing  ($65)

L'homme qui a sauvé Londres (translation:  The Man who Saved London) (1972)  --  Michael Hollard reconnoiters a number of V1 rocket sites allowing accurate bombings of the rockets

The Way to the Stars (Johnny in the Clouds) (1945)  --  shows how the Battle of Britain affected both the lives of civilians and combatants

Joe Maddison's War (2010)  --  in WWII, WWI veteran Joe and his friends join the Home Guard amidst considerable family problems

Elizabeth of Ladymead (1948)  --  four women in four different wars:  Crimean War, Boer War, WWI and WWII


Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King (third term, 1935-1948)

Above and Beyond (2006)  --  TV-miniseries about flying Hudson Bombers to Britain from Newfoundland, Canada to fight the Germans

For the Moment (1993)  --  love story set against the nearly 100 air bases created across Canada (as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Program to get more pilots)

Partis pour la gloire (1975) – 1942, Liberal Party of Canada votes in a Conscription Law, which causes great unrest in Quebec and avoidance of conscription    (in French only, no subtitles)


The Brylcreem Boys (1998)  --  in neutral Ireland, a British and a German pilot shoot each other down & are thrown in the same POW camp; the two become rivals for the affection of an Irish girl

French Occupation and Resistance:

Jeux interdits (Forbidden Games) (1952)  --  German invasion of France and its effects as seen through the eyes of a small French girl who loses her parents and her dog

Section spéciale (Special Section) (1975)  --  Nazi-collaborative Vichy government in southern France under Marshall Pétain  (currently unavailable)

Le Silence de la Mer  (The Silence of the Sea)  (1947)  --   an old man and his beautiful niece have to house a Nazi officer during the German Occupation

Les Otages (The Mayor's Dilemma)  (1939)  --  a German officer in a Nazi-occupied tiny French village is killed; five villager are ordered to be shot if the murderer or murderers don't come forward

Laissez-passer  (Safe Conduct) (2002)  --  the effects of the German occupation on French cinema

Le septieme jour de Saint-Malo (The Seventh Day in Saint Malo) (1960)  --  French film faithfully reconstructs the hardships the town of Saint Malo suffered in August 1944, shortly before the arrival of the Allies

Paris brűle-t-il? (Is Paris Burning?) (1966)  --  freedom fighters of Paris and the Paris liberation of  1944

Untel pčre et fils (Heart of a Nation) (1943)  --  the Froment family  of Montmartre, France from the Franco-Prussian war of 1871 to Nazi occupation in World War II

L' Armée des ombres (Army of Shadows) (1969)  --   the many travails of the French Resistance

Wish Me Luck (1987-1990)  --  6 DVDs;  British training of civilians to work with the French Resistance; follows a British woman through her training and her experiences in France

Jean Moulin (2002)  --  French Resistance, 1943  --  ($90)

Jean Moulin, une affaire française (2003)  --  French Resistance

Lucie Au-brac (1997)  --  based on a true story of a couple in the French Resistance  --  ($32)

La Bataille du Rail (The Battle of the Rails) (1946)  --  railway workers form part of the French Resistance sabotaging the Nazi occupation

Assignment in Brittany (1943)  --  efforts of the Free French

To Have and Have Not (1944)  -- skipper becomes reluctantly involved with the French Resistance in Martinique (with Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall)

The Train (1964)  --  French Resistance tries to destroy a train carrying French treasures to Germany

Monsignor Renard (2000)  -- TV series about German occupation of France

Un condamné ŕ mort s'est échappé ou Le vent souffle oů il veut (A Man Escaped) (1956)  --  a French Resistance man is captured and thinks only of escaping from the Nazis

Un homme de trop (Shock Troops) (1967)  --    French Resistance

Guy Môquet, un amour fusillé (2008) – 1941 France, German occupation

La vie sera belle (2007) – French Resistance

Le Sang des Autres (The Blood of Others) (1984)   --  a female resistance fighter develops confused loyalties when she succumbs to the charms of a German businessman

The Silent Invasion (1962)  --  Nazi occupation of the small town of Mereux, France in 1940 leads to the formation of a resistance group

L' armee du crime (The Army of Crime) (2009) --  story of one of the most notorious and feared sects of the French Resistance

Le Sauveur (The Savior)  (1971)  --  an Englishman is found in the woods by a French girl and he tells her he has come to organize resistance to the Nazis; but is he what he says he is? 

Refractaire (The Undercover War)  (2009)--  in Nazi-occupied Luxembourg 21 year old Francois will have to fight for the Nazis or go into hiding in the countryside iron mines

Dutch Resistance:

Soldaat van Oranje (Soldier of Orange) (1977)  --  Dutch collaboration and resistance to German occupation

Zwartboek (Black Book) (2006)  --  young Dutch Jewish woman works with the Dutch resistance against the German occupation

Oorlogswinter (Winter in Wartime) (2008) – Dutch Resistance  

Het Woeden der Gehele Wereld (2006)  --  Dutchman takes advantage of the German persecution of the Jews in the Netherlands

Wilhelmina (2001) --  TV series, 4 chapters, 50 minutes each; the Queen of the Dutch helps lead Dutch resistance to Nazi-occupation

The Silver Fleet (1943)  --   a Dutchman decides to sabotage two Nazi submarines he is forced to build


Aera! Aera! Aera! (Hero Bunker) (1972)  --  young people become entangled in military maneuvers at the Greek border with Albania in October 1940, during Mussolini's invasion of Greece

Ypolochagos Natassa (Battlefield Constantinople) (1970)  --  a tragic love story about Natassa and her deceased lover set against the German occupation of Greece and the Greek Resistance, April 1941 to October 1944

Ill Met by Moonlight (aka Night Ambush) (1957) -- Resistance with help of British capture the German commander-in-chief  (based on events on Crete in World War II)

Captain Corelli's Mandolin (2001)  --  atrocities against Italian prisoners of war, such as the massacre of the 'Acqui' Division on Cephallonia

Ypovryhion: Papanikolis ( SS Papanikolis) (1971) --  one of the most successful Greek submarines during WWII

Katadromi sto Aigaion (The Raid of the Aegean) (1946)  --  commandoes lead a raid into Greece to free the compatriots of Captain Alexis Komninos (Greek language)   No Link


Fortunes of War (1987)  --  British professor in Romania is sought for spy work against the fascist elements

Tales from Hollywood (1992)  --  Hollywood colony of German artists who escaped from Nazi Germany including Thomas Mann and Bertold Brecht

Zelary (2003)  --  a nurse and her lover in the Czech resistance are found out and she has to hide in a very old-fashioned Czech village



XII.1.2.     Naval Warfare.   

49th Parallel (1941)  --  a Nazi U-boat crew shipwrecked in Canada try to flee to the neutral United States

Action in the North Atlantic (1943)  --  before Dec. 7, 1941, the US merchant mariners brought supplies to the Russians; with Humphrey Bogart

Atlantic Convoy (1942)  --  war on U-boats attacking Allied ship convoys

Das Boot (1981)  -- U-boats in 1941

We Dive at Dawn (1943)  --  British submariners go after the German ship the Brandenburg

The Battle of the River Plate (1956)  --  destruction of  the Graf Spee, Montevideo, Uruguay, December 1939

Sink the Bismarck! (1960) -- sinking of Germany's most powerful battleship, May 27, 1941

Attack on the Iron Coast (1968) --  British raid on large ship dock at St. Nazaire, France, March 28, 1942

Above Us the Waves (1955)  --  a British midget submarine raid damages German battleship Tirpitz, September 1943

Proud (2004) --  the USS Mason, with an African-American crew, was the only such ship to sail into combat, fighting Nazi U-boats

The Sinking of the Laconia (2010)   --  mini-series about German u-boat sinks the Laconia, a cruise ship transformed into a troop ship, September 12, 1942; leads to ban on U-boats picking up survivors

They Who Dare (1954)--  in the Aegean Sea, Britain's Special Boat Squadron sabotages Axis air bases

Glory at Sea ( Gift Horse) (1952)  --  the USA gives Great Britain 3 ageing battleships; one of them is named "The Gift Horse" and proves very useful in a sea battle


XII.1.3.     Germans Kicked out of Africa.   

Sundown (1941)  --  Nazis in East Africa

Desert Fox (1951) -- Field Marshal Rommel

Tobruk (2008)  --  Battle of Tobruk; Czech soldiers successfully defend the positions they hold during the Battle of Tobruk

Tobruk (1967) -- a special British military unit made up of Germans rescue a Canadian POW major to have him help lead an attack on a major Nazi fuel depot in Tobruk, Libya

Fighting Rats of Tobruk (1944)  --  one of Australia's greatest wartime legends

Desert Patrol (1958) -- British patrol in Africa before battle of El Alamein

Lilli Marlene (1951) – a love story is set in North Africa before El Alamein battle

El Alamein (2002) -- the battle that finally stops Rommel in North Africa seen through the eyes of an Italian unit, October- November, 1942

Il Grande Attacco (Battle Force (a.k.a. The Great Battle) (1978)  --  story of the build-up to a real Allied offensive against the Germans (in North Africa)

Battaglia di El Alamein (El Alamein)) (1969)  --  Italian troops left behind by their German allies

Alexandria . . . Why? (1979)  --  personal relationships set against the background of World War II; Alexandria Trilogy

The Story of G. I. Joe (1945) --  story of Pulitzer Prize winning war correspondent Ernie Pyle

Patton (1970) -- from North Africa to Sicily (July 1943)  to France and Germany

Big Red One (1980)  --  Sam Fuller's WWII diary of squad in First Infantry Division  

The Malta Story (1954)  --   British Malta holds out against 3,000 air raids from June 1940 to December 1942

World War II - When Lions Roared (1994)  --  Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin dialogue through World War II

Churchill and the Generals (1981)  --  interrelationships between the generals and British Prime Minister Churchill

The Way Ahead (1944) --  the film covers the training of a bunch of recruits to transform them into good fighters and make the group a real, effective military unit


XII.1.4.     Allied Invasion of Italy.     

Anzio (1968)  --  French-Italian-Spanish movie dealing with the beach landing, January to May, 1944

Darby's Rangers (1958) -- assault troops in N. Africa & Italy  

The Bold and the Brave (1956) -- WWII soldiers fighting in Italy 

La Ciociara (Two Women ) (1960)  --  an Italian woman and her daughter try to escape the daily air raids in Rome by heading into the countryside

A Walk in the Sun (1945) --   story of one platoon of Americans fighting in Salerno

The Scarlet and the Black (1983)  --  Vatican priest hides downed Allied pilots and coordinates with the Italian Resistance

Gli Sbandati (The Disbanded) (1955)  --  a mama's boy has great difficulties in breaking away from his mother so he can love a refugee girl around the time of the Italian armistice with the Allies in WWII

 Il partigiano Johnny (Johnny the Partisan) (2000)  --  Germans occupy Italy after September 8, 1943, Italian soldiers head to the hills to set up a resistance movement

Hotel Meina (2007)  --  Italy declares an armistice with the Allies (September 8, 1943) and the Germans take over, putting the Jewish people in the resort Hotel Meina under detention (Italian with Italian subtitles)

Rappresaglia (Massacre in Rome) (1973)  --  massacre of Italian citizens (especially Jews) after the partisans attack a German SS company

Palombella rossa (Red Wood Pigeon) (1989)  --  star player of the water polo team has a problem with amnesia and goes through over 20 years of Italian communist party history while trying to remember who he is

Baciami piccina (Three on the Road) (2006) – Sept 1943 Carabiniere Umberto escorts prisoner to Venice. His fiancée follows him; train breaks down; have to go on; armistice with Allies is signed & everything changes (Italian w/ Italian subtitles)

Il sole di Montecassino (Fear of Evil; St. Benedict) (1945) –  Battle for Monte Cassino, 1944; built by Saint Benedict around 529

Dieci italiani per un tedesco (Ten Italians for One German) (Via Rasella) (1962) – vicious reprisal ordered by Austrian Colonel Kappler in 1944 RomeI


XII.1.5.      Russian Front.   

