What used to be the Western Frontier:

Eastern Kentucky (Horse Country)  2015


My wife has loved horses since she was a kid. So, after seeing the American Quarter Horse Association Hall of Fame in Amarillo, Texas, she decided she wanted to see the Bluegrass Country around Lexington, Kentucky.

DAY 1. September 21, 2015. Monday.

So in late September, 2015, we flew out to the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport just south of Cincinnati, Ohio in Hebron, Kentucky. The plane was really a small one and it felt strange to be flying in it.

In Kentucky we rented a Prius from Hertz.

28,474 is the odometer reading on the car.

28, 491. Got on US 71 heading south to Louisville.

28,501 for mile marker 66.

28,507 for 65 miles to Louisville, Kentucky. The road is smooth and provides a good drive. It's like we could be anywhere in Maryland on this trip. Just lots and lots of trees.

28,514. 57 miles to Louisville and at mile marker 53.

28,524. Go over the Kentucky River before mile marker 44.

28,535. Louisville 34 miles away at mm 31.

289,574. Arrive at Churchill Downs (Kentucky Derby) and the Museum next door.

Take some photos of the statue of the horse Barbaro bred at Lael Stables, West Grove, Pennsylvania.  He won the 2006 Kentucky Derby Race, but shattered his leg two weeks later in the 2006 Preakness Stakes. This led to Barbaro's death. He was euthanized in January of 2007. The statue is the horse's final resting place.

Inside the museum we made reservations to be on a tour of the grounds and then another tour for the 'backside" of Churchill Downs where the horses are kept. We had time to go see the film in the theater room. The film is shown 360 degrees all around you. This is a little exhausting because you are constantly turning here and there watching for where the film is going to be shown, in front or back of you, or to the right or the left side.

Col. Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, organized the Louisville Jockey Club for the purpose of raising money to build a quality racing facility. John and Henry Churchill provided the land and the place came to be known as Churchill Downs. The first Derby was held in 1875. Aristides was the winning horse. Derby participants are limited to three-year-old horses.

On the grounds is a statue of the jockey Pat Day, who is the winningest jockey at the derby. He was only 4 feet, 11 inches in height. Day rode winners of U.S. Triple Crown races nine times. He retired in 2005. Near the statue of Pat Day is the statue of Aristides, the first winner of the Kentucky Derby.

The names of all the winning horses of the Kentucky Derby are listed on the building exteriors in consecutive order, starting with Aristides. The 2015 winner was American Pharaoh, who was bred and owned by Ahmed Zayat of Zayat Stables, LLC, Hackensack, NJ, trained by Bob Baffert and ridden in most of his races by Victor Espinoza.

After the tour of the grounds, we take a bus tour of the "backside" area. There are three underground tunnels that go under the racing track to the backside area. They have around 1400 horses in the backside. Most of the trainers are public trainers who work for many different owners. There are five gap openinga in the fence on the backside.

Our guide Becky talked about the horse Keen Ice, who won the 2015 Travers Stakes in Saratoga Springs, New York in an upset win over Triple Crown Champion American Pharaoh.

In the back side there are some 600 employees. Some of the employees are "hot walkers" walking the hot, sweaty horses around an area after a workout. We saw the Detention Barn where the race horses are given tests for their blood and urine for illegal substances.

Becky also talked a lot about the American Pharaoh trainer Bob Baffert (born 1953 in Arizona) at stable 33.

The horse museum itself is filled with information about the horses, the owners, trainers, the jockeys, etc. of the famous horses at the Kentucky Derby.  It is a museum not to be missed by horses lovers and others.

We leave the Kentucky Derby headed for the Lexington area.

28,627. We cross the Kent River.

28,660. We arrive at Best Western in Georgetown (north of Lexington on US 75 north, off of exit 125 or 126).

Kentucky Derby I

Kentucky Derby II

DAY 2. September 22, 2015. Tuesday.

28,677. Exit 115 on US 75 going south.

28, 679. Exit 113.

The Thoroughbred Center, 3380 Paris Pike, Lexington, KY.  This farm was at one time a breeding farm. The original name was the Kentucky Training Center. They have a Visitor's Center in the front. You can have a wedding reception here too.

We took a tour with Anette Engel, a volunteer who just loves horses. She points out the two giant barns near the Visitor's Center. The two barns can hold 260 horses.

Keeneland (4201 Versailles Rd, Lexington, KY) bought the place and built some more barns. This deal has been beneficial to the Thoroughbred Center. Private people rent stalls and Keeneland is the landlord. There are from 1,000 to 1,100 horses here.

There are a lot of maintenance people here and trainers and hot walkers, but these employees are employees of the horse owners themselves. The workers start around 4:30 a.m. The employees feed the horses, clean the stalls, exercise the horses on the track, wash down the horses and walk them.

There are lots of cats around the stalls and barns. There are lots of race horses along with some ponies (that is, the non race horses). They have a jockey school here, started by Chris. A jockey has to be small, but very strong and in shape.

The first jockeys were blacks. Issac Muphy (1861-1896), a jockey at the age of 14, was one of the best known black jockeys. He won three Kentucky Derby races : Buchanan in 1884, Riley in 1890, and Kingman in 1891. He is an African-American Hall of Fame jockey. He is buried near the statue of Man o' War in the Kentucky Horse Park.

When Jim Crow laws became very strong the whites took over and started pushing out the blacks. Many white jockeys would try to harm the black jockeys. In Lexington they have a statue of Isaac Murphy.

We got to watch the thoroughbreds (all yearlings) being exercised on two tracks, an outer and an inner track. The track is an odd size, less than a mile. Some students are out here with the horses. When the horses are galloped on the straight away part of the track, they make a lot of noise while breathing through their nostrils. I really liked watching the horses and listening to the horses snorting.

Anette also talks about the horse Keen Ice. She also mentions California Chrome who won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes in 2014. He is a grandson of Pulpit. Jockey Victor Espinoza rode California Chrome. Then there's old Dan Patch who ran to break his own records.

Some of the horses on the track have bandages on their rear legs to prevent irritation to their legs. The exercise riders have Kevlar jackets and helmets on.

The outrider is a person who rides a horse making sure everybody is safe out on the exercise tracks. The outrider says that today a young trainer was thrown off twice by her horse. The outrider had to ride along side the over frisky horse to get it to calm down and behave itself.

