The Bible (1966)



Director:    John Huston.

Starring:    Michael Parks (Adam),  Ulla Bergryd (Eve),  Richard Harris (Cain),  John Huston (Noah),  Stephen Boyd (Nimrod, King of Babel), George C. Scott (Abraham),  Ava Gardner (Sarah, Abraham's wife),  Peter O'Toole (The Three Angels),  Franco Nero (Abel)

Country:   Italian film.



Spoiler Warning:







Director John Huston is also the narrator dealing with the stories of Adam and Eve, Cain and Able, Noah and the Flood, and others.




Historical Background:  Summary of Major Events in the History of Israel to Jesus

2100 B.C.  --  Abraham leaves Ur in Chaldea; he goes to Haran, then to a mountain between Bethel and Ai, to Ai, and then to Egypt.  He then travels out of Egypt to Bethel, then to Herbron, to Hobah, and back to Hebron.  

Joseph, son of Jacob and Jacob's favorite wife Rachel, is sold into slavery in Egypt by his jealous brothers.  Jacob, upon finding out, moves his entire family to Egypt.

1500 - 1001 B.C.  -- sometime in this period Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt to Canaan.  

Sodom and Gomorrah  -- Lot breaks off from Moses and takes his group into the Valley of Jordan.  There they become involved with the Helamites who are acting very licentiously in the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah.  Divine intercession allows Lot to get his people away from the sinful cities, which are later destroyed (but his wife turns into a pillar of salt upon looking back upon the crumbling cities).  

1200 -1000  -- story of Samson and the Philistines

Ruth  -- grandmother of David, future king of Israel.  She was from the bordering kingdom of Moab who traveled with her mother-in-law back to Judah, married Boaz and later became the grandmother of David.

1002 to 1000  -- Saul, first king of Israel

1000 to 960  --  David, second king of Israel

960 to 925  --  Solomon, third king of Israel 

945 --   22nd Dynasty of Egypt begins with Sheshonk I who pillages Jerusalem

925  -- split of Israel into Israel and Judah

925  -- Jeroboam I, king of Israel (to 907)

925  --  Rehoboam I  -- king of Judah (to 917)

801 --  King Joas of Israel (to 787)

879  --  Samaria (rebuilt as capital of Isreael)

784  --  Jeroboam II, last important ruler of Israel (to 744)

722  --  Samaria destroyed by Sargon II of Assyrian Empire; end of Kingdom of Israel

Kingdom of Judah submits to Asssyria

687  --  Hezkiah's son, Manesseh becomes King of Judah (to 642)

680  -- King Esarhaddon of Assyrian Empire (to 669)

Medes, Babylonians, and Scythians destroy Nineveh, ending the Assyrian Empire

669 --  Ashurbanipal, king of Assyrian Empire (to 633)

642 --  Amon, son of Manesseh, king of Judah; assassinated; to 640

640  --  Josiah, king of Judah (to 609); Judah now under control of Egyptians; kings of Judah (Jehoahaz, then Jehoiakim) pay tribute to Egypt

612  --  Ninveh of the Assyrian empire fell under attack by Babylonians, Medes and Scythians

609  -- Josiah, king of Judah killed in battle by Pharaoh Necho of Egypt

605  --  Pharaoh Necho defeated by Nebuchadnezzar at the city of Carchemesh (Qarqar) on the Euphrates

598  --  Jehoiachin, king of Judah; taken as captive to Babylon; Zedekiah put on the throne by Nebuchadnezzar; Zedekiah rebels

587  --  Jerusalem falls; Zedekiah sees his own sons put to death and then his eyes are poked out 

581  --  Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon begins the Babylonian Captivity when he burns Jerusalem and exiles its inhabitants to Babylon

536  -- Cyrus II, the Great, of Persia (553 to 529) frees the Jews from the Babylonian Captivity and aids their return to Israel

485  --  Darius I, of Persia, dead; replaced by Xerxes I

479  --  Persians capture and destroy Babylon; plans under Xerxes I to kill the Jews changed with the actions of Esther

445 --  reforms of Nehemiah, governor of Judah

350 --  revolt of the Jews against Artaxerxes III of Persia

332  -- Alexander the Great of Macedonia conquers Palestine

312 --  Judea ruled by Antigonus I

301 Palestine falls to Ptolemy I of Egypt (rule until 200)

200 --  end of Egyptian rule of Palestine

069 --  dynastic war in Palestine; Hyrcanus II deposed; rise of House of Antipater

065 Pompey helped out by civil war between brothers Aristobulus III and Hyrcanus/Hyrcanus supporters opened Jerusalem gates to Romans; the work of the Hasmoneans was undone; kingdom divided in two, with Samaria separating Judea & Galilee

063 --  Pompey completes conquest of Palestine

048 --  Ceaesar defeats Pompey at battle of Pharsalus; Pompey assassinated in Egypt; Jews help Caesar; Caesar grateful-protects Jewish rights

047  --  Herod, governor of Galilee

040  --  Herod made King of Judea

030  --  Herod switches over to Octavian's side Octavian virtual emperor

029  --  Herod the Great's realm approaches in size the Hasmonean golden age

012  --  Herod's love of athletics demonstrated when he underwrote the Olympic games in Greece; named the game's "perpetual president"

011 --  construction of a new port city, which Herod called Caesarea; rebuilds the Temple in Jerusalem

007 --  Jesus born

006  --  Judea annexed by Rome

004  --  Herod dead; Judea divided among his sons: Archelaus -- Judea, Idumea, Samaria; Herod Antipas -- tetrach of Galilee and Parea; Philip -- n. & e. of Sea of Galilee

00  --  A.D.  

026 --  Pontius Pilate, governor. of Judea; Jesus baptized by his cousin, John the Baptist

028 ?? --  Date Herod orders execution of John the Baptist, via his stepdaughter Salome (carefully couched by his wife Herodias)

030  --  crucifixion of Jesus



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