Finland's Defense against the Soviet Union

Talvisota (The Winter War) (1989) --  the Soviet Union attacks Finland; Finnish resistance

A Rukajärven tie (Ambush) (1999)  --  Finnish resistance 1939-1940

Tuntematon sotilas (The Unknown Soldier) (1985) --  remake of the 1955 film of the same name

Tuntematon sotilas (The Unknown Soldier) (1955)  --   ordinary Finnish soldiers in a machine gun platoon fight desperately in the Continuation War (1941-1944) between Finland and the Soviet Union

Framom främsta linjen (Beyond Enemy Lines) (2004)  --  Swedish speaking Finns' infantry regiment 61 fights throughout the Continuation War

Päämaja (Headquarters) (1970) – June 1944, D-Day. Finns prepare for Soviet attack in Karelian region

Tali-Ihantala 1944 (2007)  --  the Battle of Tali-Ihantala (June 25 to July 9, 1944) of the Continuation War (1941-1944)

Äideistä parhain (Mother of Mine) (2005)  -- Swedish film; over 70,000 Finnish war children sent to Sweden, Norway and Denmark; one boy's story in Sweden

Lupaus (Promise) (2005)  --Finnish women's Lotta Service during WWII through the eyes of three young women

Russian Front:

Katyn (2007)  --  three women search for relatives killed in the spring of 1940 in a Stalin ordered genocide of 15,000 Polish officers and intellectuals in Katyn Forest

Brestskaya krepost (Fortress of War) (2010)  --  Russian soldiers put up a determined defense at Brest Fortress on the eastern border in Brest in the southwest corner of today's Belarus

Djariskatsis mama (Father of a Soldier) (1964)  --  following Russian soldier Gregory all the way to Berlin during WWII

Idi i smotri (Come and See)  (1985)  --  resistance to the German invasion of the Soviet Union in Byelorussia

The North Star (1943)  --  a Ukrainian village under Nazi invasion, June 1941

Bitva za Sevastopol (Battle for Sevastopol) (2015)  --  Lyudmila Pavlichenko, legendary female sniper

Bilyy ptakh z chornoyu vidznakoyu (White Bird with Black Mark) (1971) --  Ukrainian film, set in 1937-1947, where one brother joins the Red Army and another the UPA  (Ukrainian insurgent army)

Shchors (Shors) (1939)  --  Russian/Ukrainian film, commissioned by Stalin, about the partisan leader and Ukrainian Bolshevik Nikolai Shchors

Days of Glory (1944)  --  guerrillas fight back against the 1941 Nazi invasion of Russia

Posledniy bronepoezd (The Last Armored Train) (2006) --  Russian resistance against Nazi attack in the early stages of Operation Barbarossa

Attack on Leningrad (2009)  --  Nazi siege of Leningrad in the winter of 1942

Baltiyskoe nebo - 1 seriya, 2 seriya (Baltic Skies, Part I & II) (1960)  --  fighter pilots fight against the blockade of Leningrad by German army during 1941 -1943

Wheels of Terror (The Misfit Brigade) (1987)  --  27th Panzer Division fights the Russians on the Eastern Front in 1943

Hong ying tao (Red Cherry) (1995)  --  two Chinese students sent to Russia experience the German invasion of that country

A zori zdes tikhie (The Dawns Here Are Quiet) (1972) – young Russian women up against a larger group of German soldiers in Karelia (North-West of Russia, near Finland) in 1941

Svolochi (Bastards) (2006)  --  criminal youths recruited to form five groups of saboteurs behind the enemy lines

Unsere Mütter, unsere Väter (Generation War) (2013)  --  advertised as a German Band of Brothers


Stalingrad (2013)   --  the fight to hold a strategic building during the Battle of Stalingrad

Oni srazhalis za rodinu (They Fought for Their Motherland) (1975) –  the battles before the Battle of Stalingrad

Stalingrad  (1992)  -- the real turning point of the war; choice of German or English and using or not using subtitles

Goryachiy sneg (The Hot Snow) (1972)   --  one engagement in the epic battle of Stalingrad

Stalingradskaya bitva I & II parts (The Battle of Stalingrad) (1949)  --  Soviet Russian version of the Battle of Stalingrad with lots of details about the battle

Cross of Iron (1977)  --  German soldiers at the eastern front with an arrogant Prussian Captain Hauptmann Stransky who claims the Iron Cross for something that another leader did

Stalingrad: Hunde, wolt ihr ewig leben? (Stalingrad: Dogs, Do you Want to Live Forever?) (1959) --   battle of Stalingrad (July 1942 to February 1943) from German perspective

Der Arzt von Stalingrad (The Doctor from Stalingrad) (1958)  --  Dr. Fritz Bohler buoys the German POWs in a Russian camp   (currently unavailable)

Enemy at the Gate (2001) --  Russian sniper vs. German sniper at Stalingrad

The Night Witch (2010)  --  Lydia Litvak, highest ranking female ace in history, known as the White Rose of Stalingrad

After Stalingrad to the Battle of Berlin:

Osvobozhdenie: Napravleniye glavnogo udara (Liberation) (1971)  -- five part story of the Soviet Union's offensive campaigns against Hitler's Germany:  the first film deals with the Battle of Kursk; the second covers the crossing of the Dnieper River and the capture of Kiev in the Ukraine; the third covers liberation of Belarus and onto the Polish border; the fourth deals with the Battle for Berlin;  the fifth covers the last assault on Berlin and the death of Hitler   


Italiani brava gente (Attack and Retreat) (1999)  --  1942, Italian army up against the Russians at the Battle of the Don during the  Stalingrad counteroffensive

L'Uomo della Croce (Man with a Cross) (1943)  --  Catholic chaplain with Italian expeditionary forces on the Eastern Front

Il generale della Rovere (General della Rovere) (1959) --  in Milan, Italy a German Nazi goes undercover  in a prison to find out who among the prisoners are the Italian resistance fighters

Zasieki (Barbed Wire) (1983)  --  Soviet-backed Polish forces bravely battle the Germans in the Battle of Lenino, October 1943

Die Flucht (March of Millions) (2007) – the brutal expulsion of Polish Germans from Poland by the advancing Red Army nearing the end of the war     (currently unavailable)

Zvezda (The Star) (2002)  --  summer of 1944, facing certain death, a group of seven Russian snipers named "Zvezda" does reconnaissance behind enemy lines to stop a planned Nazi tank offensive

Voskhozhdeniye (Ascent) (1977)  --  two Soviet partisans fight against the Germans

Prikhodi svobodnym (1984) – Russian war film

Letyat zhuravli (The Cranes are Flying) (1957)  --  a girlfriend of a Russian soldier nearly loses her mind desperately waiting for his return

A byahme mladi (We were Young) (1961)  --  Bulgarian resistance to the Germans in Sofia

Oglinda (aka The Mirror) (1975)  --   Romania during World War II with King Michael Coup; Prime Minister Marshal Ion Victor Antonescu ruled 1940 to 1944

Die Gustloff (Ship of no Return: The Last Voyage of the Gustloff ) (2008) – Jan. 1945 the Russians sink a German passenger ship evacuating refugees

So weit die Füße tragen (As Far as My Feet Will Carry Me) (2001)  --  German POW in Siberia escapes and heads for Iran


XII.1.6.       Allied Invasion of France. 

Dieppe (1993)  --  1942, worst defeat of Canadian forces in World War II

World War II: When Lions Roared (Then There Were Giants) (1994)  --  Allied leaders Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin wage war against Nazi Germany

Yanks (1979) -- love stories involving American troops in England

Distant Voices, Still Lives (1988)   --  lives of working class family in Liverpool, England, including the war years

A Family at War (1970-1972)  --  a television series about the lower middle-class Ashton family from Liverpool and how WWII affected them

We'll Meet Again (1982)   --  deals with the building of relationships in England between a group of young women and the rowdy American fighter pilots stationed in their small village

D-day the Sixth of June (1956)  --  June 6, 1944

The Longest Day (1962) -- D-Day with lots of Hollywood stars

Band of Brothers (2001) - Easy Company of the 101st Airborne in many battles, including Bastogne during Battle of the Bulge

X  A Paratrooper's Story:  Fort Benning to Bastogne

Saving Private Ryan -- D-Day

Breakthrough (1950)  --  D-Day

Overlord (1975)  --  movie follows an ordinary British fellow from induction to D-Day

Storming Juno (2010)  --  story of Canadian invasion of Juno Beach, Normandy, on D-Day

They Were Not Divided  (1950)  --  British and American troops from D-Day to the end of the war over Germany

The Blockhouse (1973)  --  slave workers on the Normandy defenses are trapped in a bunker when D-Day takes place; they stay there for over six years

Ike: Countdown to D-Day   --  Eisenhower has a lot of problems with the big egos around him

Fooling Hitler (2004)  --  story of the deception of the Germans as to the D-Day landing

Pathfinders:  In the Company of Strangers (2011)  --  story of the Pathfinders who landed 30 minutes before the Normandy invasion

Les femmes de l'ombre (Female Agents) (2008) – French women recruited as members of the British Special Operations Executive commando group   --  ($25)

Ike: The War Years (1979)  --  Eisenhower fighting the Nazis and romancing his driver Kate Summersby  (currently unavailable)

Patton (1970) -- George C. Scott

The Last Days of Patton (1986)

Guns of Navarone (1961) --  a British squad has to destroy two enormous guns on the Aegean island of Navarone that threaten British ships trying to sail to Kheros, near Turkey, where a large British force faces annihilation unless evacuated

To Hell and Back (1955) -- most decorated soldier in the history of the military, Audi Murphy

Mai Wei (My Way) (2011)  --  Korean soldiers are forced to serve in Japan's armed forces to fight the Russians

Go for Broke! (1950)  --  Japanese-American troops fight in Europe; the 442, the first all-Nisei (Japanese- American) Regimental combat team

Only the Brave (2006)  --  Japanese Americans of the 100th/442nd Regimental Combat Team rescue members of the Texas 141st Regiment known as the "Lost Battalion"

Bridge at Remagen (1969) --  Allies plan to blow the bridge at Remagen, March 7, 1944

Indigčnes (Days of Glory) (2006)  --  North African Muslims in French colonies fight for France

Camp Thiaroye (The Camp at Thiaroye) (1990)  --  Senegalese soldiers fighting for France rebel against their ill-treatment after the end of the war  ($230)

Es geschah am 20. Juli (It Happened on July 20th; Jackboot Mutiny) (2001)  --  attempt to assassinate Hitler, July 20, 1944

 Plot to Kill Hitler (1990)

Valkyrie (2008)  --  plot to kill Hitler (with Tom Cruise)

Stauffenberg (Operation Valkyrie) (2004) --the attempt to kill Hitler

A Bridge Too Far (1977)  --  Allied defeat in Operation Market Garden, Sept 1944

The Last Drop (2005)  --  the British hatch a plan, Operation Market Garden, that proves a flop; a small unit collides with three renegade German soldiers, out to steal Dutch national treasures for themselves; Sept. 17-25, 1944

Soldier Soldier  (1991)  --  made for TV series with 23 DVDs about the lives and soldiering of the King's Own Fusiliers

XII.1.7.      German Counter-Attack (Battle of the Bulge)   

When Trumpets Fade (1998) -- Battle of Hurtgen Forest (second phase beginning Nov. 10, 1944)

Hell is for Heroes (1962)  --  film later re-made as When Trumpets Fade

Battle of the Bulge (1965) -- Hitler's famous counter-attack that ultimately failed (Dec. 16, 1944 - Jan. 7, 1945)

Battleground (1949) -- 101st Airborne's defense of Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge

1944 (2006)  --  Battle of the Bulge

Truce in the Forest (1990)   --  a woman hides three American soldiers from the Germans during the Battle of the Bulge

Saints and Soldiers (2003)  --  survivors of the "Malmedy Massacre" of American soldiers by the Germans

Watch on the Rhine  (1943)  --  the work of the few and brave people working in the anti-fascist cause

Watch on the Rhine (2008)  --  106th Infantry Division attacked by a half-million German soldiers, Dec. 16, 1944

Rhineland (2007)  --  March, 1945 "The last great killing ground in the west"

Brother's War (2009) – toward the end of the war, a British major finds out about Stalin's idea to occupy East Europe permanently; the Russians try to kill him; he joins forces with a German officer and do their best to stay alive

Everyman's War (2009)  --   Don Smith is drafted and send to fight in what became known as the Battle of the Bulge;  he was in Nennig, Germany

XII.1.8.       Air War.   

Journey Together (1946)  --  RAF air war

Reach for the Sky (1957)  --  British RAF flyer who loses both legs fights to fly again

Spitfire (aka The First of the Few) (1942)  --  story of the designer of the superior RAF fighter plane, the Spitfire

A Yank in the R.A.F. (1941)  --   love triangle set in the air war against Nazi Germany

First Light (2010)  --  true story of the youngest Spitfire pilot to fight in the Battle of Britain

Appointment in London (1952)  --  air war seen through eyes of a wing commander of a British squadron of Lancaster bombers   

One of Our Aircraft is Missing! (1942)  --  a British aircrew parachutes out over Holland and the Dutch Resistance helps them to get back to England

Captains of the Clouds (1942)  --  a defeated man flies new, unarmed bomber across the Atlantic to England & proves himself a hero after all  (with James Cagney)

The Dam Busters  (1955)  --    British Lancaster bomber pilots destroy three dams in the Ruhr Valley flooding the huge industrial valley (May 17, 1943)

The Way to the Stars (Johnny in the Clouds) (1945)  --  effect of flying so many missions on pilots, crews and families

Memphis Belle (1990) -- air raids over Bremen

Twelve O'clock High (1949) -  US bomber pilots over Germany

Fortress (2012)  --  squadron of pilots of B17 Flying Fortress bombers

Catch-22 --  black comedy set during air war over Europe

The Tuskegee Airmen (1995)  -- black men train to be pilots

Red Tails (2012)  --  Tuskegee Airmen

Dresden (2006)  --  love story set against the massive bombing of Dresden Germany in 1945


XII.1.9.      Others.    