We go to a stable called Cameron Farms, #28. There we watch the farrier put new aluminum shoes on the horse. Also there watching the shoeing was an actor by the name of Matthew Laurance (born 1950) and appearing in Saturday Night Live, St. Elmo's Fire, Beverly Hills 90210, etc. The shoeing is done once every 4 or 6 weeks. The shoeing doesn't hurt the horse. The farrier is now crimping the nails down so they won't come out. The worker also trims off the excess brown part on the hoof. The horse's name is Tamalu.

Clintonville trainer and local talk show host Mike Cameron shows us around the stables. He emphasizes being careful of the horses as they can harm you. Actually, Mike said: "They can kill you." Queen Elizabeth of England has a horse here.

Mike loves Kentucky saying it's eternally spring here in Lexington. Kentucky has the limestone soil that helps the blue grass grow and it also purifies the water making for some good bourbon. He tells us that the horse has a period of gestation of 11 months.

Anette takes us over to see the swimming pool used for exercising the horses. There is a big mirror by the pool, but the mirror is from the days of the dressage days. The water is made to stay at a temperature of 65 degrees.

Anette mentions that the Kentucky hard boots controlled the horse business since the Civil War. A hard boot is a Kentucky horseman of the old school, legendary for mud caked on his boots.

Rosemary really enjoyed the tour.

Now we go to the Kentucky Horse Park: the National Horse Center at 4089 Iron Works Pkwy, Lexington, KY.

We see a statue of Secretariat off to the side of the Visitor's Center. We take photos. Secretariat is probably the best known horse in history. In 1973 the horse won the Triple Crown and for all three races he set the record time, and all three records still stand to this day. His owner was Penny Chenery. Penny Chenery consulted with longtime family friend and business associate Bull Hancock of Claiborne Farm, and on his advice Penny hired Roger Laurin to train and manage her Meadow Stable horses in Caroline County, Virginia. Secretariat was bred at Claiborne Farm and had his stud years also at Claiborne Farm. Penny now lives in Boulder, Colorado. She was born in New Rochelle, Westchester County, New York and grew up in Pelham Manor, Westchester County.

Then we walk to the other side of the Visitor's Center building to see a statue of Man o' War.

Our next stop is to the International Museum of the Horse. There is a section on the evolution of the horse. Another exhibit is about the different people who used horses: cave men, Egyptians, Greeks, Roman, Attila the Hun, etc. Another exhibit is about the Arabian horses. There's an exhibit of Calumet Farm's 394 trophies for its various victories. An exhibit on famous jockeys. The history of the horse in America. Types of international horses. Functional breeds of horse, such as Clydesdales. Arabian horses used in various American movies. Hollywood actors who own or owned Arabian horses. Horses that have won the Triple Crown: Affirmed, Secretariat, Man o' War, Seattle Slew, Citation.

It would take a couple of or several days to read all the information in the exhibits. Other exhibits are of carriages and sleighs; the Kentucky Derby; Buffalo soldiers; what horses can do and types of competition. Moreover, there's a good gift shop in the museum.

We went over to the Bit and Bridle Restaurant in the park. I got a toasted cheese sandwich and a mellow yellow drink.

Now we are waiting for the van ride for Unique Horse Farm tours starting at 3:15 pm. Our guide is Shaun Washington. He says that there are 30,000 foals a year. He estimates that it take $40,000 a year to keep a thoroughbred horse.

We can't go to Winstar since it's closed. They built a new barn there. We pass the Red State BQ restaurant and Shaun says it' s the best place for barbecue.

We end up going to Shadwell Farm (4600 Fort Springs Pinckard Rd, Lexington, KY), established in 1985 and owned by the oldest brother of the Prince of Dubai. His name is Sheikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai. We went past Calumet Farm. Keeneland is right next door.

At Shadwell Farm we visit the stalls. Each stall has its own ceiling fan. Kent is the stallion manager. He flies all over the world on a 747 with up to 70 horses. He mostly goes to Dublin, Ireland and France. Other places are Australia, Brazil, Dubai, Japan, New Zealand, Panama, Turkey and Uruguay.

Shaun says that Seattle Slew was a great breeder. His offspring have produced a lot of victories. Citation was a pretty good breeder. We pass by Winstar Farm on the left.

We now go to the Katierich Farm (2938 E. Leestown Road, Midway, KY). We stop by to see some of the horses by the fence next to the road. All the horses have fly masks on their faces. There are a lot of flies on the masks.

Shaun says the horse Don't tell Sophia is his favorite. The horse is very friendly. She was runner up in the 2014 Breeders Cup Distaff. Don't tell Sophia is an older horse now and is four months pregnant by Medaglia d'Oro.

Next stop is at a training barn. We are met by a very friendly dog.

We go to a tobacco barn.

Now Shaun drops us off at the Kentucky Horse Park. Shaun has a lot of stories that are very funny and worth hearing. The people in the van laughed a lot. He also knows a lot about the various horses. It's important to him that he has done a good job and given lots of information out. He has very high ratings on www.tripadvisor.com.

We head for the Best Western Hotel in Georgetown.

The Thoroughbred Center

Kentucky Horse Park I

Kentucky Horse Park II

DAY 3. September 23, 2015. Wednesday.

28, 702 miles on the odometer. We head out on Rt. 460 west going through downtown Georgetown. We take Rt. 62 south (Payne's Depot Road) to Old Friends Farm for Retired Thoroughbreds.

Michael Blowen, a former Boston Globe entertainment writer, opened the farm in 2003.

Our guide Mercer told us that the farm has 152 acres and more than 150 horses. On this particular day the farm got a call from representatives of Papa John's Pizza to do a commercial at the farm involving the Breeder's Cup.

One of the first horses we met was Sarava. The horse is best known for winning the 2002 Belmont Stakes. He beat out War Emblem, the winner of the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes that year. Our guide said that War Emblem is coming to the Old Friends Farm.

In the adjacent paddock we saw Gulch, sire to Old Friends Farm's Wallenda. Gulch was the winner of the 1988 Eclipse Award for Champion Sprinter.

We saw Game on Dude. He is the only horse to win the Santa Anita handicap three times: 2011, 2013 and 2014. His trainer was Bob Baffert.

Another horse was Rail Trip. From California, he won the 2009 Hollywood Gold Cup (G1) and at age 7 he won the San Diego Handicap (G2). In the same paddock is the Ohio-bred Catlaunch, who earned over a million dollars on the Midwest circuit.

The California bred Amazombie was the 2011 Eclipse Champion in the Sprint division. He also won the 2011 Sentient Jet Breeders' Cup Sprint.

The chestnut Rapid Redux won 22 consecutive races. He also won a special 2011 Eclipse Award.

