Julius Caesar (1953)





Director:  Joseph L. Mankiewicz

Starring:  Marlon Brando (Mark Antony),  James Mason (Brutus),  John Gielgud (Cassius),  Louis Calhern (Julius Caesar),  Edmond O'Brien (Casca),  Greer Garson (Calpurnia),  Deborah Kerr (Portia),  George Macready (Marullus),  Michael Pate (Flavius),  Alan Napier (Cicero),  Ian Wolfe (Caius Ligarius) , Douglass Dumbrille (Lepidus),  Edmund Purdom (Strato). 

Oscars:  art direction-set direction

William Shakespeare version.  


Spoiler Warning:  below is a summary of the entire film. 











Historical Background:


-61 Gaius Julius Caesar, nephew of Marius, wins his first victories in Spain

-60 Caesar returns to Rome, is elected consul, & forms w/ Pompey & Crassus the first triumvirate

-60 Roman colonies in Switzerland

-58 to -50 Caesar in Gaul

-55 Caesar conquers Northern Gaul; punitive expeditions sent to Britain

-54 when Caesar invades Britain, Cassivellaunus, a powerful Belgic tribal leader in southern Britain, agrees to pay tribute to Rome

-53 Crassus defeated and killed by Parthians at Carrhae

-52 Pompey becomes consul in Romse

-51 Gaul subdued by Caesar

-50 rivalry between Caesar and Pompey for control of Rome

-49 Caesar crosses Rubicon to start civil war

-48 Caesar defeats Pompey at Pharsalia

-47 Pompey murdered in Egypt by order of Cleopatra

-46 Africa made Roman province; Caesar returns to Rome

-45 Caesar, dictator in Rome, adopts his nephew Gaius Octavius as heir

-44 conspirators led by Brutus and Cassius Longinus murder Caesar

Second triumvirate created: Mark Antony, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, & Gaius Octavius, now renamed Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian)



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