The Great Escape (1963)

Stalag 17 (1953)

The Wooden Horse (1950)  --  three British POWs try to escape

Escape from Colditz:  The Best of British (2000)  --  Colditz Castle in Colditz, Germany

Escape from Colditz: The Escape Academy (2000) –

Colditz (1972)  -- 2 DVD set TV series about 3 men escaping from a WWII prison camp; 2 are caught 1, goes home; Jack is placed in Colditz, a supposed escape-proof camp; meanwhile Nick goes home but is manipulated into working for M19

The Colditz Story (1955)   --  a British officer leads an escape from Colditz, the POW prison run by the Germans, but only three of the escapees remain alive to try to get out of Germany

Hosszú vágta (Brady's Escape) (1984) --  airman Brady shot down in WWII over the Hungarian Plateau who is hidden by the local people  (in English)


Pokolenie (A Generation) (1955)  --  1st in trilogy of Polish resistance

Kanal (1957) -- 2nd in trilogy; Warsaw uprising in Nazi-occupied Poland in 1944

Popiól i diament (Ashes and Diamonds) (1958) --  3rd in trilogy; Polish film of Resistance movement in Poland during WW II's closing days

 Eroica (Heroism) (1958)  --  Polish reaction to Nazi occupation

Akcja pod Arsenalem (Operation Arsenal) 1978 --   rescue of 31 prisoner being transported to the Pawiak prison by the underground Polish Home Army in occupied Warsaw

The Balkans:  Yugoslavia and Albania

Bitka na Neretvi (The Battle of Neretva) (1969) -- Nazi invasion of Yugoslavia and 1943 victory of Tito's partisans

Sutjeska (The Battle of Sutjeska; The Fifth Offensive) (1973)  --  this film deals with the climactic battle between the Yugoslavians and the Germans along the Sutjeska River

X  Uncerdoaver (1943)  -- Yugoslavian family fights guerrilla warfare to stop the Germans from taking their town

Pad Italije (The Fall of Italy) (1981) --  in Yugoslavia a Partisan commander fighting the Italians goes overboard with his men during and after the war

Il generale dell'armata morte (The General of the Dead Army)  (1983)   --  an Italian general is sent to Albania with an army chaplain to bring back the remains of 3,000 of their soldiers; a German is there doing the same thing; but can it be done?


Enigma (2001)  --  the British Bletchley Park and code-breaking

X The Imitation Game (2014) 

Sekret Enigmy (Secret of Enigma) (1979)   --   Polish contribution to the breaking of the German enigma code in WWII

U-571  (2000)  --  mission to capture a German Enigma coding machine from a U-boat


XII.1.10.     Hitler's Last Days.    

The Fall of Berlin:  The Restored Soviet Two-Part WW 2 Epic (1949)

Downfall (2004)  --  of Hitler that is; Bruno Ganz as Hitler

The Bunker (1981)  --  last days of Hitler ; Anthony Hopkins as Hitler

Hitler -- The Last Ten Days (1973)  --  the last ten days of the life of Hitler in his bunker in Berlin;  Alec Guiness as Hitler

Der letzte Akt (The Last Ten Days of Adolf Hitler) (1955)  -- 

The Death of Adolf Hitler (1973)  --  from his birthday on April 20, 1945 until his death by desperate suicide; Frank Finlay  as Hitler

Nuremberg (2000)  --  war crime trials

Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) --  war crime trials of the German Nazis

Nuremberg: Goering's Last Stand (2006) – Goering makes friends with the prison guards to help him get what he wants

Ich war neunzehn (I Was Nineteen) (1968) – 19 year old born originally in Germany reaches the outskirts of Berlin as part of the Red Army's scouting team

Die brücke  (The Bridge) (1959) -- German teen-age boys drafted to help stop the Allied invasion

Die Letzte Brücke (The Last Bridge) (1954)  --  anti-war themed German movie about Hitler using boys to fight for the fatherland (starring Maria Schell and Bernhard Wicki)

Der Unhold (The Ogre) (1996)  --  a French POW rounds up children for a German military academy, who are ultimately sacrificed to stem the oncoming Russians

Anonyma - Eine Frau in Berlin (A Woman in Berlin) (2008)  --  Russians take revenge for German atrocities in Russia by wholesale raping of the women of Berlin

Fräulein (1958)  --  German woman escapes from being raped by the Russians, gets wrongly registered as a prostitute and has trouble marrying an American army major because of it

XII.1.11     Italy's Last Days of Fascism.    

Sal  o le 120 giornate di Sodoma (The Last 120 Days of Sodom) (1975) --  Marquis de Sade's model applies to 1944 Fascist Italy

Mussolini: The Decline and Fall of Il Duce (1985) (a.k.a, Mussolini and I)

Benito: The Rise and Fall of Mussolini (1993)  --  Mussolini in his early opportunistic career as a socialist

Last Days of Mussolini (1977)  --  ad-hoc execution of Mussolini

Mussolini: The Untold Story (1985)  --  based on the memories of Vittorio Mussolini, the oldest son of the Italian dictator

Miracle at St Anna (2008)  --  four African-Americans fighting in the Tuscany region, get trapped in a village, fall of 1944

The Bold and the Brave (1956)  --  three buddies fighting in Italy come to a bad break up because of a personality disorder of one of the men known as Preacher

Paisan (1946)  --  a heart-breaking look at the last days of the war

The Night of the Shooting Stars (1982)  --  last days of WWII for one town in Italy

Roma, cittB aperta (Open City)  (1945)  --   the Italian resistance against German occupation

Vincere (Win) (2009) – Mussolini’s mistress Ida Dalser and their son Albino

Porzus (1997)  --  communist unit in Friuli, Italy kills a group of non-communist partisans to prepare Italy for a communist future

X   Tutti a casa (Everybody Go Home!) (1960)  -- toward the end of WWII the Italian soldiers decide to go home any way they can, even through desertion (Italian with Spanish and Italian subtitles)

The Good War (Texas '46) (2002)  ---  story around the 50,000 Italian POWs in the USA

XII.1.12.     Holocaust.    


 Jew Süss (Power) (1934) –  criticism of anti-Semitism which got the film censored in several countries because of the power of the Nazis

Der Ewige Jude (aka The Eternal Jew) (1940) --  Nazi film stressing anti-Semitism in Württemberg (not to be confused with the earlier British film that was supposedly against anti-Semitism)

Europa, Europa (1991)  -- anti-Semitism in Germany

Gentleman's Agreement (1947) -- anti-Semitism in USA

The Shop on Main Street (1965) -- Czechoslovakian film about anti-Semitism

Komissar (The Comissar) (1988)  --  anti-Semitism in the Soviet Union

The Fixer (1968) --  the time of the pogroms in Russia helps lead to a false accusation of murder against an innocent Jewish man

Levins Mühle (1980) – East German film about anti-Semitism

The Holocaust (1978) -- Meryl Streep; family members suffer extermination under Anti-Semetic Nazi Law until only one son remains

Sunshine (1999)  --  three generations of Hungarian Jews from c. 1900 to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution

Glamour (2000)  --  three generations of a Jewish family in Hungary through Nazi tyranny, communism, and economic hardship  (English subtitles)

Hideg napok (Cold Days) (1968)  --  anti-Semitism in Hungary (massacre of Jewish and Serbian people of Novi Sad in 1942)

Jump! (2008)  --  anti-Semitism in the 1928 murder trial of famous and innocent photographer Phillippe Halsman in Austria

Spalovac mrtvol (The Cremator) (1969)  --   in Czechoslovakia a friend of a cremator convinces Kopfrkingl to emphasize his supposedly German heritage, to send his son to German school & to distance himself from his half-Jewish wife

Jób lázadása (The Revolt Of Job) (1983) -- a childless, elderly Jewish couple adopt a Christian boy and are determined to pass on their spiritual heritage and worldly goods to him, even with the Holocaust looming over. (English and Hungarian languages)

Miss Arizona  (1988) --  1930s, mother & son go to Budapest to Italy & back to Budapest where she and an Italian man build the successful Arizona Club; the son and the Italian man are at least half-Jews and soon their futures are put in real danger from the Nazis (in English, Italian and Spanish)

Planning of the Holocaust:

Conspiracy (2001)  --  banal, but downright evil at the same time; the design of the implementation of the Holocaust

Wannseekonferenz (1984)  --  planning to implement the idea of a final solution 

Auschwitz (a complex of camps in southern Poland):

Sophie's Choice (1982)  --  sad story of a couple hampered by mental  illness and the Auschwitz experience

Sorstalanság (Fateless) (2005)  --   teenage Hungarian boy is sent to Auschwitz, Buchenwald and Zeitz concentration camps

Out of the Ashes (2003)  -- concentration camp survivor Dr. Gisella Perl

Ostatni etap (The Last Stage) (1948) --  a Polish woman's experiences in the Auschwitz concentration camp

La tregua (The Truce) (1997) – Italian Jews returning home from Auschwitz after the war

Gloomy Sunday - Ein Lied von Liebe und Tod (Gloomy Sunday) (1999) --   the coming of the Final Solution to Hungary

Bergen Belsen:

The Relief of Belsen (2007)    --  British military shocked upon seeing the conditions at Bergen Belsen

Buchenwald  (on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany)):

Nackt unter Wölfen (Naked among Wolves) (1963)  --  last weeks at Buchenwald before its liberation

Sorstalanság (Fateless) (2005)  --  the journey of a 14-year-old Jewish boy from Budapest to Buchenwald  (Hungarian with English subtitles)

Dauchau (16 km northwest of Munich, Bavaria):

Der Neunte Tag (The Ninth Day) (2004)  --   a Catholic priest from Luxembourg is held in the Dachau concentration camp and yet gets a 9-day leave; what? why?

Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg,  n.e. Germany):

Pastor Hall (1940)  --  German pastor Martin Niemoller thrown into Sachsenhausen concentration camp for speaking out against the Nazis

Sobibor (Sobibór, s.w. of Warsaw, occupied Poland):

Escape from Sobibor (1987)  --  the biggest and most successful escape of Jewish inmates from a death camp

Treblinka (n.e. of Warsaw near Treblinka, Poland):

Korczak (1990)  --  Dr. Janusz Korczak runs a Jewish orphanage in Poland; he and his orphans are sent to Treblinka on August 6, 1942

Poklosie (Aftermath) (2012)  --  a Polish-American comes to visit his brother in Poland and discovers a dark, ugly secret kept quiet by the villagers

Warsaw Ghetto and Uprising (Warsaw, Poland):

The Pianist (2002)  --  Jewish survivor of the Warsaw ghetto uprising

Uprising (2002)  --  uprising in the Warsaw ghetto

In the Presence of Mine Enemies (1997)  --  struggle for survival during the coming of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Urodziny mlodego warszawiaka (The Birthday) (1980) –  life of a young man from Warsaw is greatly changed by the German invasion of Poland and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Jacob the Liar (1974)  --  Jacob uses story-telling to keep up the spirits of the resident of the Warsaw ghetto even if he has to lie now and then

Jacob the Liar (1999)  --  starring Robin Williams

Samson (1961)  --  man released from prison is imprisoned again in Warsaw Ghetto for being Jewish

Ulnica Graniczna (Border Street) (1948) --  on one street in Warsaw there is a lot of anti-Semitism;  WWII starts and the Jews are thrown into the Warsaw Ghetto;  good Poles try to help the Jews, while others act like Hitler fans;  uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto

X Ninas resa (Nina's Journey) (2005) --  Nina spends three years in the Warsaw ghetto while the people around her keep vanishing

Akcja pod Arsenalelm (Operation Arsenal) (1978)--  rescue of 31 prisoner being transported to the Pawiak prison by the underground Polish Home Army in occupied Warsaw

Jeszcze tylko ten las (Just Beyond This Forest) (1991) --  a Jewish woman hires an Aryan woman to take her young daughter to the countryside until the war is over

In Darkness (2011)  --  a gentile Pole saves a number of Jews who sought shelter in the sewers of Lvov

Other Concentration Camps:

Two Thousand Women  (1944)  --  2,000 women are inmates in a WWII German concentration camp in France

Kapň (1960)  --   Edith, a French Jewish girl,  is transferred from a Nazi concentration camp to a Polish labor camp where she becomes a Kapo in the camp


Rosenstrasse (2003)  --  early 1943, courageous German non-Jewish wives protest against the imprisonment of their Jewish husbands

The Grey Zone (2001)  --  revolt of the Jews who fed the Holocaust ovens at Auschwitz II - Birkenau 

Hanna’s War (1988) – Hungarian Jewish martyr Hannah Senesh executed by the Nazis in 1944

Kapň (1960)  --   Edith, a French Jewish girl,  is transferred from a Nazi concentration camp to a Polish labor camp where she becomes a Kapo in the camp

Bonhoeffer: Agent of Grace (2003)  --  German theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer is one of the first clear voices of resistance to Adolf Hitler; he openly challenged his church to stand with the Jews; hanged April 1945

Sophie Scholl (2006)  --  Germany's most famous anti-Nazi heroine

Invincible (2002)  --  a Jewish strongman performer in Germany sees himself as chosen by God to warn his people of the impending danger

Ostre sledované vlaky (Closely Watched Trains) (1966)  --  in Czechoslovakia a young man ignores the war, the occupation and the resistance to concentrate on his personal problems

Saving or Failing to Save Lives:

God Afton, Herr Wallenberg (Good Evening, Mr. Wallenberg) (1990)  --  Swedish national saves Hungarian Jews

Wallenberg:  A Hero's Story (1985) (2 DVD set)  -- the hero saving Jews

Perlasca. Un eroe italiano (Perlasca: The Courage of a Just Man) (2002) –  working with Wallenberg Italian fascist Giorgio Perlasca uses fascist credentials to save more than 5,000 Jews from extermination  (in Italian only film)