Other horses were Yankee Fortune, and the son of the 1999 Derby and Preakness winner Charismatic, known as I'm Charismatic. Early Pioneer was a rescued horse. A gray horse is Marshall Rooster. Then there was Dan, Flick and Fighting City Hall. Mixed Pleasure was another rescue horse. The dark bay Afternoon Deelites was the composer Burt Bacharach's horse. The horse was born in West Virginia.

In the stalls we meet Wallenda, the most aggressive horse on the farm.

We next meet a small pony called Little Silver Charm, who doesn't like goats. He is a very popular pony at Old Friends Farm. He was named after the Florida bred gray horse Silver Charm, who we also got to meet. Silver Charm just did miss winning the Triple Crown and is in the Hall of Fame. The horse was beat out in the 1997 Belmont Stakes by Touch Gold by just half a length. The horse was trained by Bob Baffert.

Next was Popcorn Deelites. He was one of the eight horses who played Sea Biscuit in the movie of the same name. His scene was where he was in the gates ready to run.

Kentucky-bred Special Ring earned over $900,000 for Prestonwood Farms. The horse will show the guests his tattoo under his upper lip.

Behind the horse cemetery there is Delay of Game and Archer. The gray horse in the area is Judge's Case.

Then there's Silver Ray. He was saved by a rescue group in California. The horse was purchased for just $30 dollars. It was just about to be sent to Mexico to be slaughtered.

Star Plus was injured and retired with a note that he was never to be run again. But he was run again and always was the last horse to cross the finish line. This created quite a scandal in racing circles. The original owner finally got Star Plus back and now the horse is at Old Friends Farm.

Star Plus runs along the fence with Mercer, keeping up with him in order to get Mercer's goodies (carrots and apples). Rosemary Cooney also ran along the fence and Star Plus ran alongside her to get more goodies.

The horse Geri was Italy's big stud horse.

Mercer says they feed the horses three times a day.

The odometer on the Prius reads 28,709.

Our next stop is Keeneland. We got lost, so we had to take the long way around where we knew we would get to Keeneland without getting lost. Keeneland was having it's yearling sale and there were lots and lots of people there. Most of them were carrying the 2015 September Yearling Sale book.

An average sale is usually 4,000 yearlings.

At the corner of Keeneland Boulevard and Loading Chute Drive, we walked to the nearby Sales Pavilion. This is where the horse sales take place. The horses are brought from the stables and then paraded around under a covered area outside the pavilion. The prospective buyers can come up and closely look at a horse that they are interested in.

Then the horses are paraded around in an inside circular area just outside the pavilion doors where the horses are shown off again. Then they are taken to the area by the pavilion doors and walked around again as they wait to be let into the auction area. Sitting in the audience, buyers and others can watch the biding process. From the audience viewpoint, the horses come in from the left side door and are held center stage below the auctioneers. The biding starts and ends and the horses go out the right side door.

From there the horses are taken back out and walked away between the roof covered parade area on the horses' left and on the right the empty stalls.

It's all very impressive and boy are those horses beautiful. I am definitely not a horse-lover, but I really liked the show and got a kick out of the whole experience.

We went to the nice gift shop and bought some souvenirs and gifts. Then we took a look at the famous race track, also impressive. Rosemary took some photos of a line up of some statues of jockey wearing different colors of the horses they rode to victory. One of the jocky statues represents the filly Don't Tell Sophia.  Nearby is an extremely good looking, huge sycamore tree with very bright white coloring above the brown base.

We had non-alcoholic drinks in the restaurant in the Sales Pavilion.

Returned to Best Western in Georgetown.

Old Friends Farm

Keeneland - Yearling Sales

DAY 4. September 24, 2015. Thursday.

Odometer is 28,756.

Going to Claiborne Farm. The greatest race horse Secretariat was bred here and stood stud here at Claiborne Farm.

Our appointment time is 9 a.m. at the farm. We take Rt. 460 for Georgetown east to the town of Paris. The distance is only 16 miles.

We are early at the farm at 703 Winchester. It's a big farm. So we go to downtown Paris to take some photos of the place. We learn later that they had a Secretariat Day recently and that's why the town's main street is decorated with lots of checkered flags of blue and white, Secretariat's colors.

The courthouse is on Main Street. We stop to take a photo. We also take a picture of the bridge over the river. There is a dam on the river with no water overflowing the dam. Across the street from the river is and old Farmers Tobacco Warehouse Company sign. The Duncan Tavern at Ardery Place is behind the Courthouse.

Now we go back to Claiborne Farm (703 Winchester Rd, Paris, KY).

In 1908, Arthur Hancock married Nancy Tucker Clay of Paris, Kentucky. She inherited a family farm property and they named it Claiborne Farm. Arthur Hancock took awhile, but he eventually transferred the bulk of his horse operations there. Arthur then imported a lot of European horses. The horse Vigil, bred at Claiborne, won the Preakness Stakes in 1923.

Arthur purchased from France Sir Gallahad III, a famous sire for the Claiborne Farm. This sire bred the 1930 winner of the Triple Crown, Gallant Fox. Arthur went on to purchase Blenheim III and Princequillo. Arthur died in 1957. Arthur Jr. took over the Farm.

Arthur "Bull" Hancock Jr. purchased the Irish stallion Nasrullah, who then sired Bold Ruler, who in turn sired Secretariat. Bull died in the year just before 1973 when Secretariat won the Triple Crown. Bull had a favored horse named Sham and he would probably have been the 1973 winner of the Triple Crown, if it were not for being put up against Secretariat in the races.

Penny Chenery was the owner of Secretariat. Our guide, Rodeo, told us that Penny never lived at Claiborne farms. Today she is 93 years old, but she did come to the celebration of Secretariat Day. The previous year she could not make it because of ill health. She now lives in Boulder, Colorado.

Our guide Rodeo broke horses in Lexington and was often at the rodeos. He says there's 97 miles of fence on the farm. There are 300 mares. In the recent Keeneland sale of yearlings, Claiborne had 40 yearlings there. The farm itself is 31 hundred acres, the biggest farm around the area. At one time the Hancock family had 6,000 acres on different farms, including Claiborne.

Our guide shows us the breeding shed. He says there has been lots of winning horses bred out of this barn. On the surface of the floor of the breeding room, is polytack, which provides a not-dusty environment for the horses. The material is made out of carpet fibers.

No artificial insemination is allowed for the thoroughbreds. During breeding, four workers work to make sure everything goes right. They can breed nine to ten horses in an hour. The stallions perform three times a day. Most of the breeding occurs from mid-February to July 3.