Divided We Fall (2000)  --  in Nazi occupied Czechoslovakia, a couple agree to hide a Jewish friend

The Hiding Place (1975) --  Corrie ten Boom recounts her and her family's experiences in a Nazi concentration camp at Ravensbrück, n. Germany holding mostly women

The Diary of Anne Frank (1959) -- Jewish girl and family hide from Nazis

Diary of Anne Frank (1980)

Diary of Anne Frank (1987) -- 

The Attic: The Hiding of Anne Frank (1988)  --  Miep Gies (Mary Steenburgen) aids Jewish refugees

Anne Frank:  The Whole Story (2001)  --  the story of Anne Frank hiding in the Netherlands from the Gestapo

The Diary of Anne Frank (2009)  --  ditto

Das Boot ist Voll (The Boat is Full) (1980)  --  destruction of the myth of the Swiss "lifeboat" for the persecuted

The Aryan Couple  (2004)  --   Himmler makes a deal with a rich Jewish-Hungarian steel industrialist: his vast fortune for his and his extended family's freedom

Amen (2002) --  the decision of the Vatican to remain neutral on all political matters, especially the Holocaust

Au revoir les enfants (Goodbye, Children) (1987)  --  a Catholic school in France hides three Jewish boys from the Gestapo

Le Dernier Métro (The Last Metro) (1980)  --  a gentile wife conceals  her Jewish theatre director husband from the Nazis during the German occupation of France

Ghetto (2006) – saving the lives of Jews and others in Vilna, Lithuania in 1942

The Assisi Underground (1985)  --  rescuing Italian Jews from the Nazis in 1943 Assisi

Lacombe Lucien (1974)  --   in occupied France, a young Frenchman is conflicted over his work for the German police and his Jewish girlfriend

Schindler's List (1993) -- rescues his Jewish factory workers from death

Edges of the Lord (2000)  --  in Poland, Christians hide a Jewish boy from the Nazis

Esther's Diary (2010)--  a mother's diary reveals the secret ties between two families, one Jewish, the other Christian, during the holocaust in Poland

The Man Who Cried (2000)  --  Russian Jewish immigrant is endangered in a Paris, France dance troupe because of her heritage

Voyage of the Damned (1976)-- Jewish passengers unable to disembark

Varian's War (2000)  --  an American Schindler Varian Fry saving European intellectuals from the Nazis

Nirgendwo in Afrika (Nowhere in Africa) (2001)  --  Jewish refugees establish a new life in Kenya during the Hitler reign

La Rafle (The Round Up) (2010)  --  French police help in a big round up of  French Jews, night of July 16, 1942

Elle s'appelait Sarah (Sarah's Key) (2010)  --   an American journalist living and working in Paris, France stumbles onto a Holocaust story that touches on the French part of her family

Hidden in Silence (1996)  -- a Polish teenage girl risks death by providing refuge for Jewish people

Lena:  My 100 Children (1987)  --  a woman adopts 100 Jewish Holocaust orphans, but then her problems of defending the children gets really tough

Defiance (2008)  --  true story of three brothers taking on the task of defending a multitude of 1,000 Polish Jews from the German occupation force

Miracle at Moreaux (1986)  --  a Catholic nun works to save Jewish children from the Nazis

Désobéir (Aristides de Sousa Mendes) (2008) – Portuguese diplomat Aristides de Sousa Mendes helps save war refugees fleeing from invading Germans

I slik en natt (It Happened One Night) (1958) – a young woman doctor who in 1942, helped several Jewish children escape for the border to neutral Sweden

A Day in October (1992)  --  Danish resistance helps 7,200 Danish Jews escape to Sweden

Debajo del mundo (Underground; Under the Earth) (1987)  --  a family hides underground for six years to escape the Nazi's plans for them

Boxer a smrt (The Boxer and Death) (1963)  --  in a Nazi concentration camp, the commandant, a former prize-fighter, saves an inmate from execution because of his amateur boxing ability

Divided We Fall (2001)  --  a couple in Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia hide their Jewish neighbor at great risk to themselves

Haven (2001)  -- in Nazi occupied Europe, Ruth Gruber risks her life to help around 1,000 survivors of the Holocaust to escape to the USA 

On pouvait pas savoir (Monsieur Batignole) (2002)   --  Batignole gets to take over the apartment belonging to the Bernstein family after they are arrested by the Gestapo; young Simon Bernstein escapes and returns to the apartment; Batignole decides to hide him

Conspiracy of Hearts (1960)  --  in Italy nuns regularly smuggle Jewish children out of a nearby concentration camp

Me and the Colonel (1958)  --  just before the German invasion of Paris, a Jewish refugee tries to escape in a car and picks up an anti-Semite & his girlfriend

Hotel Meina (2007)  --  Italy declares an armistice with the Allies (September 8, 1943) and the Germans take over, putting the Jewish people in the resort Hotel Meina under detention and fear

X  Father (1967)  --  a heroic protector of the Hungarian Jews during the Nazi occupation (English subtitles)

Confidence ( Bizalom) (1980)  --  Janos and Kata are forced to pose as husband and wife to hide from the Nazis where they face their own prejudices (English subtitles)

Les hommes libres (Free Men) (2011)  – in Nazi-occupied Paris, a Muslim black marketer risks his life to join the resistance; he forms deep bonds as the Mosque smuggles Jews to safety

War Criminals Escape and the Search for Them:

The Statement (2003)  --  war criminal Pierre Broussard escapes justice for many years because of an intricate web of protection, including the French clergy

The Debt (2010)  --  a woman and two men working for Mossad capture the Butcher of Birkenau and then the intrigue really starts

Murderers Among Us: The Simon Wiesenthal Story (1989) (TV)  --  the Nazi-war-criminal-hunter and catcher

Kessler  (1981)  --  very cruel Gestapo officer sneaks out to a fascist colony in Paraguay, but anti-fascists come looking for him

X La traque (Manhunt) (2008)  --  the Klarsfelds pursue Klaus Barbie, the "Butcher of Lyon" to South America

X Lisa (1962) – chasing Nazi war criminals


X   La tregua (The Truce) (1997) – Italian Jews returning home from Auschwitz after the war

Krajobraz po bitwie (Landscape After the Battle) (1970) – Polish film about the after-math of living in a concentration camp on a young couple

I Love You, I Love You Not (1996)  --  a Jewish prep school student shares stories of anti-Semitism with her grandmother, an Auschwitz survivor (with Jeanne Moreau and Claire Danes)

Under the Domim Tree (1994)  --  1953 Israel has to deal with orphans damaged because of the Holocaust

For my Baby (1997) --  a young man becomes his dead sister Hannah to bring his grandmother out of her constant grieving; his life is further complicated when his Texas girlfriend finds out that her father was a Nazi ( English)

Un secret (A Secret) (2007)  --  1953, a 15 year old gentile boy finds out that his parents and he are Jewish; the parents passed for Aryans to avoid the Holocaust

X  Skin  -  16 year old son of a Jewish father traumatized by the events of WWII, becomes a skin head neo-Nazi and in 1983 ends up killing a 13 year old boy

Vielleicht in einem anderen Leben (In Another Lifetime) (2011)  --  Vienna, April 1945, an operetta offers hope and healing to both Jewish prisoners and their captors (English subtitles)



Devil's Arithmetic (1999)  --  a young Jewish woman cares little about her Jewish heritage until she gets a taste of life in a concentration camp

Mr. Klein (1976)  --  the non-Jewish Klein exploits the Jewish people in occupied Paris, World War II, only to be mistaken as Jewish

Look to the Sky (1993)  --  Jonah, an innocent young Jewish Child from Amsterdam, tries to survive life in a concentration camp

Rotation (1949)  ---  laborer for the Nazis quits his job after his Jewish neighbors are taken away

Daleká cesta (Distant Journey) (1950)   --  Czech Holocaust film about a Jewish eye doctor in love with a Gentile plagued by anti-Semitism

Pasazerka (The Passenger) (1963)  --  on a cruise ship a former Auschwitz camp overseer thinks she sees someone who once was her prisoner (Polish film)

Bent (1997)  --   two gay men come to the attention of the Gestapo in Germany; the survivor of the two falls in love with another inmate

The Last Butterfly (1993)  --  the Germans force a mime to help fool the Red Cross that everything is o.k. in Terezin, a town that the Nazis set up as a holding place for Jews who will be sent off to concentration camps

Me and the Colonel (1958)  --  just before the German invasion of Paris, a Jewish refugee tries to escape in a car and picks up an anti-Semite & his girlfriend

X The Boy in Striped Pajamas (2008)   -  in a concentration camp a German boy becomes friends with a Jewish boy with consequences

X  Rondo (2009)  --  father and son Jewish Refugees in England come closer emotionally as they learn their relatives died in German concentration camps

A Friendship in Vienna (1988)  -- two friends, one Gentile and one Jewish, are disturbed by Hitler's take-over of Austria

A Son's War (2009) – Prague, 1939, a young Jewish man faced by the Nazi occupation of the city, has to choose between his freedom and his mother

Gebürtig (2002)  --  a Jewish virtuoso, is pressured to return to testify against a concentration camp leader, while a German newsman  has to deal with his father having been an important SS doctor

 Operation Daybreak (1975)  --  plot to kill the "Butcher of Prague" SS-General Reinhard Heydrich (who was a driving force of the Final Solution)

Hangmen Also Die (1943)  --  after the assassination of  SS-General Reinhard Heydrich, young Czech woman is enlisted by shady Dr. Svoboda

Berlin '36 (2009)  --  Nazis try to prevent a female Jewish German athlete from performing in the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin

   Daleká cesta (Distant Journey) (1950)  --  Prague Jews surviving Nazi occupation during the war

  Beyond Mercy (2007)  --  a Jewish runaway and a Nazi soldier learn you cannot kill your enemy, when it is he who you depend on to live

 Zycie za zycie (Life for Life: Maximilian Kolbe) (1991)  --  Maximilian Kolbe (1894-1941) volunteers to die in place of a stranger in the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz

Poklosie (Aftermath) (2012) --  several villages in Poland turn on their Jewish neighbors

        Sudbina mi nije dala da odem (Fate Did Not Let Me Go) (2002) --  a mother writes a farewell letter to her son just days before she dies in the Thereseinstadt concentration camp

       Holocaust (1978)  --  a Jewish family's struggle to survive the horror of Nazi Germany. with Meryl Streep

Mother Night (1996)  --  American spy serves as a Nazi propagandist and cannot escape the ostracism after the war because he can't reveal his role in the war

The Wall (1982)  --  Warsaw Ghetto Jewish uprising; April 1943





The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell (1955) in 1925, he predicted Japanese attack on U.S.

Blood on the Sun  (1945)


 The Last Emperor  (1987)  -- Pu Yi, emperor of China & emergence of Communist China

Rakuyô (The Setting Sun ) (1992)  --  Japanese agent in Manchuria gets money for Japanese war effort there by stealing and selling opium

Dansou no reijin (2008)  --  Yoshiko Kawashima (1907-1948) a Manchu princess raised in Japan who became a spy for the Japanese in Manchukuo

Ba dao lou zi (Seven Man Army) (1976)  --  seven Chinese soldiers hold off 20,000 Japanese at a battle at the Great Wall of China

Shunpu den (Story of a Prostitute) (1965)  --  love story set during Sino-Japanese War between a soldier and a comfort woman

Di dao zhan (Tunnel Warfare) (1965)  --  small town defending itself by use of a network of tunnels during the Second Sino-Japanese War

The Children of Huang Shi (2008)  --  George Hogg led 60 orphans across China to save them from conscription during the Second Sino-Japanese War

Hei tai yang 731 (Men Behind the Sun) (1988)  --  Japanese atrocities in the prison camp Manchu 731

Hei tai yang: Nan Jing da tu sha (Black Sun: the Nanking Massacre) (1995)  --  Nanking Massacre, Dec. 1937

Saam gwok dzi gin lung se gap (The Children of Hung Shi (aka Bitter Sea and Children of the Silk Road)) (2008) --  British journalist in Japan during Nanking Massacre

Nanjing 1937 (aka Don't Cry Nanking)  (1996) --  family with Chinese husband and Japanese wife caught in the Nanking Massacre

La bei ri ji (John Rabe) (2009)  --  a German businessman who saved more than 200,000 Chinese during the Nanjing massacre

Jin líng shí san chai (The Flowers of War) (2011)  --   American tries to save girls and women at a cathedral during the rape of Nanking

Nanjing! Nanjing! (City of Life and Death) (2009)  -- the rape and murder of Nanking by the war criminal Japanese

Ziri (Purple Sunset) (2001)  --  Chinese film about a Russian female soldier ,a  Chinese civilian and a Japanese school girl having to work together to get out of a forest, despite their mutual distrust

Jian qiao ying lie zhuan (Heroes of the Eastern Skies) (1977) – outnumbered Chinese Air Force in increasingly outdated American aircraft fights the Japanese air force ($185)

Dragon Seed (1944)   --  Chinese villagers try to adopt a peaceful attitude toward their Japanese conquerors, but not Jade Tan (with Katherine Hepburn)

Hong gao liang (Red Sorghum) (1988) --  a Chinese community rises up against the Japanese after they cut down their sorghum field

Empire of the Sun (1987) --  a British boy becomes a victim of the Japanese invasion of China

Se, jie (Lust, Caution) (2007)  -- Japanese Resistance uses a young virgin to seduce Chinese collaborator during the Japanese occupation of Shanghai with surprising consequences

Yi jiang chun shui xiang dong liu (The Spring River Flows East) (1947)  --  in pre-war, wartime and post-war a family is split by the war with Japan

The White Countess (2005)  --  love story set in pre-war and wartime Shanghai

Tai Hang shan shang (On the Mountain of Tai Hang) (2005)   -- Chinese communist commander Zhu De wins some big battles against the Japanese in northern China

Da Jue Zhan I: Liao Shen Zhan Yi (The Liaoxi Shenyang Campaign) (1990)  --  first major victorious campaign in Manchuria of the Chinese communists under Field Marshall Lin Biao

Da Jue Zhan II: Huai Hai Zhan Yi (Decisive Engagement: Wei-hai Campaign) (1990) – Mao Tse-tung and the Wei-hai campaign 

Da Jue Zhan III: Ping Jin Zhan Yi  (Decisive Engagement: Beiping Tianjin Campaign) (1990) – Field Marshall Lin Biao and his achievements (went on to persecute many innocents during the Cultural Revolution)  (currently unavailable)

Yi ge he ba ge (One and Eight) (1983) --  eight criminals and a deserting Chinese officer in the communist Eighth Route Army

Guizi lai le (Devils on the Doorstep) (2000)  --  Chinese villagers hold two Japanese prisoners of war

Dang doi lai ming (Hong Kong 1941) (1984)  --  three friends suffer under Japanese occupation on the island of Hong Kong

Lady from Chungking (1943) –  Chinese guerrilla leader resists the Japanese during WWII.