Rodeo takes us to see the 10 stall barn. There are 50 other barns on the farm. Then we see Secretariat's stall when he was standing stud at the farm. These stallions range in weight from 1,250 pounds to 1,685 pounds.

We meet the horse Round Table who has earned $1.8 million dollars in stud fees.

The next horse we meet is Orb. Orb is nicknamed the "snapper" because he will bite. Orb is the 2013 Kentucky Derby winner. Orb has earned $6 million dollars in stud fees. He is 16.1 hands high.

Rodeo says the second meanest stallion is Arch, but Rodeo likes him best. The guide says he takes care of the three stallions. He gives Rosemary and others some cuttings from Arch's mane.

The fourth stallion we see is Seeking the Gold. He's 30 years old.

We see the 2.5 acres paddock used by Secretariat.

The next stallion is Mr. Prospector. Other stallions are Boundary, Nasrullah and War Front, followed by First Samurai and Blame. Blame does a trick for his audience. He gets a drink of water and then sticks his tongue out of his mouth.

Rodeo mentions that he took care of the horse Sham. He says Sham would have won the glory except for Secretariat.

Trip to Maysville, Kentucky from Claiborne Farm, Paris, Kentucky. We took Route 68 north all the way to Maysville. We passed by Carlisle, but stopped at the Blue Licks State Park Resort. We went down to the boat ramp to see the Licking River. The water level was relatively low.

We see a burial site. Then there is a plaque for the soldiers slain at the Revolutionary Battle of Blue Licks in 1782. There is also a Blue Licks Battlefield plaque and a Blue Licks Battlefield Monument.  The battle occurred ten months after Lord Cornwallis's surrender at Yorktown.  A force of about 50 American and Canadian Loyalists along with 300 American Indians ambushed and routed 182 Rebel Kentucky militiamen.   

The town of Washington is an old town. It is now part of Maysville, but they still call Washington the Old Town.

There are some important events attached to Washington. In 1832 when Harriet Beecher (the future author of Uncle Tom's Cabin) was just 21 years old, she moved from Litchfield, Connecticut to Cincinnati, Ohio to join her father, who was now the president of Lane Theological Seminary. Harriet had some friends living in Washington, Kentucky, which was like, Cincinnati, situated near the Ohio River. She visited her friends in Washington, and while there, she witnessed a slave sale on the lawn in front of the Washington court house. She saw the suffering of the black families who were separated to be sent to different plantations. This really moved Harriet and she later included what happened here into her book dealing with Uncle Tom.

The home visited by Harriet is still there and can be visited. The court house is now gone, but there is still the lawn there where the slave sale took place. It is close to the house where Harriet visited in Washington. The lawn is across from the Strawberry Patch store and a town building.

Went down by the Ohio River to see the murals. The first mural had Rosemary Clooney on it. It is across from the Ledger Independent building. The other murals were: River Valley 1600's Hunting grounds; Limestone 1780's Landing; Marquis de Lafayette received at Maysville, Fish Street Landing, May 21, 1825; Sutton's 1850's Landing; Escaped Slaves fleeing via the Underground railroad, c. 1840; Maysville, early 1900's riverfront. There's another mural featuring a tobacco barn.

We went to see the other bridge west of Maysville. Took some photos.

We started back for Georgetown. We took Route 62 and it sure was a winding road. There's not much to see along the way either, but we did see some Amish people in a horse drawn carriage.

Odometer 28,907. Back in Georgetown.

Claiborne Farm

Blue Licks Battlefield & Washington, Old Town

Mayville on Ohio River

DAY 5. September 25, 2015. Friday.

We are on our way to Paintsville, Kentucky in the Appalachian Mountains. We take US 60 heading east. We pass north of Winchester and Mt. Sterling. We get off at Exit 133. We drive south to the town of Farmers. We head for the Daniel Boone National Forest and we loop around Cave Run Lake on its western side.  We go through the town of Frenchburg and then head for the Red River Gorge.

Odometer, 28,993. Mountain and curvy roads.

Odometer, 29,006.  Daniel Boone National Forest.  The forest is close up to the road on both sides.  

Odometer 29,008.  Turn left onto Rt. 715.  A river is below us on the right.

Odometer, 29,010.  We are climbing. 

We reach Red River Gorge. 

Odometer, 29, 011.  Stop for river photos and photos of a blue lobelia flower.  Trailhead parking, Bison Way. 

We see the cabin across the way, once the center of the Gladie community. 

Red River Gorge has the most natural arches east of the Mississippi River.  The rocks here are sedimentary and the rivers ran through the soft rocks creating tunnels through them, leaving around a hundred arches. 

Odometer 29,015.  Mile marker 1. 

We go to Whistler's Arch.  You have to hike 15 minutes out and 15 minutes back.  There is a cavern there.  In the side of the cavern is an opening in the cavern wall next to the hiking trail.  The woods remind us of New York forests, except the Kentucky forest has a lot of big-leaf Magnolias, which we do not have.  There also seem to be more pine trees, but in the mountains of New York there are also pine trees. 

Afterwards we drive out on a long unpaved road to see the Sky Bridge.  The road is just past mile marker 8.  We stop at Devil's Canyon Overlook.  It's not all that great of a lookout.  You can see the canyon bottom below you covered with lots and lots of trees.  At the Geological area, Rosemary took photos of the valley from a different angle.  At the end of the road there is a hiking trail.  It looks out over a valley of trees and some cliffs on the other side of the valley. 

We next drive over to the Natural Bridge State Resort Park, which is also considered a part of the Red River Gorge.  We learn that there is a mile walk out and a mile walk out.  We don't have the time and leave the area. 

We drive to Paintsville Ramada Inn.  We have dinner at the Ramada Inn Carriage House Restaurant. 

Red River Gorge Geological Area

DAY 6.  September 26, 2015.  Saturday. 

Odometer is at 29,105.  We head for the reconstructed childhood home of country singer Lorreta Lynn, who created multiple gold albums.  It was also the childhood home of Lorreta's half-sister Crystal Gayle, another award-winning country singer.  We follow the directions given to us by Ramada Inn.  The directions are good except one of the street names has been changed.  Nevertheless there are signs for all the critical turns and you reach Webb's country store.  Webb is part of the family.  He sells tickets for $5 dollar tours of Lorreta's home.

When we went, we totally missed the Webb store.  It's easy to miss it.  There are signs for the one lane bridge and you focus on getting over the bridge.  The Webb store is off the road, facing in the direction of the bridge.  So we managed just to miss the store.  I thought that the Webb Store was somewhere near downtown Van Lear, but it's not far from the left turn sign for Butcher Holler.  So we found the Butcher Holler sign before we found the Webb store.  The gate to the house was closed.  So we just continued down the road to where there is a good view of the reconstructed house.  Rosemary took quite a few photos of the house and of the two horses on the property. 

We get on Route 23 heading south to Prestonburg.  We pass by Prestonburg and Pikesville, the home of the Haftfield-McCoy violent feud.  We did not stop because we had to make it all the way to the Cumberland Gap.  Just below Pikesville, we switch to routes 23 and 119 heading down to Jenkins, Kentucky.  Out of Jenkins, we switch to Route 119 heading southwest.  Along the way we took some scenic photos of the clouds amidst the mountains.  After being in Bluegrass country for awhile, Rosemary says: "At least these look like mountains" [as opposed to just hills]. I noticed that there were large swaths of areas where the bushes and trees are buried under what is known as the Japanese kudzu vine.  In New York we don't have much kudzu vine. 

We pass by Whitesburg and Cumberland and get off at Harlan, Kentucky.  We watched the television series Justified which was based on life in Harlan and Lexington, Kentucky.  (None of the actual scenes were shot in Harlan.  There are only atmosphere filmage taken for the Harlan backdrops.)  We took quite a few photos of the Harlan downtown area.    

At Wasioto we get onto Route 25E going south to the town of Middleboro, just before the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park.  The day was a rainy one, so we just went to see the Visitor's Center for Cumberland Gap on the Kentucky side.  Daniel Boone was instrumental in using the Cumberland Gap to get into eastern Kentucky.  He established a settlement at Boonesborough, Kentucky.  The Visitor's Center has a good gift shop and a lot of books on Daniel Boone, the Civil War, Indians and plant and animal guides.  There are also exhibits on the history of the Cumberland Gap. 

We stayed at the Holiday Inn Express on Route 25E in Middleboro. 

Butcher Holler to Harlan

DAY 7.  September 27, 2015.  Sunday.

We go back to the Visitor's Center on the Kentucky side of the Cumberland Gap to get pictures of the area.  We then drive to the top of the mountain nearby the Visitor's Center to see the Pinnacle Overlook.  Along the way, we stop to see Fort McCook, a fort of earthen works that was used both by Union and Confederate forces.  They have a Civil War cannon up there. 

We now park at the Pinnacle parking lot and take a short walk to the overlook.  This is the highlight of the park.  You can look around out over Tennessee.  We saw the western side of the town of Middleboro and Fern Lake still farther west.  Just below the overlook is the town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee.  The overview of the town made me want to go down to the town and find out which roofs belong to which buildings.  In the town is the LMU (Lincoln Memorial University).  We took a lot of photos from the overlook. 

We go through the tunnel from the Kentucky side to the Tennessee side.  We get off at the exit for the town of Cumberland Gap.  The Cumberland Gap Inn is the fancy building we saw from the Pinnacle Overlook.  Diagonally across from the Inn is the LMU Center for the Arts with a blackish gray roof.  We look up and see the mountain with the Pinnacle Overlook.  Across from the Center for the Arts is the yellowish and light brown roof of the two-storied Cumberland Gap Town Center.  On this Sunday the town is very quiet.  Rosemary took photos of two pretty Victorian style houses that are near the Russell Berkau Memorial Park on Pennlyn Avenue.  It's a small town. 

The brick building downtown is the town hall.  It has a large hex painting on the side of the building.  On Colwyn Avenue is a General Store and the Cumberland Gap Convention Center. 

We now drive up North Cumberland Drive to see the Daniel Boone Visitor's Center.  There really is no center here.  They have a restroom building and a small ranger office.  It's really more of a center for hiking trails in the Tennessee Cumberland Gap area.  There is a gateway entrance to the main hiking trail.  The gateway has statue cut-outs of emigrants coming through the Cumberland Gap from places like Virginia, Tennessee and North Carolina.  There were from 200 to 300 thousand emigrants coming through the Cumberland Gap. 

We start out on the drive to the airport in Hebron, Kentucky.  Along the way we stop at Berea.  Rosemary loves crafts and there are lots of Appalachian crafts around the town of Berea.  We start at the Visitor's Center.  Then we go to see the Daniel Boone Tavern set near Berea College. which provides free education to students [except for students having to work for the college ten hours a week].  We buy some crafts at the tavern store and another craft place.  We then go north to the next exit (exit 77) to see the Kentucky Artisan Center for Appalachian crafts, which is just off the exit at 200 Artisan Way (which is off Walnut Meadow Road).  They have a lot of crafts and paintings.  It's a good place to see crafts. 

From Berea we go north on US 75 to the exit for the airport.  We stay at the Quality Inn at the airport area.  We ate dinner at the Holiday Inn next door. 

Final odometer reading:  29,529.

Went a total of 1,055 miles.

Cumberland Gap National Historic Park I

Cumberland Gap National Historic Park II


DAY 8.  September 28, 2015. 

We fly back to Newark Airport to drive home. 

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Lexington, Kentucky October 3 - October 10, 2016


Monday, October 3.

It only takes about an hour and a half to fly from Newark Airport, New Jersey to the Cincinnati Airport located in northern Kentucky, close to Cincinnati, Ohio.

We rented a Toyota Corolla from Hertz.

Odometer reads 42, 852.

Traveled south to Lexington. Took Route 4 to the exit for Route 27 and drove south on Route 27 to Nicholasville. Continued on to the small town of Perryville. Route 52 goes right to Perryville center from Danville, which is to the east of Perryville. Go past Buell Street and turn right onto Jackson Street (Route 1920). Drive north on Jackson Street which changes its name to Battlefield Road. Drive to the road for the park entrance on the left. Go down to the Museum of the Battle of Perryville and park.

The museum has a lot of exhibits dealing with the battle. At the time of the Civil War, Kentucky was a border state with a leaning to side with the Union. Confederate Jefferson Davis decided he wanted to take control of Kentucky for the Confederacy.

Wikipedia says that on October 8, 1862 Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Mississippi initially won a tactical victory against primarily a single corps of Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's Union Army of the Ohio. The battle is considered a strategic Union victory, sometimes called the Battle for Kentucky, since Bragg withdrew to Tennessee soon thereafter. The Union retained control of the critical border state of Kentucky for the remainder of the war.

We stay at Best Western in Georgetown which is just north of Lexington, We ate at Dairy Queen.

Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site

Tuesday, October 4.

Kentucky Horse Park.