Tian ma cha fang (March of Happiness) (1999)  --  a love story set amid Japanese occupation of China

The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958)  --  service in China and reaction to Japanese invasion

Mai Wei (My Way) (2011)  --  Korean soldiers are forced to serve in Japan's armed forces to fight the Russians

War in Burma:

Never so Few (1959)  --  Kichan guerilla war against the Japanese in Burma

Flying Tigers (1942) -- fighting the Japanese in Burma and China

Bombs Over Burma (1942) -- devoted woman risks life for sake of China on espionage mission on the Burma Road

Burma Convoy (Halfway to Shanghai) (1941)  --  getting critical supplies through to China via the Burma Road

Orde Wingate (1976)  --  play-like movie about commander Orde Wingate who became a Zionist during foreign service in Palestine and developed guerrilla tactics used by the Israelis; leads strikes into Burma in WWII

Merrill's Marauders (1962) Brig. Gen. Frank Merrill, battling Japanese in Burmese jungle

Objective, Burma! (1945) --  WWII Brits invade Burma

Biruma no tategoto (Burmese Harp) (1956)  --  Brits have to attack Japanese forces in Burma as late as July, 1945

Yesterday's Enemy (1959)   --  British unit takes a Burmese village recently controlled by the Japanese; to get info from the collaborator, the commander orders two of them to be executed to show him he means business




Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941)

Tora! Tora! Tora! ( 1970)  -- Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941

In Harm's Way (1965)  --  attack on Pearl Harbor and counter-offensive in a backdoor operation

Pearl Harbor (2001)  -- with Ben Affleck

X December  (1991)  --  coming of age story set during Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the decisions of whether they should sign up for the military or not

From Here to Eternity (1953)  --  two soldiers fall in love and face difficulties set before, during and after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944)  --  James H. Doolittle air raid on Japan soon after Pearl Harbor

The Purple Heart (1944)  --  US army air corps crew has to ditch their plane in China after the Doolittle raid on Tokyo and other Japanese cities and are put on trial for murder

Hawai Mare oki kaisen (The War at Sea from Hawaii to Malay) (1942) –   Japanese film on the war

Hawai Middouei daikaikusen: Taiheiyo no arashi (Storm Over the Pacific) (1960) --  a navigator-bombardier in Japan's Naval Air Force is proud and certain of Japanese victory after Pearl Harbor and the early victories; but then comes the Battle of Midway

To the Shores of Tripoli  (1942)  --  egotistical young marine recruit gets taught some valuable lessons just before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

War and Remembrance (1988) -- 12 part mini series

Wake Island/Guam

Wake Island (1942)  --  Japanese have a hard time taking a small island between Guam and Midway (Dec. 7, 1941)

Air Force (1943) – crew of a B-17 Flying Fortress see action at Wake Island, the Philippines, and the Battle of the Coral Sea

 No Man is an Island (1962)  --  an American serviceman fights for survival on Japanese-occupied Guam

Malaya (Dec. 8, 1941)

The Long and the Short and the Tall (aka Jungle Fighters) (1961)  --  British soldiers trapped behind Japanese lines in the Malayan jungle

Paloh (2003)  – Malaysian film about the confrontation between the Japanese occupying force and the Communist Party of Malaya, during final days of Japanese occupation  (only in Malaysian/Mandarin)

Shiberia Chôtokky 3 (Siberian Express) (2003) – General Tomoyuki Yamashita who conquered the British colonies of Malaya and Singapore (called "The Tiger of Malaya")

Judgment: The Court Martial of the Tiger of Malaya - General Yamashita (1974) –  the trial of the conqueror of Malaya and Singapore

Tanamera:  Lion of Singapore  (1989)  --  TV-mini series; set in the waning days of the British in Singapore and Malaya, a forbidden romance begins between an Englishman and a Chinese woman


Ambush Bay (1966)  --  US marines on a Japanese-held Philippine island try to hook up with Filipino guerillas

MacArthur (1977) -- loses Philippines, but comes back; then on to the Korean War and trouble with President Truman

Corregidor  (1943)  --  Battle of Corregidor, Philippines

Bataan (1943) -- fight against Japanese take over of the Philippines

Dai Nippon teikoku (The Imperial Japanese Empire) (1982) – Hideki Tojo and Japanese occupations of Okinawa and the Philippines (only in Japanese)

Beast of Bataan (2010)  --  young lawyer tries to save his client from death penalty for war crimes stemming from 1942 Bataan Death March (10,000 American and Filipino POWs died on a forced march to captivity)

American Guerrilla in the Philippines (1950) -- resistance to Japanese after fall of the Philippines

Aishite Imasu 1941: Mahal Kita (2004)  --  impact of Japanese invasion of the Philippines on a quiet town

Panaghoy sa Suba (The Call of the River) (2004) --  set during the American Occupation (1941) and the Japanese Occupation (1942-1945) 

Outrages of the Orient (or Atrocities of the Orient) (1948) --  Japanese atrocities against the Filipino people (including attempted rape) 

Markova: Comfort Gay (2000) – young Filipino boy suffers as Japanese soldiers use him for sex work

So Proudly we Hail (1943)  --  US army nurses headed to Hawaii diverted by Pearl Harbor attack to Bataan and Corregidor

Cry of Battle (1963)  --  during the Japanese attack on the Philippines, a young man struggles with his loyalty to a surrogate father and a commitment to what is good, rather than what is evil


The Bridge On The River Kwai (1957) -- a British commander in a POW camp becomes so obsessed with building a bridge for the Japanese that he forgets that they are the enemy

Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence (1983)  --  1942, a Briltish POW tries to explain the Japanese reasoning (or rationalizing) behind their brutal treatment of their prisoners 

Australia (2008)  --  love story set against background of racism and Japanese attack on Darwin, Australia on February 19, 1942

The Last Bastion (1984)  --  Australia during WWII

Until They Sail (1957) – four New Zealand women fall for four U.S. soldiers waiting in New Zealand to be shipped out to fight   --  ($40 VHS tape)



Battle of the Coral Sea (1959)   May, 1942 naval Battle of the Coral Sea where Japanese expansionism was turned back for the first time

Midway (1976) -- Battle of Midway, June 5, 1942

Gung Ho (1943)  --  2nd Marine Raider commandos, under Lt. Col. Evans Carlson, raided the Japanese base at Makin Atoll

Guadalcanal Diary (1943) -- Battle of Guadalcanal, began August 7, 1942

The Thin Red Line (1998) -- Battle of Guadalcanal, 1942

The Thin Red Line (1964)  -- an earlier and better version of 1998's The Thin Red Line 

The Pacific (2010)  --  US Marine Corps during the Pacific Campaign in WWII;  Parts 1 and 2:  fighting on Guadalcanal

Fighting Sullivans (1944)  -- five brothers serving on the same ship die while fighting at Guadalcanal

The Gallant Hours (1960)   --  Admiral Halsey during the Battle of Guadalcanal  

Baa Baa Black Sheep (1976/1977)  --  based on real-life squadron leader Major Gregory "Pappy" Boyington

Kokoda (2006)  --  Australian troops fight the Japanese during the 1942 Kokoda Track campaign

Tarawa Beachhead (1958) --  costly invasion of the island, November 20-23,1943

Jungle Patrol (1948)  --  the US air force and the fighting in New Guinea 1943

The Pacific (2010)  --  US Marine Corps during the Pacific Campaign in WWI;  Part 4:  fighting on New Britain Island, December 1943

Battle Cry (1955)  --  the run up to and the Battle for Saipan, June 1944

Windtalkers (2002) --  Navajo codetalkers use their own language as the unbreakable code on Saipan, June 15 to July 9, 1944

Taiheiyou no kiseki: Fokkusu to yobareta otoko (Oba, the Last Samurai) (2011)  --  a group of Japanese soldiers fight on after US forces capture most of the island of Saipan

The Pacific (2010)  --  US Marine Corps during the Pacific Campaign in WWII;  Parts 5 to 7:  fighting on the island of Peleliu, September - November, 1944

Raiders of Leyte Gulf (1963) --  a raid before the Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 23-26, 1944, kicks off re-conquest of the Philippines

Battle Stations (1956)  --  kamikaze attacks on the USS Franklin and USS Bunker Hill, October, 1944

The Walls of Hell (1965)  --   fight in the walled city of Intramuros in the Philippines, February, 1945

Back to Bataan (1945) -- John Wayne leads Philippine guerillas

The Great Raid (2005)  --  rescue of American POWs in the Philippines

The Ravagers (1965)  --  Filipino guerrillas repel last remnants of the Japanese on their land

Sands of Iwo Jima (1949) -- Battles of Tarawa and Iwo Jima, Feb.-March, 1945

Flags of Our Fathers (2006)  --  story of the men behind the second raising of the flag on Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima

Letters from Iwo Jima (2006)  --  the battle for Iwo Jima presented from the Japanese perspective

The Pacific (2010)  --  US Marine Corps during the Pacific Campaign in WWII;  Part 8:  battle of Iwo Jima, Feb.-March, 1945

The Outsider (1961)  --  Tony Curtis plays troubled flag raiser Ira Hayes

Okinawa (1952) -- largest amphibious assault in the Pacific campaign, April to June, 1945

Gekido no showashi: Okinawa kessen (Battle of Okinawa) (1971)  --  horrors of combat from Japanese perspective

Away all Boats (1956)  --  life on the USS Belinda, Attack Transport PA22, which served at Okinawa  ($34)

The Pacific (2010)  --  US Marine Corps during the Pacific Campaign in WWII;  Part 9:  battle of Okinawa, April-June, 1945

Paloh (2003)  --  Malaysian love story set in last days of Japanese occupation in Malaysia in the small town of Paloh

The Winds of War (1983) -- world's leaders at the time

Solntse (The Sun) (2005)  --  Emperor Hirohito confronted by Gen. Douglas MacArthur at end of WWII (trilogy with Moloch and Taurus)

Weekly's War  (1984)   --  story of Australian experience of  WWII thru experience of those who worked on the publication of the Australian Women’s Weekly

Nobi (Fires on the Plain) (1959)  --  fight of one Japanese soldier to survive facing terrible horrors on the island of Leyte, Philippines in February, 1945

Overlanders (1946)  --  fear of Japanese invasion in Australia causes cattlemen to push their herds overland halfway across the country.