We return to Kentucky Horse Park, following up our visit in 2015. The Park is a big place and we missed a lot of the places to see with our limited time. We walk over to the Hall of Champions where they show off their famous retired horses. These include: Funny Cide. Made $3.6 million dollars. A gelding.  Won the West. Harness racing. Nicknamed W. A gelding.  Go for Gin. Won the Kentucky Derby. He was the oldest winning horse. His son was Albert the Great. They buried the horse John Henry at the park.

Went over to Big Barn where they have draft horses. Watched for a little while a talk about Draft Horses.  We saw Kong who is a, Percheron. The horse weighs 1,800 pounds. Now that’s a big horse.  Also saw Laura who is a Suffolk. The horse is one solid color. Clydesdales are associated with the Budweiser wagon. They have feathered hooves.

Headed for the Breeds Barn. Had to bypass the barn because we needed to get over to the entrance gate to take a guided tour. Sean from 2015 is our guide again. He tells us that it takes $40,000 dollars a year to train and take care of a thoroughbred horse.

We take Rt 25 (same as Rt 1973). Make a right turn. On the right is a tobacco barn. Left turn. North on Route 1973. We are going to Katirich Farm. We were at Katirich last year, 2015. Stopped at three stables. At the first one, we met Lisa’s Booby Trap. This female race horse won more than $180,000 in earnings. Cory to Kats. This horse tore Sean’s shirt off and he had to put on another shirt. Whisper Louise. Worth 65 million dollars. Pregnant. The horse farm has 92 horses here.

At the second stable, Sean was sure he could get the mares and foals to come over to the group. He called and called, but the mares would not come over. So we went into the stables.  Sean tells us that the horse he liked the most, Sofia, was sold to a Japanese group. He misses the horse. Formal Affair (born in 1998) has laminitis [a painful inflammatory condition of the tissues (laminae) that bond the hoof wall to the pedal (coffin) bone in the horses hoof]. Also saw Fashion Insider, Miss Red Delicious,

The next stable is where all the yearlings were born. The horses include Miss City Halo, Splendor Town, Subtle Sweetness and Winged to Fly.

We are on the move agin. Right turn on Route 1703. Left turn onto Route 421 south. Go on to North Yarnailton Road. Now we are at Four Winds. The owner is a rescue lady. Two paint horses (paint horses are a breed). They have two Clydesdale, each one costing $10,000 dollars. We get to pet quite a few horses. They were very receptive to being touched.

We go left out of Four Winds. Next stop is Hill ‘n’ Dale horse farm. Sean says it’s the most beautiful horse farm. Here is the grave of 1977 Triple Crown winner Seattle Slew (1974-2002). We also see the famous horse Curlin, worth $55 million dollars.

Turn right going north. Pine Knoll Farm on the left. Falcon Wood Way. Go over a big highway. N. Yarllton Road again. War Horse Place. At a T-intersection, we turn right. Junction of Routes 23 and 1963. We go down Georgetown Road. Turn left onto Rt 1973. Return to Kentucky Horse Park.

Went back to the Breeds Barn before going home.

Odometer reads 43099.

Kentucky Horse Park - Second Visit

Horse Farm Tour with Sean

Wednesday, October 5.

Odometer reads 43099.

Going out to Three Chimneys Horse Farm, then to WinStar Horse Farm, both near the junction of Routes 1681 (Old Frankfort Pike) and 1967 (Pisagh Pike) in Versailles, Kentucky (and not far from the town of Midway).

We leave the Best Western Hotel early, headed out to Three Chimneys on Old Frankfort Pike. At odometer reading 43126 we pass the Darby Dan Farm. On the Old Frankfort Pike, at odometer reading 43128 is Ballantry and nearby is the Carriage Station Farm. We pass the Mount Vernon Baptist Church at our target junction.

Odometer reading 43121 when we arrive at Three Chimneys. There were at least three divisions: stallion; broodmare; and yearling. The neighboring farms are Whisper Wood and Runner’s Ridge. Odometer 43132. Took photos of horses along Old Frankfort Pike. We turn the car around at Endeavor Farm.

Three Chimneys. Robert Clay, owner. We meet at the Visitor’s Center. Ann is our guide. One of Ann’s jobs was to take care of the famous horse Smarty Jones. At the present, Smarty Jones has moved to Calumet Farms. Slew of Gold is the only remaining horse of a good group of horses that Ann helped care for. Another family shares ownership of Slew of Gold with the Three Chimneys owner.

Ann tells us that there are some 500 Thoroughbred horse farms in the larger Lexington area.

We saw a large photo of the horse California Chrome, the horse that is coming to stay at Three Chimneys. The once low costing Fast Anna is here. This is his first year at stud. Will Take Charge is her. We also saw a statue of the horse Seattle Slew who was at Three Chimneys. Seattle Slew stood at stud at Spendthrift Farm in Lexington for seven years, before moving to Three Chimneys Farm in Midway in 198. Sky Mesa was on view. Palice Malice. Calebi Posse.

Will Take Charge was shown to the group. This is the stallion’s first year at stud. He will be servicing about 150 mares a year. Four mares a day, seven days a week. His weight is 1,400 pounds. His stud fee is $30,000.

Ann is very happy with their stallion teaser named Cheyenne. A stallion teaser interacts with the mare to show the breeder team if the mare is ready and willing to be mounted by the breeding stallion. If the mare kicks at the teaser, the mare will not be bred this time at least. No owner wants their expensive breeding stallions harmed by being kicked by a mare.To discourage the mares from kicking the stallions, the breeding team put heavy kick boots on the mares. Another calming method for the mares is to use an instrument called the twitch. To protect the brood mares from being bitten by the stallions, the team puts a heavy piece of protective leather with flaps on which the stallion can bite instead of them biting the mares. Ann says that Shorty Jones had a habit of biting the mares, so they had to muzzle him.

We visited the farm’s graveyard. She mentioned that Dynaformer was a mean horse. We saw the a grave of Slew of Gold.

A visitor asked for information on Calumet Farm. Ann mentioned that the farm has some 400 mares. WinStar has 550 horses.

We leave to go to look at the WinStar Farm set-up. At odometer 43135 we saw Glen Lake Farm. Here is the Hopewell Division of WinStar. Rosemary took a lot of photos of the mansion at Winstar complete with lakes and bridges. The setting of the house is very beautiful.

At odometer reading 43137 we made a right turn onto Paynes Mill Road at the Breeding Shed to make sure we knew where we would be coming later in the afternoon. Following this we traveled down Route 1681 (Old Frankfort Pike) to a place with a lot of fast food restaurants. We stopped at Wendy’s. Along the way to Wendy’s, we saw Casa Farm, Darby Dan, Faras Farm, Frankfort Park, Heady Whitney, Carriage Station Farm, Summerhill and Bonnie Chance.

We drive back to the Breeding Shed at WinStar. Some of the big horse stars at WinStar are Distorted Humor and Tiznow. They showed the brown horse known as Super Saver. Speightstown’s stud fee is $100,000 dollars.Tiznow, a California horse, hates the snow. His stud earnings are up to $65 million dollars.Other horses in the stable are:Fed Biz (born 2009)Revolutionary (born 2010)Take Charge Indy (born 2009) Pioneer of the Nile (born 2006) – the sire of American Pharoah Drossmeir – just back from South America, Overanalyze (born 210) – he earned over $100 million on the track. Paynter (2009), Bodemeister (2009), Carpe Diem (born 2012,Dare Devil We watch two workers washing two horses.

The guide talks about breeding. The men on the team wear helmets when leading the breeding process at WinStar. The stallions perform three times a day. The gestation process for a horse lasts for11 months.

Back at Georgetown we ate at Cracker Barrel.

Three Chimneys


Thursday, October 6.

We get up early and travel west from Georgetown on Route 460 to Paris, Kentucky.

Odometer reading of 43209. We reach the intersection with Route 27 north. We turn left to follow Rt. 27 to Runneymeade Farm which is on the right (east) side of the road. It is across the road from Red Fox Run farm.

Since we are early, we travel to find Our Mims Retirement Haven. We take U.S. Route 68 northeast to a left turn onto Route 1893 (at odometer reading 43223). The farm is two miles in on the right side of the road at 2810 Millersburg Ruddles Mill Road.

We next went to see if we could find Claiborne Farm which we saw in 2015. We found it at 703 Winchester Road (Route 627), Paris, Kentucky.

Went back to see Runneymeade Farm. This farm is the oldest continuously working horse farm in Kentucky. The family is the Clay family which included the U. S. Senator from Kentucky Henry Clay, known as the Great Compromiser.

Our guide is Joe Clay, a descendant of the Clay founders of the Runnymeade Farm. His father is Catesby Clay who is 93 years old now. His great grandfather was a Colonel in the Confederacy. He asked Lincoln for a pardon and Lincoln gave it to him.

The horse farm had some good winning horses such as Ben Brush, Agila, Romner and Miss Woodford. In the better days they shipped horses up to Saratoga Springs, New York.

Some hard times came and John Edward Madden (1856–1929), who owned Hamburg Place Stud in Lexington, Kentucky, bought their horses.

Wood Clay, educated at Princeton, took over Runnymeade. Joe says that Wood was brought down by drink. Joe’s grandfather took over the horse farm. In 1959 Joe’s father took over.

Their horse Angelwhite beat Secretariat in a race.

In the 1970s , Bull Hancock of Claiborne Farm in Paris, KY bought some of the best European horses.

Their horse Lady Eli performed very well for them in the 1980s, but she came down with laminitis.

The farm has two geldings that get along very well. One is named Archbishop and the other is Rouge Romance. The latter horse won a Breeder Cup race.

Their mare Sacre Cour is pregnant by sire Triple Crown winner American Pharaoh. The stud fee was $200,000 dollars.

Other mares include Palace Weekend and Ordination who raced in England.

2010 was a good year and Archbishop performer well in 2011.

Their horse Good Wood was a race winner.

The farm has 30 mares and a total of 70 horses. They have 18 employees at the farm.

Joe Clay was a terrific guide. He gave us so much information. He’s a down-to-earth guy who is very pleasant.

Our Mims Retirement Haven. The woman owner of the horse farm is named Jeanne Mirabito, a very kind person who has rescued a lot of older female horses. She has had the farm since 1999. What got her started was her dogged determination to rescue the horse Our Mims from a bad retirement situation. Our Mims is now buried at Calumet on Rt. 60 in Lexington. The horse was foaled at Calumet Farm in 1974.

We visited the cemetry where rescued mares lay. There were quite a few grave sites.

Victoria Racimo’s name is on one of the benches in the graveyard. Victoria made a documentary of the farm here.

Among the horses were:Hope of Glory – her most suspicious;Iza Valentine; Taba Damce; Taba Argentina;Exactly So;Mis Stalwart;Lotka;Irvina – who could open any door or lock; Beli Starlet; Hana Bride – a real sweetie and a favorite horse; and Alabama Nana – her stable stall had to be clean before she would go into it.

We had brought petite carrots as compared to ones they reguarly use. The one gelding, Elmhurst, gets too riled up and spoils our fun of feeding the other horses.

Some of the live horses living on the farm are:Missy White Oak; Exciting Bucket; Blue Viking – the boss of the horses; Braggin’ Rights – she hurt Jeanne by grabbing her by the woman’s shoulder and throwing her across the stall; the owner had to have surgery on her rotator cup; the owner blames herself for the incident; Old Trail Guide Miz Royal Flagship; Elmhurst – a male who doesn’t like human males.

The owner has a very nice, cute granddaughter named Kaylee Brooke who might take over the farm one day. The granddaughter’s favorite horse is Jo-Jo’s Gypsy. We made a donation to the horse farm and the owner and also her cute granddaughter.

Runneymeade Farm

Our Mim's - Rescue Center & Cemetery for Thoroughbred Champion Mares

Friday, October 7, 2016.

Odometer reading 43292.

Taylor Made Farm. The horse farm of 1,600 acres is five miles northeast of Nicholasville, Kentucky, which is south of Lexington. It is located on Route 169 (Union Mill Road).

We first saw a short video of the Taylor Made Farm. Marsha was the receptionist.

Joe Taylor had lots of boys: Duncan, Ben, Frank and Mark.

In 1987 another company joined with Taylor Made Farm.

They sold three horses for million dollars each at the recent Keeneland horse sale.

After the short documentary, our guide Laura took over. She says the Visitor’s Center is the original farm house on the farm. She says the farm has mares and foals; yearlings; and a stallion complex, but no training of the horses is done here. The guide adds: "We are a working farm" that has to pay its own way.

At one time, the farmers raised tobacco.

On their farm there are seven different divisions with five managers.

The farm tries to keep the horses outside in the fresh air. They believe that this creates healthier horses.

We go see the Aaron and Marie Jones’s barn. Some of the horses in the barn were:Drosselmeyer; Heart Stealer; Let Faith Arise;Lorelei K; Cindy’s Mom; Joyful Victory – pregnant by the sire American Pharaoh; Distorted Passion; Warbling; Bonnie Blue Flag; Juanita; Evening Jewel; Lion of the Nile.