Atom Bomb (Manhattan Project): 

Fat Man and Little Boy (1989) -- story of Los Alamos atomic bomb project

Oppenheimer (1980)  --  mini-series about the life of J. Robert. Oppenheimer and the Manhattan Project, the H-bomb and Oppenheimer harmed by the McCarthy era

The Beginning or the End (1947)  – dramatization of the atomic bomb Manhattan Project and the subsequent bombing of Japan

Day One (1989)  --  story of Manhattan Project focusing on interaction between Col. Leslie R. Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer

Mission of the Shark (1991)  --  dropped off key parts for the atomic bomb, then sunk June 1945 and survivors attacked by sharks

Above and Beyond (1952)  --  bombing of Hiroshima (August 6, 1945)  led by Col. Paul Tibbetts, commander of the Enola Gay

Hiroshima (1995) --   August 6, 1945

Hiroshima: Out of the Ashes (1990)  --  emphasis on the damage done to the people of Hiroshima

Nihon no ichiban nagai hi (Japan's Longest Day) (1967)  --  the military tries to overthrow the Emperor's civilian government after Nagasaki bombing

Imamura (Black Rain) (1989)  --  aunt and uncle try to prove their niece is not unhealthy due to radiation fallout and is, therefore, suitable for marriage 

Mistreatment by Japan of POWs:

A Town like Alice (1956)  --  British women & children fight to survive under the non-care of the Japanese

Prisoners of the Sun (1990)  --  Japanese internment of Australian soldiers

To End all Wars (2001)  --  very good movie on Japanese prisoner of war camp in Thailand

Three Came Home (1950)  --  true account of American woman's experience in a Japanese prison camp

Paradise Road (1997)  --  women imprisoned in Sumatra in WWII dealing with Japanese atrocities

Sisters of War (2010)  --  Australian nurses becomes POWs when Japan attacks Rabaul

Prisoners of the Sun (Blood Oath)  (1990)  --  the Ambon tribunal tried 91 Japanese soldiers for war crimes against Australian prisoners

X Tenko (1981-1984) --  Australian women interned in a Japanese POW camp (TV series)

Unbroken (2014)  --usual terrible treatment of POWs by the Japanese; Olympic athlete is given especially brutal treatment by the leader of the treatment of the POWs

Japanese-American Internment:

Come See the Paradise (1990) -- Japanese-American internment in the USA

The War Between Us (1995)  -- Japanese-Canadian internment in Canada

Bad Day at Black Rock (1955) -- prejudice against Japanese-Americans

Stand Up for Justice (2004)  --  Mexican/Irish-American goes to the internment camp with his Japanese-American friends

American Pastime (2007)  -- Japanese-Americans interned turn to baseball, the all-American sport

The Dunera Boys (1985)  --  imprisonment of German nationals in Australia in WWII (among them were Jewish refugees)

99-nen no ai: Japanese Americans (2010– ) --


The Home Front and the Soldiers Return

A League of Their Own (1992)  --  women's baseball in World War II

Bye Bye Blues (1989)  --  the coddled wife of a British soldier captured and sent to a Japanese POW camp has to support her family and carry on with her life

The Land Girls (1998)  -  the Women's Land Army starring Catherine McCormack, Rachel Weisz, Anna Friel

Land Girls (2009)  --  British TV series about four English women who join The Women's Land Army and are called "Land Girls"; they help out on the farms to grow more food for the war effort

Millions Like Us (1943) --   A British female worker in a defense plant during WWII

Since You Went Away (1944)  --   a wife left at home with her daughters after her husband goes into the army

Tender Comrade (1943)  --  a Rosie the Riveter type story

Best Years of Our Lives (1946) post-WWII adjustment of war veterans

Szyfry (The Codes) (1966)  --  for a Polish veteran, home after the war, questions arise of collaboration and resistance in his own family under German occupation

Zaduszki (All Souls' Day) (1961)  --  mental damage caused by  World War II in Poland





XIII.1.  Post-War Japan   

Emperor (2012)  --  MacArthur is put in control of post-WWII Japan; asks for a report about whether or not Emperor Hirohito was a war criminal

Dongjing Shenpan (Tokyo Trial) 2006  --  a Chinese judge helps convinces the other international judges to choose the death penalty for the Japanese war criminals

Stray Dog (1949)  --  a cop solves a murder in desperate, war-ravaged, U.S.-occupied Tokyo

Hiroshima Mon Amour (1959)  --  a budding romance is overshadowed by memories of the horrors of the A-bomb  

Rhapsody in August (1991)  -- memories of the atomic bomb and its aftermath

Gunki Hatameku Motoni (Under the Flag of the Rising Sun) (2001) – the widow of a Japanese sergeant wants information on the death of her husband in New Guinea only to get lies and half-truths, including knowledge of the inhumanity of the Japanese soldiers

Mishima -- Japanese novelist commits traditional suicide, 1970

Setouchi shonen yakyu dan (Macarthur's Children) (1985)  --  Americans occupy the village of a young boy and his friends  ($50 for VHS tape)

Puraido: Unmei no toki (Pride: The Fateful Moment) (1998) – justification of Japanese excesses during World War II from Japanese point of view

Tokyo Joe (1949)  --   an American G.I. returns to post-war Tokyo to resume his business there of a bar and restaurant  (do over)


XIII.2.  Post-War China  

Communist Rule (1949-today)

The Soong Sisters (1997)  --  the lives of three sisters who all married among the highest rank of officials in the Republic of China (1911-1949)

Ji ji hao (Assembly) (2007)  --  set in 1948 during the Chinese Civil War

Jian quo da ye (The Founding of a Republic) (2009)  --  story of the founding of the People's Republic of China

Zui hou de guile zu (The Last Aristocrats) (1989)  --  Four Chinese women students in the USA are stranded when the Communists take over Shanghai in 1948

Xin hai shuang shi (The Battle for the Republic of China) (1981)  --

Kaiguo dadian (The Birth of New China)  (1989) --  April 1949, People's Liberation Army under Mao Zedong and Zhu De take Nanjing & the KMT regime falls; Chiang Kai-Shek flees to Taiwan October 1949

Yangtse Incident: The Story of H.M.S. Amethyst (1957) --  1949, British warship Amethyst blocked by Communist Chinese shore batteries on the Yangtse River

Wo de fu qin mu qin (The Road Home) (1999)  --  country girl  & a young teacher fall in love during the 1958 Anti-Rightist Movement reaction against the Hundred Flowers Campaign

China Cry (1990) – a barely Christian upper-class woman survives the anti-religious excesses of communism in China

Gui lai (Coming Home) (2014)  -- a devoted couple are forced to separate when the husband is arrested and sent to a labor camp as a political prisoner during the Cultural Revolution

Ba wang bie ji (Farewell, My Concubine) (1993) --  spanning warlord era to past the Cultural Revolution in China

Huozhe (To Live) (1994) --  a married couple experience the effects of the Communist victory, the Great Leap Forward and The Cultural Revolution

Lan feng zheng (The Blue Kite) (1994)  --  horrible effects of the Cultural Revolution  

Tian yu (The Sent Down Girl) (1998)  --  in the Cultural Revolution, teen-aged girl sent to a remote area of China and abandoned

Xiao cai feng (Balzac and the Little Seamstress) (2002)  -- two young men sent for re-education in the Cultural Revolution fall in love with the same mountain woman

Fu rong zhen (Hibiscus Town) (1986)  --  a young woman lives through the Cultural Revolution

Yangguang Canlan de Rizi (In the Heat of the Sun) (1994)  --  young people roam the streets because the Cultural Revolution takes up most of their parents' time

Mei you hang biao de he liu (River Without Buoys) (1984)   --  during the Cultural Revolution, timber rafters try to rescue a former District Director from a labor camp

Romance on Lushan Mountain (or Love on Lushan Mountain or A Love Story at Lushan Mountain) (1980) --  the Cultural Revolution makes love very difficult for a young couple

Xiang ri kui (Sunflower) (2005)  --  following a family harmed by the Cultural Revolution for thirty years

Bethune: Making of a Hero (1990) --  life of Canadian Doctor Norman Bethune who became a hero in China during Mao Tse-Tung's rise to power.

Bethune (1977)   --  Canadian doctor who aided Mao Tse-Tung's army

Last Emperor 1987) --  the Qing Dynasty falls to nationalists, and the emperor later becomes a pawn in Japanese-controlled Manchuria directed by Bertolucci. 

Zhantai (Platform) (2000)  --  a performance troupe changes with the changes in the political climate in China

Yi ge dou bu neng shao (Not One Less) (1999)--a rural Communist confronts post-Deng modernization efforts in contemporary China.

Qiu Ju da guan si (The Story of Qiu Ju) (1992)  --   woman battles frustrating court system in modern China.

Chinese Box (1997)  --  a love story set against the Chinese takeover of Hong Kong


Dao cao ren (Strawman) (1987) – farming brothers in trouble during the Japanese occupation of Taiwan

X Po lun tai (Flat Tire) (2000)  --  talk of film makers touches on political reality in Taiwan

X Bei qing cheng shi (A City of Sadness) (1989) --  first part of the trilogy about modern Taiwan history;  average Taiwanese family during years 1945-1949

Xi meng ren sheng (In the Hands of a Puppet Master) (1993) --  second part of the trilogy about Taiwan history; Japanese use street puppets for propaganda making it tough for a Chinese puppet master

Hao nan hao nu (Good Men, Good Women) (1995)  -- third part of the trilogy about modern Taiwan; a couple returns to China as part of the anti-Japanese movement & are arrested as communists when they go back to Taiwan ($50)


Seven Years in Tibet (1997) -- mountain-climber befriended by 14 year old Dalai Lama during WWII

Kundun (1997) -- Dalai Lama resists Chinese take-over of Tibet; 1949

Little Buddha (1993) -- search for the next Dalai Lama


Geuddae geusaramdeul (The President's Last Bang) (2005) – events leading up to assassination of South Korean President Park Chung-hee (1961-1979)

Silmido (2003)  --  1968 Korean Republic Army plan to assassinate North Korean president Kim Il-Sung


XIII.3.  Post-War Philippines  

Dekada '70 (2002)  --  middle-class Filipino family realize the full meaning of dictatorship in the Philippines (languages Filipino/Tagalog/English)

Bagong Buwan (2001)  --  Muslim rebellion in Mindanao, Philippines between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) (languages Filipino/Tagalog)

Chavit (2003)  --  in the Philippines, ouster of corrupt President Joseph Estrad in favor of vice president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (languages Filipino/Tagalog)

Cavite (2005)  -- terrorism bred by poverty and injustice (languages Filipino/Tagalog)


XIII.4.  Post-War England  

Into the Storm (2009)  --  Winston Churchill during and after World War II

Soho Boho (2005)   --  bohemian life in post-war England

Scandal (1989) -- John Profumo scandal in England

Bradford Riots (2006)  --  TV movie about tension between far-right fanatics and Asians in the Manningham area of  Bradford leads to riots


XIII.5.  Post-War Germany  

West Germany:

Deutschland bleiche Mutter (Germany, Pale Mother)  (1980)   --  a German woman and her daughter try to survive while the father is away fighting; dad returns and it gets worse

Das schreckliche Mädchen (The Nasty Girl) (1990) --   a German girl researches her town's past, discovers collaboration with the Nazis and earns the enmity of the townspeople

The Tunnel (2001) -- escaping from East Berlin to West Berlin via a tunnel

Heimat - Chronicle of Germany (1985)  --   Germany in the years 1919-1982 through the eyes of a woman named Maria

Heimat II (Home, Vol. 2: A Chronicle of a Generation) (1992)  --  portrait of German youth in the wild 1960s

Heimat III (Heimat, Vol. 3: A Chronicle of Endings and Beginnings) (2004)  --  a chronicle of Germany (1989 to 2000)

Germania anno zero (Germany Year Zero) (1948)  --  young German boy suffers from the hard times following the end of WWII

Die Ehe der Maria Braun (The Marriage of Maria Braun) (1979)  --  rough times for Germany immediately following the end of WWII

The Big Lift (1950)  --  Berlin Airlift 

Die Luftbrücke - Nur der Himmel war frei (The Airlift) (2005) --  made for TV movie about Berlin airlift

Im Schatten der Macht (Willy Brandt) (2003) – last days of West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, (Chancellor from 1969-1974)

Stammheim (1986)  --  the trial in Stammheim Prison of the left-wing terrorist Baader-Meinhof Group

Der Baader Meinhof Komplex (The Baader Meinhof Complex) (2008) – the story of the German leftist terrorist Baader Meinhof Gang

Die verlorene Ehre der Katharina Blum (The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum) (1975)  --  panic over Red Army Faction terrorism in the 1970s Germany

 Es kommt der Tag (The Day Will Come) (2009)  --  daughter meets her mother and is disturbed about mom's past with the terrorist group Red Army Faction (RAF), but mom has no regrets about it

Deutschland im Herbst (Germany in Autumn) (1978)  --   trying to form an idea about the state of German politics in the age of terrorism, year 1977

Die bleierne Zeit (The German Sisters) (1981) – 1968, West German reporter Julianne starts to question the system when her terrorist sister Marianna is treated very badly

Das Wunder von Bern  (The Miracle of Bern) (2003)  --  troubles for a family following the end of WWII

Rosen fuer den Staatsanwalt (Roses for the Prosecutor) (1959)  --  attempts of German society to overcome the shadows of the past  (currently unavailable; VHS tape)

Der Schulfreund (The High School Buddy) (1960)  --   fellow writes a letter asking for release of a Jewish man recently arrested and now must be declared insane to avoid being executed

Deutschstunde (1971)  --  -youth's uncle is an expressionist painter who the Nazis forbid to paint; youth helps hide uncle's newest paintings from his conservative, policeman father (currently unavailable)

Der Fall Furtwangler (Taking Sides)  (2001) --  famous conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic undergoes de-Nazification and an American major forces him to re-examine his life during the Third Reich

East Germany:

Das Versprechen (The Promise) (1995)  --  1961, a couple get separated from each other when trying to escape from East to West Berlin; Konrad is left behind and has to go to enormous lengths to sneak brief visits with Sophie

Sonnenallee (Sun Alley) (1999)  --  17-year-old boy growing up in communist East Germany in the 1970s ($105)

Las Leben der Anderen (The Lives of Others) (2006)  --  1984 East Berlin, Stasi surveillance tactics changes the life of one Stasi worker

Good Bye, Lenin (2003)  --  after unification of the two Germanys, a son tries to restore East German life so his mother recently out of a coma won't have a relapse

.Berlin Calling (2008) --  East German Martin, after getting out of prison after 12 years, finds it hard to adjust to life in Berlin after German unification