The next stop was to see the yearlings. American Pharaoh was a yearling at Taylor Made Farm. Some of the horses here are:Silky Omega; Unspoken Desire; Secret of the Sea; Dance the Way You Are; Milam;Beau Dare;Kacy Lauren;James River;Fanticola; Koolka;Promise Me Silver – a silver horse;Finnegan Wake;Rusty Anthem.

Next we saw:Old Fashion Gal; Lake Squared;Charlie’s Angel;West Coast Chick; Exceeds expectations Datt Our Girl; Moonwalk; 13 Arrows – out being walked; OJ’s LeeLee; Isabell’s Shoes; Margaret Reay; Ben’s Duchess; Street Fancy.

Then we went to see the stallions:

California Chrome the 13 million He is coming to the farm. Taylor Made Farm owns a large percentage of California Chrome, the biggest horse earner in North America. Stallions already at the farm are Astrology and Mshawis. Then there’s Northern Afleet.

Pin Oak Stud. In 1952 Josephine Abercrombie, daughter of Houston oilman J. S. Abercrombie, acquired a farm located at Grassy Springs Road, Versailles, KY. She is 90 years old now.

In 1953 her horse Make a Play won the Astarita S. In 1955 her horse Roman Patrol won the Louisiana Derby. In the 1980's Josephine developed a new farm on Route 60. In 1985 she purchased 25-35 brood mares. In 1990 her horse Laugh and be Merry earned the Eclipse Award as Champion Turf Female. In 1992 Sky Classic was voted the Eclipse Award as Champion Turf Male. In 1995 Peaks and Valleys earned Canada’s Sovereign Award as Horse of the Year. In the same year, Pin Oaks was the national Thoroughbred Breed of the Year. In 2012 the star of the Pin Oak stable was Alternation.

Nancy is our guide. She says that at 920 acres the farm is a medium sized horse farm. The farm is split in half by Route 60.

Nancy showed us some weanlings without any official names as of yet. We saw the offspring of Malibu Moon and Let’s Get Married and of Alteration and Always In My Heart.

The farm has two stallions providing stud service. We got a show from the stallion Alteration.

We went to Subway and got sandwiches that we ate back at our room in Best Western.

Taylor Made Farm

Pin Oak Stud Farm

Saturday, October 8, 2016.

Odometer reading is 43,433.

We went to Midway and then to Versailles (pronounced as Ver-sales).

Midway was charming. A train goes through the main street of Midway. I didn’t care too much for the informational plaques talking about Mosby’s Rangers and Quantrill. It reminded me of the South’s commitment to its role in fighting for the continuance of slavery in the United States. But I was still grateful for the information.

The shops didn’t open until 11 a.m. Some stores were closed because their owners went to the races at Keeneland in Lexington.

We drive south to Versailles. We were surprised at how big the town was, especially compared to Midway. We walked around the town for a short while.

Took some pictures of Castlepost that looks like a huge Medieval castle. It’s a B&B place at the corner of Route 1967 and U.S. 60.

We stopped to take photos of horses on the Brittany Farms.

Pass by Ashbrook Farm.

We proceed back to WinStar Farm. Rosemary wanted to take more pictures of the huge mansion with lakes and lots of grass.

Going home we follow Route 1681 west.

We pass by Airdire Stud. We then pass by Lane’s End Blackstone Division and Excelsior Farm. At the end of Route 1681 we are really close to Frankfort. I go north on U.S. 60 a short distance to get onto U.S.64 to go back to US 75 north to Georgetown.

Midway and Versailles

Last Views on Saturday

Sunday, October 9, 2016.

We take a trip back to the Cincinnati Airport in northern Kentucky.

At odometer reading 43509 we get on US 64 and travel west to Frankfort, Kentucky, the capital of the state. We get on Route 421, which will take us northeast to the town of Milton by the Ohio River. This is a scenic route that we found in the book Scenic Driving Kentucky by William A. and Cora Kappele.

At odometer reading 43,532 we take photos of the road and the limestone cliffs around mile mark 5. Passing mile marker 7 the road becomes very winding.

We enter Henry County at which the mile markers start at 0 and then continue to increase.

At odometer reading 43547 we see the first traffic sign for Amish carriages in the area.

Odometer 43,548. Horses before mile marker 3.

Enter Shelby County but are soon back in Henry County. Lots of cattle farms in the area.

43,561. Reach New Castle.

Campbellsburg, Kentucky. Quite a few active tobacco barns.

43, 571. Trimble County.

We saw several Confederate flags flying in front of Kentucky homes. There are lots and lots of Baptist churches.

43,578 Bedford, big town with own water tower.

43,586. We reach Milton on the Ohio River. We stop at BP gas to fill up our tank. We notice that a bridge here crosses over the river going into Madison, Indiana. Now I never thought I would ever be in Indiana, so we had to go over the bridge and into Madison. We took pictures of the bridge and of the town of Madison by the river.

We crossed over into Indiana. We took photos of the signs welcoming us to Indiana and Madison. We tried to buy some shot glasses with the Indiana name on them but this was Sunday morning and nothing much was open. We were surprised at how big the town of Madison is.

We went down to the walk along the Ohio River and took pictures of the walk and then photos of the many mobile homes on the Kentucky side of the river. We drove closer to the bridge to get some more photos. Then we went back into Kentucky.

43,596. Carrollton is 12 miles away.

43,599. Entering Carroll County.

43,608. Carrollton after going over a bridge into the town.

43,615. Arrive at the town of Ghent.

Pass by the Kentucky Utilities fog area at the Ghent Generating station.

43,619. Gallatin County.

43,636. Boone County.

43,641. We turn left onto Route 338 to go to the Big Bone Lick State Park. Long ago there were pits of bogs and marshes with salt licks around the areas. Animals would come searching to lick the salt and found themselves trapped in the bogs and marshes. There were giant sloth, bison, wooly mammoths and the smaller mastodons.

The park has a recreation of the ancient animals getting caught in the bogs and marshes. They also have a small herd of bison.

Arrive at Florence on US 75 going north. We travel to the Cincinnati Airport.

Odometer reading of 43,667.

Ate at the nearby Holiday Inn restaurant. We stayed at the cheaper Quality Inn and Suites. Both hotels are near the Cincinnati Airport.

We drove 815 miles on this trip.

Route 421 to Milton and Madison

Big Bone Lick State Park


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