Das Wunder von Berlin (The Miracle of Berlin) (2008)  --  the lives of a young East German, his girlfriend and his parents are changed forever with the coming down of the Berlin Wall, 1989 (English subtitles)

Wege in die Nacht (Paths in the Night) (1999)  --  he was a once-powerful man in East Germany, but after the fall of the Berlin Wall, he is redundant and adrift (English subtitles)

Westwind ( Retró szerelem) (Zwillinge) (2011) --  1988, a year before the fall of the Berlin Wall, and 17-year-old twins Doreen and Isabel face a conflict when Doreen falls for Arne; their lives are about to be turned upside down (German with English subtitles)

Der rote Kakadu (The Red Cockatoo) (2006) – union of East and West Germany

Kleinruppin (Kleinruppin forever) (2004)  -- identical twins Ronny and Tim switch places forcing Tim to experience life in East Germany  (German language only)

Die Stille nach dem Schuß (The Legends of Rita) (2000) – a terrorist in West Germany moves over to East Germany but is afraid her cover will be blown, especially when East and West Germany unite


The Red Danube (1949)  --  the West was sending refugees back to the brutal Soviet Union where they were put in harsh camps; many refugees committed suicide rather than be sent back


XIII.6.  Post-War Italy  

Victor Emmanuel III (1900–1946)

Umberto II  (9 May 1946 - 12 June 1946)  --  last King of Italy

Ladri di biciclette (Bicycle Thief) (1949)  --  Italy's post-war depression

 Umberto D. (1955)  --  poor treatment of elderly in post-war depression

Shoeshine (1946)   --  miserable lives of street children surviving by shining the boots of American GIs

Bellissima (1952)  --  a poor woman gambles her family on a chance to get her daughter into the movies

 Il sangue dei vinti (Blood of the Losers) (2008) – following WWII, an Italian family fractures  (only has audio in Italian and no subtitles)

Miracolo a Milano (Miracle in Milan) (1951) --  a fantasy concerning the post-World War II poor in Italy

La Dolce Vita (1960)  --  disillusionment and decadence after Fascism and War

Mama Roma (1962)  --  the continuing negative effects of poverty on a mother trying to improve her life for herself and her son

La Meglio gioventu (The Best of Youth) (2003)  --  two brothers live through the period 1966-2000

 X  Il caso Moro (The Moro Affair) (1986) — Red Brigade kidnaps the Chief of the Christian Democratic Party  and the Premier (1963-1968 and 1974-1976) (Italian with Italian subtitles  --  no English)

Five Moons Square (Five Moons Plaza) (2003)  --  judge gets an old 8mm film in the mail of the kidnapping of the President of the Italian Christian Democratic party, Aldo Moro, March 16, 1978

Il divo (The Deity)  (2008) – Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, 1972-1973, 1976-1979, 1989 to 1992

Buongiorno, notte (Good Morning, Night) (2003)  --  1978, Red Brigade kidnaps Prime Minister Moro 

Guido che sfido le Brigate Rosse (2007) – in 1979 Italy, trade unionist Guido Rossa, killed by a member of the Red Brigades  (Italian language only)

Excellent Cadavers (1999)  --  battle waged against the Sicilian Mafia during the late 1980's and early 1990's

Salvatore Giuliano (1962)  --   young Mafia leader recruited by Sicilian separatist politicians is gunned down close to declaration of Sicily's self-rule

La Prima Linea (The Front Line) (2009)  --  story of Italian extreme left-wing terrorist group with leaders of the nature of a Marxist Bonnie and Clyde

Ecce bombo (Behold the Man) (1978) --  black humor spoofs the then current wave of terrorism and bombings in Italy

Il grande sogno (The Big Dream) (2009)   --  Italy, 1967-9; a policemen, who wants to be an actor, is a mole among the student radicals when he falls in love with the radical Laura who likes him and a fellow student radical



XIII.7.  Post-War France  

Le Nouveau Monde (New World; The New World)  (1995)  --  French resentment of the "American occupation"

Un monde presque paisible (Almost Peaceful) (2002)  --  in post-war France, Jewish Parisians try to build a new life after the Holocaust

La Haine (1995)  --  social and racial tension in the outskirts of French cities leads to some nasty riots

Liberty Belle (1983)  --  a student, Paris, 1959-1960, gets involved with a group opposing the French Algerian war

La Chinoise (1967)  --  leftist French youth on the eve of the May 1968 student riots

Le grand Charles (2006) – Charles De Gaulle's career, 1939-1959 (no English options)

Adieu De Gaulle adieu (2009)  --  De Gaulle disapproves of the student uprisings of May 1968

La faute ŕ Fidel! (Blame It on Fidel!) (2006) – a married couple in Paris 1970-1971 become radicalized which deeply affects their nine year old child

Presidente Mitterrand le Promeneur du champ de Mars (President Mitterrand) (2005)  --  ambivalent portrait of President Francois Mitterrand (1981-1995)


XIII.8.  Post-War Greece & Macedonia  

O thiasos (The Traveling Players) (1975) –   some traveling actors recount the terrible events that happened in Greece, 1939 to just before 1952  ($64.99)

Eleni (1985)  --  a grown-up Greek-American son searches for the executioner of his Greek mother in the Greek Civil War

Petrina hronia (Stone Years) (1985)  --   1954-1974; a couple is separated by the Greek Civil War

Politiki Kouzina (A Touch of Spice) (2003)  --  unrequited love for a young Greek-Turkish boy who has to leave his love when his family is deported from Turkey back to Greece

Waiting for the Clouds (2003)  --  an old Greek woman takes care of her sister and herself on Turkey's northeastern Black Sea Coast, haunted by not knowing what happened to her little brother 

Z (1969) -- 1963 killing of the Greek liberal politician Gregorios Lambrakise

I Dokimi (The Rehearsal) (1974)  --  indictment of the Greek military junta (1967-1974)

Haromeni Imera (Happy Day) (1976)  --  the story of the director’s exile to an island by the Greek military dictatorship

Telos Epochis (End of an Era) (1995)  --  1969-1970 Greece as seen through the eyes of a group of high school seniors

O anthropos me to garyfallo (1980) – Greece between 1949-1974

Ap’to Hioni (From the Snow) (1993)  --  1990 Greece as seen through the eyes of travelers heading from Corfu to Athens

Ouloi emeis, efenti (All of us, Efendi) (1998) – civil war in Greece

To Vlemma tou Odyssea (Ulysses' Gaze) (1995)  --  in search of lost film reels, a Greek-American director travels across the Balkans, ending up in bomb destroyed Sarajevo


Before the Rain (1994)   -- ethnic conflict in Macedonia

Kako ubiv svetec (How I Killed a Saint)  (2004)--  2001 ethnic conflict in Macedonia involving the country's Albanian minority seen through the eyes of two siblings with opposing views

Golebama Voda (The Great Water) (2004)   --   elderly Macedonian politician has heart attack & has flashbacks of his youth: orphaned by WWII, in the orphanage he went through "reprogramming" to be pro-communist; rebellious, he breaks a statue of Stalin

Jas sum od Titov Veles (I am from Titov Veles) (2007)  --  portrait of an economically declining post-communist Macedonia in which three sisters try to escape from their dying community



XIII.9.  Post-War Spain & Portugal  

Spain:  Francoist Spain: 1936-1975

Spain:  Third Borbon Restoration 1975-present  -- Juan Carlos I (1975-)

Raza ( Race) (1942)  --  Spanish fascist story of Franco family and Franco

Espérame en el cielo (Wait for me in Heaven) (1988) – a man is grabbed by a group who wants to use him as a model for the Spanish dictator Franco

ˇBuen Viaje, Excelencia! (2003)  --  comic, irreverent treatment of the dictator Franco in his last two years of life

Tiovivo c. 1950 (2004)  --  life in post-Civil War Madrid, the city offers entertainment, hope and love, in spite of the many restrictions

Pájaros  de papel (Paper Birds) (2010)  --  lives of a comic and artistic group in the hard times after the end of the Spanish Civil War

Operación Ogro (Orgo) (1979) --  a Basque independence group (ETA) vows to stop Admiral Carrero Blanco from becoming the replacement for the dying Franco


Cinco dias, cinco noites (Five Days, Five Nights) (1996)  --  Álvaro Cunhal, communist party chief of Portugal, escapes from prison and tells his story

Capităes de Abril  (April Captains) (1997)  --  military coup of the left overthrows the dictatorship in Portugal, April 25, 1974, that was established by Salazar in 1933


XIII.10.  Post-War Soviet Union/Russia  

Stalin (1922-1953):

Ballada o soldate (Ballad of a Soldier) (1960)  --  A sort of Russian road movie about a young  Russian soldier's four day trip to go home to see his mother

The Chekist  (1992)--  brutal Cheka security forces  (currently unavailable)

Utomlyonnye solntsem (Burnt by the Sun)  (1994)  --  the paranoid era of the evil Stalin

The Way Back (2010)  --  1940, seven prisoners attempt the impossible: escape from a brutal Siberian gulag 

Przesluchanie (Interrogation) (1989) --  Polish film about Stalinist terror in the early 1950s; Tonia, a sleazy cabaret singer, is imprisoned without explanation

I am David (2003)  --  in 1952 a boy escapes from a Stalinist labor camp in Bulgaria and begins a dangerous trek to Denmark

Khrushchev (1958-1964):

Serye volki (The Gray Wolves) (1993) – power struggle; Nikita Khrushchev (in position 1958-1964) is ousted by Leonid Brezhnev, whose reign goes from 1964 to 1982

The Inner Circle (1991)  --  a true David and Batsheba story in the Soviet Union

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1970) --  Russian gulag penal system  ($119 for new, $27 for used VHS tape)

Gulag (1985)  --  a reporter is framed by the KBG and has to spend time in the gulag penal system

Sakharov (1984)  --  Russian dissident

Within the Whirlwind (2009)  --  a female literature professor is sentenced to 10 years of hard labor in a Siberian gulag

Leonid Brezhnev (1964-1982):

Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1991):

Perestroika (2009)  --  astro-physicist returns after 17 years of exile to the Soviet Union during the period of "restructuring" starting in 1968

Moy luchshiy drug, general Vasiliy, syn Iosifa (My Best Friend, General Vasili, the Son of Joseph Stalin) (1991)   – Lt. Gen. Vasili Stalin commander of Army and Air Force sports teams befriends a sports talent; but what will happen when the general’s father dies?

Boris Yeltsen (1991-1999):

Vladimir Putin (1999-2008):

Chechen Wars:  First Chechen War (Dec. 1994 - August 1996) and Second Chechen War (August 1999 - 2009)

Aleksandra (Alexandra) (2007)  --  a feisty, elderly woman visits her Russian army officer grandson inside Chechnya during Second Russian-Chechen War

Prisoner of the Mountains (1997)  --  drama set in First Russian-Chechen war (1994-1996) 

Dom Durakov (House of Fools) (2002)  --  about psychiatric patients and combatants during the First Chechen War

Voyna (War) (2002)  --  about the realities of the Second Chechen War

Zhivoy (Alive) (2006)  --  Chechen War veteran helped by the ghosts of his two fallen comrades to leave the war behind

Dmitry Medvedev (2008-present)


Song from the Southern Seas (2009) --  a Russian and a Kazakh couple live in harmony until the white Russian couple have a dark-skinned baby and the fight begins; draws on history of Kazakhstan

Zerkalo (The Mirror)  (1975)  --  life in the Ukraine following WWII with an intermixture of drama and documentary footage




Gandhi -- 1915 onward; arrested in 1922 for civil disobedience against British rule

The Making of the Mahatma (1996)  --  Gandhi's politically formative years in South Africa

Lage Raho Munnabhai ("Carry on, Munnabhai") (2006)  -- to impress a woman a Mumbai thug pretends to be an expert in Gandhian philosophy

Anand Math (1952)   --  Indian resistance to colonial rule

Kisna: the Warrior Poet (2005)  --  love story between British girl and Indian boy set in 1940s Indian Independence Movement

Lord Mountbatten -- The Last Viceroy (1986)  --  helps bring independence to India

Laaj (2003)  --  Hindu girl with a Muslim boy equals problems; set in the 1930s; the Pashtoons of India's northwest frontier turned against the ruling British Raj

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero (2005)  --  Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945) a Bengali leader who favored violent means to liberate India

Shaheed-e-Azam  (2002)  --  Bhagat Singh; celebrated martyr of Indian independence movement; hanged by the British March 23, 1931

The Legend of  Bhagat Singh (2002)  --  Bhagat Singh

23rd March 1931:  Shaheed  (2002)  --    Bhagat Singh

Pagadi Sambhal (“Hold fast to your turban”) (1992)   --  Bhagat Singh

 X  Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja (2009)  --  fight for Indian independence

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar (2000)  --  leader of India's dalits ("untouchables")

Nine Hours to Rama (1963) -- events leading up to assassination of Gandhi in 1948

Staying On (1981)  --  a British colonel and his wife decide to remain in India after the departure of the British in 1947

Shakespeare Wallah (1965)  --  a fast fading family acting troupe reflects the loss of British influence in India


Partition of India into India and Pakistan and Bangledesh:

Jinnah (1998) -- Mohammed Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan

Earth (1998)  --  love story set against religious violence following Indian independence in 1947

Train to Pakistan (1998)  --  ethnic violence between Hindus, Muslims & Sikhs in Punjab after British left in 1947

Bhowani Junction (1956)  --   a female half-breed officer is not fully accepted by either the British or the Indians and suffers greatly from this; can she find happiness with a British soldier?

Hey! Ram (2000) – bloody civil war between Hindus and Muslims that ultimately led to the neo-Islamic state of Pakistan

Dharmputra (An Adopted Son) (1961) --  set in Delhi, violence marks the partition of India in 1947  (Hindi language, English subtitles)

Gadar: Ek Prem Katha (Mutiny: A Love Story) (2001)  --  a Sikh-Muslim love story set during the 1947 partition  (Hindi and Panjabi only; English subtitles)

Pinjar (Pinjar:  Beyond Boundaries) (2003)  --  the partition of India of 1947 as seen especially in the state of Punjab 

Partition (2007)  --   partition of India, 1947

Last Day of the Raj (2007)  --  dealing with the division of India into Pakistan and India

Pukar (1983)  --  after 1947 a boy who sees his father shot by a "revolutionary" fights to kill all revolutionaries in Goa, but earns the hatred of almost every Goan 

Matir moina (The Clay Bird) (2002) – set in 1971, India intervenes on the side of the Bangladeshis against Pakistan, whose forces surrendered and Bangla Desh ("Country of Bangla") was established

Children of War (2014)  --  rape and religion used as war weapons in Bangladesh in 1971

After the division:

Sardar: The Iron Man of India (1993)   --  a biopic of Vallabhbhai Patel, India's first home minister and deputy prime minister

Border (1997)  --   Battle of Longewala in the Indo-Pakistani war, 1971

X 1971 (2007)  --  true story of prisoners of war after the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971

Bandit Queen (1994) -- Indian film about female Indian outlaw Phoolan Devi (Seema Biswas), 1980s

Tango Charlie (2005)  --  Indian soldiers fighting against various terrorists

LOC Kargil (2003)  --  1999 India-Pakistan Kargil war

Border Hindustan Ka (2003)  --  love story set against the Pakistani and Indian struggle over the Indian province of Kashmir

Sri Lanka:

Kannathil Muthamittal (A Peck on the Cheek) (2002)  --  a civil war in Sri Lanka separates a mother and her baby girl, who is adopted into an Indian family;  the girl insists that her adoptive parents take her to Sri Lanka to find her biological mother



La Battaglia di Algeri (The Battle of Algiers) (1966)  --   Italian-Algerian film about Algerian revolt against French, 1954-1962

Lost Command (1966) -- French-Algerian guerilla warfare in North Africa

Outremer (Overseas) (1990)  --  French film about three sisters during the Algerian War

Hors la loi (Outside the Law) (2010)  --  three Algerian brothers are forced to go together to Paris, but there they continue the fight for the liberation of Algeria from French control

La Trahison (The Betrayal) (2005) --  French officer and recruits in Algerian War

Cache (2005)  --  repressed memories of the aftermath of the Algerian War

Le Crabe-tambour (1977)  --  French war hero of French Indochina and Algeria   ($79 for new, $190 for used DVD)

Nuit Noire (Black Night) (2005)  --  French massacre in Algeria

Le Petit Soldat  (1963)  --  during the Algerian war, young French deserter gets involved with woman who is fighting for the other side

Chronique des années de braise (Chronicle of the Burning Years; Chronicle of the Years of Fire) (1975)  --  the Algerian War as seen through the eyes of a peasant  (currently unavailable)

Muriel, or the Time of Return (1963)  --  a son and an ex-lover return from the Battle of Algiers and everything seems off-kilter

La vérité si je mens (1997) --  movie about the pieds-noirs community (non-Algerian émigrés from Algeria)

The Day of the Jackal  (1973)  --  1954-1962 De Gaulle and the Algerian War  Fred Zinneman 1973 Edward Fox

L'honneur d'un capitaine (A Captain's Honor) (1982)  --  widow tries to restore her husband's reputation from an accusation of using torture in the Algerian War  ($100)

Mon colonel (The Colonel) (2006)  --  a murder investigation reveals some terrible things about the Algerian War  ($41 for new DVD)

C'était pas la guerre (It Wasn't War) (2003)  --  the Algerian War for Independence seen through the eyes of a six year old

Un combat singulier (2004)  --  Algerian War

L'ennemi intime (Intimate Enemies) (2007)  --  story of a French platoon in the Algerian War

Lumumba (2000)  TV  --  Patrice Emery Lumumba rises to power following independence for the Congo from Belgium

 Deserter (Simon: An English Legionnaire) (2002)  --  a young Englishman with romantic illusion joins the French Foreign Legion and fights in Algeria's battle for independence for France

L' Autre cote de la mer (The Other Shore) (1997)  --  a pied noir (Frenchman born & raised in N. Africa) visits France but will go back to Algeria even though the fight for that country's independence heats up

La Question (The Question) (1977)   --  here the word "question" is used as a euphemism for torture;  based on tortured Henri Alleg's small book about the French using torture on the Algerians

Des hommes et des dieux (Of Gods and Men) (2010)  --  tragedy of 8 French Christian monks caught in the religious violence in Algeria who decide whether to leave or stay in the impoverished village







Est-Quest (East/West) (1999)  --  a young Russian doctor, his French wife and son return to the Soviet Union & the disagreements start over the quality of life there

Daniel (1983) --  children of spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg deal with life  

The Korean War

Truman (1995) -- Harry S. Truman, president, 1945-1952

Give 'Em Hell, Harry! (1975) --  President Harry S. Truman

Pohwasogeuro (71: Into the Fire) (2010) –  student-soldiers try to protect a middle school during the early days of the Korean War

One Minute to Zero (1952)   --  a love story between a widow and a colonel set during the Korean War

Field of Honor (1986)  --  a Dutch sergeant in 1951 in the Korean War

Fixed Bayonets (1951)  --  portrait of a platoon in an American division in the mountains of Korea and their trial by fire

Shang gan ling (Battle on Shangganling Mountain) (1965) – Chinese film of the Battle of Triangle Hill (Operation Showdown), October 1952

Hell in Korea (aka A Hill in Korea) (1956) --  U.N. patrol fights Chinese troops (British troops) ($32)

MacArthur (1977)  -- leader in Korean War, fired by Truman

Inchon! (1982) --  brilliant but risky move by MacArthur in Korean War turns the tide for awhile

Retreat, Hell! (1952)  ---  US marines land at Inchon and head north

Collision Course:  Truman vs. MacArthur (1976)  -- 

Taegukgi Hwinallimyo (aka Brotherhood: Taegukgi and Taegukgi: The Brotherhood of War) (2004)  --  two reluctant South Korean young brothers are torn apart by their experiences in the Korean War

Men in War (1957)  --  Korean War, September 1950; American troops nearly cut-off completely from their battalion have to reach safety

All the Young Men (1960) -- racial problems in the marines during the Korean War

Pork Chop Hill (1959) -- Korean War

Go-ji-jeon (The Front Line) (2011)  --  ownership of a hill in Korea switches back and forth between the Chinese-N. Koreans and the S. Koreans

Battle Circus (1953)  --  doctor and nurse in a romance set against rough conditions of treating patients during the Korean War  (starring Humphrey Bogart, June Allyson)

MASH (1970) --   a comedy set in the pressured world of a mobile army surgical hospital during the Korean War

War Hunt (1962)  --  an idealist confronts who kills for revenge and enjoyment clash during the Korean War

Prisoner of War (1954) -- mistreatment of American P.O.W.s during Korean War

The Nest (1999)  --  short film on Korean War about men in trenches where if the men go out to help their fallen comrades there is no return

X  Welkkeom tu Dongmakgol (Battle Ground 625; Welcome to Dongmakgol) (2005)  --  soldiers from both sides of the Korean divide live among villagers who know nothing of the war

Jageun yeonmot (A Little Pond) (2009) --   based on real events, American soldiers are given a poorly written order to fire on any refugees trying to cross the front lines; the end result of the order was that thousands of innocent refugees were killed or wounded (Korean with English subtitles)

Air War:

The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1955) -- air war in the Korean War

Men of the Fighting Lady (1954)   -- air war in Korea

The Hunters (1958)  --  three American pilots have to fight the Chinese "volunteer" pilots over Korea

McCarthyism and the Hollywood Blacklists

Cradle will Rock (1999)  --  prequel to McCarthyism in charging Federal Theater with having communist ties

Good Night and Good Luck  (2005)  --  TV journalist Morrow versus McCarthy

Guilty by Suspicion (1991) -- Hollywood-blacklisting era; Robert De Niro

Fellow Traveler (1989)  --  McCarthyism

X Tail-Gunner Joe (1977)  -- Sen. Joseph McCarthy and the Red Scare

Citizen Cohn (1992) -- Roy Cohn, assistant to Joseph McCarthy, and powerful figure in NYC politics

Winchell (1998)  -- Walter, the gossip journalist, who became tainted by flirting with McCarthyism and suspicions of racism toward blacks 

The Way We Were (1973) -- Barbara Streisand, Robert Redford divided over politics, including McCarthyism

High Noon (1952) -- portrays feelings of those hounded by House on Un-American Activities

High Noon (2000) --  a re-do of the "High Noon" of 1952

Rio Bravo (1959) -- John Wayne's answer to High Noon

The Front (1976) -- with Woody Allen as the front-man selling works by authors on the black list

Chaplin -- the famous funny man in trouble with the witch-hunters.

Julia (1977) -- writer Lillian Hellman Story

Dash and Lilly (1999) -- writers Dashiell Hammett and Lillian Hellman

The Manchurian Candidate (1962) -- deals pseudo-scientifically with theme of brain-washing

One of the Hollywood Ten (2000)  --  blacklisted director Herbert Biberman and the horrible reign of fear during what is called the age of McCarthyism

The Majestic (2001)  --  an innocent man is blacklisted during the McCarthy reign of terror and comes back fighting

Storm Center (1956)  --  first film to challenge the Hollywood Blacklist; small-town librarian is branded as a Communist when she refuses to withdraw a controversial book from the library's shelves

Albert Schweitzer (2009)  --  yes, American anti-communists even tried to destroy Albert Schweitzer and Albert Einstein

Trumbo (2015)  --  Academy Award winning screenplay writer, Dalton Trumbo, gets black-listed along with many of his friends


Raging Bull (1980) -- Jake LaMotta, 1949 middle-weight champion

Somebody Up There Likes Me (1956) -- boxer Rocky Graziano

Babe (1975)-- Zaharias that is; great all-around woman athlete and pro golfer

Lenny (1974) -- 1950s; Lenny Bruce dies as a result of govt. prosecution and persecution

Ed Wood (1994) --  dead in 1978; worst Am film director, but loved as campy hero

X Quiz Show (1994) --  1960 probe into cheating on TV quiz shows ($64,000 Question)

Pollock  --  1940s art scene with abstract painter Jackson Pollock

Kinsey (2004)  --  sexologist Alfred Kinsey shocks America with his study of its sexual habits; (overestimates the amount of homosexuality)

In Cold Blood (1967) -- Truman Capote's tale of the murder of a Kansas farm family  

Capote (2005) -- the murder of a Kansas farm family as seen from the perspective of the writer of In Cold Blood

Infamous (2006)  --  Capote falls in love with condemned murderer and pays a high emotional price for his getting too close to his story

Badlands (1973) -- Charles Starkweather and Carol Ann Fugate on a teenage murder spree

On the Waterfront (1954) -- Marlon Brando; corruption and resistance to it

K-19: The Widowmaker (2002) --  Soviet nuclear submarine faces a meltdown and explosion

Behind the Iron Curtain (The Iron Curtain) (1948)   --  a Russian code specialist is brought to Canada to help with a spying project &decides to defect


The Wild One (1954)

Blackboard Jungle (1956)

Rebel Without a Cause (1955) -- teenage angst; James Dean


Elvis: That's the Way It Is (1970) -- Elvis Presley, king of Rock and Roll

Elvis on Tour (1972)

Elvis (1979)

Elvis and Me (1988)


Little Richard (2002) -- biopic of early black rock and roll star

The Buddy Holly Story (1978)  -- singing star killed in air crash with Richie Valens

La Bamba (1987) -- Richie Valens Story, singing star killed in air crash with Buddy Holly and the Big Bopper

American Hot Wax (1978) Alan Freed, pioneer Cleveland D.J. of rock and roll

American Graffiti (1973) -- portrays teen-age life in the early 1960s


The Compleat Beatles (1982)

Backbeat (1993) -- the Fifth Beatle

Beatlemania (1981)

Stoned (2005)  --  death of Brian Jones, founder of the Rolling Stones






XV.1.   CIVIL RIGHTS -- USA   Back to Chapter XV  Back to Contents

The Road to Freedom: The Vernon Johns Story (1994) -- father of Civil Rights Movement; predecessor of King in Montgomery, AL

Separate but Equal (1991) -- legal challenge of school segregation by NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall and others

Keep the Faith, Baby (2002)  --  Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. pushes integration in New York State and elsewhere

The Rosa Parks Story (2002)  --  the story of the woman who did not give up her seat for a white man and started the Montgomery bus boycott

Boycott (2000) -- Martin Luther King. Jr.  (Jeffrey Wright) organizes the bus boycott

King (1978)  --  story of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

The Long Walk Home (1989) -- Montgomery Bus Boycott; Whoopi Goldberg